Questions tagged [kant]

Immanuel Kant was a German Enlightenment philosopher.

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Is Kant's Transcendent naturalistic?

Reading this article, I found the following: Kant is sympathetic to the dominant strain in modern philosophy that banishes final causes from nature and instead treats nature as nothing but matter ...
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Is there an answer to false positives/negatives of Kant's categorical imperative?

I recently read some papers on Kant's categorical imperative (McCarty, Kosgaard, Gressis mainly) on how to properly formulate a maxim according to him, and on the multiple problems linked to those ...
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Why did Nietzsche dislike Kant and his epistemology so much?

So many books where Nietzsche criticizes Kant and express his contempt about the "categorical imperative" for example in "Beyond Good and Evil": The spectacle of the Tartuffery of old Kant, ...
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Kant on triangles vs unicorns

In the critique of pure reason, according to my reading, Kant is positing that propositions of mathematics are true because they can be situated in space and time, i.e, they can be conceived in space ...
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Why are mathematical judgments legitimate while metaphysical are not, according to Kant's CPR?

In my reading of Kant's CPR (I mention this because I don't want an answer according to his other critiques), I don't seem to understand on what basis is Kant distinguishing statements in math and ...
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How can Kantianism prove the existence of perfect duties?

I heard about Kant's reasoning that lying that you return money or about the leads to contradiction in conception. But how could he even prove that lying under any circumstances leads to ...
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Trolley problem: preference utilitarians vs. classical utilitarians vs. Kant

I wonder what exactly are the differences and if I am correct with my assumptions. The trolley problem: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trolley_problem Now: For the utilitarian, the only morally ...
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Is Deleuze saying that the “virtual” generates beauty and lies outside affect?

This article says All this is most fully worked out in Difference and Repetition(1994). What Deleuze calls the virtual is the there posed as the transcendental condition of all ...
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A companion or guide to Kant's Critique of Pure Reason

Which companion, or guide, would you recommend to someone trying to read and understand the original work, The Critique of Pure Reason? Why? I'm inclined towards these two, The Cambridge Companion to ...
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Is it better to read Kant in English or Italian?

I have heard that it is quite a hard task to translate Kant's ideas from German. Is it better to read the Critique of Pure Reason in English or Italian? I have heard some people say that English is ...
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Should I learn German to read Kant's Critique of Pure Reason in German?

Does learning German and reading Kant's Critique of Pure Reason in German add clarity or insight or improve the understanding; or does reading the English translation suffice? How much more ...
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A priori knowledge and experience in Kant

In the introduction of the critique of pure reason, Kant says "That all our knowledge begins with experience there can be no doubt. For how is it possible that the faculty of cognition should be ...
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Is winning ethical?

Whether it is in sports or other aspects of life, is it ethical to prefer your own interests over those of others and "win"? While some philosophers acknowledge the need for self-interest do any ...
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Did Kant classify the same proposition as both pure and impure a priori?

I'm confused about what seems to be a contradiction between statements from sections I and II of the introduction of (Meiklejohn's translation of) Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. The section I ...
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How do Kantian's respond to the “Neglected Alternative”?

In his Critique of Pure Reason, Kant posits two seemingly contradictory claims: The nature of Things in Themselves, as they exist apart from the phenomenal world, are unknowable. Time and Space do ...
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What are examples of analytic a posteriori knowledge?

There is the analytic/synthetic distinction and the a priori/a posteriori distinction. These two distinctions form four types of knowledge: analytic a priori synthetic a priori analytic a posteriori ...
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Can Kant's fourfold table of heteronomy be mapped to the headings of the categories?

Recall that the table covers hedonism, moral-sense theory, abstract perfectionism, and pure divine-command theory. So I feel like there being just these four, here, could be interpreted as something ...
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The notion of knowledge for Kant and mathematical objects

As far as I understand the notion of knowledge in Kantian philosophy, we cannot speak of knowing something unless there is a relation between its concept and some object of intuition in experience. ...
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Why did Kant write in German and not in Latin? How did Latin influence Kant’s German?

Kant wrote his works in notoriously difficult and elaborate German. I’ve once heard that his strict and peculiar style is in parts explained and made more accessible by the view point that he was ...
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Is there anything left in contemporary epistemology and science from the German Idealism?

Kant, Reinhold, Fichte, Schelling, Hegel.. Is there anything left from the Kantian movement today in the thoughts of knowledge and nature? The question is focused especially after Popper essentially "...
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How does sensation contribute to empirical intuition and empirical concept?

I have been reading about Kant's theory of cognition in this article https://www.iep.utm.edu/kantmind/#SH2d. This is an extract that I have been trying to understand : "The genus is representation ...
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A Kantian view on modern physics

According to the Encyclopedia Britannica article on Immanuel Kant, in the section discussing the Critique of pure reason: In the Transcendental Analytic, the most crucial as well as the most ...
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Can the analytic/synthetic distinction be accounted for as an erotetic difference?

Although Kant was the first to refer to the distinction as such, his belief that there is a form of truth based on predicates-contained-in-subjects actually goes back at least to one definition from ...
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What is meant by “will” in the Kantian categorical imperative and how is it different than “want”?

As I understand it, in the Groundwork, Kant suggests the fundamental principle of morality can be expressed as (this is quoted second hand since I lost my copy): "Act only on that maxim through ...
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Schelling: from where, or how exactly does the a priori ideas come?

I'm reading Schelling's System of Transcendental Idealism, and in the end of the 3rd part (the end of the theoretical philosophy) schelling disproves the idea that a priori ideas are inherent in us ...
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What are the main differences and similarities between Rousseau and Kant's moral philosophy?

Main differences and similarities between Rousseau and Kant, especially in the subjects of justice, morality and also how Rousseau influenced Kant.
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Kant's thing(s) in themselves and atomic physics

In answer to someone's question regarding Kant's idealist view of space vs. modern science, someone referred to the dichotomy between a cup as normally perceived and a cup as a collection of atoms. If ...
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Why does Kant think we cannot perceive reality?

Direct realism says that we perceive worldly objects. Kant's view seems to say we do not perceive worldly objects. What we perceive are appearances, not the things themselves. What are his reasons for ...
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Kant and categorical imperative

I'm struggling to understand Kant's categorical imperative. Kant call behaviour which is in accordance with the categorical imperative moral and the rest is immoral according to him. Okay. I get that. ...
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What is the basis for Kant's misquote “If the truth shall kill them, let them die”?

I recently discovered that the quote "If the truth shall kill them, let them die" is falsely attributed to Kant, and actually stems from Ayn Rand paraphrasing Kant [1] [2] Which work/passage could ...
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Kant's Refutation of Idealism

from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/kant-transcendental/#RefIde Dicker reconstructs Kant's Refutation of Idealism as saying: I can be aware of having experiences that occur in a specific temporal ...
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Kantian space and the Leibnitzian argument for Idealism

The paper "Kant's conception of Berkeley's Idealism" by G.J Mattey says that (1) Leibnitz's argument in defense of what Kant called dogmatic Idealism in the Pölitz lectures on Metaphysics in the late ...
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A Neo-Kantian View on Causality?

Quantum non-determinism seems incompatible with Kant’s defense of causality in his Second Analogy. Stephen R. Palmquist however provides an interesting and appealing case against this supposition, ...
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Identifying three kinds of “unity” in Kant's “Critique of Pure Reason”

After reading about transcendental Aesthetics and transcendental logic, I perceive three kinds of unity in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason: Unity of properties of an object which is sensed through ...
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What are transcendental arguments logically, and are moral arguments for God of this kind?

SEP has this to say on transcendental arguments: "As standardly conceived, transcendental arguments are taken to be distinctive in involving a certain sort of claim, namely that X is a necessary ...
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Kant and putting your own interests first

Is it ethically justifiable to place your own interests first if we lived by Kant? Say someone asks you to help them move houses, help them study, etc. So something that isnt life threatening but ...
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Sartre's “The transcendence of the ego”

In this text there are parts of Kant that Sartre refers to that I don't think I fully understand. What parts of Kant would I have to refer to to understand where Sartre is coming from? He refers to ...
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Kant's views on using corpses as means

Kant says that we should treat sentient beings as ends in themselves. Dead human beings are not sentient. So, what would be his view on treating corpses as means, to be used by medical students, for ...
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Kant — What does it mean to treat someone merely as a means?

Seems like circumventing someone's rational agency, their ability to choose their own end is what it means to treat someone merely as a means. But putting people in prison is circumventing their ...
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How can we understand the Schematism of the Pure Concepts of the Understanding?

This has been a particularly difficult section for me. Please forgive me if things sound opaque, but Kant is a particularly difficult writer and my reading is hurt by the fact that it isn't occurring ...
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Synthetic a priori judgments and Hinge Propositions

Is anyone aware of any books or articles that explicitly discuss the relationship between Kant’s notion of the Synthetic a Priori [judgment], e.g. “every color is extended,” "Nothing can be ...
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How does Kant's transcendental idealism account for things that are known to exist, but cannot be experienced?

I've been trying to explain Kant's transcendental idealism to a friend of mine. By transcendental idealism I am referring to a world of appearances which receive their character from the point of view ...
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Kant tells us that necessity is an indication of a priori concepts

It is easy enough to grasp that necessity does not inhere in nature but it is more difficult to explain. Is there a clearer explanation?
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Secondary Work on Kant's Critique of Pure Reason

I'm currently reading through the Critique of Pure Reason for the first time and have on hand a book by Martin Heidegger titled, "Phenomenological Interpretations of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason." I ...
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Was Kant a factor in forming Gauss's abstract view of mathematical objects?

Gauss argued for philosophical issues important to the development of mathematics, such as the identity of complex numbers, among others. I wonder what philosophical currents influenced his thinking ...
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Kant, Idealism and Evolution

I'm certain this question must have been asked many times before, but I could not find an answer searching the archived posts here. So please excuse me as I am new to this forum and might have posted ...
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Are Wittgenstein's propositions analytic or synthetic?

Wittgenstein provides a logical analysis of propositions in the Tractatus. Does he there admit the Kantian distinctions between analytic/synthetic and a priori/a posteriori divisions; or does his ...
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What are synthetic a priori jugements in Metaphysics?

I understand well what are synthetic a priori jugements and what are maths / sciences synthetic a priori jugements. But I want to know examples of philosophical (metaphysical) synthetic a priori ...
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Does Kant's concept of 'representations' advocate for any agency as a function of the mind?

Kant never seems to define his usage of the concept of 'representations'. Nevertheless it appears to play a central role in his depiction of the mind's cognitive capability. When he says that 'that ...
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An attempt at reconstructing the reasoning behind Kant's universalization principle

Please let me know whether you detect objectionable points in my attempt at reconstructing Kant's universalization principle. Reference : Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. https://en....

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