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Questions tagged [kant]

Immanuel Kant was a German Enlightenment philosopher.

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By its definition, is it possible the thing-in-itself is also a phenomenon?

The transcendental philosophy seperate famously seperate between the thing-as-itself and the phenomenon the derives from it, by vague comparison, similar to Plato's ideas. My question is, is it ...
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a priori and a posteriori

Where can I find a systematic review of the concept a priori and a posteriori and investigations on their proper distinction? Classical texts are prefered but Kant, Aristotle are excluded. Actually ...
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Does the Evolution Theory contradict Kant's Metaphysics?

I recently asked a series of questions about ET, and this is one of them :) Intuitively, it seems to me that ET is supposed to contradict Kant's (or more generally, the German Idealism's) Metaphysics ...
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Schelling: from where, or how exactly does the a priori ideas come?

I'm reading Schelling's System of Transcendental Idealism, and in the end of the 3rd part (the end of the theoretical philosophy) schelling disproves the idea that a priori ideas are inherent in us ...
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Have anyone found a good solution to Kant's dualistic approach to consciousness?

Kant, in his studies of transcendental idealism, made the "illogical gap" between theoretical philosophy and practical philosophy, at the end of theoretical study, by requiring the contemplation of ...
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why is it impossible to predict or foresee the future but if can what is the closest method to do so

I threw a question wondered in my head for sometimes which I cannot prove specifically. The titled question I guess is every where every time and even across the culture. to be detailed, In some ...
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What are some cases that involve moral themes?

I am searching for a specific case that interests me, where I can discuss Kantian ethics, Utilitarianism (Mill and Bentham), and Aristotle's Virtue Ethics. So far, the cases I have come across on the ...
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Is the statement “I exist” an example of an analaytic a posteriori statement?

"I exist" is not synthetic since the concept of "exist" is contained int he predicate "I". "I exist" is not a priori since it requires my experience of I to be known. The fact that "I exist" is not ...
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What are some examples of categorical imperatives/universalizable maxims relevant to modern ethics?

I know this question has been widely asked, and that the answer may not be as straightforward as the question, which is partly why I'm asking. It's been a long time since I sat in a philosophy class, ...
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A good explanation for why failing Kant's categorical imperative = morally wrong action?

More precisely, can someone provide a relatively intuitive explanation or justification for why failing the categorical imperative test should be indicative of an action which is morally wrong? I'm ...
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How would a Utilitarian and a Kantian solve this thought experiment?

In this thought experiment, you are a doctor, and you work on a roadside hospital. Only you and another doctor are working in the hospital, and a woman who tried to commit suicide arrives at the ...
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Utilitarianism or Kantianism

Which of these two theories is more accepted or has more support in the field of ethics? It seems that Kantian ethics holds too stringent of rules and the the Universal Law of Formulation is ...
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What is the role of the transcendental unity of apperception for the possibility of the perception of objects according to Kant?

Early in the B Deduction, Kant says: "The I think must be able to accompany all my representations; for otherwise something would be represented in me that could not be thought at all, which is as ...
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Kant — What does it mean to treat someone merely as a means?

Seems like circumventing someone's rational agency, their ability to choose their own end is what it means to treat someone merely as a means. But putting people in prison is circumventing their ...
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What are the similarities/differences between how Kant thinks 'noumenon' limits understanding compared to C.S. Peirce?

Kant stated in Critique of Pure Reason, pg. 273: What our understanding acquires through this concept of a noumenon, is a negative extension; that is to say, understanding is not limited through ...
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Kant's Ethics: Inclination mutually exclusive to acting from duty?

I'm reading through the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals Section 1 and would like some confirmation on the topic in the title. From what I read it seems that one can still act from duty despite ...
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Did Kant believe that all the planets in the solar system are inhabited?

I see occasional references to this claim: Immanuel Kant believed that all the planets in the solar system are inhabited. What's more, that he had a proof! I have carefully checked my dog-eared copy ...
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According to Kant, Is it ethical to prevent someone acting unethically against ones self?

My intuition seems to say yes, however I'm not quite sure how to go about reasoning about this. I'm particularly interested in evaluating this using the first and second categorical imperative. I ...
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Is Kant's ethical theory adequate to the complexities of universalisation?

Kant argues that one should only act according to those principles which can be universalised. However human actions are often complex and motivated by multi-layered reasonings. They can rarely be ...
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Kant's “Perpetual Peace” and separation of powers

Kant's "Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch" states that democracy is a despotic form of government, because the laws are made and executed by the same power. This was published in 1795, after ...
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eleemosynary duties

(For context, last year I had someone close to me die. He was a very sentimental person, with certain valuables to which he was very attached. He specified certain property to be liquidated in a ...
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What is Nietzsche's source of immediate knowledge in Beyond Good and Evil?

In Beyond Good and Evil, Section 16, Nietzsche uses "immediate certainties" in quotation marks. Who and from where is Nietzsche quoting this, or is he using the quotations marks to speak ironically? ...
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Kant's Transcendental Apperception and al-`Ilm al-Huduri

What is transcendental apperception in Kant's Philosophy? Is it an instance of knowledge-by-presence (al-Ilm al-Huduri) in Islamic philosophy (especially Mulla Sadra's al-Hikmah al-Mutaaliyyah)?
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For Husserl, how can we know things in themselves?

I don't quite understand the nature of "going back to things themselves". How does Husserl break away from Kant?
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Can we fit non-euclidean geometry into Kant's theory?

If one assumes that the geometry of pure intuition is something other than Euclidean, how does that damage anything in the Critique? I mean can we still have a grasp of space-time both as an ...
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What are exactly intuitions in Kant's philosophy?

An intuition is a conscious objective direct representation of an object, according to A320/B376-77. It is direct in being non-conceptual, involving no mediating representation, and it is what ...
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What does Kant think about a priori concepts of causality?

This is an excerpt from Critique of Pure Reason, B13: Take the proposition: "Everything that happens has its cause." In the concept of something that happens, I think, to be sure, of an ...
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Was pietism an influence upon Kant's moral thoughts?

Pietism was a 17th century Lutheran theological movement emphasizing private religious study and kindness. Now, Kant was raised in a pietist household and enrolled in pietist schools. So is there any ...
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How can Hegel call philosophy a science?

At the tail end of Kant and the Critique of Pure Reason Gardner discusses Kant's influence on his successors. He claims---and I'm paraphrasing here---Hegel wanted his metaphysics to be scientific, i.e....
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Is there anything wrong with this argument against Kantian Ethics?

Okay so I am trying to devise an argument against Kantian ethics but I would like some feedback before I get into it because I don't want to end up just attacking a strawman. Okay so first I utilize ...
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Why does rationality + free will necessitate an objective morality for Kant?

So, I'm trying to tackle Kantian Ethics, and I would like to think that I know the most of it but I have some confusions So, what I understand of Kants ethical system is that a) We are rational ...
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Contemporary literature on Kantian ethics?

After reading some works, mainly by Kosgaard, I was wondering if there were any other in-depth contemporary literature looking into Kantian ethics and, more precisely, into its problems (and their ...
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Is there an answer to false positives/negatives of Kant's categorical imperative?

I recently read some papers on Kant's categorical imperative (McCarty, Kosgaard, Gressis mainly) on how to properly formulate a maxim according to him, and on the multiple problems linked to those ...
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Is the location of Wyoming a posteriori and analytic?

I answered the following question, but wasn't absolutely sure that I did so viably: Fallacy?: "Wyoming - It's like no place on Earth" Is the location of places, like Wyoming on earth, ...
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Kant on the Essential Ends of Reason

In the CPR, Kant defines philosophy as "the science of the relation of all knowledge to the essential ends of human reason." What is meant here by 'essential ends'? This phrase recurs a few times but ...
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Is it unethical, according to Kant, to break copyright and pirate books online?

I live in Bangladesh. In my country, I don't get authentic, high quality foreign books about science, philosophy, psychology etc. Even if some bookstores sell those books, the price due to import tax ...
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If a moral law contains “If-then/Unless-then” clauses, is it still Kantian?

An argument against Kant's categorical imperative is the "hiding Jews from the Nazis" example: "Per the categorical imperative, you should never lie. Therefore if you are hiding Jews in the basement ...
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Kant in a German edition

I am aware that my question may be off-topic, but nevertheless need an answer or at least a hint towards a good answer. I need a German critical edition of Kant's three Critiques with an advanced ...
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Question about the categories in the Critique of Pure Reason

For the past couple of weeks I have been reading Critique of Pure Reason by Immanuel Kant. Currently I am stuck at the chapter on transcendental deduction of the categories (Version B). So far my own ...
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How does the Transcendental Doctrine Of Method connect to the rest of Kant's work?

I don't understand why Kant didn't end the critique of pure reason with the transcendental dialectic. Why did he need this part of the text? What had been left unresolved after the transcendental ...
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In Kant, is the value you have form being human the same as the duty I have to you?

In Kant, is the value you have form being human the same as the duty I have to you, such that someone I have more duties to has more value? Or is this nonsense anyway, because there is no sense I ...
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Is Kant's Transcendental Analytic supposed to be analytic or synthetic?

Does the fact that Kant defined synthetic a priori statements to be about conditions of possible experience require him to claim that all conclusions about conditions of possible experience are ...
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According to Kant - how is transcendental deduction of the forms of sensibility and categories of understanding possible?

It has been a long time since I've read the Critique of Pure Reason. My question is, how is the mind able to perform the transcendental deduction, according to Kant. What I'm getting at is... the way ...
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How does Kant derive the categories of the understanding from the logical forms of judgment in the Critique of Pure Reason?

I didn't arrive at any cogent and clear conception of the exact relation between Kant's logical forms of judgment and his categories, and most importantly, how he derives the latter from the former. ...
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How does Kant rule out permanent soul in his argument for the existence of external world?

I have been studying Stephan Körner's intro to Kant's philosophy. I'm not sure if in the following excerpt I make sense of the reasoning quoted from Kant. In fact, I wonder how the permanence must be ...
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Is noumenon euphemism for undemonstrable or pseudoscientific?

Wiktionary: (philosophy) In the philosophy of Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) and those whom he influenced, a thing as it is independent of any conceptualization or perception by the human mind; a thing-...
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If one agrees with Quine's dissolution of the Analytic/Synthetic distinction, what is left of Kant's epistemology?

One of Kant's most important (if not the most important) result is his argument (proof?) that synthetic a priori knowledge is possible. If one agrees with Quine's argument against Analyticity as ...
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What is “moral goodness” according to Kant?

"Immanuel Kant argues that mere conformity with the moral law is not sufficient for moral goodness." In this context what is the literal meaning of "moral goodness" in simple terms?
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Trolley problem: preference utilitarians vs. classical utilitarians vs. Kant

I wonder what exactly are the differences and if I am correct with my assumptions. The trolley problem: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trolley_problem Now: For the utilitarian, the only morally ...
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Why does Kant consider “rational agents,” humans, as ends in themselves and not means?

This is according to the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: "Kant argues that the moral law must be aimed at an end that is not merely instrumental, but is rather an end in itself. Only rational ...