Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [kant]

Immanuel Kant was a German Enlightenment philosopher.

6
votes
1answer
352 views

What are exactly intuitions in Kant's philosophy?

An intuition is a conscious objective direct representation of an object, according to A320/B376-77. It is direct in being non-conceptual, involving no mediating representation, and it is what ...
1
vote
0answers
422 views

What does Kant think about a priori concepts of causality?

This is an excerpt from Critique of Pure Reason, B13: Take the proposition: "Everything that happens has its cause." In the concept of something that happens, I think, to be sure, of an ...
4
votes
1answer
156 views

Was pietism an influence upon Kant's moral thoughts?

Pietism was a 17th century Lutheran theological movement emphasizing private religious study and kindness. Now, Kant was raised in a pietist household and enrolled in pietist schools. So is there any ...
12
votes
5answers
616 views

How can Hegel call philosophy a science?

At the tail end of Kant and the Critique of Pure Reason Gardner discusses Kant's influence on his successors. He claims---and I'm paraphrasing here---Hegel wanted his metaphysics to be scientific, i.e....
0
votes
1answer
364 views

Is there anything wrong with this argument against Kantian Ethics?

Okay so I am trying to devise an argument against Kantian ethics but I would like some feedback before I get into it because I don't want to end up just attacking a strawman. Okay so first I utilize ...
4
votes
3answers
431 views

Why does rationality + free will necessitate an objective morality for Kant?

So, I'm trying to tackle Kantian Ethics, and I would like to think that I know the most of it but I have some confusions So, what I understand of Kants ethical system is that a) We are rational ...
2
votes
1answer
180 views

Contemporary literature on Kantian ethics?

After reading some works, mainly by Kosgaard, I was wondering if there were any other in-depth contemporary literature looking into Kantian ethics and, more precisely, into its problems (and their ...
3
votes
3answers
438 views

Is there an answer to false positives/negatives of Kant's categorical imperative?

I recently read some papers on Kant's categorical imperative (McCarty, Kosgaard, Gressis mainly) on how to properly formulate a maxim according to him, and on the multiple problems linked to those ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Is the location of Wyoming a posteriori and analytic?

I answered the following question, but wasn't absolutely sure that I did so viably: Fallacy?: "Wyoming - It's like no place on Earth" Is the location of places, like Wyoming on earth, ...
5
votes
2answers
116 views

Kant on the Essential Ends of Reason

In the CPR, Kant defines philosophy as "the science of the relation of all knowledge to the essential ends of human reason." What is meant here by 'essential ends'? This phrase recurs a few times but ...
6
votes
1answer
533 views

Is it unethical, according to Kant, to break copyright and pirate books online?

I live in Bangladesh. In my country, I don't get authentic, high quality foreign books about science, philosophy, psychology etc. Even if some bookstores sell those books, the price due to import tax ...
3
votes
5answers
210 views

If a moral law contains “If-then/Unless-then” clauses, is it still Kantian?

An argument against Kant's categorical imperative is the "hiding Jews from the Nazis" example: "Per the categorical imperative, you should never lie. Therefore if you are hiding Jews in the basement ...
4
votes
2answers
224 views

Kant in a German edition

I am aware that my question may be off-topic, but nevertheless need an answer or at least a hint towards a good answer. I need a German critical edition of Kant's three Critiques with an advanced ...
2
votes
0answers
137 views

Question about the categories in the Critique of Pure Reason

For the past couple of weeks I have been reading Critique of Pure Reason by Immanuel Kant. Currently I am stuck at the chapter on transcendental deduction of the categories (Version B). So far my own ...
5
votes
1answer
128 views

How does the Transcendental Doctrine Of Method connect to the rest of Kant's work?

I don't understand why Kant didn't end the critique of pure reason with the transcendental dialectic. Why did he need this part of the text? What had been left unresolved after the transcendental ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

In Kant, is the value you have form being human the same as the duty I have to you?

In Kant, is the value you have form being human the same as the duty I have to you, such that someone I have more duties to has more value? Or is this nonsense anyway, because there is no sense I ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Is Kant's Transcendental Analytic supposed to be analytic or synthetic?

Does the fact that Kant defined synthetic a priori statements to be about conditions of possible experience require him to claim that all conclusions about conditions of possible experience are ...
3
votes
0answers
128 views

According to Kant - how is transcendental deduction of the forms of sensibility and categories of understanding possible?

It has been a long time since I've read the Critique of Pure Reason. My question is, how is the mind able to perform the transcendental deduction, according to Kant. What I'm getting at is... the way ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

How does Kant derive the categories of the understanding from the logical forms of judgment in the Critique of Pure Reason?

I didn't arrive at any cogent and clear conception of the exact relation between Kant's logical forms of judgment and his categories, and most importantly, how he derives the latter from the former. ...
7
votes
2answers
254 views

How does Kant rule out permanent soul in his argument for the existence of external world?

I have been studying Stephan Körner's intro to Kant's philosophy. I'm not sure if in the following excerpt I make sense of the reasoning quoted from Kant. In fact, I wonder how the permanence must be ...
0
votes
0answers
76 views

Is noumenon euphemism for undemonstrable or pseudoscientific?

Wiktionary: (philosophy) In the philosophy of Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) and those whom he influenced, a thing as it is independent of any conceptualization or perception by the human mind; a thing-...
9
votes
2answers
445 views

If one agrees with Quine's dissolution of the Analytic/Synthetic distinction, what is left of Kant's epistemology?

One of Kant's most important (if not the most important) result is his argument (proof?) that synthetic a priori knowledge is possible. If one agrees with Quine's argument against Analyticity as ...
2
votes
1answer
313 views

What is “moral goodness” according to Kant?

"Immanuel Kant argues that mere conformity with the moral law is not sufficient for moral goodness." In this context what is the literal meaning of "moral goodness" in simple terms?
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Trolley problem: preference utilitarians vs. classical utilitarians vs. Kant

I wonder what exactly are the differences and if I am correct with my assumptions. The trolley problem: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trolley_problem Now: For the utilitarian, the only morally ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does Kant consider “rational agents,” humans, as ends in themselves and not means?

This is according to the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: "Kant argues that the moral law must be aimed at an end that is not merely instrumental, but is rather an end in itself. Only rational ...
-1
votes
0answers
282 views

Kantian Ethics and Technology

Does Kantian Ethics claim that it would be ethically ok to jailbreak devices? I say kant would disagree because it can't be a universal law. What do you guys think?
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Categorical Imperatives and Imbalances of Power

My fundamental question here, is does Kant's categorical imperative only make sense when considering ethics among people with similar levels of power? It seems Kant's argument assumes that all people ...
1
vote
0answers
89 views

Rethinking arithmetic operations after J.L. Austin's performativity?

According to Kant, arithmetic statements such as "7+5=12" are synthetic a priori. Could we alternatively think of this not as a statement, but as an arithmetic-logic operation to be executed (like a ...
2
votes
1answer
177 views

How specific to a set of circumstances can the categorical imperative be?

I'm having trouble understanding just how specific the circumstances can be when using the categorical imperative. My general understanding is that the categorical imperative urges you to consider ...
5
votes
1answer
129 views

What sources discuss the polemic over the Feder-Garve review of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason?

The affair with the Garve-Feder review of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason in the Göttinger Gelehrten Anzeigenand is a well-known story (Kant felt misrepresented, and complained bitterly in the Appendix ...
2
votes
1answer
404 views

Kant's second formulation

In Kant's Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals, he gives examples of uses of the Humanity Imperative, the first being about suicide. I have a scenario in which there is a boy who has to choose ...
1
vote
1answer
951 views

Does 5 + 7 = 12 really say anything new?

I'm not sure why 5 + 7 = 12 should say anything new: I take it to be a shorthand notation to give a name to 5 + 7, which anyway is nothing but 5 times the unit + 7 times the unit, so there is not ...
8
votes
2answers
356 views

For Kant, why are all preferences only conditionally valuable?

It's not clear to me why rational beings are objective ends. It certainly seems possible that every rational being could hold itself as an end, but it is by no means the case necessary that they do ...
1
vote
0answers
113 views

What does Kant's universalisable principle have to say on arbitrary rules?

Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law How does that leave arbitrary rules, and conformity? If everyone disobeyed, for any ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

What is “intuition” for Kant?

Intuition appears to be a relatively abstract concept, an incomplete cognition, and thus not directly experienceable. Kant says that all knowledge is constituted of two parts: reception of objects ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

Did Kant explain how a person is able to make a reliable decision, given that the noumenal world is unknowable?

Kant argued that, in matters of perception, there is a noumenon and a phenomenon. The phenomenal world is that which a human can perceive. But the noumenal world exists independently of human ...
7
votes
4answers
685 views

What are the counterexamples to Kant's argument that existence is not a predicate?

Kant argued that considering existence as a predicate is wrong .A Predicate is a feature or characteristic of an object .But logically , existence adds nothing to characteristics of that object , ...
7
votes
8answers
706 views

Is imagination more important than knowledge?

Einstein famously said: Imagination is more important than knowledge. Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles the world. In answer to the question, “Do you trust more to your imagination ...
7
votes
2answers
423 views

Kant and causality as custom

According to Hume, causality cannot be found in "things themselves", nor can it be empirically accessible. Instead, it is we, the observers, who attach causal relations among things merely because we ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Is the entirety of Kant's transcendental logic synthetic a priori, and if so, why?

In my understanding, the argument at a certain place goes as follows: All synthetic judgements that can be true are about possible experience. All necessary conditions for existence of possible ...
5
votes
2answers
249 views

Why did Kant talk about metaphysics of ethics?

How can there be a metaphysics of ethics? What does this even mean? I am completely lost on what this means.
7
votes
4answers
743 views

What was Kant's argument that causation is necessary for observation?

In this comic, the fictional Immanuel Kant talks about investigating David Hume's "An Inquiry Concerning Human Reason". Hume, in that work, argued that we only see two things happening in sequence and ...
2
votes
2answers
194 views

Is there an atheistic idealism that rejects noumena but isn't solipsism?

I know of one answered question on a similar subject, but mine is not quite the same thing. Berkeley's idealism holds that to be is to be perceived---nothing can exist, or can be thought to exist, ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Are there counter examples to Kant's perfect duties?

Are there exceptions to Kant's perfect duties - duties always or never to do X? By this I mean, does the doctrine of perfect duties generate counter-examples - situations in which if we followed the ...
4
votes
2answers
249 views

What did Kant mean by the term “category” and did the term change meaning with Hegel?

What does Kant mean by the term "category" and did the term change meaning with Hegel? I'm not asking about for an enumeration of his categories, but what the term means, therein. I read the ...
1
vote
2answers
421 views

What was Kant's particular rejection of the virtue of benevolence based in?

Kant notoriously rejects the utilitarian model of a supreme principle of beneficence, but he still finds a vital place in the moral life for beneficence. He seeks universally valid principles (or ...
6
votes
1answer
334 views

What did Kant mean by 'courtesy of the heart'?

I bolded and italicised Kant's metaphor below. Source: p. 46 Bottom. Ethics: A Beginner's Guide (2015) by Peter Cave. Universal dignity: Arguing for the dignity of, and respect due, to all ...
5
votes
2answers
197 views

Kant on being your own master

Kant mentions that only someone who is his own master can have right to be a citizen in On the Common Saying. I think in order to him, if you give your labor to someone, basically you cannot be your ...
2
votes
4answers
270 views

Redefining the Analytic/Synthetic Distinction in Terms of Computational Complexity

I've been reading Kant for the first time and encountered Quine's objections to the analytic/synthetic distinction and am want to agree that they feel a little obscure in their definitions. That is, ...
8
votes
1answer
217 views

what is the difference between Descartes and Quentin Meillassoux in understanding the term of “Cogito”?

Having read Quentin Meillassoux's 《After Finitude》, I am still quite puzzled by the way he illustrating the 'Cogito, ergo sum' as his start-point to criticize on Kant. Kant established the ...