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Questions tagged [kant]

Immanuel Kant was a German Enlightenment philosopher.

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Why is there only one Categorical Imperative?

I am currently reading Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals. In section 2, he says: There is therefore only a single categorical imperative, and it is this: act only according to that ...
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What can a Kantian do in self-defense?

For Kant, we are prohibited from using people as purely means. Unfortunately things like physically stopping someone from doing violence onto you just because you don't want to be wounded seems to ...
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Can Kant be said to be a supporter of enactivism?

Kant says that understanding makes nature, and he also says that in transcendental idealism that we create knowledge by our mind. So I think that these two can be related. But I am confused whether ...
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In Kant, how do Universalizability and Freedom relate to each other?

I have read the following book on Kant: Kant on the Right to Freedom This is my understanding of Kantianism and freedom: Reason must be the basis of all morality. (Moral realism fails). This ...
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Immanuel Kant on authenticity

I know Kant doesn't directly address being 'authentic' in his views, but he does address that we can't tell lies because we have a moral obligation to others under the categorical imperative. I ...
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Kant's analytic/synthetic propositions

In the Critique of Pure Reason, an example of an analytic proposition is that all bodies are extended, and an example of a synthetic proposition is that all bodies are heavy (A7|B11), however in the ...
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Immanuel Kant and Kantian ethics [duplicate]

Who exactly is Kant and what did he mean when he said, "Act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law." What does he mean by the ...
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Can we be intuistionists about the CI? [closed]

Can we simply intuit the value of and how to respect someone's dignity, without allowing its equivalence to rational formulations as in the Universal Law of Nature Formula? I just think that the ...
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How did Kant “undermine the soul”?

In the beginning of William James' 1904 paper "Does 'Consciousness' Exist?" he states the following: At first, 'spirit and matter,' 'soul and body,' stood for a pair of equipollent substances quite ...
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According to Kant, What is the Purpose of Human Existence?

After reading Kant's Idea For a Universal History, I've become intrigued by Kant's notion of Nature guiding the dealings of men towards a "perfectly rightful civil constitution." Although the ...
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Did Poincaré misunderstand the nature of a priori truth?

In his article "On the Foundations of Geometry", Poincaré goes through an extensive discussion to establish that our experience of motion may be properly regarded as displacements. This is requisite ...
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Does the idea of psychological egoism about only dignity make sense?

I understand that psychological egoism is the idea that everyone will always act in their own interest. I gather that human dignity is the cornerstone of Kantian ethics. I am kinda seriously leaning ...
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Kants universalization explained, How does one universalize a thing?

I am having some doubts in understanding universalisation of maxims in Kants Categorical Imperative. For instance, one can determine whether a maxim of lying to secure a loan is moral by ...
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Vedānta in Kant

There are many similarities in Vedānta and the philosophy of Kant . What is the precise similarity between them?
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Does Kant maintain his non-consequentialist stance when writing about the duty of beneficence in Groundwork?

In Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant claim that, “To be beneficent where one can is a duty….” (p.14) Later in the same text, Kant writes, …as to the meritorious duty toward others, ...
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Does Brandom remain faithful to a Kantian autonomous intellect when he invokes Hegel?

There is a paradox about self-legislating norms that if the norms are self-legislated, they are not binding. In order to avoid this paradox, Brandom turns to Hegel's point that "normative statuses ...
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Mutually exclusive obligations under the categorical imperative

How, according to Kant, ought we respond when the categorical imperative obliges us to take two mutually-exclusive courses of action? For instance if two people are being lowered into a pit of lava. ...
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Kantian space and the Leibnitzian argument for Idealism

The paper "Kant's conception of Berkeley's Idealism" by G.J Mattey says that (1) Leibnitz argument in defense of what Kant called dogmatic Idealism in the Politz lectures on Metaphysics in the late '...
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Using Kant's Categorical Imperative, would it be ethical for tour agencies to organise tours to countries with poor human rights record?

An example would be Myanmar. Aung Suu Kyi previously urged travelers to boycott Myanmar to deny the military junta of income.
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What are the more complex/interesting examples of synthetic a priori statements?

The usual examples of synthetic a priori statements are – it seems at least since Kant: "Nothing can be simultaneously red and green all over" 7 + 5 = 12 (or any other basic arithmetic statements). ...
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“To what extent would society break down without a moral code?”

Okay so I'm new here and I hope that this will abide by the rules and everything that the site dictates about questions. The title of the page is a question I formulated for a school assignment. I ...
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Possible ambiguity in Anselm's argument, and Kant's criticism

This is a follow-up to Could Anselm's argument also "prove" that a perfectly evil god must exist?, and also to Why is existence not a true predicate with respect to Anselm's ...
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“Repugnant conclusions” following from Kant's imperative to never use humans only as means to an end?

Many formulations of utilitarian consequentialism famously lead to a range of "repugnant conclusions", such as: it would be moral to execute an innocent person if this act could deter at least two ...
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Is this proposition analytic or synthetic?

Consider the following statement: Cats have four legs This is an analytic statement, since its truth can be established by looking at the subject and predicate; one does not need to look further ...
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How can there be autonomy in Immanuel Kant's ethics?

Immanuel Kant defines autonomy and general freedom as when a human makes a decision that is not to satisfy a dispositional end (when a decision is made to such an end, he defines it as heteronomy). ...
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A companion or guide to Kant's Critique of Pure Reason

Which companion, or guide, would you recommend to someone trying to read and understand the original work, The Critique of Pure Reason? Why? I'm inclined towards these two, The Cambridge Companion to ...
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Need Help Understanding Kant's Meaning in this Excerpt

I was starting to read The World as Will and Idea by Schopenhauer and in the introduction the author recommended reading Kant's principle writings before reading his book, so I thought I would look ...
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Is Quine's epistemology really just a linguistic reinterpretation of Kant's?

Kant's epistemology: There are facts out there, but we can never access them directly, we can only perceive them the way they are presented to us by our own minds. Quine: There are facts out there, ...
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Is Kant's idea of imperatives derived from stoicism?

Upon reading "The Meditations" by Marcus Aurelius, I felt that in the author's view a man should only be concerned about the things which he has control over what he can do, i.e. duty. "A man's ...
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According to Kant, If we're all evil is change for the better possible without religion (God)?

Or is the only change possible one of ever-increasing depravity? If so, why can't we "get better?" According to the IEP's article on radical evil Kant says: The failure of human moral agents to ...
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Does anyone claim that absolute or in itself value (in Kant's senses) must be about something which exists?

Do these sorts of value depend on the valuable thing existing? I'm asking just because I'm suspicious of valuable things which do not always exist, and want to (eventually) find the terminology for ...
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How can the practical law be subjective according to Kant?

First encountered: p 432, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: Section 1, Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals (1785) by Immanuel ...
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What did Kant mean when distinguishing a jewel vs its setting, to analogise good will?

First encountered: p 432, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: Section 1, Groundwork for the Metaphysic of Morals (1785) by Immanuel Kant ...
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For Kant, are spider moms that eat their kids immoral?

When we talk about morality, do we mean to say morality for human beings? It is morally bad for human mothers to eat their newborns. Black widow spiders females eat some of their newborns after ...
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Are all ethical systems consequentialist?

Quoting Milton Friedman here "If the end does not justify the means, what does? But this easy answer does not dispose of the objection; it simply shows that the objection is not well put. To ...
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According to Kant Is it immoral to do what I cannot conceive of everyone doing succesfully?

I just want to check that I understand perfect duties. First, formulate a maxim that enshrines your reason for acting as you propose. Second, recast that maxim as a universal law of nature ...
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On a kantian perspective, is it morally wrong to find a terrible event in our history very interesting?

I feel currently a personal dilemma: I find events like the Abu Grahib torture scandal highly interesting, especially under what circumstances people do such terrible things. At least, when i only ...
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Unity of Apperception vs. Self Consciousness in Critique of Pure Reason

What is the difference between Unity of Apperception and Self- consciousness? From what I gather so far, Unity of Apperception is a particular part of Self-Consciousness in that UoA brings to ...
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How does Materialism provide response to the kantian split between noumena and phenomena?

How do current (and traditional) materialists address the problems Kant provided with the separation of noumena and phenomena? It would seem a materialist wishes the phenomena to disappear and leave ...
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What is a good example to show that the government should not go against its laws for the greater good of the population [closed]

For example, the FBI unlawfully hacks into everyone's computer and catches 10,000 terrorists in doing so, causing happiness to the general population. What kind of counter example can I give to show ...
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According to Kant, can beauty be found in the human form?

In CPJ, Kant seems to imply that rational gender-necessary-reproductive-species (humans) cannot claim other of the same species humans as beautiful based upon our base desires and inability to escape ...
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Kant's Solution to Uniformity of Nature

I am aware that Kant addressed Hume's skepticism on causality, but I don't see anything in his CPR that solves the problems of induction and uniformity of nature in other contexts like everyday life, ...
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What does Kant mean by “Existence is not a predicate”?

What does Kant mean by "Existence is not a predicate"? How does that invalidate the ontological arguments? and how can he show that it's not a predicate? By predicate, I think he means a "property"...
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Can kantian categories only be applicated to objects given by the senses?

The question is inspired by the comments of this answer by @PédeLeão and I think it deserves a question of its own to have room for clarifying this. Possible candidates Kant, in German, has pretty (...
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How does phenomena prove noumena, for kant?

In relation to a prior posted question (which I didn't feel recieved adiquate response), how does Kant claim that observations of objective reality prove something beyond the phenomena, namely noumena?...
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How does deontological ethics deal with actions that aren't “wrong”?

Deontological ethics, as far as I'm aware of derives morality from the actions rather than the consequences. But what if the action in question isn't necessarily right or wrong? Suppose Kant walked ...
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Two Kinds of Understanding

"Kant concludes §17 by contrasting the human understanding, which requires an act of synthesis to establish its unity, with another possible kind of understanding. This would be an understanding in ...
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Unity is more fundamental than synthesis

Unity is more fundamental than synthesis, since it is a component of the concept of a unified manifold, which is what synthesis brings about. The unity presupposed by synthesis is not the category of ...
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Are Kant and Berkeley in closer philosophical relation than Kant wanted to believe?

Kant called Berkeley a "material idealist" on the grounds that Berkeley stated you are not and cannot experience objects outside a mind because the mind wouldn't understand what that means. Kant ...
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Kant's attitude to introspection

In "A History of Modern Psychology", Schultz & Schultz, 10th edition we read A century before Titchener’s work, the German philosopher Immanuel Kant had written that any attempt at ...