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Questions tagged [kant]

Immanuel Kant was a German Enlightenment philosopher.

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Vedānta in Kant

There are many similarities in Vedānta and the philosophy of Kant . What is the precise similarity between them?
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Does Kant maintain his non-consequentialist stance when writing about the duty of beneficence in Groundwork?

In Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant claim that, “To be beneficent where one can is a duty….” (p.14) Later in the same text, Kant writes, …as to the meritorious duty toward others, ...
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Does Brandom remain faithful to a Kantian autonomous intellect when he invokes Hegel?

There is a paradox about self-legislating norms that if the norms are self-legislated, they are not binding. In order to avoid this paradox, Brandom turns to Hegel's point that "normative statuses ...
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Mutually exclusive obligations under the categorical imperative

How, according to Kant, ought we respond when the categorical imperative obliges us to take two mutually-exclusive courses of action? For instance if two people are being lowered into a pit of lava. ...
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Kantian space and the Leibnitzian argument for Idealism

The paper "Kant's conception of Berkeley's Idealism" by G.J Mattey says that (1) Leibnitz argument in defense of what Kant called dogmatic Idealism in the Politz lectures on Metaphysics in the late '...
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Using Kant's Categorical Imperative, would it be ethical for tour agencies to organise tours to countries with poor human rights records?

An example would be Myanmar. Aung Suu Kyi previously urged travelers to boycott Myanmar to deny the military junta of income.
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What are the more complex/interesting examples of synthetic a priori statements?

The usual examples of synthetic a priori statements are – it seems at least since Kant: "Nothing can be simultaneously red and green all over" 7 + 5 = 12 (or any other basic arithmetic statements). ...
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“To what extent would society break down without a moral code?”

Okay so I'm new here and I hope that this will abide by the rules and everything that the site dictates about questions. The title of the page is a question I formulated for a school assignment. I ...
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Possible ambiguity in Anselm's argument, and Kant's criticism

This is a follow-up to Could Anselm's argument also "prove" that a perfectly evil god must exist?, and also to Why is existence not a true predicate with respect to Anselm's ...
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“Repugnant conclusions” following from Kant's imperative to never use humans only as means to an end?

Many formulations of utilitarian consequentialism famously lead to a range of "repugnant conclusions", such as: it would be moral to execute an innocent person if this act could deter at least two ...
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Is this proposition analytic or synthetic?

Consider the following statement: Cats have four legs This is an analytic statement, since its truth can be established by looking at the subject and predicate; one does not need to look further ...
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How can there be autonomy in Immanuel Kant's ethics?

Immanuel Kant defines autonomy and general freedom as when a human makes a decision that is not to satisfy a dispositional end (when a decision is made to such an end, he defines it as heteronomy). ...
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A companion or guide to Kant's Critique of Pure Reason

Which companion, or guide, would you recommend to someone trying to read and understand the original work, The Critique of Pure Reason? Why? I'm inclined towards these two, The Cambridge Companion to ...
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Need Help Understanding Kant's Meaning in this Excerpt

I was starting to read The World as Will and Idea by Schopenhauer and in the introduction the author recommended reading Kant's principle writings before reading his book, so I thought I would look ...
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Is Quine's epistemology really just a linguistic reinterpretation of Kant's?

Kant's epistemology: There are facts out there, but we can never access them directly, we can only perceive them the way they are presented to us by our own minds. Quine: There are facts out there, ...
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Is Kant's idea of imperatives derived from stoicism?

Upon reading "The Meditations" by Marcus Aurelius, I felt that in the author's view a man should only be concerned about the things which he has control over what he can do, i.e. duty. "A man's ...
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According to Kant, If we're all evil is change for the better possible without religion (God)?

Or is the only change possible one of ever-increasing depravity? If so, why can't we "get better?" According to the IEP's article on radical evil Kant says: The failure of human moral agents to ...
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Does anyone claim that absolute or in itself value (in Kant's senses) must be about something which exists?

Do these sorts of value depend on the valuable thing existing? I'm asking just because I'm suspicious of valuable things which do not always exist, and want to (eventually) find the terminology for ...
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How can the practical law be subjective according to Kant?

First encountered: p 432, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: Section 1, Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals (1785) by Immanuel ...
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What did Kant mean when distinguishing a jewel vs its setting, to analogise good will?

First encountered: p 432, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: Section 1, Groundwork for the Metaphysic of Morals (1785) by Immanuel Kant ...
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For Kant, are spider moms that eat their kids immoral?

When we talk about morality, do we mean to say morality for human beings? It is morally bad for human mothers to eat their newborns. Black widow spiders females eat some of their newborns after ...
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Are all ethical systems consequentialist?

Quoting Milton Friedman here "If the end does not justify the means, what does? But this easy answer does not dispose of the objection; it simply shows that the objection is not well put. To ...
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According to Kant Is it immoral to do what I cannot conceive of everyone doing succesfully?

I just want to check that I understand perfect duties. First, formulate a maxim that enshrines your reason for acting as you propose. Second, recast that maxim as a universal law of nature ...
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On a kantian perspective, is it morally wrong to find a terrible event in our history very interesting?

I feel currently a personal dilemma: I find events like the Abu Grahib torture scandal highly interesting, especially under what circumstances people do such terrible things. At least, when i only ...
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Unity of Apperception vs. Self Consciousness in Critique of Pure Reason

What is the difference between Unity of Apperception and Self- consciousness? From what I gather so far, Unity of Apperception is a particular part of Self-Consciousness in that UoA brings to ...
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How does Materialism provide response to the kantian split between noumena and phenomena?

How do current (and traditional) materialists address the problems Kant provided with the separation of noumena and phenomena? It would seem a materialist wishes the phenomena to disappear and leave ...
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What is a good example to show that the government should not go against its laws for the greater good of the population [closed]

For example, the FBI unlawfully hacks into everyone's computer and catches 10,000 terrorists in doing so, causing happiness to the general population. What kind of counter example can I give to show ...
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According to Kant, can beauty be found in the human form?

In CPJ, Kant seems to imply that rational gender-necessary-reproductive-species (humans) cannot claim other of the same species humans as beautiful based upon our base desires and inability to escape ...
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Kant's Solution to Uniformity of Nature

I am aware that Kant addressed Hume's skepticism on causality, but I don't see anything in his CPR that solves the problems of induction and uniformity of nature in other contexts like everyday life, ...
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What does Kant mean by “Existence is not a predicate”?

What does Kant mean by "Existence is not a predicate"? How does that invalidate the ontological arguments? and how can he show that it's not a predicate? By predicate, I think he means a "property"...
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Can kantian categories only be applicated to objects given by the senses?

The question is inspired by the comments of this answer by @PédeLeão and I think it deserves a question of its own to have room for clarifying this. Possible candidates Kant, in German, has pretty (...
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How does phenomena prove noumena, for kant?

In relation to a prior posted question (which I didn't feel recieved adiquate response), how does Kant claim that observations of objective reality prove something beyond the phenomena, namely noumena?...
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How does deontological ethics deal with actions that aren't “wrong”?

Deontological ethics, as far as I'm aware of derives morality from the actions rather than the consequences. But what if the action in question isn't necessarily right or wrong? Suppose Kant walked ...
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Two Kinds of Understanding

"Kant concludes §17 by contrasting the human understanding, which requires an act of synthesis to establish its unity, with another possible kind of understanding. This would be an understanding in ...
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Unity is more fundamental than synthesis

Unity is more fundamental than synthesis, since it is a component of the concept of a unified manifold, which is what synthesis brings about. The unity presupposed by synthesis is not the category of ...
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Are Kant and Berkeley in closer philosophical relation than Kant wanted to believe?

Kant called Berkeley a "material idealist" on the grounds that Berkeley stated you are not and cannot experience objects outside a mind because the mind wouldn't understand what that means. Kant ...
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Kant's attitude to introspection

In "A History of Modern Psychology", Schultz & Schultz, 10th edition we read A century before Titchener’s work, the German philosopher Immanuel Kant had written that any attempt at ...
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Is there a loophole in Kitcher's argument for the inadequacy of the law of association?

In Kant's Transcendental Psychology (hereafter, KTP), Patricia Kitcher gives an insightful argument for the inadequacy of the law of association, which she asserts was Hume's primary explanation for ...
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Kant's Take on “If a Tree Falls in a Forest, Does it Make a Sound?”

To Kant, if you stop looking at something or if there are no agents with categories or elements of the understanding within the proximity of an object, does the noumenon manifest itself?
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From a Kantian perspective, could any aspect of this situation be considered moral?

The situation: Let's say two teams are competing in a research competition. The rules require the teams to have members that have never competed in this competition in the past. The director of Team A ...
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can kantian archetypes represent a priori concepts

In Michel Foucault's Folie et Déraison: Histoire de la Folie à l'âge Classique(History of Madness), he describes how society, throughout history, view(ed/s) and react(ed/s) to madness. The primary ...
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Levinas' good/evil compared to Kantian good/evil

In "transcendence and evil", Levinas gives an account of how good and evil are not merely opposites, and would be better fit for description in a venn diagram (as a synopsis for those that haven't ...
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How does Kant link the noumenal and phenomenal worlds when it comes to the noumenal and phenomenal mind?

Kant argues for a separation between the noumenal world and the phenomenal world, for good reason. Kant does not, however, seem to believe the mind is noumenal. If we operate on a brain and we remove ...
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Kant and Error in his Transcendental Idealism

How would Kant handle errors in our perceptions of the world in his transcendental idealism? If what is external to us is so heavily meditated and contributed to by our mental apparatuses, how do you ...
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Why should we consider Wittgenstein a Schopenhauerian idealist?

About the Tractatus, while explaining the similarities and differences between Wittgenstein and Kant with regard to the metaphysics, on the one hand (both track limits, according to which we cannot ...
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Kant's Transcendal Idealism and Empirical Realism

This confuses me. Transcendental idealism and an empirical realism seem to contradict each other; how can you believe in an empirically observable mind-independent reality (which I would presume would ...
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What 'various shades of pink' did Kant discover, about rose-tinted spectacles that tint our experiences?

Source: p 114, A Little History of Philosophy (2011 ed; but 2012 Reprint ed extant) by Nigel Warburton PhD in Philosophy (Cambridge)    If Kant is right, this is a breakthrough. Before him ...
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In what fundamental ways, if any, does Husserl break with Kant?

I've read only slim secondary works on Husserl some time ago, and recently started "The Crisis in the European Sciences." So far, the framework seems faithfully Kantian. Husserl, for example, ...
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What is the Kantian reason to release a slave?

Suppose it is 1790 and I have inherited a slave. I have been reading this new book Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, and I trying to act according to the categorical imperative. I am ...
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Did Kant consider Newtonian mechanics a priori?

Did Kant take Newtonian physics as being synthetic a priori? I get the feeling he did. If he did, how did he justify this, it seems like a huge blunder for such a careful thinker. I mean... Kant ...