Questions tagged [kant]

Immanuel Kant was a German Enlightenment philosopher.

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Why does Kant say the conservation of matter is a priori rather than empirical?

In the Critique of Pure Reason Kant writes that conservation of matter is a priori synthetic: Natural science (physics) contains a priori synthetic judgments as principles. I need cite only two ...
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Kant's need of God [closed]

My main issue is not the understanding of the text in question, it really is a question about his conception in general: Kant defends the idea of God by hypothising a "supreme (original) good", ...
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What is Kantian view of “God is above morality”?

Is God above morality? Or is God bounded by morality? What is a Kantian view on this? The answer to this question determines how one views a religious order that contradicts our sense of morality. ...
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Was there a Kantian influence on Hilbert's formalist programme?

In this paper by Cassou-Nogues which is on an aspect of the mathematical philosophy of Cavailles he quotes the mathematician Hilbert (a colloborator of Einstein in Gottingen) ...We find ourselves ...
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Good commentary on Kant's Moral Philosophy?

I am interested in a book(s) that summarizes Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals. I don't mean a critical analysis of Kant's book. Also, I don't mean a summary of his overall moral philosophy, ...
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Is there a particular reason why Immanuel Kant didn't ever leave Königsberg?

Was it just a coincidence because he simply never got the opportunity to, or because he refused to leave his home city for ideological reasons ?
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How to improve critical thinking?

What are some ways to improve Critical Thinking, which is at the heart of philosophy? For example: Kant's fundamental work Critique of Pure Reason advocates critical thinking already by its title. ...
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Can we conceive of noumena and do we need to?

The encyclopedia Britannica says: Kant’s immediate successors in German Idealism in fact rejected the noumenal as having no existence for man’s intelligence A few days ago I asked another ...
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How does Kant justify the introduction of the noumenon?

Kant introduces the notion of the noumenon in his critical philosophy; he also later demonstrates in his system that solipsism isn't possible. Is the introduction of the noumenon essential to this ...
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Is Kant's noumenon infinite and in what sense?

In the Critique of Pure Reason (B306) Kant defines noumenon - the thing in itself: If, by the term noumenon, we understand a thing so far as it is not an object of our sensuous intuition, thus ...
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Is there a Kantian a priori deduction (post-hoc) of Newtons Second Law?

Kant provided an a priori analysis or deduction of Newton's third law - the law of action and reaction. This leaves the first and second law; it's an easy observation that the first law follows from ...
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Who first proposed the homogeneity of physical law?

Its taken as granted that physical law does not vary in space and time; everywhere and at everytime it is the same. When was this properly suggested? My first inclination would be Newtons physical ...
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Is there a reputable copy of Kants anthropology online?

I've looked through Google, but haven't found one; is it seen as a minor and unimportant work as one generally doesn't hear of it given the prominence of his three critiques.
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How are empirical concepts acquired according to Kant?

In Critique of Pure Reason Kant describes in detail what aspects of our knowledge are a priori, and how they function, but on the empirical aspects he is sketchy and cryptic. Very briefly, our ...
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Are aesthetic judgments rational?

I was reading this article: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/aesthetic-judgment/#1.4 I was thinking that aesthetic judgments are responses that derive from our emotions. So they can be considered ...
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Is Kant's “noumenal self” argument on freedom flawed?

This is what is supposedly his claim: My noumenal self is an uncaused cause outside of time, which therefore is not subject to the deterministic laws of nature in accordance with which our ...
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Books to self-study Immanuel Kant

I am impressed by Kant's moral or nominative laws- hypothetical imperative and categorical imperative as well as the three versions of the categorical imperative. I want to grasp whatever Kant wrote....
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Is the noumena, in a sense apeiron?

Consider Anaximanders apeiron, the indeterminate in the context of Platos theory of Forms; a form, an idea makes the indeterminate determinate in some particular way (In Anaximanders system - rotation ...
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For Kant, how is pleasure in beauty disinterested?

Kant states that pleasure in beauty is not based on desire and does not produce any. But don't we usually have a desire to have things that are beautiful in our lives? Such as "this car is beautiful! ...
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How to harmonise Empedocles theory of perception

In White Mythologies, in part a disquisition on poetics, Derrida quotes Du Marsais on metaphor: When we speak of the light of the mind, the word light is to be taken metaphorically; for just as ...
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Did Kant say something like “no fruit of the human tree has ever lacked for improvement”?

I need to fact-check something for a book. The author says: ... to paraphrase Kant, “no fruit of the human tree has ever lacked for improvement.” I can't find anything along these lines online in ...
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How does Hume's “Treatise of Human Nature” affect Kant's position on metaphysics?

Paul Strathern states that Kant never actually read David Hume's most celebrated work "A Treatise of Human Nature", although he read and spoke on his work "An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding". ...
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Why do some philosophers argue that we do not know, a priori, that something thinks?

The Cartesian argument seems to explicate the fact that I necessarily know that something thinks, and that I necessarily know that something thinks even if I don't checking the world to verify whether ...
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Schopenhauer and space-time

Consider the following, fairly famous statement (amongst the cognoscenti of natural philosophy) of Minkowski, a collaborator of Einsteins on the new conception of space and time that Einsteins theory ...
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Connection between Kant's defense of the belief in God and Kant's categories?

Kant states in the Critique of Pure Reason (English translation) that Thus the entire armament of reason, in the undertaking that one can call pure philosophy, is in fact directed only at the ...
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The Copernican Principle and the Giant Void [closed]

Daniel Holz writes on a popular science blog Cosmic Variance:"The Copernican principle is a guiding foundation of cosmology. In short, it states that we are not in a privileged place in the Universe. ...
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Identifying three kinds of “unity” in Kant's “Critique of Pure Reason”

After reading about transcendental Aesthetics and transcendental logic, I perceive three kinds of unity in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason: Unity of properties of an object which is sensed through ...
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How do modern metaphysicians respond to Kant and Wittgenstein?

As far as I've understood, Kant argued that metaphysical knowledge is impossible because the human mind is not capable enough to acquire it. Wittgenstein, on the other hand, claimed that metaphysical ...
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Kant's cleavage of knowledge

In the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant goes to great lengths to distinguish transcendental knowledge from other a priori knowledge. For Kant, is transcendental knowledge distinct from analytic or ...
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What does it mean for Kant for someone to lie?

Would Kant identify the act of lying with the intention to delude or with the act of speaking untruth, when their conjunction is not given? It is possible to try to deceive someone but nonetheless ...
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Is Hawking channeling Kant in his explanation of how the arrow of time works?

In "A Brief History of Time" - Chapter 9, Stephen Hawking gives an explanation of how the arrow of time works, i.e. why time seems to move forward in one direction while space can go in different ...
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Did the Logical Positivists accept synthetic a priori knowledge?

My understanding of Logical Positivists is that, following Wittgenstein, they accepted only 2 types of proposition as meaningful: Propositions based on formal logic (i.e. tautologies) Empirically ...
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How would Kant defend the concept of the noumenon against Berkeley's charge?

Berkeley asserts that it is meaningless to speak of things-in-themselves that are not subject to human evaluation. Given that, no ampliative judgements can be made by postulating a causal relation ...
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Normativity in Science

According to the description of language and norms in Analytic Philosophy (and especially in the way Rorty talks about it in Contingency Irony and Solidarity) we cannot judge one vocabulary using our ...
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Where can I follow the latest intellectual and academic developments in Kant research?

By this, I mean specifically the academic research, and since I am primarily interested in Kant, so on Kant too.
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What is it mean by “to be meet with in space” by Moore?

I was reading the Moore's proof of external world, and I am completely stuck with an idea/phrase of "to be meet with in space." It is on page 130 on the following pdf philosophical papers, collier ...
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Can the correspondance theory of truth take into account observer effects?

Kant wrote in the Metaphysics of Natural Science If we ·keep mathematics out of the picture and· think of the doctrine of the soul merely as a systematic art of analysis or as an experimental ...
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Can a priori principles be applied to deduce 'Principal Bundles' as principles in Modern Physics?

Kant supplied a priori arguments for Newtonian Physics in his Metaphysics of Natural Science Has something similar been done for Modern Physics; which in its geometrical intepretation are concieved ...
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Was the reappraisal of time, space and motion by Einstein, in Kantian terms, a transcendental deduction?

According to the SEP a Transcendental Deduction is: In Kants conception, an argument of this kind begins with a compelling premise about our thought, knowledge or experience and then reasons to a ...
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How can one justify Newton's third law?

In one sense it is justified by the overall success if Newtonian Mechanics; still, one can ask are there arguments that can justify it from other principles; ie principle that are * a priori* in ...
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Are Wittgenstein's propositions analytic or synthetic?

Wittgenstein provides a logical analysis of propositions in the Tractatus. Does he there admit the Kantian distinctions between analytic/synthetic and a priori/a posteriori divisions; or does his ...
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Is a relativistic particle 'Kantian'?

Newton, in the Principia, conceived time as flowing everywhere at the same rate (this was anticipated also in Aristotle's Physics). Time here is independent of bodies and particles. In a sense it is ...
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How's this version of Kant's Categorical Imperative 'more humanistic'?

Source: You Can Be Stronger - Kant Said So!, by Mark D. White, PhD (University of Cincinnati), BSBA (Ohio Northern University), 2010 Mar 1 - all emphasis mine: The other versions of the categorical ...
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How does 'humanity' 'reside undifferentiated in all of us' ?

Foreword: I'm terribly sorry for my flood of questions. Please advise if there are more efficient ways to understand him, which I struggle to do, excepting posing so many questions so often. Source: ...
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How is 'rational capacity' universal? [duplicate]

Source: Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE" 51:28: But respect for Kant, 51:30: Respect, 51:31: is respect: for humanity which is universal, 51:36: for a ...
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How do you treat retailers without using them as a means?

Source: Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE" A student (who reveals his name as Patrick, at the 52:45 interval) asks: 52:34: Suppose I want to buy something, food. I ...
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Why was Mill wrong to claim that Kant appealed to consequences?

Source: Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE" Question: Despite Prof Sandel's answer below, I still don't understand why JSM was wrong. Does Kant mean: you can appeal ...
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Rawls and the Categorical Imperative

Rawls A Theory of Justice according to Wikipedia, and by his own admission is 'strongly Kantian'. A foundational point or axiom is his 'Veil of Ignorance' - the original position. How can this ...
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'feelings that support doing the right thing' vs 'the reason for acting'

Source: Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE" First, a student named Judith says: 35:14: I think that Kant actually says that: it is the pure motivation that gives ...
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What's 'hypothetical' about 'hypothetical imperatives'?

At the 39 minute 32 seconds juncture, hypothetical imperatives are introduced by Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE". I also tried p 515 of 692, Philosophy & Ethics ...