Questions tagged [kant]

Immanuel Kant was a German Enlightenment philosopher.

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What are real life examples that can be applied to formalism?

Immanuel Kant states: “So act as to treat humanity, whether in your own person or in another, always as an end, and never as only a means.” He also regards that actions have moral worth if the ...
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How does capacity for reason 'exist undifferentiated in all of us'?

Source: Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE" [in this episode, Prof Sandel introduces Kant.] 25:35: How many moral laws from Kant’s point of view are there in this room,...
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What's the difference between negative and indefinite judgment?

I was reading critique of pure reason (the chapter that deals with the categories of judgments) I can not distinguish the difference between a negative judgment and an indefinite judgment, for example ...
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What is meant by 'practical logic' by Kant?

This isn't a philosophical question; more a question of clarification. Kants second critique, Kritik der Praktischen Vernuft, or Critique of Practical Reason, is actually a work of moral philosophy or ...
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Is there a categorical impertaive against humour?

I understand it in the formulation: will only whatever you can will for everyone without [logical] contradiction. If everyone kept telling jokes after a bit nothing would be funny. So do we have an ...
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Should I learn German to read Kant's Critique of Pure Reason in German?

Does learning German and reading Kant's Critique of Pure Reason in German add clarity or insight or improve the understanding; or does reading the English translation suffice? How much more ...
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Kant and free will

Could someone explain Kant's view on free will to me? As I understand it, Kant says that it is necessary that we have free will, because otherwise it would be unreasonable to hold people responsible. ...
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Are there differences between Kants Categories and Aristotles?

Kant uses his philosophy to reconstruct Aristotles Categories; these enumerate all possible things that can be the predicate or the subject of a proposition. Other than the reconstruction, are there ...
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A Neo-Kantian View on Causality?

Quantum non-determinism seems incompatible with Kant’s defense of causality in his Second Analogy. Stephen R. Palmquist however provides an interesting and appealing case against this supposition, ...
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A Kantian view on modern physics

According to the Encyclopedia Britannica article on Immanuel Kant, in the section discussing the Critique of pure reason: In the Transcendental Analytic, the most crucial as well as the most ...
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Where does Kant say that we are unable to understand God on the basis on his representation in the bible?

I believe the passage I am looking for comes from Critique of Pure Reason. He says something to the effect that we are unable to understand how the representation of God can be both both totally ...
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Has philosophy progressed since Kant? [closed]

Kant reasoned that we can never know "the thing in itself" since all knowledge is acquired via the apparatuses by which humans perceive, understand, and reason. Hence much of science and "human ...
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In Jain Logic what 'is' or 'can be' asserted to be true and indescribable?

Classically a truth value is asserted of a proposition: thus by its very nature it must be describable. Jain Logic has a 'truth value' which is asserted to be true and indescribable; by the above it ...
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Is a perfect chaos possible?

There are various notions of chaos, in myth, science and philosophy: Nietzsche in the Gay Science wrote: the total character of the world is chaos for all eternity - in the sense of not of a lack ...
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How would Kant decide whether a law is ethical?

From what I understand, I know that Kant believes that the purpose of government is to "[hinder] a hindrance to freedom" that people could impose on others. Additionally, in a Kantian government ...
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German philosophers on (french) revolution

I'm reading an essay written by the Italian philosopher Remo Bodei, where he examines the thoughts of some German philosopher on the french revolution and revolutions in general. According to him, ...
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Free Will and Rational Thought - Kant

According to http://www.informationphilosopher.com/freedom/history/ Kant believed in both determinism and rational thought. Kant subsumed causality and determinism under his idea of Pure Reason. ...
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Kant and Paranoia

As Kant has a theory of consciousness, can it be used to explain Paranoia? Or at least explicate it a little? Foucault talks about Schizophrenia as an eternal deferrment of signification. In Kant, ...
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Kant's thing(s) in themselves and atomic physics

In answer to someone's question regarding Kant's idealist view of space vs. modern science, someone referred to the dichotomy between a cup as normally perceived and a cup as a collection of atoms. If ...
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How would Kant respond? [closed]

I was wondering how Kant would respond to these sorts of questions. "Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law without contradiction....
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How does Kant go from good will to duty?

In the opening of The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals Kant starts talking about good will to build grounds for, in so far as I understand, the concept of acting from duty. Could someone ...
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Is it ethical to clear and clean the home of an extreme hoarder against his will?

Is it ethical to clear and clean the home of an extreme hoarder against his will? He's an old man, ill in hospital, and badly injured by the part-collapse of his home. He has also been neglecting ...
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Examples of universalizable maxims in Kantian ethics

I'm taking a two year course on philosophy and ethics. At the moment, we're studying Kantian ethics. I understand Kant's theory of "act by a maxim that you would want universalized" and the three ...
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Kant - analytic/synthetic propositons

I attend a small gathering of philosophers and guest speakers in my local town where we are sometimes lucky enough to get a professor from some university or college to come to give guest lectures. ...
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Kant and punishment/ rights arbitrations

Does Kant every justify punishment of criminals? For example, is it obligatory for governments to restrict the action of a murderer after they have murdered? Furthermore how can Kant's "principle of ...
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Does Kant distinguish different types of “pure reason”?

Does Kant distinguish different types of "pure reason"s? Viz., is there a human "pure reason," angelic "pure reason," Godly "pure reason," etc.? (cf. this comment) This comment claims "it's quite ...
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Are Categorical Imperatives neccessarily deontological?

That if something is categorically imperative, that you have a duty to act from it regardless of convenience?
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What does Kant think about non-corporeal, intelligent beings?

What does Kant think about non-corporeal, intelligent beings (i.e., angels)?
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Was Kant right about space and time (and wrong about knowledge)?

According to Kant our empirical experience is synthesized from sensations through categories. Apparently, unconscious "productive ability of imagination" mediates the process using the schemes of ...
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In Kant's ethics, is it allowed to be richer than other people?

I've been reading a bit about Kant's moral philosophy. What I'm now trying to figure out is if the Categorical Imperative would demand a redistribution of wealth. Or in other words, if according to ...
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Is noumenon to phenomenon for Kant what substance is to accident for Aristotle?

Is     noumenon : phenomenon :: substance : accident     ? I realize the analogy isn't perfect: Aristotle thinks substances can be known, whereas ...
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Has Kant's application of the Categorical Imperative failed?

To what extent does Kant successfully apply his four illustrations to his categorical imperative test? (Do not make false promises etc) The question can be split into two questions: What makes Kant'...
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Is there parallelism between mental acts and development of science?

In Kuhn's description of scientific history observations are interpreted through a prism of a priori presuppositions collected into "paradigms". Once discrepancies with expectations ("anomalies") ...
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Is there merit to debating the moral nature of a deity that you do not think exists?

I have in my discussions on religion made the comment that to discuss the bad (or perceived bad) properties of a God(s) for the unbeliever is not good logic as a thing must first exist before we can ...
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Are we born critically synthesising concepts?

Following this question asking about whether we are born 'critically thinking'; which suggested this question asking whether we are born with Kants categories. Expanding further on the original ...
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Are we born with Kantian Categories?

Following this question; given that Kantian Categories are required to sythesise Concepts and for the conditions of experience; does this mean that we are born with them?
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The death of dogma is the beginning of morality?

What did Kant mean when he said "The death of dogma is the beginning of morality"? Does it mean that you can only start being truly ethical when you are not looking at things based on a series of ...
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The categorical imperative vs The 'golden rule'

According to the IEP, the golden rule: The most familiar version of the Golden Rule says, “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.” Moral philosophy has barely taken notice of the ...
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On Kant's Universalisability

Yes, I have read the other questions on Universalisability - mine is quite different. The question is: if the action in question were hypothetically universalised (i.e everyone could do it), would ...
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Kant's theory of perception

On Laplace's (the mathematician) wiki-entry http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre-Simon_Laplace the following is stated: "The concept of a potential occurs in fluid dynamics, electromagnetism and other ...
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Is Kantian ethics arbitrary?

Speaking about Kantian ethics, I wondered how one could create a moral theory without knowledge of the world, based on the sole rationality. Without references to experience, what prevents us to ...
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How can Beauty equal Terror?

Rilke, the German poet, whilst staying at Duino castle near Trieste on the Adriatic sea heard the first words of what he later called the Duino Elegies whilst walking on the cliffs . They are both ...
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Can anyone correct my understanding of “a priori conception”

Not only in judgements, however, but even in conceptions, is an a priori origin manifest. For example, if we take away by degrees from our conceptions of a body all that can be referred to mere ...
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What would Kant say about an irrational person?

I've been reading about Kant and everything I've read so far assumes that as we make ethical decisions we are dealing with a rational person. For example, Kant argued that rational beings can never be ...
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How can intuitions be infallible?

I happen to come across the theory that intuitions are infallible, therefore whatever we intuit must be true. How is this rational at all? Our intuitions do not come from experience, so we really can ...
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Are there *a priori* truths for a self-learning artificial intelligence system?

Assume a group of scientists builds a self learning artificial intelligence (AI) system, consisting of the following components: Some input data channels and sensors, allowing the system to learn new ...
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Why does it matter whether knowledge is synthetic or analytic?

I have done some reading around Kant's idea of splitting knowledge into synthetic and analytic. I don't understand why does this split matter, knowledge could be split in other way by different ...
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How does Kant respond to Hume's problem of induction?

It's generally well-known that Kant was responding, amongst other influences, to Hume's critique of the empirical method on purely logical grounds. One could consider him as a modern-day Pyrrhonniste. ...
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How does post-humanism deal with Kants Copernican turn?

Presumably as a term it decentres the human subject as inherited from Renaissance humanism; this continuing the Copernican revolution of decentring the human habitus. This suggests it bypasses Kants ...
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Conditions for Deduction

Hume posited a well known critique of causality that goes back to al-Ghazali - that there is no necessary connection between a cause and an effect. The same argument it seems can be targeted to ...