Questions tagged [kant]

Immanuel Kant was a German Enlightenment philosopher.

63 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
10
votes
1answer
425 views

A Neo-Kantian View on Causality?

Quantum non-determinism seems incompatible with Kant’s defense of causality in his Second Analogy. Stephen R. Palmquist however provides an interesting and appealing case against this supposition, ...
9
votes
1answer
653 views

Identifying three kinds of “unity” in Kant's “Critique of Pure Reason”

After reading about transcendental Aesthetics and transcendental logic, I perceive three kinds of unity in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason: Unity of properties of an object which is sensed through ...
4
votes
0answers
125 views

The notion of knowledge for Kant and mathematical objects

As far as I understand the notion of knowledge in Kantian philosophy, we cannot speak of knowing something unless there is a relation between its concept and some object of intuition showed in ...
4
votes
0answers
79 views

Kant's Transcendental Apperception and al-`Ilm al-Huduri

What is transcendental apperception in Kant's Philosophy? Is it an instance of knowledge-by-presence (al-Ilm al-Huduri) in Islamic philosophy (especially Mulla Sadra's al-Hikmah al-Mutaaliyyah)?
4
votes
1answer
130 views

Are Wittgenstein's propositions analytic or synthetic?

Wittgenstein provides a logical analysis of propositions in the Tractatus. Does he there admit the Kantian distinctions between analytic/synthetic and a priori/a posteriori divisions; or does his ...
3
votes
0answers
180 views

How Kant's second formulation of the categorical imperative interacts with consent

Kant's second formulation (or the "ends in themselves" formulation) says: use humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, always at the same time as an end, never merely as ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

Is there anything left in contemporary epistemology and science from the German Idealism?

Kant, Reinhold, Fichte, Schelling, Hegel.. Is there anything left from the Kantian movement today in the thoughts of knowledge and nature? The question is focused especially after Popper essentially "...
3
votes
0answers
140 views

According to Kant - how is transcendental deduction of the forms of sensibility and categories of understanding possible?

It has been a long time since I've read the Critique of Pure Reason. My question is, how is the mind able to perform the transcendental deduction, according to Kant. What I'm getting at is... the way ...
3
votes
0answers
123 views

Can Kant's antinomies be translated into formal logic?

Kant proves the limits of human reason by providing 4 antinomies, pairs of rational but contradictory statements, which he claims pure reason can never help us decide which one of the pair is correct. ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

The synthetic apriority of the categorical imperative

Weirdness I noticed about Kant's theory of the categorical imperative: he says that the CI is "synthetic," in the second Critique using the very imposing phrase "sic volo, sic jubeo" to characterize ...
2
votes
0answers
120 views

The double interpretation of 'a priori' in Kant's metaphysics

I'm sorry if this question has been asked before. My question regards the apparent double nature of the term 'a priori' in Kant's Critique of pure reason. Namely, as a presupposition for experience ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

For Kant, why is the Cogito an analytical proposition?

Could someone please explain to me why is that Kant thinks of the Cogito as an analytical proposition? Is it only because the predicate of the Cogito is already presumed in the concept of an thinking ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

Superiority of the concept as opposed to synthetic apperception

In The Foundations of Arithmetic (§ 48, p. 61), after maintaining that statements of numbers are indeed statements of fact, Frege asserts that: The concept has a power of collecting together far ...
2
votes
0answers
91 views

Schopenauer's critique of Kant: the distinction between knowledge of perception from abstract knowledge

I am reading "The World as Will and Representation" by Arthur Schopenhauer (Norman, J., Welchman, A., & Janaway, C. (Eds.). (2010). Schopenhauer: 'The World as Will and Representation'). In the ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Would the opacity of everyday motivations seriously undermine Kantian CI?

Would the opacity of everyday motivations seriously undermine Kantian categorical imperative (CI)? I tend not to use the CI when deciding what is moral, and partly because I'm not sure I know what my ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Kant's argument for experience of outer things

Have I got this right? I have empirical consciousness of my existence a determination such as this presupposes ‘something permanent in perception’ All that I inwardly intuit is my series of ...
2
votes
1answer
226 views

Schelling: from where, or how exactly does the a priori ideas come?

I'm reading Schelling's System of Transcendental Idealism, and in the end of the 3rd part (the end of the theoretical philosophy) schelling disproves the idea that a priori ideas are inherent in us ...
2
votes
0answers
162 views

Have anyone found a good solution to Kant's dualistic approach to consciousness?

Kant, in his studies of transcendental idealism, made the "illogical gap" between theoretical philosophy and practical philosophy, at the end of theoretical study, by requiring the contemplation of ...
2
votes
0answers
162 views

Does the idea of psychological egoism about only dignity make sense?

I understand that psychological egoism is the idea that everyone will always act in their own interest. I gather that human dignity is the cornerstone of Kantian ethics. I am kinda seriously leaning ...
2
votes
0answers
144 views

Unity of Apperception vs. Self Consciousness in Critique of Pure Reason

What is the difference between Unity of Apperception and Self- consciousness? From what I gather so far, Unity of Apperception is a particular part of Self-Consciousness in that UoA brings to ...
2
votes
0answers
67 views

Is there a loophole in Kitcher's argument for the inadequacy of the law of association?

In Kant's Transcendental Psychology (hereafter, KTP), Patricia Kitcher gives an insightful argument for the inadequacy of the law of association, which she asserts was Hume's primary explanation for ...
2
votes
0answers
219 views

Why should we consider Wittgenstein a Schopenhauerian idealist?

About the Tractatus, while explaining the similarities and differences between Wittgenstein and Kant with regard to the metaphysics, on the one hand (both track limits, according to which we cannot ...
2
votes
0answers
322 views

What's the relationship between good will and duty?

I'm writing an essay about the relationship between good will and duty, using an excerpt from Immanuel Kant's "Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals". I find the subject very interesting, but I'm ...
2
votes
0answers
109 views

How to harmonise Empedocles theory of perception

In White Mythologies, in part a disquisition on poetics, Derrida quotes Du Marsais on metaphor: When we speak of the light of the mind, the word light is to be taken metaphorically; for just as ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

How does post-humanism deal with Kants Copernican turn?

Presumably as a term it decentres the human subject as inherited from Renaissance humanism; this continuing the Copernican revolution of decentring the human habitus. This suggests it bypasses Kants ...
2
votes
0answers
128 views

Thorough analysis of Kant's “conditions of possibility”

Is anyone aware of a thorough (mathematical) treatment/analysis of the concept of Kant's "Bedingungen der Möglichkeit" of something (conditions of possibility)? I thought about it in the following ...
2
votes
0answers
449 views

What are Kant's critiques of Hume's and Descartes's conceptions of the self?

What are Kant's critiques of Descartes's conception of the self contained in the Metaphysical Meditations and of Hume's conception of the self expressed in the Essay concerning human understanding? ...
2
votes
1answer
222 views

What is the role of the transcendental unity of apperception for the possibility of the perception of objects according to Kant?

Early in the B Deduction, Kant says: "The I think must be able to accompany all my representations; for otherwise something would be represented in me that could not be thought at all, which is as ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

What does proto-idealistic philosophy mean?

I am listening to a lecture on YT (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CbvG4KffgSI skip to 2:41) and the lecturer mentioned "Immanuel Kant's proto-idealistic philosophy." What does that mean?
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Is it the case that Kant was indirectly 'describing' the noumenon by defining phenomenon?

In all commentaries on Kant's philosophy and his Critique of Pure Reason, it is stated that noumenon is completely unknowable. For example in the entry of 'Appearance' in Encyclopaedia Britannica we ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

I've heard that Hegel's view on how to attain absolute truth differed from Kant's. In what ways?

I think, from memory, Hegel said that the absolute truth can be known through a dialectical process between the object and the thing-in-itself. But, how does that differ from Kant's opinion on the ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Account of Priori knowledge in Critique of Reason

As I understand, a priori statements are propositions that are conceived independently of one's experience. However, the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy states that The sensible world, or ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Is Kant's postulate of the existence of God a metaethical assumption?

Also, I would like to get some bibliographical reference about Kantian metaethics.
1
vote
1answer
214 views

How can Kantianism prove the existence of perfect duties?

I heard about Kant's reasoning that lying that you return money or about the leads to contradiction in conception. But how could he even prove that lying under any circumstances leads to ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

'reason for speculative purposes finds the road of natural necessity […], yet for practical purposes'

Secondary Source: What's It All About? (2007 1 ed.) p. 120 Middle. Primary Source: Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals, Section 3, ON THE EXTREME BOUNDARY OF ALL PRACTICAL PHILOSOPHY ...
1
vote
3answers
607 views

Is there an answer to false positives/negatives of Kant's categorical imperative?

I recently read some papers on Kant's categorical imperative (McCarty, Kosgaard, Gressis mainly) on how to properly formulate a maxim according to him, and on the multiple problems linked to those ...
1
vote
0answers
162 views

Question about the categories in the Critique of Pure Reason

For the past couple of weeks I have been reading Critique of Pure Reason by Immanuel Kant. Currently I am stuck at the chapter on transcendental deduction of the categories (Version B). So far my own ...
1
vote
0answers
95 views

Rethinking arithmetic operations after J.L. Austin's performativity?

According to Kant, arithmetic statements such as "7+5=12" are synthetic a priori. Could we alternatively think of this not as a statement, but as an arithmetic-logic operation to be executed (like a ...
1
vote
0answers
137 views

What does Kant's universalisable principle have to say on arbitrary rules?

Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law How does that leave arbitrary rules, and conformity? If everyone disobeyed, for any ...
1
vote
0answers
98 views

“To what extent would society break down without a moral code?”

Okay so I'm new here and I hope that this will abide by the rules and everything that the site dictates about questions. The title of the page is a question I formulated for a school assignment. I ...
1
vote
0answers
119 views

According to Kant, can beauty be found in the human form?

In CPJ, Kant seems to imply that rational gender-necessary-reproductive-species (humans) cannot claim other of the same species humans as beautiful based upon our base desires and inability to escape ...
1
vote
0answers
154 views

Are Kant and Berkeley in closer philosophical relation than Kant wanted to believe?

Kant called Berkeley a "material idealist" on the grounds that Berkeley stated you are not and cannot experience objects outside a mind because the mind wouldn't understand what that means. Kant ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

From a Kantian perspective, could any aspect of this situation be considered moral?

The situation: Let's say two teams are competing in a research competition. The rules require the teams to have members that have never competed in this competition in the past. The director of Team A ...
1
vote
0answers
99 views

can kantian archetypes represent a priori concepts

In Michel Foucault's Folie et Déraison: Histoire de la Folie à l'âge Classique(History of Madness), he describes how society, throughout history, view(ed/s) and react(ed/s) to madness. The primary ...
1
vote
0answers
93 views

Defining Kant's idea of the sublime and applying it to a painting?

How would one go about applying Kant's idea of the dynamical sublime to a painting as to Kant the Dynamical sublime is: The dynamically sublime is similar. In this case, a “‘might' or power is ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Can a priori principles be applied to deduce 'Principal Bundles' as principles in Modern Physics?

Kant supplied a priori arguments for Newtonian Physics in his Metaphysics of Natural Science Has something similar been done for Modern Physics; which in its geometrical intepretation are concieved ...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

In Jain Logic what 'is' or 'can be' asserted to be true and indescribable?

Classically a truth value is asserted of a proposition: thus by its very nature it must be describable. Jain Logic has a 'truth value' which is asserted to be true and indescribable; by the above it ...
1
vote
0answers
229 views

Kant and Paranoia

As Kant has a theory of consciousness, can it be used to explain Paranoia? Or at least explicate it a little? Foucault talks about Schizophrenia as an eternal deferrment of signification. In Kant, ...
0
votes
0answers
84 views

Is brain reward hacking immoral?

Consider the following scenarios, each of which at their core refer to a form of 'reward hacking'. Based on personal observation, each scenario below generally elicits an immediate, visceral feeling ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Are these Two Premises Potential Flaws in Kant's Moral Theory?

In the Preface of the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals Kant says he believes that moral philosophy must be devoid of inputs from human nature (“anthropology”): [Starting at about 4:389] “...