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Questions tagged [kant]

Immanuel Kant was a German Enlightenment philosopher.

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What would Kant do when two categorical imperatives conflict? Could he ever justify lying?

Suppose a German SS officer knocked on my door, asking me whether I had any Jews. And suppose further that I had two Jews in a secret compartment in the attic that he'd never be able to find. ...
Cerberus's user avatar
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23 votes
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Why aren't pure apperception and empirical apperception structurally identical, even though they are functionally identical in Kant's Anthropology?

I can't be the only one who finds this strange. Section 7 of Anthropology from a Pragmatic Perspective, entitled "On Sensibility in contrast to understanding", reads as follows: In regard ...
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Is it ethical to convince someone to get vaccinated?

I'm currently writing about the ethics of vaccinations, and I have two long-standing concerns about the matter. "Is refusing vaccination a morally justifiable position?" will be my question. ...
Ericleast992's user avatar
19 votes
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What was Kant's view on lies by omission?

I was going to ask this question as a comment in response to @Chad's answer to What would Kant do when two categorical imperatives conflict? Could he ever justify lying?, however I figured it merits ...
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Is there a parallel between Hegelian "essence" and Kantian "concept"?

I think I've found a paralelism between these two notions, at least to some extent. For Kant defines (in Logic, I, I, §1, also translated) concept as "an universal representation" Every ...
henrique's user avatar
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3 answers
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Why were Kant's categories used in the mathematical category theory?

I am curious exactly how mathematical categories were inspired by Kant's categories. The SEP article on category theory says: In order to give a general definition of the [natural transformation], ...
William Oliver's user avatar
15 votes
7 answers
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What are examples of analytic a posteriori knowledge?

There is the analytic/synthetic distinction and the a priori/a posteriori distinction. These two distinctions form four types of knowledge: analytic a priori synthetic a priori analytic a posteriori ...
usr's user avatar
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2 answers
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What did Kant say on the invention of new terms?

I remember I once read in Kant's "Kritik der Reinen Vernunft" about the tendency to come up with or invent new terms/words, about which he was quite "critical" (pun intended). I need the exact quote, ...
Raphael J.F. Berger's user avatar
14 votes
3 answers
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How does Kant assert existence of the noumena, if indeed he does?

According to Kant the thing-in-itself or noumena is strictly hidden from us and phenomena are conditioned by the categories of the mind such as time, space, causality amongst others. These categories ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
14 votes
4 answers
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Are we born with Kantian Categories?

Following this question; given that Kantian Categories are required to sythesise Concepts and for the conditions of experience; does this mean that we are born with them?
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
13 votes
4 answers
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Can we fit non-euclidean geometry into Kant's theory?

If one assumes that the geometry of pure intuition is something other than Euclidean, how does that damage anything in the Critique? I mean can we still have a grasp of space-time both as an ...
Farhad Rouhbakhsh's user avatar
13 votes
2 answers
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In what fundamental ways, if any, does Husserl break with Kant?

I've read only slim secondary works on Husserl some time ago, and recently started "The Crisis in the European Sciences." So far, the framework seems faithfully Kantian. Husserl, for example, ...
Nelson Alexander's user avatar
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4 answers
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Why does Popper think there are no a priori synthetic statements?

Lately I´ve been reading Poppers "Logic of Scientific Discovery" and I am especially interested in his critics of induction as a scientific method. When he trys to show that a principle of induction ...
Lukas's user avatar
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12 votes
2 answers
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How did Kant define knowledge?

A recent question about the Plato's formula K=JTB (knowledge is justified true belief) made me curious as to what Kant thought on the matter. In the prefaces and the Introduction to the first Critique ...
Conifold's user avatar
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Deontology: Perfect vs. Imperfect Duties

I have a question regarding Kant's deontological Maxim of both Perfect and Imperfect duties. What I know about them is that Perfect duties require a person to perform a certain "action" all the time, ...
AskingQnsPro's user avatar
12 votes
5 answers
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Was Kant anticipating Gödel's incompleteness in his antinomies?

Kant's attempts to prove that there's a limit to pure reason based on the existence of antinomies, i.e. pairs of propositions where each one is rational, but the propositions contradict each other. ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
12 votes
4 answers
2k views

What gives the Categorical Imperative moral weight?

After reading The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, I'm still unsure why human beings have a duty to obey the Categorical Imperative. I understand Kant's argument why a rational will ...
Alex Becker's user avatar
12 votes
3 answers
675 views

A Neo-Kantian View on Causality?

Quantum non-determinism seems incompatible with Kant’s defense of causality in his Second Analogy. Stephen R. Palmquist however provides an interesting and appealing case against this supposition, ...
user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
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How does Kant's moral philosophy define "goodness" and evaluate the moral worth?

Philosophy.SE, this is my first time being here, hence please pardon my inexperience of phrasing the question. I was discussing the moral philosophy of Kant vs the moral philosophy of the Christian ...
Shuhao Cao's user avatar
11 votes
5 answers
11k views

Which of Kant's writings would be a good introduction to his work?

I've been planning to read some of Kant's work for a while, but have no idea where to start. Which of his writings would be a good initial introduction to his philosophical views?
kevinmicke's user avatar
11 votes
8 answers
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What was the impact of the discovery of non-euclidean geometry on Kantian thought?

This is mainly a historical question. In Gary Hatfields introduction to Kants Prologomena, he says: After the discovery of non-Euclidean geometry, Kant’s claims for the synthetic a priori status of ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
11 votes
3 answers
54k views

Are the first and second forms of the categorical imperative actually equivalent?

I will put aside any question of possible imprecision of the formulations, I will assume that the Kant's intentions can be understood intuitively reasonably precisely. Kant gives two forms of the ...
Ron Maimon's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
383 views

Is there a connection between Kants thought & the observer-dependent interpretation of quantum mechanics?

Kants copernican revolution placed the observer squarely back into universe. The universe wasn't just an objective reality out there, but also entangled up in our own ways of knowing and perceiving at ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
11 votes
4 answers
4k views

A companion or guide to Kant's Critique of Pure Reason

Which companion, or guide, would you recommend to someone trying to read and understand the original work, The Critique of Pure Reason? Why? I'm inclined towards these two, The Cambridge Companion to ...
Adeel Ansari's user avatar
11 votes
3 answers
949 views

Identifying three kinds of "unity" in Kant's "Critique of Pure Reason"

After reading about transcendental Aesthetics and transcendental logic, I perceive three kinds of unity in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason: Unity of properties of an object which is sensed through ...
user1846458's user avatar
10 votes
6 answers
31k views

What does Kant mean by "Existence is not a predicate"?

What does Kant mean by "Existence is not a predicate"? How does that invalidate the ontological arguments? and how can he show that it's not a predicate? By predicate, I think he means a "property"...
FNH's user avatar
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What is Kant's effect on modern culture, beyond philosophy?

It is fairly easy to argue that the ideas of the most notable philosophers in history (those whose names are familiar to laymen) have had effects on society beyond just their influence on other ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
2k views

What was Kant's argument for absolute space from a single hand being necessarily either left or right?

In their book "Von Glückzahl bis Geheimzahl" Christian Hesse and Karsten Schwanke write: As far as the absoluteness of space is concerned, Kant gave the so-called argument from the first ...
vonjd's user avatar
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How does Kant respond to Hume's problem of induction?

It's generally well-known that Kant was responding, amongst other influences, to Hume's critique of the empirical method on purely logical grounds. One could consider him as a modern-day Pyrrhonniste. ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
10 votes
5 answers
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How can Hegel call philosophy a science?

At the tail end of Kant and the Critique of Pure Reason Gardner discusses Kant's influence on his successors. He claims---and I'm paraphrasing here---Hegel wanted his metaphysics to be scientific, i.e....
Canyon's user avatar
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Why do philosophy of mind courses tend to bypass Kant?

All of the philosophy of mind courses I've seen seem to follow a basic pattern: Start with Descartes and substance dualism Jump to the 20th century and discuss behaviorism, functionalism, identity ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
10 votes
4 answers
15k views

A contradiction in Kant's Universalizability Principle

I figured a contradiction in Kant's Universalizability principle, but I'm very surprised that it was so easy to prove that wrong, so I think that I might be wrong somewhere. Let us first begin with a ...
Zafer Sernikli's user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
12k views

What are the more complex/interesting examples of synthetic a priori statements?

The usual examples of synthetic a priori statements are – it seems at least since Kant: "Nothing can be simultaneously red and green all over" 7 + 5 = 12 (or any other basic arithmetic statements). ...
viuser's user avatar
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Moral Duty and Happiness: Are Both Achievable?

I have studied a little Philosophy and done a lot of thinking about moral duty, individualism and communities. I have come to the belief that it is one person's duty to assist the community event at ...
IAE's user avatar
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7 answers
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What is "intuition" for Kant?

Intuition appears to be a relatively abstract concept, an incomplete cognition, and thus not directly experienceable. Kant says that all knowledge is constituted of two parts: reception of objects ...
Ootagu's user avatar
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1 answer
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What is Kant's argument about the relationship between logic and reason?

At Wikipedia, I read: Logic arose (see below) from a concern with correctness of argumentation. Modern logicians usually wish to ensure that logic studies just those arguments that arise from ...
Jon Ericson's user avatar
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Where did Kant say that "happiness is not an ideal of reason but of imagination"?

Can somebody tell me where this famous quote comes from? I mean in which book and on which page. I want to find this in German. If someone can provide the quote in German the way Kant wrote it, I ...
dorianp's user avatar
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3 answers
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Did Kant consider Newtonian mechanics a priori?

Did Kant take Newtonian physics as being synthetic a priori? I get the feeling he did. If he did, how did he justify this, it seems like a huge blunder for such a careful thinker. I mean... Kant ...
Ameet Sharma's user avatar
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Did Kant come to believe that we have access to things-in-themselves after all?

Kant's position on things-in-themselves is often described Socratically, of them we know only one thing, that they are. However, in an old but apparently still popular history of philosophy book I ...
Conifold's user avatar
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Is my understanding of the Transcendental Deduction correct?

I don't want to misinterpret this important philosophy of Kant, so I need to ask here whether my interpretations are in accordance with what is generally accepted. Transcendental deduction implies ...
Zid's user avatar
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4 answers
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What would it mean for time not to be real?

According to Kant, time is a pure intuition, meaning (in part) that its existence depends on the nature of human cognition. According to this doctrine, Other beings could in principle not experience ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
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Did the Logical Positivists accept synthetic a priori knowledge?

My understanding of Logical Positivists is that, following Wittgenstein, they accepted only 2 types of proposition as meaningful: Propositions based on formal logic (i.e. tautologies) Empirically ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
7k views

Why did Kant say space and time do not exist independent of us?

As far as I know, Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) believed that space and time do not exist objectively, independent of us, and that they are added by our minds to our perceptions. I am eager to know what ...
apadana's user avatar
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2 answers
366 views

How much is our understanding of Kant's Categorical Framework (published in German in 1781) obscured by translation and basic semantics?

Upon reading about and later researching [1] Kant's famous Categorical Framework, which is included as a key part of his classic Critique of Pure Reason (1781), I am struck by aspects that are quite ...
sourcepov's user avatar
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9 votes
5 answers
646 views

Should one consider it a 'miracle' that the world exists?

Miracles are used generally in theological/religious contexts. Outside of them they're seen as either rationally explicable as signifiers of theological truths that are uncovered by hermeneutics of ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
10k views

What does "synthetic unity of the manifold" mean for Kant?

What does Kant mean when he says "synthetic unity of the manifold"? Here are some quotations of the critique of pure reason where Kant uses the term "synthetic unity of the manifold&...
Kantian's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is it a common misunderstanding to claim that Kant considered time and space to be illusion?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1nSS2XgWMAE Is it a common misunderstanding to claim that Kant considered time and space to be illusion? People don't seem to agree on this and some people claim that ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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Would Kant choose to sacrifice one life to save another?

If what I know about Kant is correct- watching the Harvard Justice series on Kant and some summaries of his work- then Kant believes in an absolute morality where everything is either right or wrong ...
Christian's user avatar
8 votes
5 answers
3k views

How would Kant have responded to Darwin's conception of human evolution?

How would Kant have responded to Darwin? That is, how would Kant's theory on the individual as being comprised of a unity of consciousness (in his critique on pure reason), with the theory of Darwin's ...
patrick's user avatar
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Must Kant's a priori concepts of Space and Time be known to us before the 12 pure Categories of the Understanding?

As I continue my deep read of Kant's first critique, I'm struck by the fact that both space and time are a priori concepts, known to us prior to any experience, CPR(A) Transcendental Aesthetic, S.7 p....
sourcepov's user avatar
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