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Questions tagged [knowledge]

Knowledge is a familiarity with someone or something, which can include facts, information, descriptions, or skills acquired through experience or education.

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What is the one true universal definition of knowledge? [closed]

Epistemology is a branch of philosophy, so surely there are multiple definitions of knowledge that have been propounded over the centuries. But which one, if any, is universal, in the sense that it's ...
lee pappas's user avatar
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What is the most accurate definition of logic?

Suppose you are writing a book on logic, and you want to define 'logic'. What is the best choice of words for the definition? If your definition is different from the accepted definition, please ...
lee pappas's user avatar
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Metaphysical (Hard) Solipsism vs Epistemological (Soft) Solipsism

I’ve seen these terms tossed around as if they are actually different things but it does not appear to me that they are different philosophical positions/beliefs. Perhaps I am wrong, but here is my ...
Matt Harper's user avatar
8 votes
6 answers
3k views

Is my yellow same as your yellow?

Are there any current tests that can check whether the colours we see are consistent with someone else? For example: Person A and Person B are born at the same time, and both have normal vision ...
Mystic Mickey's user avatar
4 votes
5 answers
290 views

The application of logic to knowledge seems problematic

I was reading Dretske's text on 'Is knowledge closed under known entailment?' and I saw him using the material conditional while claiming entailment. But, in my head these two seem different. Since ...
Bessel's user avatar
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Is it possible for an individual to adopt a new better general epistemic system?

In an epistemic system, I refer to the rules one decides based on which propositions are true and which are false, either consciously or unconsciously. We all have a general one that we use for ...
Neo Granicen's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
95 views

Do combinations defy logic? [closed]

At computers base they view everything through a lense of true (1) or false (0). Computers are the best logical machines we have created because of this but because of this a computer doesnt know what ...
Wayne Irving's user avatar
2 votes
6 answers
189 views

Does having certainty about anything imply being omniscient?

The question might initially startle you, but let me clarify what I mean. In our daily lives, we operate on a probabilistic model, making decisions based on what we perceive to be certain. For ...
HAMDI ABDERRAHMENE's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
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Does K = JTB imply KK? [closed]

Does KK imply JTB? I am asking becasue it seems I now know that I know that my wife is not a teapot, precisely becasue I can justify my strong belief that she is not. But then if I already knew that ...
andrós's user avatar
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4 votes
6 answers
176 views

Ground vs justification?

I'm wondering if there is a technical distinction I've been missing between 'ground' and 'justification' in philosophy. If I say that my true belief is 'grounded', isn't that the same as saying that ...
John Smith's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
130 views

Approaching the knowledge of knowing using premises

The only thing(knowledge) that I know is that I don't know anything/I know nothing. (Universal Quant.). Does this mean that I don't even know that I know to begin with? The only thing(knowledge) that ...
How why e's user avatar
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Is it knowledge about x to know that we can't know x?

I'm studying the Critique of Pure Reason. We have the claim: We can't know anything about things in themselves Which seems to have corollaries of the form: We can't know x about things in themselves ...
Mani's user avatar
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Is epistemological solipsism coherent despite philosophical arguments to the contrary?

These are similar questions: Refuting Solipsism Is Epistemological solipsism a contradiction? The IEP article Solipsism and The Problem of Other Minds: https://iep.utm.edu/solipsis/ 7 The Incoherence ...
SystemTheory's user avatar
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Does pragmatic encroachment imply that mood and psychology are relevant for knowledge?

Here are two cases in close analogy to the cases that Stanley described in Knowledge and Practical Interests. High Stakes - normal: Peter is driving home on a Friday afternoon. He plans to stop at ...
Maximilian's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
244 views

Logic and its beginnings and why it is

When dealing with logic aren't we supposed to question logic, as though what caused it and why it is and therefore ask or beg the question, "Can our basic understanding of logic be logical?" ...
How why e's user avatar
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Do we feel compelled to defend objectivity, but not subjectivity, because objectivity is a concept in the domain of the subjects' knowledge?

Objectivity https://iep.utm.edu/objectiv/ The object is something that presumably exists independent of the subject’s perception of it. In other words, the object would be there, as it is, even if no ...
SystemTheory's user avatar
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Is it even possible to know, from the outside, whether a physical system is conscious?

I take it for granted that other humans, and other higher animals like chimpanzees and dogs and cats, are conscious. But is it even possible to know, from the outside, whether a physical system is ...
user107952's user avatar
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Is the fundamental nature of knowledge intimately linked to the fundamental nature of minds (consciousness)?

This is a follow-up to Is knowledge non-physical?. Can knowledge exist outside of minds? Can something devoid of consciousness truly possess knowledge? Consider objects like books, inscribed rocks, ...
Mark's user avatar
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22 votes
16 answers
3k views

Is knowledge non-physical?

What is the fundamental nature/ontology of knowledge? Is knowledge a physical state? Is knowledge a specific arrangement of physical particles in a brain, a book, a solid-state drive, a GPU, etc.? Or ...
Mark's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
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What are examples of non-physicalist approaches to acquiring knowledge?

As a follow-up to my previous question Is non-physicalism reasonable?, I would like to know about non-physicalist ways of acquiring knowledge that philosophers have considered. What sorts of knowledge ...
Mark's user avatar
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1 vote
4 answers
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Is learning an infinite loop?

We learn from people who were taught by other people. Those people were taught by other people. Those people were taught by other people. For example, a professor teaching in a university was once ...
NotPhilosophy's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
171 views

Can faith be based on hope rather than belief or intellectual assent?

I've been reflecting on the interplay between faith and hope, especially when hope entails some degree of uncertainty and lack of intellectual assent but a strong desire for something to be true. As ...
Mark's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
87 views

Is there an affective state of knowledge or belief? [closed]

Is there an affective state of knowledge or belief? Can I affectively or emotionally know that my wife is having an affair or that I am not the father of my children, but not be able to justify to ...
user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
247 views

Did i Just found the solution to radical skepticism?

If someone uses the premise that: 1=1 and then arrives at the conclusion that: 1=2 this means that the conclusion has proven the premise wrong; and if the premise is wrong, then the conclusion is ...
Neo Granicen's user avatar
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0 answers
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What sort of knowledge are we entitiled to have?

What sort of knowledge are we entitiled to have? Is there a class of knowledge which we should not be deliberately deprived of? I have asked before about anonymity, the right not to tell, deception, ...
user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
80 views

What are the sources for the idea that those who don't know, who know less, have a certain wisdom?

What are the sources for the idea that those who don't know, who know less, have a certain, valuable, wisdom? In French, there is this idiom "the popular wisdom" (la sagesse populaire) which ...
Starckman's user avatar
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Does the universal "step-by-step" property of knowledge eg in The Meno conflict with the fluctuation theorem from statistical mechanics

Background: There seems to be a universal property of knowledge, which is captured under Plato's reminiscence theory (remembrance), that acquiring knowledge necessary involves a series of steps that ...
J Kusin's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
40 views

Is 'knowledge' a single concept?

Is 'knowledge' a single concept? Obviously it has a variety of different philosophical definions, JTB, JTB+ etc.. Suppose that I think 'knowledge' must involve a certain form of justification that I ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
57 views

How much knowledge is based in aesthetic virtues like 'elegance'?

How much knowledge is based in aesthetic virtues like 'elegance'? I know that they feature in e.g. inference to the best explanation. What about 'intuition'? When is it ever the deciding factor in ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
25 views

When is someone responsible for a lack of justification and/or strong belief in something?

When is someone responsible for a lack of justification and/or strong belief in something? Suppose I suspect that my wide is cheating on me, and have evidence that she is meeting someone, but aside ...
user avatar
3 votes
8 answers
783 views

Is there a difference between knowing, and knowing for certain?

When one knows something, do they also know it for certain? Or is knowing distinct from knowing for certain? I find a statement like, "I know X, but I don't know X for certain" to be pretty ...
user107952's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Questions about the Justification part of knowledge (justified true belief)

There is a so-called Justified, true belief as knowledge. When was the justification part of the definition of knowledge started to become explicitly stated and not merely implied? Who wrote about it ...
Noble_Bright_Life's user avatar
6 votes
9 answers
5k views

Is Romans 1:19-20 philosophically sound?

Romans 1:18-25 ESV 18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth. 19 For what can be known about ...
Mark's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
4k views

Are we too quick to assume that the most recent evidence is inevitably the strongest?

In what contexts is this true and in what contexts can this be considered true and vice versa? Personally, I think it has a lot to do with confirmation bias, especially in natural sciences where for ...
OBAMIUM's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
60 views

What is the opposite of Plato's problem?

Plato's problem Plato's problem is the term given by Noam Chomsky to "the problem of explaining how we can know so much" given our limited experience. In the field of linguistics, Plato's ...
user366312's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
99 views

What does Hume think about Occam's razor?

Let's define Occam's razor as this: That it is not rational to believe something unnecessary or extra about reality without a specific reason to believe it. In other words, the facts that are ...
BigMistake's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
105 views

All I know is that I know nothing. Does this statement of Socrates still resonate in modern philosophy?

Regardless of attribution, this could be interpreted as profound wisdom or a suggestion that things are ultimately unknowable. It certainly seems to indicate humility. Does any of this still hold true ...
Meanach's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
71 views

Does Hume propose that causes might actually just be explained by coincidence?

Does Hume propose that what people interpret as casual connections could instead be explained by coincidence? I want to know if this is an accurate understanding. Hume says something to the effect of: ...
BigMistake's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
56 views

Hume says we can't determine a causal connections between objects. Why separate the system into objects at all?

A summary of Hume's perspective is as follows: When we reason about matters of fact to reach new conclusions, we use cause and effect: when a dropped ball hits the ground (observation), it bounces (...
BigMistake's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
117 views

Are we ever justified in not trying to establish the truth?

I can take steps to find out if my ex wife cheated on me, and I do want to know, but no good will come of me knowing, nor of the steps I need to take to find out (assume that they are not immoral but ...
user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
168 views

What if we abandon all assumptions?

By the title I mean that "What would happen if we didn't assume anything as true?" My first thought was that nothing could be stated (since there isn't logic/reason to hold any argument/...
PageSteiner's user avatar
9 votes
5 answers
2k views

Can I know something but not be able to justify it to anyone else?

Can I know something but not be able to justify it to anyone else? I don't necessarily mean metaphysical puzzles, but everyday examples. If I cannot - and I know I cannot - prove to anyone else, all ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
37 views

Higher education knowledge and high school knowledge and pleasure

This post wonders about the levels of pleasure that can be attained using high school only knowledge as compared to using higher education knowledge (assuming all pleasurable activities are related to ...
Joselin Jocklingson's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

If we don't know anything for certain, how do we know that?

I think it is the case that we don't know anything for certain. But if that is the case, how can we know that we don't know anything for certain? This is related to Socrates's famous remark that all ...
user107952's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
151 views

Limitation of knowledge in real terms

In the "real world," economists are not rich, political scientists are not successful politicians, and so on. My question is: is there some limitation on success imposed by knowledge (in ...
quanity's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
124 views

Is the complexity paradox inherent to human theory and practice?

First of all, sorry for the lengthy body of the question. A little background: I'm a musician, and an active thinker. In my career there's a seemingly inevitable bifurcation: the path of academic ...
Simón Flavio Ibañez's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
57 views

Did Locke think that animals have innate knowledge?

Locke famously believed that humans were born as a tabula rasa. Did he also think the animals are blank slates?
BigMistake's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
94 views

Knowledge-that, knowing-what, epistemic logic, and invertible functions

There's a subsection of my main argument (in my offline notes) that goes: ∃f(f(𝔼) = ♪) If we knew what f was in particular, then we could go to f -1(♪) = 𝔼 But this would make 𝔼 knowable in a well-...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
109 views

What does "p is true for S at t" mean?

In Alvin Goldman's article "What Is Justified Belief", what does "p is true for S at t" mean? where p is a proposition, S is a person and t is time. More specifically, how is it ...
Charles's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
508 views

What is a complete understanding?

In a comment to this recent question of mine, somebody used the phrase, "complete understanding." Without necessarily answering the linked question (i.e. without defining "understanding&...
Corbin's user avatar
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