Questions tagged [knowledge]

Knowledge is a familiarity with someone or something, which can include facts, information, descriptions, or skills acquired through experience or education.

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15 views

Something similar to The Knowledge Argument which works within Physicalism?

Here is The Knowledge Argument according to SEP (Mary is either monochrome or views the world through monochrome monitor): (1) Mary has all the physical information concerning human color vision ...
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Knowledge and do we have any? [closed]

What is Knowledge and do we possess any? What are the views about Knowledge from Islamic and Western point of view?
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Philosophy of understanding

Is there any good text of philosophy that describes or investigates how understanding or knowledge happens? Something on the lines of heuristics. I have read a book called How to Solve it by G. Polya ...
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70 views

Is Martin Scorsese guilty of no true scotsman?

Genuine Question: When Martin Scorsese criticised the Marvel Cinematic Universe and directly said that they were theme parks not cinema, was that an example of the no true Scotsman fallacy? ...
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Knowing the laws of the universe but not its total state or ontology, what does philosophy have to say?

Since GR but also in special relativity and QM we can have laws, yet never access to the total physical state of the universe at any time. And that the ontology of science, the physical, is changing ...
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78 views

Does the self change iff there is a change in knowledge? [closed]

While still being distinct terms. And is there a term for this? Hope that’s enough to go on!
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207 views

How can we know (with absolute certainty) that our logic is correct?

How can we know (with absolute certainty) that our logic is correct? Even statements like Descartes’ “I think therefore I am” relies on our logic: that I exist is a logical consequence of my ...
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1answer
56 views

A proposal for the meaning of life [closed]

I propose that the meaning of something is "all of the information related to it", and thus that the meaning of life is "all of the information related to life" - all of the causes ...
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50 views

How can we classify and differentiate sources of information for humans?

I was always taught in elementary about the primary, secondary, and tertiary sources of information. However, as I ponder about it I thought in a scenario of the game "pass the message" ...
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73 views

Axiom 4 in epistemic logic

In epistemic logic, axiom 4 says that if I know p, then I know that I know p. What is the philosophical value of such an axiom?
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Are there scholarly works on philosophy of language treatment of the Gettier problem?

I found two essays on a kind of response to the Gettier problem. One is a Philosophy Now article, and another is a blog post. On both sources, they argue that Smith's belief (on the original Gettier ...
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136 views

According to Logical Positivism, why is it that for a statement to be meaningful, its contradiction must also be meaningful?

I am trying to understand the argument for the supposedly paradoxical nature of the verifiability criterion. The argument goes as follows: Suppose that the principle of verifiability is itself ...
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Question about knowledge acquisition

Apologies. I'm not sure what I'm asking and I'm not a philosopher. It's about knowledge acquisition. If you lack knowledge about a certain subject it's difficult to evaluate the quality of the answers ...
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In Plato's Republic, why would a musical, medical, or knowledgeable man NOT try to get the better of another like man?

Book I, 349e, Socrates confirming the position of Thrasymachus: "...is any musical man who is tuning a lyre in your opinion willing to get the better of another musical man in tightening and ...
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Question about Russell's distinction between knowledge of things and knowledge of truths in 'The Problems of Philosophy'

In his book, Russell distinguishes several types of knowledge. He first distinguishes knowledge of truths, and of things. "the sense in which what we know is true (...) i.e. to what are called ...
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Roles of sensibility, understanding and imagination in Kant's epistemology

According to Kantian epistemology, there are three falcuties of mind; sensibility, understanding and imagination. Unfortunately, the differentiation between these three are not totally sure to me so I ...
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Can bias be a good thing in the quest for knowledge?

When looking for knowledge, you'll often find conflicting information. This is because, in many topics, there'll be a "for" and "against" side. Those sides are biased towards what ...
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5answers
284 views

What is the difference between wisdom and knowledge?

What is the difference between wisdom and knowledge? From Wikipedia: Wisdom, sapience, or sagacity is the ability to think and act using knowledge, experience, understanding, common sense, and ...
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1answer
176 views

How does one avoid getting bogged down in minutiae when reading philosophy

There is a lot of content in works of philosophy, yet its unreasonable to say that one must comprehend and memorize every detail and claim in order to understand the work as a whole. I struggle with ...
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Is this a case of JTB that may be true, but not knowledge?

Belief: P != NP True? Maybe. Justification: Experimental evidence Basically the justification for the belief is that despite lots of research nobody has managed to discover an efficient solution for ...
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128 views

Does all deductive knowledge stem from inductive observation?

Given the premise that deductive reasoning needs a premise statement to get started, ultimately do these premises come from inductive observation? e.g. When the sun is out it’s daytime. The sun is out....
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The Benefits of Knowledge in the Advancement of Humantity

The more and the more easily messengers reach everywhere here, everywhere there, then the more the communication of thoughts is advanced, and no prince, no king will seek to hinder this who ...
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157 views

Where can I find good place to obtain philosophy articles, journals, and books for free?

Where can I find a good place to obtain philosophy articles, journals, and books for free?
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What does "true" mean in "justified true belief"?

What does TRUE mean in JUSTIFIED TRUE BELIEF? We define knowledge as "justified true belief". Now, my question is what does the term TRUE mean in the formal definition? Why not only "...
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209 views

When philosophers argue about "definitional questions," what exactly are they arguing about?

By "definitional question," I mean questions like what is knowledge, what is justice, what is love, etc - questions that relate to the definition of certain abstract concepts. Take the ...
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How would infinitism intersect ethical beliefs?

Assuming that some moral knowledge is to be action-guiding, how could one appeal to an infinite chain of reasons to justify moral beliefs? (This is at least another "proof-of-concept" issue ...
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1answer
81 views

Which field in the natural sciences always requires accurate and precise scientific instruments? [closed]

I am a high school student that believes as many others that natural sciences is an area of knowledge that is about reliable information. However, I see that scientific instruments play an significant ...
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Question about the IEP’s (Michael Huemer’s) formulation of phenomenal conservatism

(I posted the identical question on the AskPhilosophy subreddit.) I first learned about phenomenal conservatism under a different name, “the principle of credulity”, from the philosopher of religion ...
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Is there an universal argument for sharing valuable knowledge/skills?

There are many great Questions and Answers on Workplace stackexchange that deal with the question of whether or not to share valuable knowledge/skills with others: What is wrong with sharing ...
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1answer
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How reliable are scientific instruments such as spectrometry in the determination of the oldest material “Startdust”? [closed]

After reading one of the latest findings by scientists, Stardust was considered the oldest material on earth. However having not much of an experience with chemistry, I was intrigued upon how ...
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Knowledge and epistemic intuition

Gettier famously argues against the traditional theory of knowledge that justified true belief may not always be knowledge. Basically, his examples can be summarized as whether we can have knowledge ...
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What does it mean for two distinct people to know a fact?

Let there be two people A and B. They both encounter a strange object O. What do they know about each others knowledge about O? More strictly, we are speaking of a situation where, say, you and me ...
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Are there truths that the scientific method cannot explore, but maybe alternative methods can? [duplicate]

Are there truths that the scientific method cannot explore, but maybe alternative methods can? Does the scientific method subsume all possible valid ways to obtain true knowledge? Or are there ...
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382 views

What is the relation between a priori and tautologies?

I have just started learning Epistemology. I am not sure about the relation between a priori and tautologies. My textbook has given definitions for a priori and tautology. A priori: knowledge which is ...
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How to make sense of " I know that p but I could be wrong as to p"? ( Faillibilism)

There is a well known modal fallacy regarding knowledge which says that if some subject s knows that p, then p cannot be false, and therefore , p is a necessarily true proposition. Source : [ by ...
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293 views

Do modern philosophers of mind believe that thinking is a symbolic or visual process by nature?

Do some philosophers regard thinking as a symbolic process only because they don't actually think for themselves -- rather, like most of us, they are "having thoughts", their ...
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2answers
107 views

Is it self-defeating for commentators to tell people not to believe or trust the media?

For example: let's suppose that I am a conspiracy theorist and commentator, my job is to report what goes on in the world of politics, social media, and give my opinions. Is it self-defeating to tell ...
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1answer
121 views

Why does Nozick rely on closest possible world in his tracking theory?

According to the truth-tracking theory of Nozick, S knows that P iff (1) P is True, (2) S believes that P, (3) If P were not True, S would not believe that P, and (4) If P were True, S would believe ...
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Is having "skin in the game" always beneficial in "thought and action" as Taleb seems to think?

I was skimming through the tweets about Taleb when I saw one from one of his former [friends][1] which was about Taleb's "skin of the game" saying that it is neither necessary nor sufficient ...
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4answers
261 views

Goals and benefits of the process abstraction for minds

What is the philosophical importance of abstraction in regard to philosophy of mind? People seem to use abstraction all of the time, however, can someone please bring a concrete example that ...
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3answers
198 views

How is knowledge possible?

I haven't studied Philosophy and I get this is a fundamental question one cannot answer in one line. But I want to phrase it in this particular way: even in a finite possibilities-predetermined (few) ...
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250 views

What's the difference between Justification and Evidence?

Q: In what ways does use of the term "Evidence" differ from that of the term "Justification" in philosophy? Ive read Evidence posed as the internalist counterpoint to the ...
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59 views

Have cognitive scientists dealt with Kant’s idea of a priori knowledge using their tools?

Since Kant’s concept of a priori knowledge is about how humans perceive and construct the world in their head, that sounds very directly related to cognitive science and psychology. Have scientists ...
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Could a Pyrrhonic Skeptic Procedurally know?

is the concept of Procedural Knowledge, inconsistent with Pyrrhonic Skepticism? i ask this as, it does not seem that Procedural Knowledge coincides with the model of Knowledge espoused by Pyrrhonic ...
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670 views

How can we differentiate between change and progress in the field of ethics?

I'm studying a branch of epistemology(theory of knowledge) and am currently working on a project concerned with the change and progress in knowledge. The topic I want to specialise in is ethics. How ...
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What is the literal meaning of "The only thing that I know is that I know nothing"? (Is not knowing anything a knowledge?)

If a person says, "The only thing that I know is that I know nothing." What exactly does that mean (not metaphorically), literally? If the only thing they know is that they know nothing, ...
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1answer
70 views

Is knowledge from the Borsuk–Ulam theorem a priori or a posteriori?

The Borsuk–Ulam theorem proofs that on earth, there will always be at least two points that have exactly the same temperature at once. This can be mathematically proven to be true and it indeed has ...
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1answer
147 views

What might it mean to "know" another living being? [closed]

Assuming for the moment that life involves change how can one "know" another living being? Indeed if they are changing can one fully know another living being? Who has written about knowing ...
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230 views

Truth condition in JTB

I have been told that knowledge is usually analyzed as being justified true belief (although this conception has been criticized - namely after Gettier published his famous article - it seems to be ...
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535 views

Philosophical assumptions underlying science

I am a medical student and have been interested lately in the foundations of the scientific research method I have been taught. I've read that there is in fact no such thing as a unique scientific ...

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