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Knowledge is a familiarity with someone or something, which can include facts, information, descriptions, or skills acquired through experience or education.

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Hume and the notion of causation

Hume argues that what most people associate as "cause" could be the constant conjunction of events. There is no way to prove a necessary connection between A and B. However, my question has to do ...
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My first thought is always: I AM

This question is derivative of the question here: Could 'cogito ergo sum' possibly be false? It is noted by authors such as Nietzsche and Kierkegaard that there are several assumptions ...
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Is it possible to know the truth value of a statement without knowing any information about that statement?

Is it possible to know the truth value of a statement without knowing any information about that statement? If no, then to me that would imply that truth values are not absolute and depend on how we ...
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Some questions regarding knowledge

We know that knowledge is very important and powerful, but does robust knowledge require some sense of consensus and disagreement? How would one even approach this kind of question? It really makes ...
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Can “knowledge” only be synthetic according to Kant?

I have read secondary sources claiming that Kant conceives of knowledge as a strictly synthetic affair, and that analytic judgments are thus not knowledge. This is relatively consistent with what Kant ...
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Do other animals have conscience?

Does any other animal (apart from humans) have conscience, feel guilt, and have the ability to discern right and wrong?
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Does non-empirical knowledge exist?

I think this question might be dismissed very easily, but I'd like to try to provoke a sort of blurring-the-lines idea that may be interesting. I'll start by putting two definitions here, the first ...
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40 views

On the way we relate to the world\thinking the way we think

Walking down the streets I heard: Measuring means comparing. I was shocked. Why $A$ is better\bigger\higher\etc than $B$? It becomes somehow obvious: that simple idea shapes part of our reality. ...
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What is the name of the school of thought that holds “humans did it”?

My world view is that there is no way to peek behind the curtains of the universe to reveal its truths-- whether spiritual, religious, or even scientific. I don't think the word to describe this is ...
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Where is the knowledge that AI's “knowledge representations” represent?

I find this really confusing. AI often says its computer systems "know" things, but when AI explains how to program a computer to be intelligent, it talks only about "knowledge representation". E.g., ...
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107 views

How we obtain scientific knowledge

I have seen some posts about knowledge but want to explore another perspective. Here is the sort of thing I thought, maybe you can help with a complete answer or at least give some recommendation. ...
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95 views

How to answer a question that you don't know its answer, but your life depends on it? [closed]

Suppose that: You want to live. The only way to live is to answer question Q1 correctly. Q1 is a binary question accepting only yes/no as answers. You don't know the correct answer of Q1. You have a ...
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Do unverifiable statements provide any knowledge?

I believe the following three examples are equally self-contradictory: A: Nothingness is blue B: Objects don't exist when we are not looking at them C: There exists a parallel universe that never ...
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Is it possible to know a priori the statement 'I know mathematical theorem X a priori' providing X is true

I'm looking for arguments against the idea that you can have a priori knowledge of a priori knowledge. Perhaps appealing to an internalist account of knowledge and claim that the justification for the ...
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Does Sosa's modal definition of knowledge beg the question?

In his 1999 paper "How to Defeat Opposition to Moore", Ernest Sosa argues that sceptical, Nozickian tracking, relevant-alternative, and contextualist accounts of the sceptical paradox rely on the ...
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246 views

Is there any way disputes over a knowledge claim due to different interpretations of data can be resolved?

I'm quite stumped as to how to answer the question because it would be rather difficult to correct the interpretations of others...
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97 views

Misrepresented Knowledge in Translation?

I am not sure if this is the right form to ask this question. However, my question comes down to a more basic question of knowledge and thus I believe it is related in some way to Philosophy. My ...
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606 views

What factors could affect the resolvability of disputes over knowledge claims (within a discipline in an area of knowledge)?

I am considering the area of knowledge of History but it has so many disciplines that I don't really understand fully. As for answering the question, I already thought of one factor: the lack of data ...
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76 views

If we forget why do we acquire knowledge which by the way gets outdated?

We learn then we forget. It might seem to be a waste of precious time subtracted from life. Some time ago I started to write every day two things (yes, only two) I learn every day. One column for ...
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Purposelessness and DNA Propagating

Positivist evolutionary biologists claim that living beings are nothing but byproduct of purposeless random evolution. (For example, say, a flower is just a DNA propagating machine.) I am especially ...
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Historical Knowledge Paradox, how do you characterize the epistemology of it?

I have become aware of what Yuval Noah Harari calls the "Historical Knowledge Paradox", in which the utility of knowing the past is placed in conflict with itself. Can somebody please help me to see ...
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99 views

Is there any difference between knowledge and information? [duplicate]

I am confused about find difference between knowledge and information. Give me an example.
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55 views

Is knowledge of right and wrong the 'first' knowledge?

Personally, I do not commit to memory a great many useless details but, prefer to remember how to understand, how to act and, how to answer. For example, if fixing a computer I do not have in my mind ...
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64 views

Not all knowledge is wisdom

It is clear from Big Internet Search Engine that not all knowledge is considered wisdom but, can some knowledge be foolish? "Wisdom cannot be imparted. Wisdom that a wise man attempts to impart ...
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Help me understand Earman and Salmon's pragmatic vindication

"Hume showed convincingly that, if nature is uniform, inductive reasoning will work very well, whereas, if nature is not uniform, inductive reasoning will fail. This much is pretty easy to see. [Some ...
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168 views

Nozick's truth tracking theory?

I simply just do not understand this concept, everything from the idea of close possible worlds to the counterfactual conditions. So, 1. P is true. 2. You believe that P (following the famous "...
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Have philosophers explored the ideas of accuracy and precision when considering the truth of a statement?

I'm a physicist interested in exploring philosophy. As a motivation, let me give a few contradictory statements about gravity: "Acceleration due to gravity is a constant 9.81m/s^2" "Gravity follows ...
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Meno's paradox of knowledge - how is knowledge possible?

In Plato's Meno, it is talked about how knowledge is neither gained nor searched for. I am confused on this particular question. What does is entail?
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Does physicalism imply everything can be defined?

Does physicalism imply everything can be defined at least to a certain extent?
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Contingent vs. Necessary Truth in Classical Philosophy

I am reading "Ancient Philosophy" by Anthony Kenny (Vol 1 of his "A New History of Western Philosophy", OUP, ISBN 0–19–875273–3). I was intrigued by the following statement (p.176): "However, ...
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Does the idea of falsification assume the existence of an objective reality?

In order to falsify a hypothesis, an observation must be compared to some statement of fact that would be true if the hypothesis were true. The unspoken assumption seems to be that the observation, ...
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39 views

Can any piece of knowledge be produced without depending on another piece of knowledge? [closed]

In the case of sciences, for example, can the birth of a new branch of science be considered as utterly "new"?
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70 views

Does the Knowledge argument refute physicalism?

Is there any research that disproves Jackson's three premises? Is there any research which argues that Mary does not learn all the physical facts whilst in the room, because experience itself ...
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93 views

How is experience different for Locke and Hume?

Am I right to say that both Locke and Hume are empiricists? Their ideas are pretty similar but they seem to use human's experience as part as their argument differently but I can't seem to point out ...
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Seeking the Source of an Aristotle quotation

Long ago I came across a statement by Aristotle, 'True knowledge is identical with its object'. I never came across it again and now wonder where I found it. Is there an Aristotle scholar here who ...
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What is insight and can we develop it?

One person really helped me to develop a subject knowledge and I thank him saying: "Thank you so much for your time and knowledge!". He said, you can be more knowledgeable than me, but what it takes ...
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How to believe physics and treat scientific knowledge?

I am not much familiar with the philosophy of science yet. And I have doubts about science and explanations given there for events. As I am totally inclined towards mathematics and logical reasoning I ...
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Trueness of Knowledge and its value

Is it reasonable to distrust any knowledge we know? Is there any value of knowledge when we deny its trueness? My thought: It is impossible for us to know a specific truth or order of universe with ...
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Why that cave dweller is called a misogynist? [closed]

I was reading this article on coindesk.com. The first line of this article says "For all we know, the first cave-dweller to rub two sticks together was a misogynist. Or maybe just a mean person."...
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Referring to a subject

I have a couple of questions to an assignment for my bachelors course in Philosophy. It is regarding Timothy Williamsons book, 'Knowledge and its limits' that we are reading and discussion. I have ...
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The non-existence of Gettier problems in Indo-Tibetan epistemology

Reading the paper Gettier and Factivity in Indo‐Tibetan Epistemology the author claims at some point early in the paper that There are two initial problems which make it difficult to compare ...
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Can we have moral knowledge without intuition?

Can we have moral knowledge without intuition? I'm trying to justify my ethical beliefs, but can't do so without appeal to intuition.
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What is the meaning of an explanation

I am a software engineer and recently got involved in a community project that aims to teach underprivileged kids. This got me thinking about the term 'explanation'. What I want to ask is- what in ...
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“Tell me what you know” [closed]

How can you possibly answer a broad question, "Tell me what you know.", without referring to any specific aspect of knowledge.
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180 views

A Version of the Liar Paradox in Russell's paper “On the Nature of Knowledge”

I just finished reading Russell's paper "On the Nature of Truth", in which appears a form of the well-known Liar's Paradox. Here is the passage I am interested in: This argument would be conclusive,...
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232 views

What is Nietzsche's source of immediate knowledge in Beyond Good and Evil?

In Beyond Good and Evil, Section 16, Nietzsche uses "immediate certainties" in quotation marks. Who and from where is Nietzsche quoting this, or is he using the quotations marks to speak ironically? ...
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How can I answer to the question: who am I?

Almost always when we try to answer to the question "Who am I?", we say about what we do or what we like, but how should we answering this question? If you can recommend me books or papers to at least ...
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When do descriptions of objects qualify as “known” vs “unknown”?

Forgive the perhaps poor phrasing. This example is lifted from Scott Aaronson's Why Philosophers Should Care About Complexity Theory (pg. 9-10) and it poses an interesting question. Consider the two ...
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If we aren't approaching the final theory, does it mean there's an infinite number of natural laws?

A lot say that with every next step we make in science comes always a set of new questions. I think this means there's an infinite number of questions we can ask about the natural laws. And that means ...
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What do atheists believe in? (in layman terms)

Issue I travel quite a bit and am often asked about my religious beliefs. I am atheist. I found it hard for some religious (or spiritual) people (whatever religion) to accept the concept of atheism ...