Questions tagged [knowledge-representation]

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2answers
281 views

Is this a solution to the disjunction problem of causal representation?

As I understand it, the disjunction problem is how could a causal theory of inner representation account for mistaken identification of external objects or object types. For example, if I see a fox ...
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5answers
3k views

Does knowledge exist outside human consciousness?

Wikipedia defines knowledge as "familiarity with someone or something" and Plato defined knowledge as "justified true belief". Belief and familiarity is something that only a sentient being can have, ...
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5answers
288 views

Do modern philosophers of mind believe that thinking is a symbolic or visual process by nature?

Do some philosophers regard thinking as a symbolic process only because they don't actually think for themselves -- rather, like most of us, they are "having thoughts", their ...
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3answers
114 views

Do philosophers think physical laws are logical statements?

I had some questions like: Do philosophers think that the rules of the universe are always logical or can they be somehow divorced from logic? The rules of physics seem to follow the laws of logic, so ...
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0answers
47 views

How do the philosophical notions of schemas and paradigms differ?

In analytical philosophy, both schemas and paradigms are powerful conceptual structures for modeling phenomena, and I wonder which features define and differentiate them. Schemas (as explored in ...
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53 views

Have cognitive scientists dealt with Kant’s idea of a priori knowledge using their tools?

Since Kant’s concept of a priori knowledge is about how humans perceive and construct the world in their head, that sounds very directly related to cognitive science and psychology. Have scientists ...
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0answers
436 views

Are mental objects timeless?

Let's suspend for a moment the How? of the body mind problem and suppose an ontological paradigm where there are two classes of objects: mental and physical. Also that physical objects are spatially ...
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4answers
264 views

What Is Critical Thinking, and How Does One Go About Learning It?

I am a freshmen taking an 'Effective/Logical Reasoning' course as an elective. Admittedly, I thought it would be something I could understand easily, but I soon found that this is not something I can ...
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3answers
117 views

Are we biologically limited from knowing the universe?

Consider the relationship between a human and a dog. A dog can be very intelligent or not very much. Border Collie is considered to be the most intelligent dog breed in the world, while Afgan Hound ...
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2answers
155 views

Not all knowledge is wisdom

It is clear from Big Internet Search Engine that not all knowledge is considered wisdom but, can some knowledge be foolish? "Wisdom cannot be imparted. Wisdom that a wise man attempts to impart ...
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0answers
44 views

Metrics of the complexity/richness of theories

Are there methods proposed to "measure" the complexity of a theory? either quantitatively or qualitatively. Let me explain with an example: I'd say that theories of the type of Hooke's law: F = k.x ...
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2answers
116 views

What is the meaning of an explanation

I am a software engineer and recently got involved in a community project that aims to teach underprivileged kids. This got me thinking about the term 'explanation'. What I want to ask is- what in ...
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0answers
64 views

Are paradoxes a necessary element of everyone representation of the world?

Introduction I stumbled upon the quotation Intelligence is to spot paradoxes. Wisdom is to live by them. from Raheel Farooq according to goodreads.com. I am here not so much interested in the ...
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2answers
749 views

Does knowledge include created idea?

Is an idea knowledge? I think there are various example that is an idea and seems different from normal knowledge. I believe "Steve Jobs invented iPhone" is knowledge. However, when Jobs conceived ...
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2answers
391 views

Are these logical arguments against the existence of a god? [closed]

Consider the two following observations... Observation 1 Randomly assigned individuals to watching a movie about death or a random movie about a very neutral subject. At the end of the movie, ask ...
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5answers
148 views

Opinions in face of an unsolvable problem (case-study on the existence of God)

Context For the purpose of this post, I will assume the following quote from @jobermark (here) to be true and will ask a question on the consequences of such truth [W]e really can only talk about ...
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0answers
50 views

What consequences (types of) exist in the real world (categorical monoidal logic)?

Springer book http://www.springer.com/la/book/9783642128202 "New Structures for Physics" (which contains lot of metaphysics despite the physics in its title) elaborates categorical and monoidal ...
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2answers
386 views

What is the difference between expressivism and representationalism in modern philosophy of language?

Philosophers like Robert Brandom and Huw Price make a fairly sharp distinction between expression and representation (or at least expressivism and representationalism). Price goes so far as to ...
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0answers
22 views

References for how to build knowledge and representations from discourse

First of all I would like to say that I am asking this for a friend and I have no previous knowledge of the field so the terminology that I am using might be erroneous. Feel free to leave comments ...
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1answer
127 views

Example of knowledge representation as a surrogate for something in the world

I've been trying to learn about knowledge representations. According to a canonical definition, a knowledge representation is: a surrogate for real-world entities an ontological commitment ...
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7answers
7k views

How can I develop my critical thinking skills?

I am a freshman engineering student going to college. I want to learn how to think critically and to become a critical thinker and a sharp arguer. I am interested in philosophy, because I am curious ...
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2answers
129 views

Could Science and Philosophy be focused too much on physical states and not enough on dynamic processes? [closed]

Many times I've read about machines or processes being described as a collection of only physical states and not as a set of 'interacting' processes. A physical STATE is not a process which might have ...
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1answer
260 views

Is there a literature theory of science and math texts?

I'm compiling a list of ideas and recommendations on how to read math and physics books with the aim of taking apart the presented content, classifying the provided information and, to some extent, ...
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1answer
194 views

Aside from logical representations, what are other ways philosophers approach representing knowledge?

Of course different arguments can be neatly spelled out in logical symbols, but logic isn't sufficient for all kinds of knowledge. I know the issue is represented in different ontologies in the ...
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3answers
2k views

Propositional knowledge vs. Procedural knowledge vs Knowledge by acquaintance

I am looking for a reference which explains the differences between these conceptions of knowledge (and potentially others). Ideally, I prefer an academic paper authored by a respected scholar.
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2answers
245 views

Two types of routines

Can anyone one provide counterexamples to the following: The assumption that all human behavioral level activity (i.e. no sub-personal or subconscious processes) can be bifurcated into two kinds of ...
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2answers
330 views

How much is our understanding of Kant's Categorical Framework (published in German in 1781) obscured by translation and basic semantics?

Upon reading about and later researching [1] Kant's famous Categorical Framework, which is included as a key part of his classic Critique of Pure Reason (1781), I am struck by aspects that are quite ...
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1answer
148 views

is knowledge an impediment for seeing things the way they are? is silent observation the true instrument of comprehension? [closed]

when we are in a state of not knowing there is much more sensitivity, choiceless awareness, impartial observation, it seems to me.its knowledge the cloud of belief, conclusions preventing the true ...
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2answers
142 views

Dennett's view on the effect language has on the mind/brain

Several years ago, while studying philosophy, I recall reading in numerous sources that Dennett believed (or was interpreted as believing - by either Clark or Churchland [or Fodor?]) that it was ...
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300 views

Is there a logical methodology to classify things?

I wonder if there is any established logical methodology to classify things? Update: My concern is to have a good method that lets me classify information in any context. I am actually a programmer....
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1answer
200 views

The represenation of nothing

If zero is the representation of nothing, then nothing must me something because it is being represented, correct? Now, if the above is incorrect, and zero is actually nothing, then why is it that ...