Questions tagged [knowledge]

Knowledge is a familiarity with someone or something, which can include facts, information, descriptions, or skills acquired through experience or education.

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7 answers
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All we know is that we know nothing? Can we know anything?

Many great philosophers doubted their knowledge. The Paradox of Induction touches on this skepticism Skeptics say that all knowledge and scientific progress is based on inductive logic, which is ...
1 vote
3 answers
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Did i Just found the solution to radical skepticism?

If someone uses the premise that: 1=1 and then arrives at the conclusion that: 1=2 this means that the conclusion has proven the premise wrong; and if the premise is wrong, then the conclusion is ...
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5 answers
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Do judges violate due process in their efforts to make a logical connection between would-be evidence and facts in question?

Note: I had this post with a question that follows, but then I reformed the question again. I've used ChatGPT to help me research this issue, and I think it has been somewhat helpful. For anyone ...
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1 answer
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How much knowledge is based in aesthetic virtues like 'elegance'?

How much knowledge is based in aesthetic virtues like 'elegance'? I know that they feature in e.g. inference to the best explanation. What about 'intuition'? When is it ever the deciding factor in ...
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1 answer
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What does Aristotle think about the relation between blindness, knowledge and memory?

I’m trying to understand Aristotle’s views on blindness, as given in these passages: "just as the blind remember better, being released from having their faculty of memory engaged with objects ...
4 votes
1 answer
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Can faith be based on hope rather than belief or intellectual assent?

I've been reflecting on the interplay between faith and hope, especially when hope entails some degree of uncertainty and lack of intellectual assent but a strong desire for something to be true. As ...
1 vote
0 answers
48 views

Is there an affective state of knowledge or belief? [closed]

Is there an affective state of knowledge or belief? Can I affectively or emotionally know that my wife is having an affair or that I am not the father of my children, but not be able to justify to ...
1 vote
3 answers
115 views

Are we ever justified in not trying to establish the truth?

I can take steps to find out if my ex wife cheated on me, and I do want to know, but no good will come of me knowing, nor of the steps I need to take to find out (assume that they are not immoral but ...
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3 answers
77 views

What are the sources for the idea that those who don't know, who know less, have a certain wisdom?

What are the sources for the idea that those who don't know, who know less, have a certain, valuable, wisdom? In French, there is this idiom "the popular wisdom" (la sagesse populaire) which ...
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What sort of knowledge are we entitiled to have?

What sort of knowledge are we entitiled to have? Is there a class of knowledge which we should not be deliberately deprived of? I have asked before about anonymity, the right not to tell, deception, ...
2 votes
0 answers
550 views

Is there any literature reference for types of judgement: analytic, synthetic and evaluative?

I am trying to search for literature that describes the various types of judgements people make based on their content. Most of the well-known works like that of Kant talk about two types of ...
6 votes
6 answers
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Did Logical Positivism fail because it simply denied human emotion?

Did the denial of human emotion lead to the death of logical positivism?
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4 answers
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Does the universal "step-by-step" property of knowledge eg in The Meno conflict with the fluctuation theorem from statistical mechanics

Background: There seems to be a universal property of knowledge, which is captured under Plato's reminiscence theory (remembrance), that acquiring knowledge necessary involves a series of steps that ...
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0 answers
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Is 'knowledge' a single concept?

Is 'knowledge' a single concept? Obviously it has a variety of different philosophical definions, JTB, JTB+ etc.. Suppose that I think 'knowledge' must involve a certain form of justification that I ...
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0 answers
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When is someone responsible for a lack of justification and/or strong belief in something?

When is someone responsible for a lack of justification and/or strong belief in something? Suppose I suspect that my wide is cheating on me, and have evidence that she is meeting someone, but aside ...
6 votes
9 answers
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Is Romans 1:19-20 philosophically sound?

Romans 1:18-25 ESV 18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth. 19 For what can be known about ...
3 votes
8 answers
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Is there a difference between knowing, and knowing for certain?

When one knows something, do they also know it for certain? Or is knowing distinct from knowing for certain? I find a statement like, "I know X, but I don't know X for certain" to be pretty ...
1 vote
2 answers
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What does Hume think about Occam's razor?

Let's define Occam's razor as this: That it is not rational to believe something unnecessary or extra about reality without a specific reason to believe it. In other words, the facts that are ...
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1 answer
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Does Hume propose that causes might actually just be explained by coincidence?

Does Hume propose that what people interpret as casual connections could instead be explained by coincidence? I want to know if this is an accurate understanding. Hume says something to the effect of: ...
1 vote
1 answer
29 views

Questions about the Justification part of knowledge (justified true belief)

There is a so-called Justified, true belief as knowledge. When was the justification part of the definition of knowledge started to become explicitly stated and not merely implied? Who wrote about it ...
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1 answer
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Would a "disagreement operator" break down if iterated too much?

Let D(S) read as, "I disagree that S." It is possible to iterate this, so that DD(S), "I disagree that I disagree that S." Then we can go on to DDD(S), and so on. (For a peer-...
1 vote
1 answer
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How is synthetic knowledge produced in fictionalism?

With the Greek gods being fictional there is still objective knowledge - how many Greek female gods are there, etc. (Or if that's still too ambiguous, how many Greek gods are named Zeus). But "...
2 votes
1 answer
83 views

Using 'love' to make sense of knowledge

I love my spouse, but I suspect (I think I believe the are) they are cheating on me, and I've even heard my friends gossip about my spouse's affairs etc.. But I love my spouse, so do not think I know -...
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1 answer
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Are we too quick to assume that the most recent evidence is inevitably the strongest?

In what contexts is this true and in what contexts can this be considered true and vice versa? Personally, I think it has a lot to do with confirmation bias, especially in natural sciences where for ...
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1 answer
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What is the opposite of Plato's problem?

Plato's problem Plato's problem is the term given by Noam Chomsky to "the problem of explaining how we can know so much" given our limited experience. In the field of linguistics, Plato's ...
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1 answer
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All I know is that I know nothing. Does this statement of Socrates still resonate in modern philosophy?

Regardless of attribution, this could be interpreted as profound wisdom or a suggestion that things are ultimately unknowable. It certainly seems to indicate humility. Does any of this still hold true ...
10 votes
6 answers
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What exactly is the persuasive power behind Jackson's "Mary's Room" argument?

The knowledge argument (also known as Mary's room or Mary the super-scientist) is a philosophical thought experiment proposed by Frank Jackson in his article "Epiphenomenal Qualia" (1982) and extended ...
2 votes
5 answers
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What is the literal meaning of "The only thing that I know is that I know nothing"? (Is not knowing anything a knowledge?)

If a person says, "The only thing that I know is that I know nothing." What exactly does that mean (not metaphorically), literally? If the only thing they know is that they know nothing, ...
5 votes
4 answers
457 views

Is the temperance resulting from the socratic maxim "know thyself" always about knowing others?

I was just thinking about what good 'know thyself' means. There is something arguably narcissistic and unnecessary - or at least self absorbed - about examining your life just to know your own flaws ...
1 vote
2 answers
47 views

Hume says we can't determine a causal connections between objects. Why separate the system into objects at all?

A summary of Hume's perspective is as follows: When we reason about matters of fact to reach new conclusions, we use cause and effect: when a dropped ball hits the ground (observation), it bounces (...
9 votes
5 answers
2k views

Can I know something but not be able to justify it to anyone else?

Can I know something but not be able to justify it to anyone else? I don't necessarily mean metaphysical puzzles, but everyday examples. If I cannot - and I know I cannot - prove to anyone else, all ...
4 votes
3 answers
157 views

What if we abandon all assumptions?

By the title I mean that "What would happen if we didn't assume anything as true?" My first thought was that nothing could be stated (since there isn't logic/reason to hold any argument/...
5 votes
3 answers
150 views

Limitation of knowledge in real terms

In the "real world," economists are not rich, political scientists are not successful politicians, and so on. My question is: is there some limitation on success imposed by knowledge (in ...
1 vote
0 answers
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Higher education knowledge and high school knowledge and pleasure

This post wonders about the levels of pleasure that can be attained using high school only knowledge as compared to using higher education knowledge (assuming all pleasurable activities are related to ...
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

If we don't know anything for certain, how do we know that?

I think it is the case that we don't know anything for certain. But if that is the case, how can we know that we don't know anything for certain? This is related to Socrates's famous remark that all ...
91 votes
22 answers
55k views

Could 'cogito ergo sum' possibly be false?

I've heard it postulated by some people that "we can't truly know anything". While that does seem to apply to the vast majority of things, I can't see how 'cogito ergo sum' can possibly be false. ...
1 vote
1 answer
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What does "p is true for S at t" mean?

In Alvin Goldman's article "What Is Justified Belief", what does "p is true for S at t" mean? where p is a proposition, S is a person and t is time. More specifically, how is it ...
3 votes
1 answer
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Is the complexity paradox inherent to human theory and practice?

First of all, sorry for the lengthy body of the question. A little background: I'm a musician, and an active thinker. In my career there's a seemingly inevitable bifurcation: the path of academic ...
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0 answers
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Did Locke think that animals have innate knowledge?

Locke famously believed that humans were born as a tabula rasa. Did he also think the animals are blank slates?
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1 answer
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Knowledge-that, knowing-what, epistemic logic, and invertible functions

There's a subsection of my main argument (in my offline notes) that goes: ∃f(f(𝔼) = ♪) If we knew what f was in particular, then we could go to f -1(♪) = 𝔼 But this would make 𝔼 knowable in a well-...
2 votes
3 answers
474 views

What is a complete understanding?

In a comment to this recent question of mine, somebody used the phrase, "complete understanding." Without necessarily answering the linked question (i.e. without defining "understanding&...
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What differences and relationships are between "innate ideas" and "presuppositions of knowledge"?

p149 of Section "Rationalism and Empiricism" in Big Questions by Solomon talkss about "innate ideas": One of the main points of debate between the rationalists and the empiricists�...
7 votes
3 answers
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How does Husserl's "bracketing" secure a truly presuppositionless study?

I'm reading from an anthology of essays by and about Husserl (collected by Joseph Kockelmans): More specifically, Husserl makes a strong argument against some of the internal problems of various ...
6 votes
4 answers
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Wanted references to the Phillip K Dick Total Recall (1990) paradox

The movie Total Recall 1990 was inspired by the book "We Can Remember It for You Wholesale" written by Philip K. Dick whose leading role was played by Arnold Schwarzenegger. The storyline is about a ...
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4 answers
318 views

Logic as an obstacle to knowledge

Has there been any philosopher making an argument along the lines that logic is an obstacle to knowledge about the world? The informal argument could go something like: logic is created by humans (...
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Is John Locke's Empiricism Unempirical?

The esteemed seventeenth-century English philosopher John Locke famously declares that we are tabula rasa (blank slates). When it comes to human understanding we rely upon the force of experience (...
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1 answer
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Help sourcing a quote - "There is no doctrine so invalid..."

Recently a quote popped into my head, which I recall as a Bishop Berkeley proposition. But on further looking into the matter, I can't seem to find it. It's within the general area of the following: "...
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What is Sustainable philosophy of the Objective kind?

Umm... new to site & so new Q. Had to set up a new space to ask such a Question on Quora recently. Called the Environment of Philosophy Space where there Q. & Answers in reality explaining the ...
3 votes
3 answers
957 views

Knowledge and certainty

From a French point of view, influenced by Descartes, knowledge is strongly linked to certainty: strictly speaking says Descartes, I cannot know anything unless it is impossible for me to doubt it, ...
3 votes
2 answers
342 views

Homogeneity and human knowledge

The advances in technology and the unprecedented levels of knowledge-sharing in the last few decades could be extrapolated to suggest that the human race as a whole will eventually converge to perhaps ...

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