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Questions tagged [knowledge]

Knowledge is a familiarity with someone or something, which can include facts, information, descriptions, or skills acquired through experience or education.

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Trueness of Knowledge and its value

Is it reasonable to distrust any knowledge we know? Is there any value of knowledge when we deny its trueness? My thought: It is impossible for us to know a specific truth or order of universe with ...
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Why that cave dweller is called a misogynist? [closed]

I was reading this article on coindesk.com. The first line of this article says "For all we know, the first cave-dweller to rub two sticks together was a misogynist. Or maybe just a mean person."...
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Referring to a subject

I have a couple of questions to an assignment for my bachelors course in Philosophy. It is regarding Timothy Williamsons book, 'Knowledge and its limits' that we are reading and discussion. I have ...
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208 views

The non-existence of Gettier problems in Indo-Tibetan epistemology

Reading the paper Gettier and Factivity in Indo‐Tibetan Epistemology the author claims at some point early in the paper that There are two initial problems which make it difficult to compare ...
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143 views

Can we have moral knowledge without intuition?

Can we have moral knowledge without intuition? I'm trying to justify my ethical beliefs, but can't do so without appeal to intuition.
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96 views

What is the meaning of an explanation

I am a software engineer and recently got involved in a community project that aims to teach underprivileged kids. This got me thinking about the term 'explanation'. What I want to ask is- what in ...
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1answer
57 views

“Tell me what you know” [closed]

How can you possibly answer a broad question, "Tell me what you know.", without referring to any specific aspect of knowledge.
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1answer
210 views

A Version of the Liar Paradox in Russell's paper “On the Nature of Knowledge”

I just finished reading Russell's paper "On the Nature of Truth", in which appears a form of the well-known Liar's Paradox. Here is the passage I am interested in: This argument would be conclusive,...
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304 views

What is Nietzsche's source of immediate knowledge in Beyond Good and Evil?

In Beyond Good and Evil, Section 16, Nietzsche uses "immediate certainties" in quotation marks. Who and from where is Nietzsche quoting this, or is he using the quotations marks to speak ironically? ...
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How can I answer to the question: who am I?

Almost always when we try to answer to the question "Who am I?", we say about what we do or what we like, but how should we answering this question? If you can recommend me books or papers to at least ...
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4answers
133 views

When do descriptions of objects qualify as “known” vs “unknown”?

Forgive the perhaps poor phrasing. This example is lifted from Scott Aaronson's Why Philosophers Should Care About Complexity Theory (pg. 9-10) and it poses an interesting question. Consider the two ...
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If we aren't approaching the final theory, does it mean there's an infinite number of natural laws?

A lot say that with every next step we make in science comes always a set of new questions. I think this means there's an infinite number of questions we can ask about the natural laws. And that means ...
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What do atheists believe in? (in layman terms)

Issue I travel quite a bit and am often asked about my religious beliefs. I am atheist. I found it hard for some religious (or spiritual) people (whatever religion) to accept the concept of atheism ...
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How do we learn math and science?

I have very little experience in philosophy, so I am not sure if this question is common (I could not find anything on it). This site seemed to be most fitting for the question, but if this question ...
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4answers
202 views

Some clarifications for a sentence from Bertrand Russell's work

I just started reading Russell's "Human Knowledge: Its scope and limits." One of Russell's sentences struck me as particularly interesting. Russell said, I quote ...Inference from a group of events ...
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6answers
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What is knowledge? It is not matter, nor energy. How can it be defined? [closed]

Perhaps there is an easy answer to this, but I couldn't find it. How can information be defined? It exists, but it can be multiplied indefinitely without losing anything. So that excludes it as a ...
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Why do we not refer to authors as often in science classes than in philosophy classes?

Looking at science and philosophy courses online there is a striking difference in the style of teaching. In philosophy courses, it is very common - if not systematic - to refer to who first phrased a ...
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Can it be said that value is a social construct?

I am writing an essay on the value of knowledge. Can it be said that value is a social construct, and hence knowledge will have different value for different people? Edit: My question can better ...
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Are paradoxes a necessary element of everyone representation of the world?

Introduction I stumbled upon the quotation Intelligence is to spot paradoxes. Wisdom is to live by them. from Raheel Farooq according to goodreads.com. I am here not so much interested in the ...
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Has knowledge's validity increased?

Essentially, does the proliferation of understanding of the world lead to a higher understanding of the world?
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1answer
684 views

What is the difference between accuracy, certainty, truth and fact?

I've been reading into epistemology a little bit but struggling to understand the distinction between accuracy, certainty and to find a definition for either. In particular, it seems that accuracy is ...
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Does coherentism neglect the motivational aspect of justification?

Coherentism, in its various iterations, generally works off of the suggestion that a large enough circle in reasoning avoids being a vicious circularity. I think that whatever is meant by 'vicious' by ...
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How do those who think knowledge is self-constructed account for the phenomenological facts of surprise, error and ignorance?

If knowledge is entirely self-constructed, self-normed or self-given, how is it that the human person experiences such things as surprise, fear, annoyance, compulsion, error and ignorance? By self-...
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How to start Philosophy and find the branches that are related to my questions?

From Wikipedia: Ontology: philosophical study of the nature of being, becoming, existence, or reality, as well as the basic categories of being and their relations. Epistemology: study of the nature ...
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If it can't be measured, how can we know it's not a delusion?

I'm not talking about solipsism, or the evil demon/genius of Descartes. I'm talking about the McNamara fallacy, which is obviously a fallacy. Can we say that everything that exists is measurable, ...
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Philosophers who wrote about limits of knowledge?

What if "the truth" about any concept (consciousness, reality, religion,physics, etc.), turns out to be a complex idea such that our brains can't simply process it in a single lifespan. For example, ...
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Should I use “philosophy” as a noun to describe my world view? [closed]

I do this often. I use the word "philosophy" to indicate I am talking about the way I think. I use it to indicate my own personal beliefs and conclusions about the world. It is in a sense a disclaimer ...
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When studying philosophy, is there a prioritization of primary or secondary sources/texts?

How do/did philosophers like Zizek, Cornel West, Derrida, Sartre study philosohy? Did they focus on primary sources or secondary? Both at the same time? I am currently reading a primary source and ...
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1answer
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Is the JTB theory of knowledge applicable to propositions expressing judgements?

According to the JTB theory of knowledge, I know P if: P is true. I believe P. I am justified in believing P. Consider the proposition P: "Vanilla ice-cream tastes nice." If I know P, then by 1., P ...
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397 views

What is an accurate description of truth?

I am writing an essay how there can be disagreement when people or experts are provided with the same facts. Now I mentioned that while the same facts might be present, the truth people might ...
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1answer
69 views

Can we know a predicate without a subject, non-propositionally? [closed]

Can we have non-propositional knowledge, for example knowledge of a predicate without a subject? I think an example would be: only this is now, which uses indexicals. I'm asking because I wonder ...
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837 views

Can there be information without a “knower”?

I am trying to wrap my head around the principle of conservation of information as formulated by Leonard Susskind and others, which seems to me at first glance to be incompatible with the 2nd law of ...
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Is it possible to have an original thought and express it in english?

Given that we have learned English and all the words are defined for us, is any combination of words we string together and speak/write an original thought? Or since all the definitions of words ...
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740 views

Is Universal Skepticism self-defeating? [duplicate]

Universal Skepticism seems to boldly claim certainty in the knowledge that knowledge is impossible. The obvious contradiction here is that if they really believe their own theory, it should force ...
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The rule-following paradox : where is it?

There has already been a topic about this alleged paradox, from Wittgenstein: how can one know how to follow a rule, when any action can be made to agree with the rule ? The example mostly given to ...
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774 views

How many people can know a secret? [closed]

I'm not sure if this is a question with a clear answer, and if this is the correct stack to ask it, but is there a limit for how many people can know a secret? An entire goverment can keep a secret, ...
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What does it mean to know that I have always met the same duckling all todays and tomorrows? [closed]

My pet duckling plays alone in the veranda, eats there and stays there; I do not put it in a cage. Every morning I go visit it, and at my sight I sense it feels a rush of emotion and promptly starts ...
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Isn't biocentrism just a simple deduction from subjectivism?

I havent actually read his book, but as he's described it, I thought that he was just sharing his view on subjectivism. Biocentrism, as Robert Lanza says, is: ..."the view that life creates ...
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638 views

Big Data's effects on questions in philosophy of science

The Oxford English Dictionary recently named ‘post- truth’ its word of the year. The term, whose use is reputed to have increased 2000% in the past year, is defined as: “…relating to or denoting ...
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What are the critiques of the “we might as well assume it” solution to the problem of induction?

I'm curious whether the following proposed solution to the problem of induction has ever been discussed in the literature: Either the future resembles the past or it does not resemble the past. If it ...
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How can I improve the skill of deciding whether something is relevant?

Can philosophy aid with improving the skill of deciding and judging what is relevant and irrelevant? If so, which subfields do so (The Wikipedia page on relevance references epistemology)? Context: ...
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283 views

Does knowledge include created idea?

Is an idea knowledge? I think there are various example that is an idea and seems different from normal knowledge. I believe "Steve Jobs invented iPhone" is knowledge. However, when Jobs conceived ...
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Opinions in face of an unsolvable problem (case-study on the existence of God)

Context For the purpose of this post, I will assume the following quote from @jobermark (here) to be true and will ask a question on the consequences of such truth [W]e really can only talk about ...
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Are these logical arguments against the existence of a god? [closed]

Consider the two following observations... Observation 1 Randomly assigned individuals to watching a movie about death or a random movie about a very neutral subject. At the end of the movie, ask ...
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What consequences (types of) exist in the real world (categorical monoidal logic)?

Springer book http://www.springer.com/la/book/9783642128202 "New Structures for Physics" (which contains lot of metaphysics despite the physics in its title) elaborates categorical and monoidal ...
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How is the conflict between created by reason and external aspects of knowledge resolved?

Pragmatism is, roughly, the stressing of actions in talking about the content of knowledge. Externalism is, roughly, the stressing of dependence on the external public world in talking about ...
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464 views

Is it possible to know anything?

I am very sure this apple in front of me exists. I could be hallucinating however, so lets say: I am 98% certain the apple exists. I am confident that (1) is a fair assessment, but I can't really be ...
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956 views

What is considered to be unknowable?

Has anyone tried to classify what is considered to be unknowable in the physical world to define it more precisely? I can think of some basic classes of ideas and some, perhaps disputable, examples ...
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443 views

Are humans naturally good at finding patterns or is it a trained ability? [closed]

When I once looked at the triangle illusion, I wondered why I was seeing a triangle in the middle of the screen, even though it was white space. This lead me to wonder why do humans find patterns in ...
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What articles or books are currently considered canonical in the discussion of a priori knowledge and justification?

Quine's "Two Dogmas", I think, would be one. Perhaps also Putnam's "Is Logic Empirical". If you wanted to doubt the existence of a priori knowledge or justification on the basis of the apparently ...