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Questions tagged [knowledge]

Knowledge is a familiarity with someone or something, which can include facts, information, descriptions, or skills acquired through experience or education.

5
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2answers
544 views

What are the main differences between Berkeley's and Locke's view of ideas?

I'm currently taking Modern Philosophy at my university, and we went over Berkeley and Locke in a span of ten minutes in order to get to Hume. As far as what they (Berkeley and Locke) thought about "...
3
votes
1answer
643 views

The coherentist solution to Agrippa’s Trilemma and the possibility of pure/impure justification?

I'm trying to get a grasp on coherentism and what is proposes is the epistemological justification for knowledge. From what I've taken so far, coherentism relies on what is commonly referred to as "...
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3answers
322 views

What useful definitions have no direct or indirect reference to reality?

(late edit: I have come to the conclusion that no words (or claims) have 'direct' reference to reality since all words are about people's conception. Words reference particular concepts in people's ...
4
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1answer
632 views

A priori - knowledge that must be independent of experience?

In "Naming and Necessity" Kripke talks a lot about the notion of a priori. At one point (quoted below) he mentions that some philosophers changed the "can" in the definition of a priori knowledge to ...
8
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5answers
526 views

Is Truth the Primary Epistemic Goal?

There is broad agreement that knowledge is more than just true belief. What, though, must be added to true belief to get knowledge? According to traditional epistemology, two more ingredients are ...
2
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1answer
245 views

Homogeneity and human knowledge

The advances in technology and the unprecedented levels of knowledge-sharing in the last few decades could be extrapolated to suggest that the human race as a whole will eventually converge to perhaps ...
9
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2answers
552 views

What does “is true” mean in the phrase “a philosophical position is true”?

I have run into an online discussion about philosophies and world views (theism, atheism, humanism, nihilism, and all the other "isms") where phrases like "*ism is true" and "*ism is false" are used. ...
5
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3answers
756 views

How could the concept of 'evidence' be defined, and how significant is it?

What is evidence, and how much of it means that a proposition is true? Does a partial / total lack of evidence mean that a proposition should be ignored? Is the concept evidence more important to ...
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4answers
258 views

Do we have to know whether earth revolves around the sun or not? How does it effect our day-to-day life? [closed]

Does the revolution of the earth bother us in our day-to-day activities? If yes, how? If not, then why do we teach and study these thing? Isn't it right that we have to study only those things that ...
3
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3answers
155 views

Is complete mutual knowledge possible?

Consider a piece of information. I know it and so do you. Moreover, I know that you know it, and you know that I know it. Further, I know that you know that I know it, you know that I know that you ...
5
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2answers
1k views

Origin of the idea that something can't be proved, only disproved

Does anyone know if the idea that something can't be proved, only disproved has a specific origin? I often hear it and would like to make a reference to it in a term paper I'm writing. Is it from the ...
3
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1answer
221 views

Can applicable skills be gained through dreaming?

Recently had a dream where I was in a situation I have never been before in "real life" - (no real experience prior to the dream of this situation). After waking, all the feelings, thoughts, ...
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7answers
3k views

How can I know that I am not immortal? [closed]

You think that you will die just because everyone dies. And you would like to know if you are immortal. How can you know if you are immortal or not?
3
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5answers
2k views

Does knowledge exist outside human consciousness?

Wikipedia defines knowledge as "familiarity with someone or something" and Plato defined knowledge as "justified true belief". Belief and familiarity is something that only a sentient being can have, ...
7
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2answers
396 views

Is there a philosophical term or theory that defines or describes the idea of 'epiphany'?

I am new to the philosophy stack exchange, so please let me know if I need to clarify this question further. I am curious if there is a distinction made in philosophical fields between a typical step-...
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0answers
73 views

Does “knowledge” imply certainty? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is Knowledge Fallible? My question is about the definition of knowledge as used by philosophers in the area of epistemology. I am wondering if knowledge implies certainty. In ...
3
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7answers
17k views

“That which can be asserted without evidence, can be dismissed without evidence.” - Christopher Hitchens [closed]

In terms of science, this claim has a pretty straightforward answer. Evidence is the base of all scientific claims, and without sufficient evidence any knowledge claim is meaningless. However, what ...
1
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0answers
470 views

Is there any literature reference for types of judgement: analytic, synthetic and evaluative?

I am trying to search for literature that describes the various types of judgements people make based on their content. Most of the well-known works like that of Kant talk about two types of ...
2
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5answers
321 views

The preface paradox and the psychology of belief [closed]

For those who don't know, the "preface paradox" is an epistemic paradox wherein an author painstakingly researches every single fact he asserts in a new book he's releasing. As a result, he believes ...
5
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7answers
5k views

Can something be actually possible yet logically impossible?

By actual possibility I mean the possibility which is implied by ability or power. By logical possibility I mean whether concepts of reality contradict each other or not. I believe that knowledge ...
4
votes
3answers
971 views

How does the Twin Earth illustration show that “meanings just aren't in the head?”

Hiliary Putnam's Twin Earth thought experiment goes like this: We begin by supposing that elsewhere in the universe there is a planet exactly like earth in virtually all respects, which we ...
10
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1answer
1k views

How does Robert Nozick explain the Gettier problem?

Nozick agrees that the Gettier counterexamples to the JTB analysis of knowledge are cases where someone has a JTB but does not know. What is his explanation of what has gone wrong in those cases? ...
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4answers
9k views

To what extent does our knowledge derive from the senses?

By tradition, the problem that dictates where our knowledge is derived divides from two philosophical circles; those who affirm that our knowledge of the world comes from our senses, such as David ...
4
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3answers
870 views

Definabilty and Primitive Notions

Towards the beginning of a course on knowledge (we were reading the beginning of Theaetetus) we discussed definitions and what a definition or rather a good definition is. I'd like to know more about ...
3
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0answers
256 views

Does knowing imply knowing that you know? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Do we know whether we know something? I have come across this idea a few times now that knowing does not imply knowing that you know. However, I am having troubled ...
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6answers
6k views

What are the “essential/core” texts any student of philosophy should have read?

I'm really interested in Philosophy and want to learn more, so I'd like to read the main bodies of work that have built up the discipline of Philosophy. The reason being that if I read a modern text ...
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6answers
850 views

When given limited information, is the simplest solution that matches that information most likely correct?

Is there any basis in philosophy for the idea that when given limited information, the simplest solution that matches that information should be presumed correct or most likely to be correct? For ...
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1answer
782 views

One sentence to describe everything [closed]

How would you put together a reasonably short sentence, in order to describe everything? By everything, I mean that the sentence would be broad enough to cover any possible subject by recursive ...
7
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5answers
468 views

How can I solve my contradictory thoughts about the relevance of human knowledge?

I have been thinking about how much we can know and more importantly: which knowledge should be relevant to us? First I will explain my thoughts to you. They will end in a questionable conclusion for ...
5
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1answer
209 views

What is the connection between these two theories in the Theaetetus?

In the Theaetetus, one of the theories of knowledge examined by Socrates and Theaetetus is that all knowledge comes from perception. At the same time, they are examining another theory: that ...
3
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2answers
299 views

Is uttering a true statement and by that making it false considered lying?

Let's say my friend has a fly on her head, but she does not know it. I say to her: "You don't know that you have a fly on your head". Right before I uttered my statement - it was true, but right after ...
8
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1answer
2k views

What consequences has Locke's theory of knowledge had on modern political thought?

According to John Locke's notion of tabula rasa, there are no innate ideas in the mind. All human knowledge comes from sensible experience. Assuming this principle, it follows that there is no innate ...
8
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1answer
130 views

Have there been any attempts to “redo” epistemology without the factivity of knowledge?

Mainstream analytic epistemology seems to take for granted that for S to know p, p must be true. I do not share this intuition. It seems that to be properly internalist about knowledge, one can't ...
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5answers
2k views

Is the concept of “knowledge” important for philosophy?

I learned the definition of “knowledge” of justified true belief. I wonder whether it is important in any branch of philosophy? If I think about information per se, this boils down to technical ...
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8answers
2k views

Are all facts worth knowing?

It is generally considered beneficial to discover some scientific law or invent an object that is said to further the state of mankind. All inventions and scientific discovery hinges in some way on ...
1
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1answer
130 views

Structural understanding vs. emotional connection [closed]

Question: Is there a line of philosophical thought or a named theory/area-of-inquiry that deals with the phenomenon of a person perceiving/believing that appreciation for an event/topic/item decreases ...
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17answers
39k views

What is the difference between knowledge and belief?

Sometimes this image is used to explain what agnosticism is and how it's independent from belief: It makes some sense but I still have confusion understanding it. What is the difference between ...
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4answers
2k views

What is the end goal of contemporary philosophy? [closed]

I had a professor who I found quite worthless except his explanation of philosophy as: an attempt to reduce the flux of the world to arrive at unchanging truth The class was centered around seeing ...
5
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3answers
857 views

What is the difference between mathematical knowledge and other knowledge?

We know that these can all be considered as knowledges: 1 + 1 = 2 free delivery for purchases over $100 there are approximately 100 people in this village Alice is dating Bob universe is probably ...
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19answers
30k views

Could 'cogito ergo sum' possibly be false?

I've heard it postulated by some people that "we can't truly know anything". While that does seem to apply to the vast majority of things, I can't see how 'cogito ergo sum' can possibly be false. ...