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Questions tagged [knowledge]

Knowledge is a familiarity with someone or something, which can include facts, information, descriptions, or skills acquired through experience or education.

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3 votes
6 answers
1k views

What is the difference between wisdom and knowledge?

What is the difference between wisdom and knowledge? From Wikipedia: Wisdom, sapience, or sagacity is the ability to think and act using knowledge, experience, understanding, common sense, and ...
-3 votes
1 answer
60 views

What is the one true universal definition of knowledge? [closed]

Epistemology is a branch of philosophy, so surely there are multiple definitions of knowledge that have been propounded over the centuries. But which one, if any, is universal, in the sense that it's ...
-1 votes
1 answer
69 views

What is the most accurate definition of logic?

Suppose you are writing a book on logic, and you want to define 'logic'. What is the best choice of words for the definition? If your definition is different from the accepted definition, please ...
0 votes
0 answers
44 views

Metaphysical (Hard) Solipsism vs Epistemological (Soft) Solipsism

I’ve seen these terms tossed around as if they are actually different things but it does not appear to me that they are different philosophical positions/beliefs. Perhaps I am wrong, but here is my ...
8 votes
6 answers
3k views

Is my yellow same as your yellow?

Are there any current tests that can check whether the colours we see are consistent with someone else? For example: Person A and Person B are born at the same time, and both have normal vision ...
4 votes
5 answers
290 views

The application of logic to knowledge seems problematic

I was reading Dretske's text on 'Is knowledge closed under known entailment?' and I saw him using the material conditional while claiming entailment. But, in my head these two seem different. Since ...
2 votes
2 answers
57 views

How much knowledge is based in aesthetic virtues like 'elegance'?

How much knowledge is based in aesthetic virtues like 'elegance'? I know that they feature in e.g. inference to the best explanation. What about 'intuition'? When is it ever the deciding factor in ...
2 votes
6 answers
189 views

Does having certainty about anything imply being omniscient?

The question might initially startle you, but let me clarify what I mean. In our daily lives, we operate on a probabilistic model, making decisions based on what we perceive to be certain. For ...
0 votes
1 answer
141 views

What does Aristotle think about the relation between blindness, knowledge and memory?

I’m trying to understand Aristotle’s views on blindness, as given in these passages: "just as the blind remember better, being released from having their faculty of memory engaged with objects ...
13 votes
2 answers
3k views

In what fundamental ways, if any, does Husserl break with Kant?

I've read only slim secondary works on Husserl some time ago, and recently started "The Crisis in the European Sciences." So far, the framework seems faithfully Kantian. Husserl, for example, ...
3 votes
4 answers
1k views

Philosophers who wrote about limits of knowledge?

What if "the truth" about any concept (consciousness, reality, religion,physics, etc.), turns out to be a complex idea such that our brains can't simply process it in a single lifespan. For example, ...
2 votes
2 answers
188 views

I'm running into this weirdness using the concept of certainty. Why?

I cannot be certain of anything. (Assumption.) I am not certain that I cannot be certain of anything. By asserting (2), I am certain that I am not certain that I cannot be certain of anything. I can ...
4 votes
1 answer
50 views

Is it possible for an individual to adopt a new better general epistemic system?

In an epistemic system, I refer to the rules one decides based on which propositions are true and which are false, either consciously or unconsciously. We all have a general one that we use for ...
-1 votes
1 answer
95 views

Do combinations defy logic? [closed]

At computers base they view everything through a lense of true (1) or false (0). Computers are the best logical machines we have created because of this but because of this a computer doesnt know what ...
13 votes
4 answers
392 views

Does languange somehow filter what we can know?

I've read a proposition somewhere: That our languange acts as a filter, allowing us to know certain things while making it impossible to know the rest(1). It seems that mathematics has some things ...
4 votes
6 answers
176 views

Ground vs justification?

I'm wondering if there is a technical distinction I've been missing between 'ground' and 'justification' in philosophy. If I say that my true belief is 'grounded', isn't that the same as saying that ...
5 votes
3 answers
227 views

Is complete mutual knowledge possible?

Consider a piece of information. I know it and so do you. Moreover, I know that you know it, and you know that I know it. Further, I know that you know that I know it, you know that I know that you ...
1 vote
1 answer
105 views

Roles of sensibility, understanding and imagination in Kant's epistemology

According to Kantian epistemology, there are three falcuties of mind; sensibility, understanding and imagination. Unfortunately, the differentiation between these three are not totally sure to me so I ...
22 votes
16 answers
3k views

Is knowledge non-physical?

What is the fundamental nature/ontology of knowledge? Is knowledge a physical state? Is knowledge a specific arrangement of physical particles in a brain, a book, a solid-state drive, a GPU, etc.? Or ...
2 votes
0 answers
72 views

Does K = JTB imply KK? [closed]

Does KK imply JTB? I am asking becasue it seems I now know that I know that my wife is not a teapot, precisely becasue I can justify my strong belief that she is not. But then if I already knew that ...
2 votes
3 answers
485 views

"Dinosaurs did exist once". Is it knowledge or is it only justified belief?

On Wikipedia, knowledge is defined as justified true belief: The concept of justified true belief states that in order to know that a given proposition is true, one must not only believe the ...
2 votes
1 answer
70 views

Assumption about the existence of "knowledge a priori" by Kant

I am just starting to read Kant's Critique of Pure Reason translated by Max Mueller. In the introductory chapter, "General truths, which at the same time, bear the character of an inward ...
0 votes
2 answers
99 views

What does Hume think about Occam's razor?

Let's define Occam's razor as this: That it is not rational to believe something unnecessary or extra about reality without a specific reason to believe it. In other words, the facts that are ...
2 votes
1 answer
71 views

Does Hume propose that causes might actually just be explained by coincidence?

Does Hume propose that what people interpret as casual connections could instead be explained by coincidence? I want to know if this is an accurate understanding. Hume says something to the effect of: ...
4 votes
2 answers
130 views

Approaching the knowledge of knowing using premises

The only thing(knowledge) that I know is that I don't know anything/I know nothing. (Universal Quant.). Does this mean that I don't even know that I know to begin with? The only thing(knowledge) that ...
6 votes
2 answers
117 views

Is it knowledge about x to know that we can't know x?

I'm studying the Critique of Pure Reason. We have the claim: We can't know anything about things in themselves Which seems to have corollaries of the form: We can't know x about things in themselves ...
1 vote
7 answers
245 views

All we know is that we know nothing? Can we know anything?

Many great philosophers doubted their knowledge. The Paradox of Induction touches on this skepticism Skeptics say that all knowledge and scientific progress is based on inductive logic, which is ...
0 votes
0 answers
63 views

Is epistemological solipsism coherent despite philosophical arguments to the contrary?

These are similar questions: Refuting Solipsism Is Epistemological solipsism a contradiction? The IEP article Solipsism and The Problem of Other Minds: https://iep.utm.edu/solipsis/ 7 The Incoherence ...
1 vote
1 answer
105 views

Would a "disagreement operator" break down if iterated too much?

Let D(S) read as, "I disagree that S." It is possible to iterate this, so that DD(S), "I disagree that I disagree that S." Then we can go on to DDD(S), and so on. (For a peer-...
2 votes
1 answer
87 views

How is synthetic knowledge produced in fictionalism?

With the Greek gods being fictional there is still objective knowledge - how many Greek female gods are there, etc. (Or if that's still too ambiguous, how many Greek gods are named Zeus). But "...
2 votes
3 answers
591 views

What are the most rational basic beliefs?

I understand that this question might be difficult or even unresolved. But within a foundationalist view of knowledge, has anyone proposed a set of basic beliefs that seem to be the most rational for ...
0 votes
0 answers
19 views

Does pragmatic encroachment imply that mood and psychology are relevant for knowledge?

Here are two cases in close analogy to the cases that Stanley described in Knowledge and Practical Interests. High Stakes - normal: Peter is driving home on a Friday afternoon. He plans to stop at ...
4 votes
1 answer
244 views

Logic and its beginnings and why it is

When dealing with logic aren't we supposed to question logic, as though what caused it and why it is and therefore ask or beg the question, "Can our basic understanding of logic be logical?" ...
3 votes
0 answers
77 views

Do we feel compelled to defend objectivity, but not subjectivity, because objectivity is a concept in the domain of the subjects' knowledge?

Objectivity https://iep.utm.edu/objectiv/ The object is something that presumably exists independent of the subject’s perception of it. In other words, the object would be there, as it is, even if no ...
4 votes
0 answers
52 views

Is it even possible to know, from the outside, whether a physical system is conscious?

I take it for granted that other humans, and other higher animals like chimpanzees and dogs and cats, are conscious. But is it even possible to know, from the outside, whether a physical system is ...
3 votes
2 answers
100 views

Question about knowledge acquisition

Apologies. I'm not sure what I'm asking and I'm not a philosopher. It's about knowledge acquisition. If you lack knowledge about a certain subject it's difficult to evaluate the quality of the answers ...
1 vote
3 answers
94 views

Is the fundamental nature of knowledge intimately linked to the fundamental nature of minds (consciousness)?

This is a follow-up to Is knowledge non-physical?. Can knowledge exist outside of minds? Can something devoid of consciousness truly possess knowledge? Consider objects like books, inscribed rocks, ...
2 votes
4 answers
197 views

What are examples of non-physicalist approaches to acquiring knowledge?

As a follow-up to my previous question Is non-physicalism reasonable?, I would like to know about non-physicalist ways of acquiring knowledge that philosophers have considered. What sorts of knowledge ...
1 vote
4 answers
74 views

Is learning an infinite loop?

We learn from people who were taught by other people. Those people were taught by other people. Those people were taught by other people. For example, a professor teaching in a university was once ...
1 vote
3 answers
247 views

Did i Just found the solution to radical skepticism?

If someone uses the premise that: 1=1 and then arrives at the conclusion that: 1=2 this means that the conclusion has proven the premise wrong; and if the premise is wrong, then the conclusion is ...
0 votes
5 answers
658 views

Do judges violate due process in their efforts to make a logical connection between would-be evidence and facts in question?

Note: I had this post with a question that follows, but then I reformed the question again. I've used ChatGPT to help me research this issue, and I think it has been somewhat helpful. For anyone ...
4 votes
1 answer
171 views

Can faith be based on hope rather than belief or intellectual assent?

I've been reflecting on the interplay between faith and hope, especially when hope entails some degree of uncertainty and lack of intellectual assent but a strong desire for something to be true. As ...
2 votes
0 answers
87 views

Is there an affective state of knowledge or belief? [closed]

Is there an affective state of knowledge or belief? Can I affectively or emotionally know that my wife is having an affair or that I am not the father of my children, but not be able to justify to ...
1 vote
3 answers
117 views

Are we ever justified in not trying to establish the truth?

I can take steps to find out if my ex wife cheated on me, and I do want to know, but no good will come of me knowing, nor of the steps I need to take to find out (assume that they are not immoral but ...
0 votes
3 answers
80 views

What are the sources for the idea that those who don't know, who know less, have a certain wisdom?

What are the sources for the idea that those who don't know, who know less, have a certain, valuable, wisdom? In French, there is this idiom "the popular wisdom" (la sagesse populaire) which ...
0 votes
0 answers
34 views

What sort of knowledge are we entitiled to have?

What sort of knowledge are we entitiled to have? Is there a class of knowledge which we should not be deliberately deprived of? I have asked before about anonymity, the right not to tell, deception, ...
2 votes
0 answers
552 views

Is there any literature reference for types of judgement: analytic, synthetic and evaluative?

I am trying to search for literature that describes the various types of judgements people make based on their content. Most of the well-known works like that of Kant talk about two types of ...
6 votes
6 answers
7k views

Did Logical Positivism fail because it simply denied human emotion?

Did the denial of human emotion lead to the death of logical positivism?
1 vote
4 answers
88 views

Does the universal "step-by-step" property of knowledge eg in The Meno conflict with the fluctuation theorem from statistical mechanics

Background: There seems to be a universal property of knowledge, which is captured under Plato's reminiscence theory (remembrance), that acquiring knowledge necessary involves a series of steps that ...
0 votes
0 answers
40 views

Is 'knowledge' a single concept?

Is 'knowledge' a single concept? Obviously it has a variety of different philosophical definions, JTB, JTB+ etc.. Suppose that I think 'knowledge' must involve a certain form of justification that I ...

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