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Questions tagged [language]

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3
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1answer
51 views

Does 'until' imply a conditional with a negative consequent?

Suppose a father tells his kid that he can play video games whenever he wants. Then, one day, when the kid fell sick, the father told him that he can play video games until he recovers. Does this '...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

With infinite language would the meaning of words collapse?

If our language was infinite to describe an infinite amount of objects, would it even be possible for any of those concepts to mean anything? My intuition is that the meaning of a word is given to it ...
3
votes
5answers
148 views

Can an exception ever “prove” a rule?

It is a common thing to say that, when an "exception" is found, this proves (as in it provides evidence) there is a rule (or succinctly stated as "the exception proves the rule"). Is there a logical/...
2
votes
2answers
140 views

Is there a special language for expressing subjective idealism?

Subjective idealism is the monistic metaphysical doctrine that only minds and mental contents exist. It entails and is generally identified or associated with immaterialism, the doctrine that material ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

Is there overlap between semantics and syntax in the mind?

Please don't give me the Wikipedia or dictionary explanations, we're looking at mutual influence. In computer science the primitive expression of syntax would be as the format for instructions to the ...
2
votes
3answers
161 views

How is the truth multiple things?

For the philosopher, the Truth must be a surprisingly intractable concept. Truth has been called subjective, relative and plural. Also intriguingly: Truth is relative and plural. Now I realize this is ...
5
votes
2answers
983 views

Could Nietzsche read English and French?

Nietzsche often criticized English philosophers and praised French philosophers. Could he read English and French? Or did he read translations of English and French philosophical writings?
6
votes
5answers
512 views

How can I learn the huge source of philosophical jargon?

I am not in university for philosophy, so my reading of, say, Timaeus is only assisted by things like SEP. Reading original texts can already be challenging in terms of jargon--e.g., epistemological, ...
7
votes
5answers
953 views

What is the difference between the “is” of predication and the “is” of identity?

What is the difference between these, the "is" of predication and the "is" of identity? For example, when I say, "my pet is a cat", am I using "is" as an identity or as a predicate?
2
votes
2answers
157 views

Can I truly express my thoughts?

Looking at the Private language argument it occurs to me that Wittgenstein does not really account for the developmental nature of language: Temporal and spacial separation of Speakers will ...
1
vote
3answers
61 views

When we talk about a general concept, we imagine a particular instance

I'm looking to find some resources to read about the following: When we talk about a general concept (the word pencil in "a pencil is made of wood"), we actually have a mental image of a particular ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Does the concept of Axis Mundi imply the idea of a symmetric universe?

In the mythologies of many cultures the universe is thought to have a center ( i do not mean the geographical concretisations which are obviously not accurate, i mean the philosophical conception ) ...
3
votes
2answers
73 views

What did C. S. Peirce mean by this remark about the phrase “necessary and sufficient condition”?

As I was reading through The Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce, I came across the following sentence: I doubt not that readers have been fretting over the ridiculous-seeming phrase “...
9
votes
1answer
140 views

Does the postmodern rejection of “Grand Narratives” have anything to do with “First Principles” argumentation?

I've developed a recent interest in the distinction between "data-driven" argumentation and argumentation in the context of "First Principles", or a priori starting points. Among the various ...
5
votes
2answers
91 views

How to build up clear ideas

I was reading Descartes' Rules for the direction of mind and noticed how clear are his ideas. I would love to speak in that way, where every sentence is a necessary step to climb up the final idea. ...
2
votes
1answer
326 views

Wittgenstein vs Derrida

Derrida and late Wittgenstein challenged the 'traditional' understanding of language. What is similar and what particularly different in their views of language? What materials shall I read, that ...
-1
votes
1answer
82 views

What are some good introductory books to contemporary linguistics?

I'm a philosophy student and I was going through philosophy of language but I feel that I do not have yet the basis to be critic about what I am reading. I think about it as going through philosophy ...
23
votes
14answers
10k views

Since words are defined in terms of other words in dictionaries, leading to infinite loops, does it mean natural languages are meaningless?

Since words are defined in terms of other words in dictionaries, leading to infinite loops, does it mean natural languages are meaningless? Are infinitely recursive definitions valid? If we visualize ...
3
votes
5answers
182 views

Can any correct logical reasoning in natural language sentences be translated into a formal mathematical proof?

Since natural languages (e.g. English) are prone to ambiguities and misunderstandings due to their constant evolving nature and lack of rigorous formalization, and given an arbitrary philosopher X who ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Is acceptance followed by an interpretation of a sentence, acceptance of the sentence indeed?

I was wondering whether following after interpreting a sentence can be considered following the sentence or not. For example: there is a religion X which is based on a scripture Y. Now one of the ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

How do I interpret “All A are only B”? (Categorical logic)

I'm having trouble interpreting "All A are only B". At first, it seems like it's a redundant form of "All A are B". The conditional relation between A and B seems the same (if A then B). But when ...
2
votes
1answer
192 views

Which (European) Language(s) are recommended to learn for philosophy?

I am planning on learning a European language over the summer, probably German, Spanish or French. What is recommended both in terms of philosophy literature which is best understood in the original ...
3
votes
2answers
60 views

Is philosophy constrained by a philosopher's language?

Since a philosopher exercises his philosophy speaking and writing, is philosophy constrained by the limits of the language?
1
vote
2answers
117 views

Machines vs Chaos of Human Language

Will it ever be possible for machines to understand language the way humans do? It is a famous XKCD comic strip pointing out how "Language isn't a formal system. It is a glorious chaos". It ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

Why are imperatives not propositions according to Frege?

I'm reading Frege's "On Sense and Nominatum" and I am confused with: "Imperatives have no nominata; they have only sense. It is true, commands or requests are not propositions, but they are of the ...
2
votes
3answers
230 views

What does Frege mean by “Cognitive Significance” in “On Sense and Nominatum”?

I'm reading Frege's "On Sense and Nominatum" and he uses "Cognitive significance", "Genuine Cognition"... I kind of infer from the context of each paragraph what he means with those kinds of phrases ...
0
votes
1answer
300 views

Which languages did Søren Kierkegaard speak and which could he only write/read?

I have read that Kierkegaard besides his mother tongue danish only learned to speak a little german. But he off course knew how to read and write greek and latin very well. But how about other ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Who (name of the science) researches meaning communicated through arts?

John I. Saeed in his famous textbook defines the Semantic as "Semantics is the study of meaning communicated through language". So - what is name for the science that researches meaning as ...
4
votes
2answers
210 views

What makes our words different than symbols like X?

There is an issue that blurs my head. For instance, lets have a proposition p that says: “X is round”. X is a symbol that we could mark something into. If we say X is an orange fruit, then the ...
3
votes
0answers
95 views

Kripke's Puzzle Confusion

I'm not convinced that the Fregean rebuttal has been successfully repelled by Kripke in Kripke's puzzle. Don't Londres and London have two different senses in that Pierre associates Londres with being ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Does defining nothing make it something?

I originally thought of 0 for this question. 0 is used to represent nothing withing mathematics. However, I thought that by defining nothing as 0 which (at some level is something) does it no longer ...
1
vote
3answers
147 views

What is an art? When an act becomes an art? what is it's length & breadth? [closed]

I would like to know what exactly is an art. Can we consider an act of murdering without getting caught as an art? Can we consider an act of inflaming the crowd or mob for mass destruction an art? ...
8
votes
1answer
128 views

Chomsky— On Language and the Essential Chomsky

I have taken an interest in the philosophy of language and have studied on my own the equivalent of a undergrad course in the philosophy of language. I want to know if Chomsky's On Language is ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

What theoretical underpinnings, if any, connect Philosophy with Linguistics?

I am curious about any similarities or assumptions even in the two fields that may link them. I suppose formal semantic analyses may be one area (broadly speaking) but perhaps there are others...? I ...
3
votes
4answers
242 views

What is a better way to describe the “arbitrary” nature of the value of pi?

Edit: I think the point of my question's been missed. I'm well aware pi is well defined and calculable. However my question has to do with the metaphysical, not the physical. Not how does pi work out ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

Is language a living system? [closed]

Think about it, the words behave like genes. Strongest words survive. Words mutate, combine, and cross. Words evolve. And we, people (with all our information carrying devices), are their environment.
1
vote
1answer
103 views

What is understanding (of natural language texts) and how can we test or measure it?

What is the definition of the understanding of (written) natural language and how can we test or measure this understanding? What is understanding of the symbolic knowledge be it encoded in any form? ...
-1
votes
1answer
108 views

language and time (in “arrival”) [closed]

upon seeing the much discussed movie - arrival: how far can one stretch the sapir-whorf hypothesis? could it transcend space and take over time? could a language, however complicated, once learned ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Can we express the present tense without indexicality? [closed]

Can we express the present tense without indexicality? If so, what would that expression refer to, a present that did not chnage tense?
-1
votes
6answers
201 views

Should words only be represented by finite and linearly structured graphemes?

Knowing that the words in a written language can be represented by combinations of symbols (e.g. letters of an alphabet), I would be interested to learn what kinds of structural restrictions there are ...
3
votes
2answers
100 views

What are objections to personality-theoretic identity branching? [duplicate]

I am currently watching the Yale open course "Philosophy of Death" with Shelly Kagan. So far he has made the case that there is not good enough reason to believe in the existence of an immaterial soul....
2
votes
3answers
109 views

How do you know if a grammar error is a grammar error?

Who created the definition of grammar error? Why is the person that created grammar error made as our reference of grammar and why do we use his/her saying?
3
votes
1answer
67 views

How are you intended to interpret x.R and x.S in Davidson “Truth and Meaning”?

I'm entirely unfamiliar with the syntax and corresponding semantics Davidson uses for the four equations at the beginning of Truth and Meaning. He states that the following sentences are supposed to ...
11
votes
7answers
6k views

Is mathematics a language?

Galileo gave the metaphor that the natural world is written in the language of mathematics, but is mathematics even a language?
1
vote
1answer
196 views

Does sarcasm that is meant to be misunderstood contain a liar sentence?

By sarcasm I mean an ironic statement which is, in its non literal meaning, meant to undermine. Irony means the opposite to what is said; it can have different meanings in the same context. e.g. the ...
13
votes
7answers
937 views

Is music just another language?

In this video (starting around 00:28:30) the interviewer, Bryan Magee, and Noam Chomsky discuss musical composition as a form of thinking without language. But it seems trivial to me that music is a ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Do formal expressions ever have trivially true content?

formal language. noun. 1. a language designed for use in situations in which natural language is unsuitable, as for example in mathematics, logic, or computer programming. The symbols and formulas ...
4
votes
7answers
514 views

Is “A and not-A” meaningful (and false) or meaningless?

Is there any phrase of the form "A and not-A" that is meaningful? We can imagine vernacular expressions with that form that carry meaning. I could say, "I do like France and at the same time I don't ...
1
vote
0answers
207 views

According to Adorno, does the “truth content” of art refer?

Adorno and the Political, By Espen Hammer In this negation, by truth content, is it a form of referentiality? Which may be to ask whether truth content is linguistic, in this action of negation.
1
vote
4answers
426 views

Truth Value of Sentences Containing Logical Contradictions

Do propositions containing logical contradictions have truth values, or are they meaningless? For example: A) Some married bachelors exist. B) 95% of married bachelors live in Maryland. C) ...