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Questions tagged [leibniz]

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Monads, souls and rational souls

Leibniz defines monads as simple substances with no parts (Monadology, 1). Later on, we learn that some of those are souls which have memory (Monadology 19) and further others are rational souls ...
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41 views

wouldn't Psychophysical Parallelism require an explanation as to why the mind and body correlate?

One thing I don't understand about Psychophysical Parallelism, is that it states that the mind and body are perfectly coordinated, yet there is no causal relationship between them. If this is true, ...
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146 views

Can the principle of sufficient reason be applied to the whole of existence?

Many philosophers (Leibniz and Heidegger, to name but two) consider "Why is there something rather than nothing" the most difficult and important question. Given that "nothing" is a possibility among ...
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Leibniz — Why Must Substance be Indivisible/unified?

Leibniz seems to have this notion that unity is a necessary property of substance, and that substance cannot be divisible. Why is this the case? Couldn't it be the case that substance was like water ...
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Is there evidence to suggest Evolutionary Psychology is essentially Leibnitizian Optimisim?

The following commentator writes: Evolutionary Psychology is like Leibnitizian Optimisim where God is replaced by evolution. It does nothing to aid in our understanding except to reassure us that ...
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Some similarity of Leibniz and Anaxagoras

As early as 1666 Leibniz was able to compose "A Conjecture Why It Seems That Anaxagoras Could Have Said That Snow Is Black" (A II, 1, 4-5). Later, as a librarian, he became extraordinarily well read ...
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578 views

Why did Gödel believe that there was a conspiracy to suppress Leibniz's works?

It is known that Gödel was obsessed with Leibniz, and apparently he even believed that their was a worldwide conspiracy among academics to suppress Leibniz's works. Does anyone know where this came ...
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153 views

Question about Leibniz' view on monads and causality

I have a question about this video regarding Leibniz, monads and interaction: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SxGuoyxyKMA&t=56s at 33:27. On the one hand, Anthony Quinton says that a monad has ...
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Why does it matter if we live in “the best of all possible worlds”?

We can formalize the argument in this way: There is good and evil. The good tries with all its power to prevent the evil from doing more evil (otherwise the good wouldn't be the good). A possible ...
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102 views

How are the relation between monads formed?

So each person is a monad, and there is no causation between monads. Perception occurs as a result of aggregation of monads. The aggregation between them gives the perception. My question is, if each ...
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152 views

What makes Leibniz's definition of perfection unintelligible?

Leibniz defined a perfection as a simple, positive quality in the highest degree. Norman Malcolm says I do not find his definition of a perfection intelligible. For one thing, it assumes that ...
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Leibniz monads/connection to the physical universe/atom

Today I heard that any object is an agregate of many, but finitely many Leibniz monads. I would like to know if it can be counted how many monads form an electron or proton. What is the difference ...
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Fault in Leibniz's counter argument to Absolute Space

Melamed and Lin contend that for Leibniz, Leibniz thinks that space and time cannot be substances or anything else absolute and must ultimately be a system of relations that obtain between bodies. (...
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181 views

Application of Leibniz's law to infer that things are different

In terms of practical reasoning, what are the constraints/conditions where one can infer that (putatively) two things are not identical on the basis of them seeming to have different properties? At ...
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249 views

Can the principle of indiscernibility of identicals be restated as “I am what I think”? [closed]

I was reading Leibniz recently and had this epiphany, and thought why not see if any others out there might share a similar intuition. Concerning Leibniz's two principles of identity The ...
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Are there modern Leibnizians?

While I will go ahead and post this, I see there is a near duplicate. I know that bits and pieces of Leibniz, such as relativized space, are picked up by today's philosophers, but I am especially ...
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513 views

Present importance of Leibniz Monadology

Has the monadology of Leibniz any influence on contemporary philosophy? Note. I do not ask about its historical importance but about its present influence.
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Am I a monad? Are we a monad? (Software and hardware)

In Haskell, a programming language, the concept of input/output monad is used to separate (or connect? (bind!)) the running software from its interaction with the hardware. This makes me wonder if it ...
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Leibniz, physics and the best of all possible worlds

Liebniz as a scientific thinker is known as a codiscoverer of the Calculus, along with Newton; as a philosopher he is also known for his phrase 'best of all possible worlds', which was apparently an ...
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410 views

What is physics as a Hegelian Concept?

Hegel, in the preface of the phenomenology calls the concept of mathematics, magnitude; what would the concept of physics? The Res Extensa of Descartes and Spinoza? But Liebniz, in an *Essay on ...
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397 views

What's the force of Leibniz' worry in “The Ultimate Origin of Things”?

In "The Ultimate Origin of Things," Leibniz' motivates his claim that nothing in the world could be the ultimate reason for things by asserting that We can’t find in any individual thing, ...
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If the Platonic world exists how would we know?

If we assume existence of a non-material world of ideas that mathematics describes there are some questions that a Platonist has to address. 1) How is the ideal world related to the real one, where ...
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How does the doctrine of substantial forms differ from atomism?

Liebniz was an early admirer of Epicurean atomism; but later devoted himself to the doctrine of substantial forms as outlined in his Monadology. On the face of it, atoms are substantial forms - they ...
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How did Anne Conway derive her notion of a monad from the Kabbalah?

Lady Conway was a 17th century Philosopher. The SEP entry on her states: Her concept of the monad, which is indebted to the Kabbalism, anticipates Leibniz. I have only the slightest acquaintance ...
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(Where) did Leibniz write “Sans les mathématiques on ne pénètre point…”?

Sans les mathématiques on ne pénètre point au fond de la philosophie. Sans la philosophie on ne pénètre point au fond des mathématiques. Sans les deux on ne pénètre au fond de rien. The above ...
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686 views

What did Leibniz mean by saying this is the 'best of all possible worlds'?

This was famously satirised by Voltaire in Candide. But what did Leibniz mean by this? My intuitive understanding is this must be due to Leibniz's attempt at the problem of evil in Christian Theology....
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Why could Wittgenstein say that men had an idea for the law of least action?

Wittgenstein says in the Tractatus: 6.3211 Men had indeed an idea that there must be a 'law of least action', before they knew exactly how it ran. (Here, as always, what is certain a priori proves ...
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206 views

Why does Leibniz require monads to act in concert?

Leibnizs metaphysics is illustrated in his Monadology. He states that there are many substances, but only one is infinite (God) the others are finite. He calls simple substances monads. Only the ...
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439 views

Is there an influence of Buddhist thought in Leibniz's Monadology?

In his Monadology Leibniz writes: each portion of matter can be conceived as like a garden full of plants, or like a pond full of fish. But each branch of a plant, each organ of an animal, each ...
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411 views

Does Cogito ergo sum need to be more specific?

Something about my translation has bothered me since I originally posted my question (which follows below). It concerns what Bertrand Russell wrote in "On Denoting". Ryno indicated a circularity with ...
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1answer
199 views

Is spacetime a compound substance in Liebnizs Monadology?

In monadology, Liebniz describes monads as the true atoms, that which cannot be broken into parts, and enters into compounds. They are simple substances. Nor can they have shape, extension or ...
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What is it that Leibniz calls a “Monad”?

What is a “monad” as introduced by Gottfried Leibniz in his Monadology? What is the purpose of monads for Leibniz' philosophical arguments? EDIT: I've found basic definitions like those found in the ...