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Questions tagged [leibniz]

Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz (1646 - 1716) was a German philosopher, logician and mathematician. He is associated with rationalism and the calculus.

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Where does Leibniz discuss the value of variety?

I believe that I remember that Leibniz put strong value upon the varieties found in the world, e.g. as between human cultures and in nature. What are some good references for this?
Frode Alfson Bjørdal's user avatar
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Leibniz, beginning of Principles of Nature and Grace

What did Leibniz mean at the beginning of "Principles of Nature and Grace," when he said, "Substance is a being capable of action." Afterall, a rock is made of substances, but it ...
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How do Leibniz' possible-worlds model and Heisenberg's view of microphysics relate to each other?

In his answer to a former question @IoannisPaizis presents a quote of Heisenberg from his book Physics and Philosophy The atoms or elementary particles themselves are not as real; they form a world ...
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Is the universe necessary?

The Contingency Argument of Leibniz states that if the universe has an explanation of its existence, that explanation is God. This introduces metaphysics. But could the fundamental fabric of spacetime ...
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Infinitesimals and plural quantification

In reply to, "Does nature jump?" Mikhail Katz notes that: There is a different idea in Leibniz called the Law of Continuity. One of its formulations is the rules of the finite are found to ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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Are there similar theory to Nikolay Bugaev's idea of "emergent morality"?

I need someone's insight to put into perspective the thoughts of an author I discovered only recently. Although this author's idea seems very intuitive - the kind of idea you might have as a child or ...
user21102's user avatar
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Leibniz is famous for claiming that this is the best of all possible worlds. Did he explain how it is that we keep making it better via technology?

In his "Theodicy" (if I am not mistaken), Gottfried Leibniz famously claimed that this is the best of all possible worlds. Doesn't that imply that making the world a better place by ...
FlatAssembler's user avatar
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Successfully mapping qualia to the physical?

So physicalists seem to often try to map qualia to something physical but then run into the problem: Leibniz’s argument seems to be this: the visitor of the machine, upon entering it, would observe ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
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Is actual always actualized from virtual in Deleuze's philosophy of virtuality?

In Deleuze's essay "The Actual and the Virtual," he discusses his concept of actual and virtual. In particular, he writes about Leibniz's view that force is virtual until it is actualized in ...
Nikola Perović's user avatar
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References to "Nos" in "Philosophical Papers and Letters" by Leibniz, edited by Loemker

Does anyone know what text is being referenced here. There are many times they cite like (Nos. 5,6,7) but there is no reference to this text in the bibliography, nor anywhere in the text. Google ...
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Does the Principle of Sufficient Reason imply everything is necessary?

Leibniz's Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) states that: for every fact F, there must be a sufficient reason why F is the case (https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/sufficient-reason/#WhatSuffReas). ...
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What is this 3rd viewpoint on Absolute and Relational Space known as?

So I've been obsessing about absolute and relative motion: What is the nature of motion in physical theories and theorizing, and is there any significance to the distinction between ‘absolute’ and ‘...
More Anonymous's user avatar
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Brute facts and the burden of proof

I'm trying my best to understand Della Rocca's article "PSR", which I believe convincingly shows that that one cannot reasonably hold that some facts are brute while others are not without a ...
Mark's user avatar
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Leibniz's Relational Philosophy and Boundaries?

Leibniz stated: "Thus committed to maintaining that if there were nothing more to motion than relative change of position, then, since motion could be ascribed with equal right to, say, Train A ...
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Leibniz's theory of subtance and causal interaction - with God

It follows from Leibniz' complete concept theory of truth that substances have no causal interaction with another. But Leibniz also says that created substances depend on God and that God conserves ...
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Extending Leibniz’s Relational Philosophy of Physics from Bodies to Fields

Leibniz stated: "Thus committed to maintaining that if there were nothing more to motion than relative change of position, then, since motion could be ascribed with equal right to, say, Train A ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
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Leibniz's monads and Mandelbrot's fractals

Leibniz's monadology is often viewed as too counterintuitive a metaphysical theory and disenchants many. Could we draw a philosophically significant analogy between Leibniz's monads and Mandelbrot's ...
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Does Mitosis division break the Leibniz law of Identity?

Simply put: if 2 cells Mitotically divide, there's almost no difference between them. They're like 2 copied files on my computer. They're identical. Now, doesn't this mean that the law collapsed? if ...
Mostafa Mohamed's user avatar
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How would Leibniz respond to this objection to his argument for God's existence?

Leibniz argues for the existence of a necessary being using the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR). Any contingent fact about the world must have an explanation. (Principle of sufficient reason) ...
A890's user avatar
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Repetition occuring in Liebiniz? Where?

In Repetition by Soren Kierkegaard,there is a sentence which says this. Just as they taught that all-knowing is recollecting, modern philosophy will teach that all life is a repetition. The only ...
user44842's user avatar
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Was there a "mechanist" program of early rationalists, like Descartes and Leibniz?

Leibniz and Descartes are said to put forth "mechanist philosophies," but I am having trouble identifying what "mechanist" means. Does it involve their affinity to natural science and mathematics and ...
PythagorasOnTheLineAgain's user avatar
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What Leibniz should I read if I want to better understand Voltaire?

I keep hearing that Voltaire's Candide is written in response to the ideas of Leibniz. If I wanted to get a better understanding of Voltaire, which works by Leibniz would be most pertinent for me to ...
LootHypothesis's user avatar
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Did Leibniz dismiss reincarnation?

I believe that I many years ago read that Leibniz discarded belief in reincarnation on something like the grounds that there is no difference between not having an earlier life and having a previous ...
Frode Alfson Bjørdal's user avatar
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Monads, souls and rational souls

Leibniz defines monads as simple substances with no parts (Monadology, 1). Later on, we learn that some of those are souls which have memory (Monadology 19) and further others are rational souls ...
Hasan Mert YILDIRIM's user avatar
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wouldn't Psychophysical Parallelism require an explanation as to why the mind and body correlate?

One thing I don't understand about Psychophysical Parallelism, is that it states that the mind and body are perfectly coordinated, yet there is no causal relationship between them. If this is true, ...
Tobias Ethercroft's user avatar
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Can the principle of sufficient reason be applied to the whole of existence?

Many philosophers (Leibniz and Heidegger, to name but two) consider "Why is there something rather than nothing" the most difficult and important question. Given that "nothing" is a possibility among ...
Francesco D'Isa's user avatar
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Leibniz -- Why Must Substance be Indivisible/unified?

Leibniz seems to have this notion that unity is a necessary property of substance, and that substance cannot be divisible. Why is this the case? Couldn't it be the case that substance was like water ...
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Is there evidence to suggest Evolutionary Psychology is essentially Leibnitizian Optimisim?

The following commentator writes: Evolutionary Psychology is like Leibnitizian Optimisim where God is replaced by evolution. It does nothing to aid in our understanding except to reassure us that ...
hawkeye's user avatar
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Some similarity of Leibniz and Anaxagoras

As early as 1666 Leibniz was able to compose "A Conjecture Why It Seems That Anaxagoras Could Have Said That Snow Is Black" (A II, 1, 4-5). Later, as a librarian, he became extraordinarily well read ...
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Why did Gödel believe that there was a conspiracy to suppress Leibniz's works?

It is known that Gödel was obsessed with Leibniz, and apparently he even believed that their was a worldwide conspiracy among academics to suppress Leibniz's works. Does anyone know where this came ...
user4281's user avatar
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Question about Leibniz' view on monads and causality

I have a question about this video regarding Leibniz, monads and interaction: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SxGuoyxyKMA&t=56s at 33:27. On the one hand, Anthony Quinton says that a monad has ...
Ameet Sharma's user avatar
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Why does it matter if we live in "the best of all possible worlds"?

We can formalize the argument in this way: There is good and evil. The good tries with all its power to prevent the evil from doing more evil (otherwise the good wouldn't be the good). A possible ...
a_z_s's user avatar
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How are the relation between monads formed?

So each person is a monad, and there is no causation between monads. Perception occurs as a result of aggregation of monads. The aggregation between them gives the perception. My question is, if each ...
Frank Booth's user avatar
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1 answer
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What makes Leibniz's definition of perfection unintelligible?

Leibniz defined a perfection as a simple, positive quality in the highest degree. Norman Malcolm says I do not find his definition of a perfection intelligible. For one thing, it assumes that ...
MCL's user avatar
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Leibniz monads/connection to the physical universe/atom

Today I heard that any object is an agregate of many, but finitely many Leibniz monads. I would like to know if it can be counted how many monads form an electron or proton. What is the difference ...
user2925716's user avatar
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Fault in Leibniz's counter argument to Absolute Space

Melamed and Lin contend that for Leibniz, Leibniz thinks that space and time cannot be substances or anything else absolute and must ultimately be a system of relations that obtain between bodies. (...
user20561's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
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Application of Leibniz's law to infer that things are different

In terms of practical reasoning, what are the constraints/conditions where one can infer that (putatively) two things are not identical on the basis of them seeming to have different properties? At ...
Dave's user avatar
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Can the principle of indiscernibility of identicals be restated as "I am what I think"? [closed]

I was reading Leibniz recently and had this epiphany, and thought why not see if any others out there might share a similar intuition. Concerning Leibniz's two principles of identity The ...
Kris's user avatar
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Are there modern Leibnizians?

While I will go ahead and post this, I see there is a near duplicate. I know that bits and pieces of Leibniz, such as relativized space, are picked up by today's philosophers, but I am especially ...
Nelson Alexander's user avatar
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3 answers
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Present importance of Leibniz Monadology

Has the monadology of Leibniz any influence on contemporary philosophy? Note. I do not ask about its historical importance but about its present influence.
Jo Wehler's user avatar
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Am I a monad? Are we a monad? (Software and hardware)

In Haskell, a programming language, the concept of input/output monad is used to separate (or connect? (bind!)) the running software from its interaction with the hardware. This makes me wonder if it ...
Lay González's user avatar
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Leibniz, physics and the best of all possible worlds

Liebniz as a scientific thinker is known as a codiscoverer of the Calculus, along with Newton; as a philosopher he is also known for his phrase 'best of all possible worlds', which was apparently an ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
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What is physics as a Hegelian Concept?

Hegel, in the preface of the phenomenology calls the concept of mathematics, magnitude; what would the concept of physics? The Res Extensa of Descartes and Spinoza? But Liebniz, in an *Essay on ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
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What's the force of Leibniz' worry in "The Ultimate Origin of Things"?

In "The Ultimate Origin of Things," Leibniz' motivates his claim that nothing in the world could be the ultimate reason for things by asserting that We can’t find in any individual thing, ...
Patrick Collins's user avatar
8 votes
4 answers
2k views

If the Platonic world exists how would we know?

If we assume existence of a non-material world of ideas that mathematics describes there are some questions that a Platonist has to address. 1) How is the ideal world related to the real one, where ...
Conifold's user avatar
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How does the doctrine of substantial forms differ from atomism?

Liebniz was an early admirer of Epicurean atomism; but later devoted himself to the doctrine of substantial forms as outlined in his Monadology. On the face of it, atoms are substantial forms - they ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
309 views

How did Anne Conway derive her notion of a monad from the Kabbalah?

Lady Conway was a 17th century Philosopher. The SEP entry on her states: Her concept of the monad, which is indebted to the Kabbalism, anticipates Leibniz. I have only the slightest acquaintance ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
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(Where) did Leibniz write "Sans les mathématiques on ne pénètre point..."?

Sans les mathématiques on ne pénètre point au fond de la philosophie. Sans la philosophie on ne pénètre point au fond des mathématiques. Sans les deux on ne pénètre au fond de rien. The above ...
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2 answers
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What did Leibniz mean by saying this is the 'best of all possible worlds'?

This was famously satirised by Voltaire in Candide. But what did Leibniz mean by this? My intuitive understanding is this must be due to Leibniz's attempt at the problem of evil in Christian Theology....
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
256 views

Why could Wittgenstein say that men had an idea for the law of least action?

Wittgenstein says in the Tractatus: 6.3211 Men had indeed an idea that there must be a 'law of least action', before they knew exactly how it ran. (Here, as always, what is certain a priori proves ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar