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Questions tagged [liberalism]

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The split from Christianity to socialism and liberalism

It appears that from Christianism there was a split between those who decided to emphasize the Christian idea of charity (love) (like Thomas More, Meslier, Saint-Simon, Cabet, Polanyi), which gave ...
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Does Thomas Hobbes assert that political philosophy or civic philosophy as it was known then, began with him?

I found this claim that Hobbes believed he founded political philosophy in multiple reputed places. In this lecture from Yale: 12. The Sovereign State: Hobbes' Leviathan In Leo Strauss and Joseph ...
Ash Rivers's user avatar
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2 answers
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What is the ideal political period for liberal conservatives?

Liberal conservatism is "a political ideology combining conservative policies with liberal stances, especially on economic issues but also on social and ethical matters" (Wikipedia). It is ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Does the paradox of tolerance mean that intolerance cannot be allowed in a tolerant society?

Rainer Forst describes tolerance as a social norm. So intolerant people and groups violate the social contract by denying the social norm of tolerance. See Hobbes, Locke, Kant et al on social contract....
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11 answers
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Should freedom of speech accept speech against liberal values? Such as hate speech?

Should freedom of speech accept speech against liberal values such as diversity? Focusing on a particular scenario as an example: If people want to protest against the existence of say black people, ...
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1 answer
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How is Rawls's "liberalism" reasonably classified as liberal by this SEP article?

According to this Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy article... Given that liberalism fractures on so many issues — the nature of liberty, the place of property and democracy in a just society, the ...
user10478's user avatar
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3 answers
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Is liberal economics theory materialist?

I know only about a few liberal economists who directly adhered to philosophical materialism, while not all were vocal about it (Locke, Adam Smith, Voltaire, David Friedman*). I am not completely sure ...
Starckman's user avatar
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1 answer
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Justifying the Principle of Equality at Birth: Secular Foundations and Philosophical Perspectives

John Locke argued that all men are born equal with christian belief. how can liberal atheists prove men are born equal?
user69608's user avatar
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How do classical liberals reconcile individualism with nationalism?

Classical liberals are basically supporting individualism and a small government (Locke, Hayek, Friedman). The small government being there to insure basic services such as the military, the police, ...
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Do individuals over the world expect a social system to provide "peace and abundance"?

Ludwig von Mises believes that "in general, men the world over expect a social system to provide "peace and abundance."[sic] (from "Ludwig von Mises and the Justification of the ...
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Is the reasonableness of a belief or moral claim relative?

Is the reasonableness of a belief or moral claim relative? I found some articles on the ethical word "reasonable", but lack access. Apparently it is key to "liberal" political ...
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To whom/which school of thought Mises is responding when affirming that human impulses can be controlled?

Ludwig von Mises makes the affirmation that human instincts and impulses can be exerted control over: What distinguishes man from beasts is precisely that he adjusts his behavior deliberatively. Man ...
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Why is an open society so totalitarian? [closed]

We live in an open society (in the West). The term is extensively used by George Soros. In the 20th century, the concept was popularized by Karl Popper, and originally coined by Henri Bergson. I ...
Dennis Kozevnikoff's user avatar
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Harm Principle and Duty to Rescue - Which "baseline" should an action be compared against when assessing harm?

Preface ("What isn't my question") As prominently articulated by Mill, liberalism (and the harm principle) asserts that it is always bad for aggregate utility to coercively interfere in ...
yue-dongchen's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
394 views

How Humanism, the philosophy of the Enlightenment, and classical liberalism are related?

How Humanism (as the philosophical movement of the Renaissance historical period), the philosophy of the Enlightenment, and classical liberalism are related? I have some difficulties distinguishing ...
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Nietzsche and classical liberalism

Nietzsche was a right-leaning anarchist, a "rebel aristocrat" (Domenico Losurdo). He was vividly against democracy, socialism, and equality. He criticized John Stuart Mill, rejecting his ...
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Dialectics and postmodernism as competing attacks on liberalism

I recently posted an inquiry over the attitude of Hegelian and Marxist dialectics toward Enlightenment liberalism. A comment mentioned postmodernism as an example of a tradition more plainly ...
brainchild's user avatar
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Relation of dialectics, as of Hegel and Marx, toward Enlightenment liberalism

I wish to understand how Hegelian dialectics, further carried, through Marxism, from an idealist to materialist orientation, positions itself with respect to the Enlightenment and liberalism. It is ...
brainchild's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
242 views

Who originally made a coherent argument that government is inevitable because in "anarchy" a government would come about anyway?

There is a generally known argument, which is that if there is no central authority that maintains a preponderance of violence, then there would be a kind of power vacuum, and some group would fill ...
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3 answers
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What is bourgeois liberalism (as associated with Rorty)?

In his SEP-article on Richard Rorty, Bjorn Ramberg on two occasions mentions bourgeois liberalism without offering any details of what Rorty or others mean by it. I have never come across this ...
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2 answers
223 views

Why can community benefit if its individuals be free to act selfishly?

I never studied philosophy. Can someone kindly explain like I'm 5 the emboldened sentences below? What does "the defendant may benefit from considerations such as the effect on the community if ...
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1 answer
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How does Charles Taylor’s “politics of recognition” differ from the traditional liberal universalist conception of equal respect and recognition?

Any examples of how these two different approaches might lead to different policy recommendations ?
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Gun control and classical liberalism

Is gun control consistent with classical liberalism? Can a classical liberal case be made for restricting this liberty?
Curious's user avatar
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2 answers
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Why is liberalism sometimes portrayed as an enemy to socialism?

Why is liberalism sometimes portrayed as an enemy to socialism? Without specifying particular strains of liberalism or socialism. But one can discover references, where liberalism is seen almost ...
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Who Are the Most Prominent Modern Socialist Thinkers?

Who Are The Ten Most Prominent Modern Socialist Thinkers? (Big Tent: Social Democrats, Socialists, Communists, etc. are all acceptable).
Nathan William Fryzek's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
275 views

How can political philosophy and moral philosophy differ in the context of moral limits on the market?

When I ask this question, I'm specifically referencing ideas posited by theorists like Michael Sandel (The Tanner Lectures - What Money Can't Buy), Elizabeth Anderson (The Ethical Limitations of the ...
xxWallflower's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
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What is the difference between "Continental liberalism", "English liberalism", and "Old Whiggism"?

In an essay entitled "Why I am not a Conservative", Hayek distances himself from both "Continental liberalism" and "English liberalism", while calling himself an "Old Whig": I have already ...
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