Questions tagged [logical-positivism]

The philosophical view that only statements verifiable either logically or empirically would be cognitively meaningful.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
4 votes
2 answers
199 views

According to Logical Positivism, why is it that for a statement to be meaningful, its contradiction must also be meaningful?

I am trying to understand the argument for the supposedly paradoxical nature of the verifiability criterion. The argument goes as follows: Suppose that the principle of verifiability is itself ...
user avatar
  • 141
1 vote
1 answer
40 views

Did logical positivists consider subjective statements verifiable?

Did logical positivists consider subjective statements such as "I like this cake" verifiable and therefore meaningful? Or did they consider that verificationism doesn't apply to claims of ...
user avatar
  • 249
5 votes
4 answers
288 views

The relationship between Rationalism and logic

Here is an excerpt from the book An Introduction to Philosophy by Russ W. Payne (2015) which is causing me some confusion. Mathematics had long served as the rationalist’s paradigm case of knowledge ...
user avatar
  • 151
0 votes
0 answers
57 views

Confidence margin for logical verification

I'm starting to read Wittgenstein and I keep circling around a problem, which I'll lay out with the following ideas: a. Logical space is the totality of external reality. b. A proposition is logical ...
user avatar
  • 101
0 votes
0 answers
82 views

What are the "Simples" Wittgenstein discusses in Philosophical Investigations?

I first came across this term in §39 of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations, wherein he writes [O]ne is tempted to make an objection against what is ordinarily called a name. It can be put ...
user avatar
  • 119
2 votes
0 answers
88 views

What's the role of logic in logical positivism?

I'm reading up on a bit of the ideas of logical positivism. It seems that the main components were the distinction of synthetic and analytic statements, and the verification principle. Without giving ...
user avatar
  • 357
-4 votes
4 answers
227 views

Deductive reasoning & conditionals

What would be a good example of explicit deductive reasoning that doesn't seem to be possibly interpreted correctly as a conditional (If A, then B)?
user avatar
  • 3,549
-4 votes
1 answer
154 views

Collaborative work between Linguists and Computer Language designers to help fix the English Language

Is there work being done to help remove all the ambiguities and loose meaning of the English language by using low to mid level computer programming languages (avoiding more recent "high level" ...
user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
563 views

Is Karl Popper a logical positivist?

Logical positivism is an important Western philosophy with a central idea of verification; the doctrine that all knowledge about matters of fact stems from and relies on sensory experience and remains ...
user avatar
  • 77
1 vote
1 answer
106 views

Wittgenstein on Mechanics

Can someone explain what Wittgenstein was trying to say in Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus ? Specifically propositions 6.341-6.343. What does he mean when he says that a system like Newtonian Mechanics ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
103 views

Why is the logical philosophy of the Berlin and Vienna circles generally seen as the same?

According to Wikipedia's entry on the Berlin Circle, the terms logical empiricism and logical positivism are largely used interchangably. To wit: The Berlin Circle had much in common with the ...
user avatar
  • 8,819
0 votes
0 answers
132 views

How exactly Wittgenstein "inspired two schools of thought [logical positivism/logical empiricism and analytic/linguistic movement/Cambridge School]"?

In the page 527 of von Wright's Ludwig Wittgenstein, A Biographical Sketch in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 64, No. 4 (Oct., 1955), he tells: It has been said that Wittgenstein inspired two ...
user avatar
  • 209
5 votes
3 answers
775 views

What are the accomplishments of critical theory vs. logical positivism

Coming from a natural science viewpoint, I find that logical positivism is much more important for scientific research than is critical theory. I've read the critics/flaws of logical positivism, and ...
user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
113 views

In what way did the "Logical Positivist' movement influence contemporary Analytical Academic Philosophy? [closed]

Rudolf Carnap and the Vienna Circle made a concerted effort to 'move' Philosophy away from its traditional focus on 'speculative' metaphysics by establishing a regimen of scientific rigor within the ...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
112 views

Hilary Putnam's criticism of Carnap's 'Principle of Tolerance'

I am left quite confused at how Hilary Putnam showed that Carnap's response to the self-defeating objection of the verification principle was circular and hence unviable. Can anybody help explain it ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
73 views

What does it mean to say that the relation between evidence and hypotheses is "syntactic"?

Positivists construe the relation between evidence and hypotheses to be syntactic (L1990, 23). Consequently, "what would count as evidence for a hypothesis is determined by the form of the ...
user avatar
  • 461
3 votes
4 answers
328 views

A question on logical positivism and pragmatism with regards to meaning of a statement

‘Despite all its weaknesses, democracy is still the best form of government compared with all other forms of government that have been tried in human history.’ Which of the following is False ...
user avatar
  • 175
5 votes
1 answer
283 views

Why can we not reduce necessity to analyticity?

Why can’t we eliminate talk of necessity and possible worlds, for talk of analyticity and (non-modal) logical consistency? Has there been any attempt in recent times to do this? I'm not 100% sure, but ...
user avatar
  • 3,759
0 votes
2 answers
2k views

How can I use logical positivism in the philosophy of education?

Logical Positivism is a teacher centered philosophy that rejects intuition, matters of mind, essences, and inner causes. This philosophy relies on laws of matter and motion as valid, and bases truth ...
user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
0 answers
477 views

How can I apply logical positivism in the philosophy of education?

How can I apply logical positivism in the philosophy of education? How would I use logical positivism to explore why teachers teach (objectives), what should be taught (curriculum) and how should ...
user avatar
  • 11
6 votes
4 answers
1k views

Do logically incoherent statements still have meaning?

My reading of Carnap's "The Elimination of Metaphysics Through Logical Analysis of Language" suggests to me that it is possible to form sentences in a language that are grammatically correct but ...
user avatar
  • 564
6 votes
1 answer
4k views

What is the distinction between positivism and logical positivism?

I've heard that positivism aimed to be purely empirical, while logical positivism recognised that empiricism needed to be combined with logic in order to actually be able to figure out anything. Is ...
user avatar
  • 569
0 votes
2 answers
1k views

The effect of logical empiricism in research and education?

My teacher told to me that "logical empiricism" aborted the research and science. logical empiricism want to remove metaphysics from the science and built a "pure science". But that was an mistake and ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
222 views

Logical positivism on religious language

I was searching for an essay on logical positivists’ view of religious language but I can't seem to find any good one. Can someone point out to me some links related to this?
user avatar
  • 131
1 vote
0 answers
110 views

Sufficient & necessary conditions for singular and general statements

In David Rynin's 1956 address to the American Philosophical Association, "Vindication of L*G*C*L P*S*T*V*SM", he remarks upon the "tenuous logical relationship" between a general statement, "For any ...
user avatar
  • 2,371
5 votes
2 answers
3k views

What is the relationship between Scientism and Logical Positivism?

I always assumed that Scientism was just the layman's version of Logical Positivism. Scientism is the view that the natural sciences are the only source of factual knowledge about the world, ...
user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
300 views

What does later Wittgenstein and earlier Wittgenstein have in common?

Wittgenstein, while previously advocating a picture theory of semantics, later came to revoke his support of this position. But did Wittgenstein still hold on to certain ideas of his old school? ...
user avatar
  • 715
5 votes
2 answers
411 views

Rudolf Carnap's opinion about free will

I know that the logical positivists thought that many old philosophical questions are meaningless, but I never found a source on the internet about their position on free will. So what was their ...
user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
374 views

Who/what was Horkheimer referring to when he said that "Reason, in destroying conceptual fetishes, ultimately destroyed itself."?

In his 1941 Paper "The End of Reason", Max Horkheimer states the following: Reason, in destroying conceptual fetishes, ultimately destroyed itself. On one hand, he seems to be referring the ...
user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
195 views

Why do old theories take priority over new ones?

Given two scientific theories that both agree with experiment, it seems that unless the new one is much simpler, the older one is accepted. Why is this so? Examples: Special Relativity wasn't ...
user avatar
  • 387
2 votes
4 answers
1k views

Is existentialism philosophy?

I believe that philosophy is defined by its method, which is based on logical analysis. It is not merely any discipline that investigates the world's conditions and the meaning of life. To be a ...
user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
562 views

Did Gödel oppose or agree with the Logical Positivists?

Gödel was a member of the Vienna Circle, whose philosophical position as a group was Logical Positivism, or Logical Empiricism. The SEP article on him states that among his philosophical views were ...
user avatar
6 votes
4 answers
714 views

Can something "count" as TRUE without support by logic and empirical data?

I was in an online debate and had this statement presented to me. I would note further that your apparent positivism rests on what is logically a faith claim - specifically, the unproveble claim ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
990 views

Does logical positivism necessarily entail reductionism?

I always assumed that Logical Positivism and reductionism went hand in hand, and that refutations of LP automatically made the case for reductionism weaker. My reasoning was: if only empirically ...
user avatar
3 votes
6 answers
1k views

In idealism, how can you prove that God is the One who created the Universe?

In philosophy, idealism is the group of philosophies which assert that reality, or reality as we can know it, is fundamentally mental, mentally constructed, or otherwise immaterial. ...
user avatar
  • 155
1 vote
0 answers
2k views

Carl Hempel's covering law model of explanation in history

According to Carl Hempel in "The Function of General Laws in History" (The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 39, No. 2, 1942, pp. 35-48), explanation in history consists of the "derivation of the ...
user avatar
12 votes
3 answers
2k views

How did the logical positivists respond to Gödel's incompleteness theorem?

In a lecture on philosophy of science I recently listened to, it was stated that Quine was the one who decisively refuted the logical positivist program. I've also read that Quine and Popper were ...
user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
991 views

What is the difference between the illogical and the nonsensical?

In the Tractatus, Wittgenstein mentions the following: "3.03 Thought can never be of anything illogical, since, if it were, we should have to think illogically." "3.032 It is as impossible to ...
user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

Did the Logical Positivists accept synthetic a priori knowledge?

My understanding of Logical Positivists is that, following Wittgenstein, they accepted only 2 types of proposition as meaningful: Propositions based on formal logic (i.e. tautologies) Empirically ...
user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
122 views

Normativity in Science

According to the description of language and norms in Analytic Philosophy (and especially in the way Rorty talks about it in Contingency Irony and Solidarity) we cannot judge one vocabulary using our ...
user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
2k views

A proposition is non-falsifiable. So what?

Does Karl Popper argue that non-falsifiable theories are not true/have no truth value, or simply that they are not provable? Put another way: according to Popper, could a non-falsifiable theory ...
user avatar
  • 279
5 votes
5 answers
2k views

Does anyone argue that Karl Popper's theory of critical rationalism does not meet its own conditions?

I am a huge fan of Dr. Popper's work, and particularly his theory that the property of falsifiability separates the scientific from the non-scientific. However, it struck me that this theory does not ...
user avatar
  • 279
1 vote
1 answer
172 views

Would a logical positivist consider a proposition about objects outside of the earth's light cone to be meaningful?

The logical positivists' basic premise was that for any statement to be meaningful, one had to be able to confirm its truth or falsehood using formal logic and empirical observation. Any statement ...
user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
187 views

Logical Positivism, Linguistic Philosophy, then came what?

In this interview with philosopher Bernard Williams interviewer Bryan Magee suggests: Logical Positivism was the prevailing orthodoxy of one generation, Linguistic Philosophy of the next. Is ...
user avatar
  • 1,654
8 votes
6 answers
2k views

Is homeopathy verifiable?

Would homeopathy be verifiable according to the logic positivists (and thus science)? On the one hand, one could, in principle, observe patients recovering after being given a homeopathic medicine. ...
user avatar
  • 444
2 votes
0 answers
83 views

Reference suggestions - Contemporary Western Philosophy

I want to read following topics Moore, Russell and Early Wittgenstein: Defence of Commonsense; Refutation of Idealism; Logical Atomism; Logical Constructions; Incomplete Symbols; ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
1k views

Dialectic vs Logical positivism

Dialectic is opposite to Metaphysic. Also Logical positivism criticizes Metaphysic since in Logical positivism only statements verifiable either logically or empirically would be cognitively ...
user avatar
  • 121
8 votes
1 answer
2k views

How do Logical Positivists respond to the "Positivism is self-defeating" argument

Positivism asserts that any statement that cannot be empirically tested is meaningless. But obviously, this is a self-refuting statement, because it can't be empirically verified as well. How do the ...
user avatar
  • 341
6 votes
1 answer
190 views

How might a modern defender of positivism classify a "speech act"?

A few people here have wondered whether positivism is really dead. I was under the impression that it was for a long time; but there seem to be some sympathizers with positivism here, and I'd be ...
user avatar
  • 528
1 vote
2 answers
167 views

Help me understand Logical Positivists points

I am studying Logical Positivism on my own, and though I get the most of it, I am confused about some points, and I will be really grateful if you can help me here. I am studying it from here. In the ...
user avatar