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Questions tagged [marxism]

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71 views

Meaning of a diagram by Althusser

A diagram by Althusser captioned “The future lasts a long time” (the title of his memoirs) appears on several of his book covers. Below is my own reproduction, based on a sketched version found here. ...
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1answer
81 views

Henry George vs. Karl Marx

I recently came across some of Marx's critique of Georgism, and was wondering where else the theories of these two thinkers conflict. Georgism to me certainly seems to have a slight materialist bent ...
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1answer
89 views

Is there any new concept in Marxism that didn't exist in classical economics?

Surplus value is just economic profit. The organic composition of capital is just the investment rate. Capitalist mode of production is just a verbose way of saying capitalism. Exchange value is price....
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61 views

What does object oriented philosophy say about commodity fetishism?

What does object oriented philosophy say about commodity fetishism? I thought the essence of fetishism was how, in his alienation from the means of production, what we are and make seems to become ...
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45 views

What do Marxists make of contemporary technophobia?

What would Marxists make of contemporary luddism, technophobia, etc.? In 1867, Karl Marx wrote that it would be some time before workers were able to distinguish between the machines and "the ...
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3answers
66 views

Is the internet a commodity in the Marxist sense?

Is the internet a commodity in the Marxist sense? It may help to know if it's made, bought and sold. Can people own more or less of the internet, and in what ways?
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54 views

Should Bergson be described as an individualist?

It's claimed that Bergson's "intuition of pure duration" is the "highest and most valuable form of human experience": is this an individualist or collectivist good? I'm asking because I'm interested ...
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0answers
63 views

The Effects of Marx's Moral Character on Communism

I recently read Paul Johnson's "Intellectuals" which includes a scourging critique of Karl Marx and his work. Surprisingly, it focused on Marx's own personality along with his many vices, which ...
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37 views

Is marxist dialetic according to Aristotle classical logic?

Is a static binary logic compatible with one based on dynamic evolution by overcoming?
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1answer
109 views

Was Marx a Marxist?

In his writings, did Marx only seek to explain the social and economic transformation precipitated by the rise of capitalism as well as offer some forecast for the future or did he actively also ...
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45 views

Might Marx's argument in Das Kapital be less about justice and exploitation than it is about disenfranchisment?

Might Marx's argument in Das Kapital be less about justice and exploitation than it is about disenfranchisment? I specifically mean his analysis of work, the falling rate of profit, and movement of '...
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0answers
80 views

Are Marx's crises of capitalism essentially crises for the working class?

Are Marx's crises of capitalism essentially crises for the working class? It is well known that Marx predicted increased immiseration of the working class relative to the bourgeoisie, and that crises,...
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0answers
55 views

What is the strongest link made in the philosophical literature between privacy and civil liberties?

What is the strongest link made in the philosophical literature between privacy and civil liberties? In particular, an analysis which eschews 'democracy', or separates out democracy from 'civil ...
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1answer
88 views

What does Marx mean by “the real will of the cooperative”?

This is an extract from A Darwinian Left by Peter Singer: Marx: Under collective property, the so-called will of the people disappears in order to make way for the real will of the cooperative. ...
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1answer
141 views

Would a “Classless society” be better than the present society? [closed]

In today's era many countries have 'Marxist' political parties, and their purpose is a "classless society". Can a classless society be possible, can it run successfully run?
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1answer
386 views

What does Machiavelli say about friends of my enemies?

What does Machiavelli say about friends of my enemies? I read the Prince, and some continental stuff relating it to Marxism, such as Specters of Marx. The former mostly seemed like practical, in some ...
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2answers
188 views

Marxism - primary contradiction of capitalism

After writing a long post, i decided to keep only the summary : I understand that in the marxist framework a mode of production is constituted by : the relations of production the productive forces ...
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30 views

Has anyone analyzed the possibility or impossibility of communism as an aporia?

I've read Aporias, and Spectres of Marx, and don't recall this exact question coming up, though I understand that some left leaning philosophers are working in a deconstructive tradition. Has anyone ...
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307 views

What does Marx mean in the quote from the bible?

The social revolution of the nineteenth century cannot take its poetry from the past but only from the future. It cannot begin with itself before it has stripped away all superstition about the ...
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1answer
52 views

How does commodity fetishism appear to individuals?

It is nothing but the definite social relation between men themselves which assumes here, for them, the fantastic form of a relation between things Das Kapital. I remember that fetishism ...
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3answers
211 views

Marx and teleology : what has happened, what will happen, or what could happen?

In Marxism the idea of history being a process with determinable characteristics is raised. History here being the relations of economic life and social reproduction, and the cultures they give rise ...
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9answers
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How are workers exploited when they have a choice in working for a boss?

Under Marxist theory, workers are being exploited for their labor and not receiving the full value of their labor. Workers however have a choice in who they work for and how much they earn so how can ...
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2answers
148 views

Are there philosophers working with the idea of language being ideological?

Are there philosophers working with the idea of language being ideological? If so, who, what specifically are their research interests, and what studies into it are available? By 'ideology' I suppose ...
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1answer
175 views

Did 20th-century Marxists acknowledge that the “social science” predictions of Marxism were wrong?

In this video, starting at 5:36, Stephen Hicks claims that there are three central "social science" Marxist predictions, which I would sum up as follows: Over time, in any capitalist society, The ...
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4answers
7k views

Does the no true Scotsman fallacy apply to anti Stalinist etc. communism?

The internet is awash with claims that anyone arguing that Stalinist Russia / Maoism wasn't communist is committing the no true Scotsman / ad hoc rescue fallacy. However, I suspect that few of its ...
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2answers
136 views

Is Marxism akin to science fiction or soothsaying prophecy? [closed]

Reading a bit about Marxism (from second hand sources) and it is saying in any society A will happen then B will happen and so on. So was Marx a futurist much like Asimov. Asimov wrote a lot about ...
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2answers
93 views

Is the folliowing tu quoque a reasonable argument?

Is the following tu quo que a reasonable argument? Don't be a communist, you saw what happened in Russia Reply: And the slave trade was run by capitalists. I'm not even sure if the reply is true, ...
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3answers
232 views

Was early Christianity the Communism of its day? [closed]

I have been watching a lot of documentaries on Vietnam, Russia and Marxism, and Religion debates here and there. I've come to a conclusion but I am not sure if it is true. It seems to me that ...
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1answer
337 views

Who Are the Most Prominent Modern Socialist Thinkers?

Who Are The Ten Most Prominent Modern Socialist Thinkers? (Big Tent: Social Democrats, Socialists, Communists, etc. are all acceptable).
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4answers
585 views

How can land and natural resources become “private property”?

I’ve been trying to understand how an anarchic society would be initiated, but the two main ideas- anarcho-communism and anarcho-capitalism- not only contradict each other, but seem to be riddled with ...
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712 views

Why is Slavoj Zizek considered a Marxist?

Not that I have read any of his books but I've watched the documentary and several of his magazine articles and he totally seems like a centrist. On some subjects (like Islam/immigration) maybe even ...
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1answer
103 views

Do we need principles about every ethical decision / dilemma we have?

Do we need principles about every ethical decision / dilemma we have? I'm interested in an answer from any of the major ethical standpoint. And even ones inclusive to Marxism, either Marx's wish to ...
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5answers
476 views

Is there a philosophical basis for the conflation of the cultural left and the economic/fiscal left?

In the U.S and most of the West, the cultural left (used loosely to include movements like feminism, secularism, being pro-diversity and pro minority-rights, the LGBTQ movement, being pro-immigration, ...
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5answers
1k views

Would an universal basic income eliminate exploitation (a la Marx) in capitalism?

Marx's argument in the theory of exploitation is that capitalists do not need to sell their labour power in the market in order to live, whereas workers need to do so. As such, workers are not really "...
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1answer
372 views

Adorno and identity politics

People on the political right like to throw around the phrase "cultural Marxism" as a label for identity politics, feminism, intersectionality etc. Evidently its a reference to the Frankfurt school, ...
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1answer
186 views

Was Communism meant to be a telos, for Marx, or for Lenin etc.?

Was Communism meant to be a telos, for Marx, or for Lenin etc.? By that, I mean to ask whether Communism is already contained in anything that creates Communism? My apologies if my jargon is off, I ...
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0answers
190 views

Can the capitalist class realise they are alienated?

I was taught that even the most self interested bourgeois is alienated, I think due to having to continually invest capital in competition with other capitalists. As so called state capitalism seems ...
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2answers
692 views

Do Deleuze and Baudrillard really advocate extracting capitalism's “subversive energy”?

I'm reading Forget Foucault by Baudrillard, or starting to, anyway. Still in Sylvere Lotringer's introduction. He claims that, after the failure of the '68 revolution in France, thinkers like Deleuze ...
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3answers
286 views

Do any Marxists write about Ulysses' “nightmare of history”

History is a nightmare from which I am trying to awake Usually, it seems, associated with the artistic career of Joyce. But yes, it does sound like rich pickings for an aestheticising Marxist. Do ...
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3answers
130 views

Could a Marxist claim that interpreting the world is all that a Marxist vanguard can do (but that the working class can still change it)? [closed]

Could a Marxist claim that interpreting the world is all that a Marxist vanguard can do, but that the working class can still change it? Marx, quite famously, said that philosophers have only ...
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1answer
201 views

What did Karl Marx mean by “revolutionary combination due to association”?

In "The Communist Manifesto", it is said that: "The advance of industry, whose involuntary promoter is the bourgeoisie, replaces the isolation of the laborers, due to competition, by the ...
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2answers
110 views

Could Zen have a chance to “transform” ( aka outbreak ) the Western logos oriented thoughts?

This Saturday I will have a chance to meet someone whose father is a Zen Buddhist. Personal things aside, along with learning Zen, I have found out the similarity that Zen, one of whose main methods, ...
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4answers
2k views

What is the value of the individual in Marx's writing?

Very obviously, Marx put emphasis on changes to, and the value of, society. But in his writing is he doing away with the value of the individual? Or does it simply go without saying, that individuals ...
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1answer
433 views

What is Benjamin saying in thesis VI in On the Concept of History?

What is Benjamin saying in thesis VI in On the Concept of History? I quote it in full from here, having annotated the key points I'm struggling with in bold To articulate what is past does not ...
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1answer
224 views

Can the communist revolution be blamed for the violence of the USSR? [closed]

Can the communist revolution be blamed for the violence of the USSR? Obviously communists claim that there was a "counter-revolution", so for the sake of the question, let's assume that Communism is ...
5
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1answer
251 views

What's the difference between the “hermeneutics of suspicion” and conspiracy theory?

The term "conspiracy theory" was invented by Karl Popper as a way to describe Marxist theories of history as a collusion of the bourgeoise class against the working class. So, as far as I can tell, ...
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0answers
97 views

Is Althusser's Marxism a degenerating research program?

His essay "Marxism and Humanism" is a strong statement of anti-humanism in Marxist theory, condemning ideas like "human potential" and "species-being", which are often put forth by Marxists, as ...
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1answer
120 views

Is every mistake or reactionary form of Marxism “substitutionalist”?

Substitutionism is a term in Marxist theory which refers to the relationship between the revolutionary party and the working class, where the former's activity substitutes the latter's. It is seen ...
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2answers
79 views

Are there forms of capital which are not overtly economic?

Are there forms of capital which are not overtly economic, e.g. political capital? Especially, in what ways is capialism reproduced besides the investment of money into means of production, to extract ...
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1answer
152 views

How do Marxists explain the failures of the working movement?

How do Marxists explain the failures of the working movement? I don't so much mean the counter revolution in Russia, but the lack of an international working class movement, especially one which ...