Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [marxism]

The tag has no usage guidance, but it has a tag wiki.

1
vote
0answers
30 views

Might Marx's argument in Das Kapital be less about justice and exploitation than it is about disenfranchisment?

Might Marx's argument in Das Kapital be less about justice and exploitation than it is about disenfranchisment? I specifically mean his analysis of work, the falling rate of profit, and movement of '...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Are Marx's crises of capitalism essentially crises for the working class?

Are Marx's crises of capitalism essentially crises for the working class? It is well known that Marx predicted increased immiseration of the working class relative to the bourgeoisie, and that crises,...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

What is the strongest link made in the philosophical literature between privacy and civil liberties?

What is the strongest link made in the philosophical literature between privacy and civil liberties? In particular, an analysis which eschews 'democracy', or separates out democracy from 'civil ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

What does Marx mean by “the real will of the cooperative”?

This is an extract from A Darwinian Left by Peter Singer: Marx: Under collective property, the so-called will of the people disappears in order to make way for the real will of the cooperative. ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Would a “Classless society” be better than the present society? [closed]

In today's era many countries have 'Marxist' political parties, and their purpose is a "classless society". Can a classless society be possible, can it run successfully run?
4
votes
1answer
162 views

What does Machiavelli say about friends of my enemies?

What does Machiavelli say about friends of my enemies? I read the Prince, and some continental stuff relating it to Marxism, such as Specters of Marx. The former mostly seemed like practical, in some ...
1
vote
2answers
111 views

Marxism - primary contradiction of capitalism

After writing a long post, i decided to keep only the summary : I understand that in the marxist framework a mode of production is constituted by : the relations of production the productive forces ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Has anyone analyzed the possibility or impossibility of communism as an aporia?

I've read Aporias, and Spectres of Marx, and don't recall this exact question coming up, though I understand that some left leaning philosophers are working in a deconstructive tradition. Has anyone ...
0
votes
1answer
192 views

What does Marx mean in the quote from the bible?

The social revolution of the nineteenth century cannot take its poetry from the past but only from the future. It cannot begin with itself before it has stripped away all superstition about the ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

How does commodity fetishism appear to individuals?

It is nothing but the definite social relation between men themselves which assumes here, for them, the fantastic form of a relation between things Das Kapital. I remember that fetishism ...
2
votes
3answers
147 views

Marx and teleology : what has happened, what will happen, or what could happen?

In Marxism the idea of history being a process with determinable characteristics is raised. History here being the relations of economic life and social reproduction, and the cultures they give rise ...
23
votes
9answers
7k views

How are workers exploited when they have a choice in working for a boss?

Under Marxist theory, workers are being exploited for their labor and not receiving the full value of their labor. Workers however have a choice in who they work for and how much they earn so how can ...
2
votes
2answers
123 views

Are there philosophers working with the idea of language being ideological?

Are there philosophers working with the idea of language being ideological? If so, who, what specifically are their research interests, and what studies into it are available? By 'ideology' I suppose ...
2
votes
1answer
166 views

Did 20th-century Marxists acknowledge that the “social science” predictions of Marxism were wrong?

In this video, starting at 5:36, Stephen Hicks claims that there are three central "social science" Marxist predictions, which I would sum up as follows: Over time, in any capitalist society, The ...
29
votes
4answers
7k views

Does the no true Scotsman fallacy apply to anti Stalinist etc. communism?

The internet is awash with claims that anyone arguing that Stalinist Russia / Maoism wasn't communist is committing the no true Scotsman / ad hoc rescue fallacy. However, I suspect that few of its ...
-1
votes
2answers
97 views

Is Marxism akin to science fiction or soothsaying prophecy? [closed]

Reading a bit about Marxism (from second hand sources) and it is saying in any society A will happen then B will happen and so on. So was Marx a futurist much like Asimov. Asimov wrote a lot about ...
1
vote
2answers
81 views

Is the folliowing tu quoque a reasonable argument?

Is the following tu quo que a reasonable argument? Don't be a communist, you saw what happened in Russia Reply: And the slave trade was run by capitalists. I'm not even sure if the reply is true, ...
2
votes
3answers
218 views

Was early Christianity the Communism of its day? [closed]

I have been watching a lot of documentaries on Vietnam, Russia and Marxism, and Religion debates here and there. I've come to a conclusion but I am not sure if it is true. It seems to me that ...
2
votes
1answer
192 views

Who Are the Most Prominent Modern Socialist Thinkers?

Who Are The Ten Most Prominent Modern Socialist Thinkers? (Big Tent: Social Democrats, Socialists, Communists, etc. are all acceptable).
3
votes
4answers
413 views

How can land and natural resources become “private property”?

I’ve been trying to understand how an anarchic society would be initiated, but the two main ideas- anarcho-communism and anarcho-capitalism- not only contradict each other, but seem to be riddled with ...
0
votes
1answer
468 views

Why is Slavoj Zizek considered a Marxist?

Not that I have read any of his books but I've watched the documentary and several of his magazine articles and he totally seems like a centrist. On some subjects (like Islam/immigration) maybe even ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Do we need principles about every ethical decision / dilemma we have?

Do we need principles about every ethical decision / dilemma we have? I'm interested in an answer from any of the major ethical standpoint. And even ones inclusive to Marxism, either Marx's wish to ...
16
votes
5answers
427 views

Is there a philosophical basis for the conflation of the cultural left and the economic/fiscal left?

In the U.S and most of the West, the cultural left (used loosely to include movements like feminism, secularism, being pro-diversity and pro minority-rights, the LGBTQ movement, being pro-immigration, ...
3
votes
5answers
848 views

Would an universal basic income eliminate exploitation (a la Marx) in capitalism?

Marx's argument in the theory of exploitation is that capitalists do not need to sell their labour power in the market in order to live, whereas workers need to do so. As such, workers are not really "...
1
vote
1answer
304 views

Adorno and identity politics

People on the political right like to throw around the phrase "cultural Marxism" as a label for identity politics, feminism, intersectionality etc. Evidently its a reference to the Frankfurt school, ...
1
vote
1answer
170 views

Was Communism meant to be a telos, for Marx, or for Lenin etc.?

Was Communism meant to be a telos, for Marx, or for Lenin etc.? By that, I mean to ask whether Communism is already contained in anything that creates Communism? My apologies if my jargon is off, I ...
2
votes
0answers
183 views

Can the capitalist class realise they are alienated?

I was taught that even the most self interested bourgeois is alienated, I think due to having to continually invest capital in competition with other capitalists. As so called state capitalism seems ...
6
votes
2answers
494 views

Do Deleuze and Baudrillard really advocate extracting capitalism's “subversive energy”?

I'm reading Forget Foucault by Baudrillard, or starting to, anyway. Still in Sylvere Lotringer's introduction. He claims that, after the failure of the '68 revolution in France, thinkers like Deleuze ...
3
votes
3answers
234 views

Do any Marxists write about Ulysses' “nightmare of history”

History is a nightmare from which I am trying to awake Usually, it seems, associated with the artistic career of Joyce. But yes, it does sound like rich pickings for an aestheticising Marxist. Do ...
1
vote
3answers
126 views

Could a Marxist claim that interpreting the world is all that a Marxist vanguard can do (but that the working class can still change it)? [closed]

Could a Marxist claim that interpreting the world is all that a Marxist vanguard can do, but that the working class can still change it? Marx, quite famously, said that philosophers have only ...
1
vote
1answer
141 views

What did Karl Marx mean by “revolutionary combination due to association”?

In "The Communist Manifesto", it is said that: "The advance of industry, whose involuntary promoter is the bourgeoisie, replaces the isolation of the laborers, due to competition, by the ...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

Could Zen have a chance to “transform” ( aka outbreak ) the Western logos oriented thoughts?

This Saturday I will have a chance to meet someone whose father is a Zen Buddhist. Personal things aside, along with learning Zen, I have found out the similarity that Zen, one of whose main methods, ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the value of the individual in Marx's writing?

Very obviously, Marx put emphasis on changes to, and the value of, society. But in his writing is he doing away with the value of the individual? Or does it simply go without saying, that individuals ...
1
vote
1answer
320 views

What is Benjamin saying in thesis VI in On the Concept of History?

What is Benjamin saying in thesis VI in On the Concept of History? I quote it in full from here, having annotated the key points I'm struggling with in bold To articulate what is past does not ...
2
votes
1answer
208 views

Can the communist revolution be blamed for the violence of the USSR? [closed]

Can the communist revolution be blamed for the violence of the USSR? Obviously communists claim that there was a "counter-revolution", so for the sake of the question, let's assume that Communism is ...
6
votes
1answer
234 views

What's the difference between the “hermeneutics of suspicion” and conspiracy theory?

The term "conspiracy theory" was invented by Karl Popper as a way to describe Marxist theories of history as a collusion of the bourgeoise class against the working class. So, as far as I can tell, ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

Is Althusser's Marxism a degenerating research program?

His essay "Marxism and Humanism" is a strong statement of anti-humanism in Marxist theory, condemning ideas like "human potential" and "species-being", which are often put forth by Marxists, as ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Is every mistake or reactionary form of Marxism “substitutionalist”?

Substitutionism is a term in Marxist theory which refers to the relationship between the revolutionary party and the working class, where the former's activity substitutes the latter's. It is seen ...
0
votes
2answers
71 views

Are there forms of capital which are not overtly economic?

Are there forms of capital which are not overtly economic, e.g. political capital? Especially, in what ways is capialism reproduced besides the investment of money into means of production, to extract ...
1
vote
1answer
133 views

How do Marxists explain the failures of the working movement?

How do Marxists explain the failures of the working movement? I don't so much mean the counter revolution in Russia, but the lack of an international working class movement, especially one which ...
6
votes
2answers
691 views

Why is Marxism (not) historicist?

I have been reading bits and pieces on historicism, mostly from Wikipedia and other online publications. In my understanding, it is an ideological evaluation model which emphasizes the context in ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

If history repeats as farce, then how can Nietzsche's madman prove the truth?

I keep wondering what "farce" really amounts to, in class terms, for Marx, rather than individual. On this question, there was the following comment But, if we look at more class based movements, ...
1
vote
2answers
105 views

Is large scale strike action an essential element of Marxism?

Is large scale strike action an essential element of Marxism? I'm asking because something significant and unforeseen has to occur, I think, to make that at all possible.
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Who are the most prominent post-Marx thinkers within Marxism?

I'm becoming more interested in Marxism, and the ensuing economies that attempted to use Marxist thought. What I wonder is, which post-Marx, modern thinkers have most successfully built on Marxist ...
1
vote
0answers
225 views

What's a good translation for “De” in Dao De Jing?

The Dao De Jing is a classic about how Nature operates (or doesn't operate) to achieve its ever-evolving marvels. Jing here means a classic book. Dao is the Way, the "first cause": to me a fancy name ...
5
votes
2answers
316 views

Guy Debord - society of spectacle - thesis 3

I'm reading the book by Guy Debord, "society of spectacle". I think it's quite known, but it's difficult to read! In thesis number 3, he talks about a so called process of "unification". Can someone ...
0
votes
1answer
128 views

Is Nietzsche's thought primarily a solution on how to classify people?

I was just now doing some super light reading on Nietzsche's aristocraticism. Seems to me that a lot of human history, both intellectual and social, is an attempt to create a stronger class system. ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

What other defects did Marx think there was to hitherto existing metarialism?

The chief defect of all hitherto existing materialism – that of Feuerbach included – is that the thing, reality, sensuousness, is conceived only in the form of the object Does Marx allege any ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

What did Marx mean by “revolutionary terror”?

there is only one way in which the murderous death agonies of the old society and the bloody birth throes of the new society can be shortened, simplified and concentrated, and that way is ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Was Marx an existentialist?

Obviously someone like Marcuse is often lumped under both 'Marxism' and 'existentialism'. What about Marx? I ask myself a lot how there can be any meaning to life when death is inevitable and ...