Skip to main content

Questions tagged [marxism]

The tag has no usage guidance, but it has a tag wiki.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
30 votes
4 answers
9k views

Does the no true Scotsman fallacy apply to anti Stalinist etc. communism?

The internet is awash with claims that anyone arguing that Stalinist Russia / Maoism wasn't communist is committing the no true Scotsman / ad hoc rescue fallacy. However, I suspect that few of its ...
user avatar
23 votes
9 answers
11k views

How are workers exploited when they have a choice in working for a boss?

Under Marxist theory, workers are being exploited for their labor and not receiving the full value of their labor. Workers however have a choice in who they work for and how much they earn so how can ...
Brad's user avatar
  • 441
15 votes
9 answers
6k views

Do decolonialists have to attack science and modernity?

I’m a professional scientist (mathematician, actually). I’m not a philosopher. I’ve got a lot of friends well-versed in philosophy, and they all seem to point toward modernity as a byproduct of ...
Simón Flavio Ibañez's user avatar
15 votes
7 answers
3k views

Can cruelty and suffering be justified if it might lead to social transformation?

Slavoj Žižek is generally viewed as controversial. But in watching a recent video made by him, he had a good point about us lengthening the pain of others. For example, he argues that "good" slave ...
Matt's user avatar
  • 526
13 votes
7 answers
701 views

Is there a philosophical basis for the conflation of the cultural left and the economic/fiscal left?

In the U.S and most of the West, the cultural left (used loosely to include movements like feminism, secularism, being pro-diversity and pro minority-rights, the LGBTQ movement, being pro-immigration, ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
8 votes
5 answers
10k views

Why did Karl Popper criticize Karl Marx's ideas?

Karl Popper believed that Karl Marx's ideas lead to dictatorship. Why did Karl Popper believe in this idea?
keramus's user avatar
  • 263
8 votes
3 answers
5k views

Who are the most prominent post-Marx thinkers within Marxism?

I'm becoming more interested in Marxism, and the ensuing economies that attempted to use Marxist thought. What I wonder is, which post-Marx, modern thinkers have most successfully built on Marxist ...
Cdn_Dev's user avatar
  • 1,050
8 votes
1 answer
535 views

Where exactly did the conceptual distinction between "personal property" and "private property" originate?

In popular online discussions of socialism, anarchism and/or Marxism a distinction is often made between "personal property" (possessions used by individuals for personal consumption) and &...
Brian Z's user avatar
  • 1,329
7 votes
12 answers
5k views

What would Marx say about liberal identity politics?

As far as I know the main post-Marxist criticism of identity politics is that it is divisive, and so prevents the association of the proletariat. This seems to me to not take liberalism seriously ...
user avatar
7 votes
6 answers
3k views

Given Marx's original theory of alienation, why is he interpreted as being anti-individualist?

In a video discussion (starting at 0:59:48), Massimo Pigliucci says that he doesn't like Marx's theory of society because it reduces humans to social insects, devoid of individualism. Similarly, ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
6 votes
6 answers
2k views

Whats the difference between fixed and constant capital?

Rosa Luxembourg in The Accumulation of Capital describes & investigates the constant and fixed capital of Marx & Smith respectively. With Marx, she says Constant capital is the value ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
6 votes
5 answers
3k views

What is an example of human labour being the exclusive source of surplus value

Marx's labour theory seems to define surplus value as being produced exclusively from human labour. One discussion of this concept stated: Machinery, and tools of production do not create surplus ...
LaserJesus's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
511 views

Guy Debord - society of spectacle - thesis 3

I'm reading the book by Guy Debord, "society of spectacle". I think it's quite known, but it's difficult to read! In thesis number 3, he talks about a so called process of "unification". Can someone ...
joseph M'Bimbi-Bene's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
451 views

What's the difference between the "hermeneutics of suspicion" and conspiracy theory?

The term "conspiracy theory" was invented by Karl Popper as a way to describe Marxist theories of history as a collusion of the bourgeoise class against the working class. So, as far as I can tell, ...
Avery's user avatar
  • 205
5 votes
6 answers
1k views

Would an universal basic income eliminate exploitation (a la Marx) in capitalism?

Marx's argument in the theory of exploitation is that capitalists do not need to sell their labour power in the market in order to live, whereas workers need to do so. As such, workers are not really "...
luchonacho's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why is Marxism (not) historicist?

I have been reading bits and pieces on historicism, mostly from Wikipedia and other online publications. In my understanding, it is an ideological evaluation model which emphasizes the context in ...
amphibient's user avatar
  • 1,448
5 votes
2 answers
6k views

Was Marx a defender of capitalism?

I have studied Marx in a lot of subjects in the school, such as History, Sociology, Economy and Political Sciences. The bad side of this is that each professor told me different things about Marx. ...
cdonts's user avatar
  • 189
5 votes
1 answer
2k views

Henry George vs. Karl Marx

I recently came across some of Marx's critique of Georgism, and was wondering where else the theories of these two thinkers conflict. Georgism to me certainly seems to have a slight materialist bent ...
october's user avatar
  • 111
5 votes
3 answers
2k views

If religion is the opium of the masses, are the masses self-medicating or is someone drugging them?

I've always assumed that when Marx said "Religion is the opium of the masses", he meant that religion is a tool used by the ruling classes of the time to dominate the lower classes. But when ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
2k views

Do Deleuze and Baudrillard really advocate extracting capitalism's "subversive energy"?

I'm reading Forget Foucault by Baudrillard, or starting to, anyway. Still in Sylvere Lotringer's introduction. He claims that, after the failure of the '68 revolution in France, thinkers like Deleuze ...
Canyon's user avatar
  • 1,956
5 votes
1 answer
1k views

What is the relationship between the rhizome and the body without organs?

I am in the middle of A Thousand Plateaus and considering the relationship between rhizome and body without organs. One thought I had is that they both take part in the constitution of relationships ...
user36088's user avatar
  • 151
4 votes
3 answers
10k views

Existentialism and the absensce of free will

One of the most famous doctrines of existentialism formulated by Jean Paul Sartre is that we are absolutely free. Man is condemned to be free; because once thrown into the world, he is responsible ...
Ben's user avatar
  • 2,386
4 votes
4 answers
4k views

Was Marx an antisemite?

Marx wrote about Jews quite a bit, despite having Jewish blood or ancestors. Was Marx an antisemite?
user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
239 views

Intentionality and emergentism in Marxist theories?

This question came to mind when reading about Adorno and Horkheimer's Culture Industry, but it might apply to any Marxist theory where the bourgeoisie/capitalist class performs some action to defend ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
704 views

Did Marx ever consider that some work alienation is inevitable for the greater good of society?

Not everyone can be a cutting edge researcher or a successful singer/song writer. Some people are bound to be stuck in jobs they don't like, and which don't allow for any form of self-fulfillment. ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
4 votes
10 answers
356 views

Is the extraction of surplus value sufficient for the necessity of revolution?

Is the extraction of surplus value sufficient for the necessity of revolution? As I understand it, the extraction of surplus value is: the essential component of the "immiseration" of the ...
user avatar
4 votes
6 answers
1k views

How can land and natural resources become “private property”?

I’ve been trying to understand how an anarchic society would be initiated, but the two main ideas- anarcho-communism and anarcho-capitalism- not only contradict each other, but seem to be riddled with ...
Cannabijoy's user avatar
4 votes
5 answers
4k views

What did Marx mean by "revolutionary terror"?

there is only one way in which the murderous death agonies of the old society and the bloody birth throes of the new society can be shortened, simplified and concentrated, and that way is ...
user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
381 views

Was the Communist Manifesto actually representative of Marx's ideology?

The Communist Manifesto (TCM, from here on) has become the most well-known work by Karl Marx - even more so than Kapital. However, I'm wondering if it is it correct to call the points laid out by the ...
galois's user avatar
  • 143
3 votes
5 answers
766 views

A different kind of ideology somewhat between capitalism and communism

I was wondering in the past couple of days about an idea, and I'd like to know your opinion on it. From a strictly moral point of view, the ideal communist society is pretty utopic. Equality, equal ...
Marcus Rost's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
250 views

The Effects of Marx's Moral Character on Communism

I recently read Paul Johnson's "Intellectuals" which includes a scourging critique of Karl Marx and his work. Surprisingly, it focused on Marx's own personality along with his many vices, ...
Mike M's user avatar
  • 394
3 votes
1 answer
2k views

What does Machiavelli say about friends of my enemies?

What does Machiavelli say about friends of my enemies? I read the Prince, and some continental stuff relating it to Marxism, such as Specters of Marx. The former mostly seemed like practical, in some ...
user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
3k views

What is the value of the individual in Marx's writing?

Very obviously, Marx put emphasis on changes to, and the value of, society. But in his writing is he doing away with the value of the individual? Or does it simply go without saying, that individuals ...
user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
1k views

Has Marxism been refuted as philosophy?

"For understandable, if philosophically frivolous, reasons the collapse of the Soviet Union has been taken - especially in the media - as signaling the defeat of Marxism qua philosophy", so writes ...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 43.4k
3 votes
2 answers
360 views

What's the importance that Marx gives to the Class Struggle for the devolopment of societies?

I've reading The Communist Manifesto and I could understand that all changes in the human history societies have been because the struggle of class. but what is his argument? I can't understands his ...
Richard Kingston's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
290 views

Did 20th-century Marxists acknowledge that the "social science" predictions of Marxism were wrong?

In this video, starting at 5:36, Stephen Hicks claims that there are three central "social science" Marxist predictions, which I would sum up as follows: Over time, in any capitalist society, The ...
user159517's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
398 views

Which Analytic philosophers have a positive engagement with Marxism?

I generally associate Marxist thought to be generally associated with the Continental tradition, however one supposes there are philosophers in the Analytic tradition that have critically evaluated ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
136 views

Are the interests of every bourgeois person (not just the class in general) against the working class?

Are the interests of every bourgeois person (not just the class in general) always against those of the working class? I'm just intrigued whether a socialist bourgeois is necessary acting against ...
user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
494 views

Do any Marxists write about Ulysses' "nightmare of history"

History is a nightmare from which I am trying to awake Usually, it seems, associated with the artistic career of Joyce. But yes, it does sound like rich pickings for an aestheticising Marxist. Do ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
665 views

Was Marx a Marxist?

In his writings, did Marx only seek to explain the social and economic transformation precipitated by the rise of capitalism as well as offer some forecast for the future or did he actively also ...
amphibient's user avatar
  • 1,448
3 votes
1 answer
3k views

Who Are the Most Prominent Modern Socialist Thinkers?

Who Are The Ten Most Prominent Modern Socialist Thinkers? (Big Tent: Social Democrats, Socialists, Communists, etc. are all acceptable).
Nathan William Fryzek's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

What would Marx say about Lenin?

I know enough "good" Marxists (basically, ones with anarchist sympathies that take most of their history from opposition to other Communists, including Trotsky, beginning with Luxemburg): they say e.g....
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
413 views

Identifying base/superstructure using Marxist theories in Coriolanus?

How does the base/superstructure and ideology or hegemony work in the play Coriolanus by Shakespeare? I mean what is the base and the superstructure? I know that the superstructure is basically the ...
Joel's user avatar
  • 55
3 votes
1 answer
227 views

Does Marx make a metaphysical/ontological argument for Materialism anywhere?

As I understand it currently, I read Marx as more of a historian, economist and sociologist and I am finding it hard to locate any metaphysical argument against Hegel's 'idealism'. All I know is this ...
Rajan Aggarwal's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
116 views

Might Marx's argument in Das Kapital be less about justice and exploitation than it is about disenfranchisment?

Might Marx's argument in Das Kapital be less about justice and exploitation than it is about disenfranchisment? I specifically mean his analysis of work, the falling rate of profit, and movement of '...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
147 views

Marx's Alienated Labor in Relation to Man

Recently I have been reading Marx's manuscripts of philosophy and communist ideals. He explains alienated labor in a capitalist society as being degrading to the laborer and thereby rendering the ...
Longmire's user avatar
  • 103
2 votes
4 answers
234 views

Historically, what comes after Capitalism according to Marxist thinking?

Here I understand Capitalism as the current mode of production where social production is based fundamentally in the exchange of commodities. From the history of society we can understand one simple ...
GONZALO ROCHA DE LA CRUZ's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
609 views

Marxism - primary contradiction of capitalism

After writing a long post, i decided to keep only the summary : I understand that in the marxist framework a mode of production is constituted by : the relations of production the productive forces ...
joseph M'Bimbi-Bene's user avatar
2 votes
6 answers
302 views

If history was not the history of class struggle, before Marx, was Marx wrong?

The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles. Can this be the case only after The Communist Manifesto? Could - in principle - Marx have changed "history" - ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
393 views

Would Marx have seen Socialism as a stage in a historical process towards Communism?

I have the impression from my (limited, autodidactic) reading of Marx that he was antagonistic towards various forms of Socialism, criticizing Socialists for being (among other things) piecemeal ...
Kev Sepia's user avatar