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Questions tagged [marxism]

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Are Marx's crises of capitalism essentially crises for the working class?

Are Marx's crises of capitalism essentially crises for the working class? It is well known that Marx predicted increased immiseration of the working class relative to the bourgeoisie, and that crises,...
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What is the strongest link made in the philosophical literature between privacy and civil liberties?

What is the strongest link made in the philosophical literature between privacy and civil liberties? In particular, an analysis which eschews 'democracy', or separates out democracy from 'civil ...
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1 answer
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What does Marx mean by "the real will of the cooperative"?

This is an extract from A Darwinian Left by Peter Singer: Marx: Under collective property, the so-called will of the people disappears in order to make way for the real will of the cooperative. ...
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Would a "Classless society" be better than the present society? [closed]

In today's era many countries have 'Marxist' political parties, and their purpose is a "classless society". Can a classless society be possible, can it run successfully run?
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1 answer
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What does Machiavelli say about friends of my enemies?

What does Machiavelli say about friends of my enemies? I read the Prince, and some continental stuff relating it to Marxism, such as Specters of Marx. The former mostly seemed like practical, in some ...
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2 votes
4 answers
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Marxism - primary contradiction of capitalism

After writing a long post, i decided to keep only the summary : I understand that in the marxist framework a mode of production is constituted by : the relations of production the productive forces ...
joseph M'Bimbi-Bene's user avatar
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1 answer
866 views

What does Marx mean in the quote from the bible?

The social revolution of the nineteenth century cannot take its poetry from the past but only from the future. It cannot begin with itself before it has stripped away all superstition about the ...
confused's user avatar
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1 answer
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How does commodity fetishism appear to individuals?

It is nothing but the definite social relation between men themselves which assumes here, for them, the fantastic form of a relation between things Das Kapital. I remember that fetishism ...
confused's user avatar
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3 answers
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Marx and teleology : what has happened, what will happen, or what could happen?

In Marxism the idea of history being a process with determinable characteristics is raised. History here being the relations of economic life and social reproduction, and the cultures they give rise ...
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23 votes
9 answers
11k views

How are workers exploited when they have a choice in working for a boss?

Under Marxist theory, workers are being exploited for their labor and not receiving the full value of their labor. Workers however have a choice in who they work for and how much they earn so how can ...
Brad's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
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Are there philosophers working with the idea of language being ideological?

Are there philosophers working with the idea of language being ideological? If so, who, what specifically are their research interests, and what studies into it are available? By 'ideology' I suppose ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Did 20th-century Marxists acknowledge that the "social science" predictions of Marxism were wrong?

In this video, starting at 5:36, Stephen Hicks claims that there are three central "social science" Marxist predictions, which I would sum up as follows: Over time, in any capitalist society, The ...
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30 votes
4 answers
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Does the no true Scotsman fallacy apply to anti Stalinist etc. communism?

The internet is awash with claims that anyone arguing that Stalinist Russia / Maoism wasn't communist is committing the no true Scotsman / ad hoc rescue fallacy. However, I suspect that few of its ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
183 views

Is Marxism akin to science fiction or soothsaying prophecy? [closed]

Reading a bit about Marxism (from second hand sources) and it is saying in any society A will happen then B will happen and so on. So was Marx a futurist much like Asimov. Asimov wrote a lot about ...
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2 answers
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Is the folliowing tu quoque a reasonable argument?

Is the following tu quo que a reasonable argument? Don't be a communist, you saw what happened in Russia Reply: And the slave trade was run by capitalists. I'm not even sure if the reply is true, ...
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3 answers
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Was early Christianity the Communism of its day? [closed]

I have been watching a lot of documentaries on Vietnam, Russia and Marxism, and Religion debates here and there. I've come to a conclusion but I am not sure if it is true. It seems to me that ...
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Who Are the Most Prominent Modern Socialist Thinkers?

Who Are The Ten Most Prominent Modern Socialist Thinkers? (Big Tent: Social Democrats, Socialists, Communists, etc. are all acceptable).
Nathan William Fryzek's user avatar
4 votes
6 answers
1k views

How can land and natural resources become “private property”?

I’ve been trying to understand how an anarchic society would be initiated, but the two main ideas- anarcho-communism and anarcho-capitalism- not only contradict each other, but seem to be riddled with ...
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Why is Slavoj Zizek considered a Marxist?

Not that I have read any of his books but I've watched the documentary and several of his magazine articles and he totally seems like a centrist. On some subjects (like Islam/immigration) maybe even ...
amphibient's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Do we need principles about every ethical decision / dilemma we have?

Do we need principles about every ethical decision / dilemma we have? I'm interested in an answer from any of the major ethical standpoint. And even ones inclusive to Marxism, either Marx's wish to ...
mathe's user avatar
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13 votes
7 answers
702 views

Is there a philosophical basis for the conflation of the cultural left and the economic/fiscal left?

In the U.S and most of the West, the cultural left (used loosely to include movements like feminism, secularism, being pro-diversity and pro minority-rights, the LGBTQ movement, being pro-immigration, ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
5 votes
6 answers
1k views

Would an universal basic income eliminate exploitation (a la Marx) in capitalism?

Marx's argument in the theory of exploitation is that capitalists do not need to sell their labour power in the market in order to live, whereas workers need to do so. As such, workers are not really "...
luchonacho's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
664 views

Adorno and identity politics

People on the political right like to throw around the phrase "cultural Marxism" as a label for identity politics, feminism, intersectionality etc. Evidently its a reference to the Frankfurt school, ...
Tim kinsella's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
491 views

Was Communism meant to be a telos, for Marx, or for Lenin etc.?

Was Communism meant to be a telos, for Marx, or for Lenin etc.? By that, I mean to ask whether Communism is already contained in anything that creates Communism? My apologies if my jargon is off, I ...
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1 answer
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Can the capitalist class realise they are alienated?

I was taught that even the most self interested bourgeois is alienated, I think due to having to continually invest capital in competition with other capitalists. As so called state capitalism seems ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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Do Deleuze and Baudrillard really advocate extracting capitalism's "subversive energy"?

I'm reading Forget Foucault by Baudrillard, or starting to, anyway. Still in Sylvere Lotringer's introduction. He claims that, after the failure of the '68 revolution in France, thinkers like Deleuze ...
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Do any Marxists write about Ulysses' "nightmare of history"

History is a nightmare from which I am trying to awake Usually, it seems, associated with the artistic career of Joyce. But yes, it does sound like rich pickings for an aestheticising Marxist. Do ...
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1 vote
3 answers
151 views

Could a Marxist claim that interpreting the world is all that a Marxist vanguard can do (but that the working class can still change it)? [closed]

Could a Marxist claim that interpreting the world is all that a Marxist vanguard can do, but that the working class can still change it? Marx, quite famously, said that philosophers have only ...
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2 votes
2 answers
2k views

What did Karl Marx mean by "revolutionary combination due to association"?

In "The Communist Manifesto", it is said that: "The advance of industry, whose involuntary promoter is the bourgeoisie, replaces the isolation of the laborers, due to competition, by the ...
mil's user avatar
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2 answers
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Could Zen have a chance to "transform" ( aka outbreak ) the Western logos oriented thoughts?

This Saturday I will have a chance to meet someone whose father is a Zen Buddhist. Personal things aside, along with learning Zen, I have found out the similarity that Zen, one of whose main methods, ...
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3 votes
4 answers
3k views

What is the value of the individual in Marx's writing?

Very obviously, Marx put emphasis on changes to, and the value of, society. But in his writing is he doing away with the value of the individual? Or does it simply go without saying, that individuals ...
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1 answer
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What is Benjamin saying in thesis VI in On the Concept of History?

What is Benjamin saying in thesis VI in On the Concept of History? I quote it in full from here, having annotated the key points I'm struggling with in bold To articulate what is past does not ...
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2 votes
1 answer
282 views

Can the communist revolution be blamed for the violence of the USSR? [closed]

Can the communist revolution be blamed for the violence of the USSR? Obviously communists claim that there was a "counter-revolution", so for the sake of the question, let's assume that Communism is ...
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6 votes
1 answer
451 views

What's the difference between the "hermeneutics of suspicion" and conspiracy theory?

The term "conspiracy theory" was invented by Karl Popper as a way to describe Marxist theories of history as a collusion of the bourgeoise class against the working class. So, as far as I can tell, ...
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Is Althusser's Marxism a degenerating research program?

His essay "Marxism and Humanism" is a strong statement of anti-humanism in Marxist theory, condemning ideas like "human potential" and "species-being", which are often put forth by Marxists, as ...
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1 answer
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Is every mistake or reactionary form of Marxism "substitutionalist"?

Substitutionism is a term in Marxist theory which refers to the relationship between the revolutionary party and the working class, where the former's activity substitutes the latter's. It is seen ...
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0 votes
2 answers
98 views

Are there forms of capital which are not overtly economic?

Are there forms of capital which are not overtly economic, e.g. political capital? Especially, in what ways is capialism reproduced besides the investment of money into means of production, to extract ...
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2 votes
1 answer
190 views

How do Marxists explain the failures of the working movement?

How do Marxists explain the failures of the working movement? I don't so much mean the counter revolution in Russia, but the lack of an international working class movement, especially one which ...
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5 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why is Marxism (not) historicist?

I have been reading bits and pieces on historicism, mostly from Wikipedia and other online publications. In my understanding, it is an ideological evaluation model which emphasizes the context in ...
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If history repeats as farce, then how can Nietzsche's madman prove the truth?

I keep wondering what "farce" really amounts to, in class terms, for Marx, rather than individual. On this question, there was the following comment But, if we look at more class based movements, ...
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1 vote
3 answers
252 views

Is large scale strike action an essential element of Marxism?

Is large scale strike action an essential element of Marxism? I'm asking because something significant and unforeseen has to occur, I think, to make that at all possible.
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8 votes
3 answers
5k views

Who are the most prominent post-Marx thinkers within Marxism?

I'm becoming more interested in Marxism, and the ensuing economies that attempted to use Marxist thought. What I wonder is, which post-Marx, modern thinkers have most successfully built on Marxist ...
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What's a good translation for "De" in Dao De Jing?

The Dao De Jing is a classic about how Nature operates (or doesn't operate) to achieve its ever-evolving marvels. Jing here means a classic book. Dao is the Way, the "first cause": to me a fancy name ...
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6 votes
2 answers
513 views

Guy Debord - society of spectacle - thesis 3

I'm reading the book by Guy Debord, "society of spectacle". I think it's quite known, but it's difficult to read! In thesis number 3, he talks about a so called process of "unification". Can someone ...
joseph M'Bimbi-Bene's user avatar
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1 answer
159 views

Is Nietzsche's thought primarily a solution on how to classify people?

I was just now doing some super light reading on Nietzsche's aristocraticism. Seems to me that a lot of human history, both intellectual and social, is an attempt to create a stronger class system. ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What other defects did Marx think there was to hitherto existing materialism?

The chief defect of all hitherto existing materialism – that of Feuerbach included – is that the thing, reality, sensuousness, is conceived only in the form of the object. Does Marx allege any other ...
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4 votes
5 answers
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What did Marx mean by "revolutionary terror"?

there is only one way in which the murderous death agonies of the old society and the bloody birth throes of the new society can be shortened, simplified and concentrated, and that way is ...
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1 vote
3 answers
2k views

Was Marx an existentialist?

Obviously someone like Marcuse is often lumped under both 'Marxism' and 'existentialism'. What about Marx? I ask myself a lot how there can be any meaning to life when death is inevitable and ...
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7 votes
6 answers
3k views

Given Marx's original theory of alienation, why is he interpreted as being anti-individualist?

In a video discussion (starting at 0:59:48), Massimo Pigliucci says that he doesn't like Marx's theory of society because it reduces humans to social insects, devoid of individualism. Similarly, ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
7 votes
12 answers
5k views

What would Marx say about liberal identity politics?

As far as I know the main post-Marxist criticism of identity politics is that it is divisive, and so prevents the association of the proletariat. This seems to me to not take liberalism seriously ...
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