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Questions tagged [marxism]

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Was Marx an antisemite?

Marx wrote about Jews quite a bit, despite having Jewish blood or ancestors. Was Marx an antisemite?
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2 votes
1 answer
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What would Marx and his dialectic claim happens when both classes have been ruined?

Marx famously, in his communist manifesto, said Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master(3) and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant ...
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Marx's Alienated Labor in Relation to Man

Recently I have been reading Marx's manuscripts of philosophy and communist ideals. He explains alienated labor in a capitalist society as being degrading to the laborer and thereby rendering the ...
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If religion is the opium of the masses, are the masses self-medicating or is someone drugging them?

I've always assumed that when Marx said "Religion is the opium of the masses", he meant that religion is a tool used by the ruling classes of the time to dominate the lower classes. But when ...
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7 answers
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Can cruelty and suffering be justified if it might lead to social transformation?

Slavoj Žižek is generally viewed as controversial. But in watching a recent video made by him, he had a good point about us lengthening the pain of others. For example, he argues that "good" slave ...
Matt's user avatar
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Did Marx ever consider that some work alienation is inevitable for the greater good of society?

Not everyone can be a cutting edge researcher or a successful singer/song writer. Some people are bound to be stuck in jobs they don't like, and which don't allow for any form of self-fulfillment. ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

What would Marx say about Lenin?

I know enough "good" Marxists (basically, ones with anarchist sympathies that take most of their history from opposition to other Communists, including Trotsky, beginning with Luxemburg): they say e.g....
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How can "Diesseitigkeit" be understood in Marx' Theses on Feuerbach?

Man must prove the truth, i.e., the reality and power, the this-sidedness [Diesseitigkeit] of his thinking, in practice Thesis two of Marx's very short Theses on Feuerbach. I'm no scholar: does ...
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Intentionality and emergentism in Marxist theories?

This question came to mind when reading about Adorno and Horkheimer's Culture Industry, but it might apply to any Marxist theory where the bourgeoisie/capitalist class performs some action to defend ...
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8 votes
5 answers
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Why did Karl Popper criticize Karl Marx's ideas?

Karl Popper believed that Karl Marx's ideas lead to dictatorship. Why did Karl Popper believe in this idea?
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Does Marx view the establishment of a Communsit society as an intellectual evolution?

In reading the Marx-Engels Reader, I have come to the general understanding that Marx views capitalism as a necessary precondition for the establishment of communism. Moreover, it seems that Marx ...
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Has Marxism been refuted as philosophy?

"For understandable, if philosophically frivolous, reasons the collapse of the Soviet Union has been taken - especially in the media - as signaling the defeat of Marxism qua philosophy", so writes ...
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Is the "Continental Philosophy" dependent on Marxism?

I saw this: Why is Ayn Rand's Objectivism philosophy dismissed by academics? "However, her well-documented ideological struggle against Marxism undermines her own argument again here; the Marxist ...
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Was the Communist Manifesto actually representative of Marx's ideology?

The Communist Manifesto (TCM, from here on) has become the most well-known work by Karl Marx - even more so than Kapital. However, I'm wondering if it is it correct to call the points laid out by the ...
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What would the situationists think of this rule?

Do what one will to maximize ones own sense of overcoming mundane life. I understand their ideas about the situation were meant to prod people out of their mundane lives. The situation being, IIRC, ...
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The culture industry and division of labour

The division of labour is the specialisation of cooperating individuals who perform specific tasks and roles. It is thought of as perhaps supremely alienating by Marxists, though I never found out ...
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What is an example of human labour being the exclusive source of surplus value

Marx's labour theory seems to define surplus value as being produced exclusively from human labour. One discussion of this concept stated: Machinery, and tools of production do not create surplus ...
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Was Marx a defender of capitalism?

I have studied Marx in a lot of subjects in the school, such as History, Sociology, Economy and Political Sciences. The bad side of this is that each professor told me different things about Marx. ...
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What is the relationship between the rhizome and the body without organs?

I am in the middle of A Thousand Plateaus and considering the relationship between rhizome and body without organs. One thought I had is that they both take part in the constitution of relationships ...
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What is the difference between 'hegemony' and 'interpellation' in Marxism?

I thought that hegemony explains how one class exerts influence over another, and interpellation explains how one class allows the other class to exert influence over them. But then the two seem so ...
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1 answer
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Identifying base/superstructure using Marxist theories in Coriolanus?

How does the base/superstructure and ideology or hegemony work in the play Coriolanus by Shakespeare? I mean what is the base and the superstructure? I know that the superstructure is basically the ...
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Whats the difference between fixed and constant capital?

Rosa Luxembourg in The Accumulation of Capital describes & investigates the constant and fixed capital of Marx & Smith respectively. With Marx, she says Constant capital is the value ...
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1 answer
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How to contextualise reading Friere's Pedagogy of the Oppressed?

I've been asked to read Pedagogy of the Oppressed by Paulo Friere; I know very little about the subject of critical pedagogy. Which other texts should be read alongside it? Someone has suggested Fanon'...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
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Which Analytic philosophers have a positive engagement with Marxism?

I generally associate Marxist thought to be generally associated with the Continental tradition, however one supposes there are philosophers in the Analytic tradition that have critically evaluated ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
306 views

How is Maoism differentiated from classical Marxism Ideology?

Is this because China hads then a predominantly rural economy so the standar suppositions about the proletariat (and lumpen-proletariat) didn't hold? If this is right how did Mao modify the theory?
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
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What are the limitations of Hegels Dialectic that Schelling identified?

According to this question: Marx did not need to invert historical idealism because Schelling had already shown the limitations of the dialectic process Hegels dialectic, roughly, is manifested in ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
181 views

Could there be revolutions in socialist countries?

Marxism states that communism is the ultimate social form. A revolution, in my present understanding, is that one class overruns another, something like changing from a feudal to capitalist society, ...
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3 answers
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Existentialism and the absensce of free will

One of the most famous doctrines of existentialism formulated by Jean Paul Sartre is that we are absolutely free. Man is condemned to be free; because once thrown into the world, he is responsible ...
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