Skip to main content

Questions tagged [materialism]

Materialism is a form of philosophical monism which holds the fundamental basis of reality is matter and all mental states are caused by states of this material world.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
3 votes
1 answer
143 views

Illusionism in the philosophy of mind

Illusionism is a branch of materialism which argues that phenomenal properties of consciousness aren't ontologically subjective. Illusion is that we tend to think it is, hence the name. Ontologically, ...
Dario Mirić's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
113 views

Ethics of the unborn/non-sentient - Conflicting ideas

I hold two positions that I find to be conflicting with each other, and I wanted to see where I am going wrong. The first position is that moral weight is predicated on sentience, something lacking ...
Aph002's user avatar
  • 141
11 votes
12 answers
4k views

Is materialism essential to scientific progress?

A common argument against any hint of non materialism in science, be it idealism, supernaturalism, substance dualism, etc. is that complete materialism is essential for making scientific progress. I ...
yters's user avatar
  • 1,877
-7 votes
1 answer
141 views

Is atheism religion with all attributes? [closed]

To people who are believers, that science proved that God doesn’t exists, I want to remind that science tell that consciousness doesn’t exist too, however obviously consciousness exists. I guess ...
Dmytro Brazhnyk's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
325 views

Why we haven’t observed any galactic civilization of III or IV type? [closed]

This question is scoped to natural philosophy. The study of natural philosophy seeks to explore the cosmos by any means necessary to understand the universe https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/...
Dmytro Brazhnyk's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
60 views

Is having infinite amount of a quantity same as having none of it? [closed]

Ithink that if you have an infinite amount of material, you actually have none of it. I interpret this as you having imaginary material. Am I correct in making this assessment?
megamonster68's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
50 views

Interpreting this paragraph from Schopenhauer

I've read some posts here citing this very interesting paragraph (extract pasted below) from Schopenhauer, a refutation of materialism as ultimate explanation of reality: Of all systems of philosophy ...
Mah Neh's user avatar
  • 123
2 votes
3 answers
217 views

Is consciousness fundamental to the universe?

In January 2023, Entropy published a paper entitled "Fusions of Consciousness" by Hoffman, Prakash and Prentner. They propose that consciousness is fundamental to the universe, rather than ...
Meanach's user avatar
  • 2,385
9 votes
22 answers
3k views

Who am I? Mind, body, mind and body or something else?

The mind with it's thoughts, emotions, memories, perceptions, and various mental processes. Including the conscious and unconscious aspects of mental activity, shaping one's identity and influencing ...
user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
82 views

How in a purely physical universe would a perfect recreation of a human not necessarily imply a "transfer" of its conciousness? [closed]

I've been kicking around this idea for a while and I have attempted to propose it in different forums yet the idea is treated as illogical but I cannot find/understand why it would be so impossible. ...
Decod621's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
135 views

Are the interests of every bourgeois person (not just the class in general) against the working class?

Are the interests of every bourgeois person (not just the class in general) always against those of the working class? I'm just intrigued whether a socialist bourgeois is necessary acting against ...
user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
274 views

Is liberal economics theory materialist?

I know only about a few liberal economists who directly adhered to philosophical materialism, while not all were vocal about it (Locke, Adam Smith, Voltaire, David Friedman*). I am not completely sure ...
Starckman's user avatar
  • 1,520
1 vote
0 answers
134 views

Does utilitarianism imply materialism?

Does utilitarianism imply materialism? Utilitarianism has for one component epicurianism, which is a materialist philosophy, and also consequentialism which cares about real life consequences of ...
Starckman's user avatar
  • 1,520
0 votes
1 answer
72 views

How shall I understand these two "oppositions": pragmatism against idealism, positivism against irrationalism?

https://www.britannica.com/topic/Western-philosophy/The-19th-century says As for the 19th century, however, if one single feature of its thought could be singled out for emphasis, it might be called ...
Tim's user avatar
  • 487
3 votes
1 answer
196 views

How exactly does representational theory of mind help resolve the materialist problem of a qualia without physical origin?

I was reading this stanford entry and I can't understand how representationalism helps overcome the problem of a sensory quality without external origin that otherwise undermines belief in materialism....
infatuated's user avatar
  • 1,675
4 votes
3 answers
913 views

How did Nietzsche prove his will to power?

Was Nietzsche right about the will to power? Specifically, did he (or any of his interpreters) prove (let's take Kant's system as a cut off for 'proof') that the will to power, either individually or ...
user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
323 views

Materialism can cover idealism but idealism cannot cover materialism?

It seems to me that materialism can cover idealism, but not the contrary. A materialist can recognize that reality is in part made of ideas, simply by saying that ideas are made of a bunch of ...
Starckman's user avatar
  • 1,520
2 votes
5 answers
623 views

Am I a materialist?

I believe that there is nothing even close to non-trivial certainty in philosophy, at least outside of ethics and psychology. For this reason, I believe in monism at about 60%. Furthermore, I believe ...
user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
323 views

Seeking Help on Cartesian Dualism and the Mind-Body Relationship

I'm currently studying philosophy and I'm struggling with the concept of Cartesian dualism, particularly in relation to other theories about the mind-body relationship. I'm wondering if anyone here ...
cricket900's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
57 views

Is there a privileged link between materialism and natural sciences? [closed]

Is there a privileged link between materialism and natural sciences (e.g., biology, chemistry, and physics), which study the physical world? (1) Extreme supposition: is it contradictory to do natural ...
Starckman's user avatar
  • 1,520
0 votes
0 answers
215 views

Arguments against idealism / arguments against materialism

Are there any counter-argument to these arguments against idealism on the one hand, materialism in the other? (1) Argument against idealism. What is the relationship between idealists and their bodies?...
Starckman's user avatar
  • 1,520
1 vote
2 answers
134 views

How to make the notion of materialism testable/falsifiable?

The whole idea behind the scientific method is that reality is material in nature, is there any way that we could test this notion? All attempts by the scientific method to prove or substantiate the ...
user avatar
5 votes
5 answers
378 views

Can empiricists and materialists accept metaphysical modality?

There are some propositions such as 1+1=2 that seem to be true in all possible worlds. That is, there is no possible world in which 1+1=2 is not true. Propositions like this that seem to be true in ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
9 votes
7 answers
3k views

Scientific stance on 'life from non-life, naturally'?

As far as I'm aware, almost everyone (from Dawkins to Lennox to Hovind) agrees that at some point in the past there was no life in our universe, and currently there is. Therefore life somehow arose ...
MarnixKlooster ReinstateMonica's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
72 views

Is Egoism of Max Stirner idealization of Free consciousness?

In more simple language when Stirner talks about having no fix ideas or not treating ideas as sacred somehow makes it (Egoism of Stirner) having a fix idea itself ? Is creative nothing an idea or ...
Schnoz's user avatar
  • 57
1 vote
3 answers
147 views

What are the justifications for holding concretes to be more important than abstractions?

What are the justifications for holding concretes to be more real or more important than abstractions like ideas and thoughts?
MIKEY SINGH's user avatar
-2 votes
3 answers
133 views

Does consent exist? [closed]

If we are our bodies and nothing else?
ActualCry's user avatar
  • 1,989
1 vote
1 answer
99 views

Can a Materialist who belives 'You = Your Body' still follow Memory Theory?

From what I have been reading, materialists generally believe that, when it comes to personal identity, that You = Your Body. Would it be contradicting for a materialist to agree with the tenets of ...
maximalism's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
46 views

Anthropocentrism, aboriginal stuff and materialism

"Thinking like a mountain : toward a council of all beings" book is an introduction to deep ecology by Joanna Macy, John Seed, Pat Flemming and Arne Naess. "Beyond anthropocentrism"...
JLuc's user avatar
  • 101
0 votes
1 answer
132 views

Mechanistic fallibility

I've often seen fallibilism discussed with reference to the Münchhausen trilemma and the problem of scientific induction. There is a simpler and more encompassing model of fallibilism that I might ...
causative's user avatar
  • 13.5k
2 votes
3 answers
377 views

Name for a form of naturalism that allows for abstract objects

Some of the more pressing arguments against materialism involve their inability to account for abstract objects such as meaning or reference. A few definitions before I continue: Abstract object: an ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
245 views

How can materialists make claims?

I dont have all the modern philosophical terms down, but I cannot see how materialists/physicalists can make any claims. If there is nothing but physical universe, then there is no “truth”. Actually ...
Al Brown's user avatar
  • 486
0 votes
1 answer
606 views

Understanding Marx's "Theses on Feuerbach" and "Materialism"

Materialism, in the common parlance, is about our material circumstances and our material interests. It's cast against an idealism that thinks the world is simply ideas, shaped by thought- but isn't ...
middle-boss-philosophy's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
73 views

Is there a materialist explanation for the type-token distinction?

Is there a materialist theory in philosophy that goes beyond giving a dictionary definition of the type/token distinction and attempts to explain what types and tokens really are in material terms, e....
ali's user avatar
  • 257
0 votes
2 answers
188 views

How does a determinist explain darwin and chess? [closed]

I think the consensus among most materialists is that "living beings" have a common ancestor. I say "living beings" in quotes because I don't even know what it means that something ...
Voxywave's user avatar
  • 109
7 votes
12 answers
4k views

If all we see is the sensible world, what are the proofs to affirm that matter exists?

I am new to philosophy and I have been looking for a way to find answers to my disturbing doubt for a long time, I was reading Berkeley but I did not find a convincing refutation, especially because ...
Voxywave's user avatar
  • 109
8 votes
8 answers
3k views

Why is the statement about "Freewill is an illusion" considered profound? [closed]

So my understanding of the "freewill is an illusion" argument is if I know everything about a system since the laws of physics are deterministic the final solution is unique. Anyone who ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
3 votes
8 answers
515 views

How do we explain the brain's ability of thinking about non-materialistic concepts? [closed]

Question edited to avoid distraction If a physical event from a materialistic point of view cannot be good or evil, and the brain is just made of matter, does this mean the concept of good/evil came/...
Mocas's user avatar
  • 157
0 votes
0 answers
134 views

Can Thomas Nagel be considered an epiphenomenalist?

Regarding the mind-body-problem, Thomas Nagel argues against both materialism and ontological dualism, presenting a view which revolves around subjective phenomena (individualism). Could these ...
Luatic's user avatar
  • 101
3 votes
1 answer
224 views

Does Marx make a metaphysical/ontological argument for Materialism anywhere?

As I understand it currently, I read Marx as more of a historian, economist and sociologist and I am finding it hard to locate any metaphysical argument against Hegel's 'idealism'. All I know is this ...
Rajan Aggarwal's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
259 views

Struggling with understanding Platonic idealism and idealism in general

I probably incorrectly understand some basic things, so I'll show my layman thinking process for easier identification of where lies the problem. Let's start with basic dichotomy - materialism vs. ...
ᾯᾯᾯ's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
843 views

What do philosophers mean when they say qualia do not exist?

In university, my professor said that his position is that there are no qualia. He acknowledged that non-philosophers can find this position bizarre, but did not explain the rationale behind why he ...
Shannon T's user avatar
  • 159
0 votes
1 answer
104 views

Translation of Lenin's "Materialism and Empirio-Criticism"

What is the best translation of Lenin's Materialism and Empirio-criticism (Материализм и эмпириокритицизм) into English (or perhaps other wide-spread languages)? I would like to have the closest there ...
lfba's user avatar
  • 169
0 votes
0 answers
62 views

This is a question of ethics

Few thousand years ago two Indian schools carvakas and Ajivikas challenged Karma doctrine , as there was no good or bad deeds and no reward or punishment , Is there any Western thought similar to this ...
Pallab Behari Chaklanabis's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
541 views

Why is “The Name of the Rose” by Umberto Eco often regarded as postmodern?

Why is “The Name of the Rose” by Umberto Eco often regarded as postmodern? The only somewhat plausible explanation (yet I’m still quite sure that it is not correct) I’ve managed to come up with is ...
Zhiltsoff Igor's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
770 views

How can complex material systems emerge in ways that allow them to transcend fundamental material structures?

One of the quandaries of reductionism from what I understand is how complex systems can emerge to overtake simple ones. This may sound convoluted, so bear with me as I try to explain. According to a ...
natojato's user avatar
  • 1,000
5 votes
3 answers
203 views

Productive Forces vs. Conditions of Bourgeois Property

In The Communist Manifesto, page 331 of the 2002/2014 Penguin Edition, Marx and Engels write; "The productive forces at the disposal of society no longer tend to further the development of the ...
october's user avatar
  • 111
5 votes
1 answer
2k views

Henry George vs. Karl Marx

I recently came across some of Marx's critique of Georgism, and was wondering where else the theories of these two thinkers conflict. Georgism to me certainly seems to have a slight materialist bent ...
october's user avatar
  • 111
1 vote
0 answers
119 views

Source of Godel's quote on materialism

In an interview, David Berlinski quoted Godel's view on materialism: It [materialism] succeeds to the extent that the materialists assign material objects all the properties that used to be ...
blackened's user avatar
  • 471
1 vote
5 answers
969 views

If each of our thoughts is entirely determined by the brain, can there be free will or a soul?

Supposing that every single thing that exists in our mind is due to the brain, and supposing that each and every decision we have is determined by our neurons, can there be free will? How? If ...
Giovanni Grassi's user avatar