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1 answer
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Where does Thomas say this?

Everyone quotes Thomas Aquinas as defining beauty as "id quod visum placet." No one gives a citation. Can any of you folks supply such citation?
John Harvey's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
147 views

According to Aristotle, do all substances have final causes?

I know that in order to know something, in some cases we don't necessarily need to know its final cause, because sometimes the efficient cause might be enough to give a full explanation. But I wonder ...
Frank Booth's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
246 views

Who first said: "Never deny, seldom affirm, always distinguish"?

In the context of medieval scholastic disputations, what is the origin of the axiom "Never deny, seldom affirm, always distinguish" ("Numquam negare, raro affirmare, semper distinguere&...
Geremia's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
122 views

When the soul is with the body, does the soul change the body, or does it make the body as perfect as possible?

I would be grateful if you could answer the question above. When the soul is with the body, does the soul change the body or does it make the body perfect [or should I say that as perfect as the body ...
Frank Booth's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
82 views

Can someone explain the terms "virtual cause" and "eminent cause"?

I would highly appreciate it if you could explain the two terms virtual and eminent. Please also refer me to a book or an article where this issue has been discussed, preferably extensively. This ...
Frank Booth's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
77 views

In what sense is the polis/city self-sufficient for St. Thomas Aquinas?

De Regno cap. 2 n. 14: Now since man must live in a group, because he is not sufficient unto himself to procure the necessities of life were he to remain solitary, it follows that a society will be ...
Guilherme de Souza's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
123 views

For St. Thomas Aquinas, is speaking what is true with the intent to deceive a immoral?

For Saint Thomas Aquinas, the essence of lying (lying is always immoral for him) has nothing to do with the intention to deceive (Summa Theologica II-II q. 110 a. 1 co.): Accordingly if these three ...
Guilherme de Souza's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
102 views

Why is natural law ethics based on what happens in most cases? (St. Thomas Aquinas)

Summa Theologica II-II q. 154 a. 2: Nor does it matter if a man having knowledge of a woman by fornication, make sufficient provision for the upbringing of the child: because a matter that comes ...
Guilherme de Souza's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
94 views

How can our country be our "principle of being"? (St. Thomas Aquinas)

Summa Theologica II-II q. 101 a. 1: In the second place, the principles of our being and government (nostri esse et gubernationis principium) are our parents and our country (patria), that have given ...
Guilherme de Souza's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
233 views

St. Thomas Aquinas on the purposes of punishment

"The punishments of the present life are not sought for their own sake, because this is not the time of final retribution; but they are sought insofar as they are medicinal, aiding either the ...
Guilherme de Souza's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
126 views

Why cannot man be his own judge (St. Thomas Aquinas)?

St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica II-II q. 64 a. 5 ad 2: One who exercises public authority may lawfully put to death an evil-doer, since he can pass judgment on him. But no man is judge of ...
Guilherme de Souza's user avatar
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0 answers
46 views

What is the bridge between Agrippa's and Descartes' mindsets? What to read to understand the radical change

After Reading a couple of works by Descartes (XVI century), I am now reading "Three Books of Occult Philosophy" by Cornelius Agrippa (around 1530). The difference in mindset and worldview is ...
Chegon's user avatar
  • 139
2 votes
1 answer
117 views

How much medieval philosophy do I need to know to understand modern philosophy?

I have read Plato's dialogues, Aristotles's "Nicomachean Ethics" and also Peter Adamson's two books about classical and hellenistic philosophies. Do I need to read primary texts of medieval ...
Joshua's user avatar
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0 answers
236 views

The Byzantine intellectual tradition....an underreported History?

There are of course volumes and volumes of questions on Ancient Greek Philosophy and Philosophers; this is to be expected since Ancient Greece was and is still largely viewed as the Fountainhead of ...
Alex's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
101 views

Where does Aquinas get his "logical-metaphysical presuppositions"?

In the Summa, Aquinas frequently invokes (for lack of a better term) certain "logical-metaphysical presuppositions." Here are two examples drawn from I-II, qq. 90-91: "that which is ...
Doubt's user avatar
  • 200
2 votes
0 answers
128 views

Did the medievals have a philosophy of childhood?

St. Augustine is last philosopher I know who treats childhood as interesting in the particular until Thomas Aquinas,* and after that it's basically straight on until Locke's theories of development ...
StudentQuestions's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
288 views

Duns Scotus : how can the " concept of being" be univocal without there being a nature common to God and to creatures?

Source : Paul Vincent Spade, Survey Of Medieval Philoosphy (https://pvspade.com/Logic/index.html) Dunst Scotus is said to hold the thesis of univocity of being: i.e. the thesis according to which the ...
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