Questions tagged [metaphilosophy]

Metaphilosophy is the philosophical study of philosophy itself — its goals, methods, scope, and relationship to other intellectual disciplines or human projects.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
36
votes
16answers
12k views

Why doesn't philosophy have higher standards for its arguments?

Mathematical systems are an excellent model for organizing and conducting thought: A conjecture is an unproven claim, while a theorem is a proven claim. A corollary is a claim that follows from ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

What is the distinction between mysticism and metaphysics?

Mysticism and Metaphysics seem to share immediate similarity: both amount to sort of speculations pertaining to capture universal truth that cannot be confirmed nor refuted by the senses. What is the ...
6
votes
5answers
396 views

What is the goal and toolset of philosophy?

I'm beginning to realize that I might have misconseptions about philosophy in general. Is it to question and contend indefinitely or is there a goal? I thought the goal was truth. While I'm at it, ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

Modern Sophists?

I was wondering if in professional philosophy there are modern sophists. That is, people who have no qualms publishing on both sides of an issue, perhaps not being able to themselves come to ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

What does « answering a question » mean? [migrated]

Since StackExchange is about asking and answering questions, I came up with this problem : what is the criterion of a valid answer ? I suppose it is a matter of the type of question you are asking, i....
1
vote
0answers
99 views

Modern and fundamental philosophical theories [closed]

Are there any theories and philosophical currents considered seminal and that have been produced in the last decades? I am not an expert in the field but my feeling is that after the nineteenth and ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

Is there a word for the type of rhetorical strategy where you distract from the point in order to seem authoritative?

Is there a word for distracting someone from the topic of the argument, and using the authority they have established in the mean time to (fallaciously) prove their original point? An example I ...
4
votes
1answer
133 views

Which problem is Russell focusing on while providing a solution, in his introduction to the Tractatus?

In the final part of his introduction to the Tractatus Logico-philosophicus, Russell provides a possible solution to the problem of the impossibility of self-reference of logic: There is one ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

What does it mean to have an “account” of something?

It seems like many of the papers I've read and the goal of many fields in Philosophy is to come up with an "account" for something. For example, one of the goals of Epistemology is to come up with an ...
4
votes
8answers
327 views

What am I missing in texts that say things that are so obvious as to seem pointless?

I'm currently taking a course in early modern philosophy. The focus is on psychology, morality, and aesthetics. I've taken philosophy courses in the past, but I'm having a lot of trouble with this one,...
0
votes
1answer
112 views

When does a study / way of life / idea become a philosophy?

Wikipedia : Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom" is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, ...
5
votes
0answers
116 views

What properties do “intuition” need in order to be counted as philosophical evidence?

Timothy Williamson (2008) has argued that we should not construe philosophical evidence as consisting of intuitions. Do intuitions generate philosophical evidence? And, if so, what sort of evidence ...
63
votes
12answers
15k views

Can you prove anything in philosophy?

I don't understand philosophy very well, and so I am wondering whether you can "prove" anything in philosophy. It always seems you can go a layer down, and find another question, almost endlessly ...
3
votes
4answers
167 views

What's the role of certainty in discussions about philosophical positions?

Karl Popper was one of the twentieth century’s preeminent philosophers of science. He was an avowed realist who was dedicated to the correspondence theory of truth. In his seventh decade of life, ...
7
votes
4answers
315 views

Is philosophy about organizing our ignorance?

I am interested in B. Russell's quote: Science is what we know; philosophy is what we don't know. What is he saying here in terms of a definition of philosophy? In his sense, is that correct to ...
2
votes
4answers
281 views

Is metaphysics completely subjective?

A little bit of background: As some of you may have noticed, my main interest in philosophy is of metaphysics. I've studied philosophy in a very postmodern environment; but contra to the people ...
3
votes
2answers
145 views

Is everything that exists an actual entity?

My professor asked us to think about this question as we go through the unit but I am not sure what the question means. I would greatly appreciate could help me understand the question or give me a ...
0
votes
1answer
167 views

Of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, who is generally considered the better philosopher?

Of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, who is generally considered the better philosopher? My apologies if too up for debate for any philosopher to have ever answered, as I can only find the answers of ...
1
vote
7answers
526 views

Is arguing pro choice because “a woman has the right to control her body” invalid?

Is arguing pro choice because "a woman has the right to control her body" (very obviously) invalid? Says so here, that the argument already assumes that the conclusion of the whole debate, namely ...
4
votes
1answer
155 views

Can Philosophy explain itself?

This question is prompted by recent questions: A short, understandable definition of philosophy and Do you need to know what philosophy is to study it? Sciences are usually well defined, and the task ...
4
votes
2answers
104 views

Do you need to know what philosophy is to study it?

Do you need to know what philosophy is to study it? The question was prompted by one about literature, but I'll ask here. Poets tell me that you need to know what post-modernism and modernism are to ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

Collingwood, existence of God and its relation to natural science

I am reading Collingwood's essay in metaphysics and I have hard time in understanding his argument to the conclusion that Catholic Faith consists in (part) of absolute presuppositions of Greek thought ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

What is a philosophical question?

Are there criteria for what a philosophical question consists in? Clearly they are not factual nor mathematical - even though they can be influenced and often discuss facts, and on Plato's academy ...
5
votes
2answers
164 views

What is the order of questions?

I have heard the importance of "The order of questions" mentioned a few times by for example Bernard Stiegler in one of his seminars. I am working on a Phd, and it is being drummed into me framing the ...
3
votes
3answers
266 views

Are there criteria for good philosophy ? If so, what are they ?

My own criterion is maximal coherence. A philosophy which gives most answers that are mutually consistent. This is as far as I can get. I have made the attempt. Can anyone take my endeavour further -...
4
votes
4answers
246 views

Can / Should Philosophy be made more 'accessible'?

Metallica and Philosophy: A Crash Course in Brain Surgery edited by William Irwin "...metal up your ass!" - I kid you not, that's a quote from a purportedly serious philosophical work (ref. above)....
2
votes
6answers
634 views

Moral skepticism and “walking the talk”

It would seem that a substantial minority of philosophers agree with the moral anti-realist position that we have a problem going from "is" to "ought"--that there is no objective correlate of the ...
7
votes
6answers
1k views

What is the purpose of answers to metaphysical questions?

Generally speaking, metaphysics seems to deal with questions that cannot be verified empirically, which are thus beyond the understanding of science. Because of this I'm wondering whether the answers ...
1
vote
3answers
130 views

Is there really a “right” answer?

If Philosophy is a broad subject, and each and everyone of us have different beliefs, perspective, how do you guys actually deem an "answer" the right one in this site? Is it because what the "right" ...
2
votes
0answers
138 views

Does Psychology benefit Philosophy?

This question got me thinking: It is widely held that Philosophy precedes the Sciences, birthing them. and continue to inform them. It is also evident that there are times when science has informed ...
3
votes
2answers
126 views

How can I do my philosophy privately and independently? [closed]

I'm an Indian currently in class 12th which means after this year I shall be able to enter university. I'm 16 years old. I want to do philosophy without anyone and the main reason being alone is that ...
1
vote
2answers
185 views

Can you adequately discuss Philosophy, without _doing_ philosophy?

NOT the Meta question. But In order to convey a philosophical idea, a speaker must regularly interpret an original work. Not only that, but subsequent to the all to frequent 'discussion', he must ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Is Constant Growth of the former Hegelian Dewey not the new Hegelian Absolute?

John Dewey, the former Hegelian, having got rid of the Hegelian religion and fearing to adopt a different one said that the guarantee of not doing that wound be constant growth as the absolute value ...
2
votes
2answers
159 views

Can philosophy make predictions? [closed]

Philosophy, one may state, is a field where one makes descriptive statements about the world - whether it's in ethics, metaphysics, logic, or any other philosophical study. For example "the world is ...
6
votes
1answer
113 views

How are the assumptions underlying logic chosen?

Logic works based on certain assumptions about its rules. How are these axiomatic assumptions selected in the first place, given that a system of logic does not exist prior to the point of selection? ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Does Philosophy benefit from parsimony?

It is well established doctrine to apply Occam's razor to scientific theoretical development. The basis for which may range over the demonstrated practical success of the principle, to a vocational/...
1
vote
5answers
786 views

What does it take to answer a philosophical question?

I apologize in advance if my question should be discussed on Philosophy Meta, but when thinking about the question I couldn't decide whether it would be appropriate there. Thinking about the ...
7
votes
5answers
4k views

What are some examples of solved philosophical problems?

Are there any examples of philosophical problems that have been solved? How can we know a proposed solution to a philosophical problem is correct? Examples of "philosophical problems": If a tree ...
3
votes
0answers
50 views

Are there degrees of rationality/plausibility to assumptions?

There are many kinds of premises, in every possible field. I'll limit this question to metaphysics, although it can definitely be applied to each and every scientific/philosophical study. For example,...
5
votes
2answers
295 views

How would you describe the relationship of science and philosophy of science?

How would you describe the relationship of science and philosophy of science? Is it a worldview that sets a tone to scientific jargon? I mean that statements of eg. physics are under submission of the ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Contemporary philosophy of nature?

In the history of philosophy it's a well-known fact that philosophy of nature has separated from philosophy and moved to science as "natural science" in the late 19th century. My question is, are ...
1
vote
3answers
129 views

How do I know the philosophy I'm going to read is something new for me and not just a waste of time?

I know it may sound like I'm thinking of myself as I already know everything within philosophy, every problem and every response. When I was 15 reading it could be interesting. However now, most ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

Do all “meta” questions within philosophy reduce to descriptive and normative?

At first, under "meta" I, of course, mean such things as metaphilosophy, metaethics, and some other "metas" trying to answer the questions "What is X?", "What properties does X have?", etc. And this ...
1
vote
2answers
92 views

Did any philosophers in the middle ages and before tackle depression or suicide?

Extremely weird question, I know, But were any philosophers in the middle ages and before tackle topics such as depression and suicide? I mean we see them tackle happiness and living happily, but were ...
4
votes
4answers
234 views

What makes epistemology unscientific?

Epistemology is called a branch of philosophy and not science. There are several epistemic theories some of which actually were mainstream sometimes. But it appears that, for example, some of them ...
4
votes
5answers
175 views

Can myth be a part of philosophy?

There are many ancient myths regarding cosmology which have their descriptions of reality including those which are seemingly directly unobservable to us. For example, what is outside of our universe? ...
4
votes
2answers
229 views

Does doing comparative philosophy presuposse adopting cultural-relativism?

Assuming that there are several distinct philosophical traditions - say - Western, Chinese and Indian and that philosophers can actually compare the manner certain philosophical problems were handled ...
4
votes
3answers
281 views

What are the criteria by which we could determine whether some field is philosophy rather than wisdom?

There is a sub-field of philosophy called 'comparative philosophy' - it deals with philosophical themes by comparing how those themes were accounted for throughout history by Western and non-Western (...
2
votes
2answers
812 views

What's the difference between philosophy and academic philosophy? [closed]

What's the difference between Philosophy and academic philosophy, simple, yet so complex? Philosophy is the act of studying reality, knowledge etc. Yet in academic philosophy, you aren't studying ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Can physics be approached from a worldview that's not naturalistic?

This is both a theoretical and practical question. Physics (at least university-taught physics) is often based upon Newton's basic worldview, a naturalistic worldview that's said to be the ...