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Questions tagged [metaphilosophy]

Metaphilosophy is the philosophical study of philosophy itself — its goals, methods, scope, and relationship to other intellectual disciplines or human projects.

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Would graphing the SEP show that nontrivially-repeated-premise logic is in some sense "indispensable" to (meta)philosophy?

I get stuff about multiple-ending books, most notably the "Choose Your Own Adventure" brand, on my FB feed, and one time there was an article about a graph of such a book. Or there is a ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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7 answers
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The older, the smarter. Is the wisdom of time a scientifically proven fact or just human prejudices?

For example, physicists, engineers, computer scientists don't care much about ancient studies and don't mind throwing away older theories and research. Yet, in philosophy and religious studies, we ...
TheMatrix Equation-balance's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
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What is an argument (in philosophy)?

Closely related (sub)question: is there some way to tell a piece of (spoken, or writen, or...) text that is an argument from one that isn't? If 'yes', how? [Notice the question is not asking "...
ac15's user avatar
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Philosophy as antithesis to intuition

I have recently come across a video that explains intuition and some of its challenges. One of the last challenges that came up in the video was the idea that one of the goals of philosophy is to ...
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Are all the “needs and wants” of the universe already thought of?

Technology is always progressing and science appears to be bottomless. But is there a limit to the needs and wants of a living being? Our ancient ancestors weren’t that much different than us. I’m ...
Max's user avatar
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10 answers
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Is there an overarching purpose for philosophy?

I am new to the study of philosophy. I wonder if there is an overarching purpose or aim to philosophy? I have explored the idea that all the thematic areas of philosophy point to an aim of something ...
IanG's user avatar
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Is it actually a good thing that there is so little consensus and so much disagreement in the field of philosophy?

In fields like mathematics and physics and other so-called "hard sciences", there is not much room for disagreement. Usually, those who disagree with well-established physical theories like ...
user107952's user avatar
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Logic and its beginnings and why it is

When dealing with logic aren't we supposed to question logic, as though what caused it and why it is and therefore ask or beg the question, "Can our basic understanding of logic be logical?" ...
How why e's user avatar
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Can one look at philosophy under the light of fictionalism? What ideas follow from this thought process? [closed]

I understand that fictionalism can be attributed to a majority of disciplines, the ones I am familiar with are modal fictionalism, mathematical fictionalism and moral fictionalism, so I was thinking ...
How why e's user avatar
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What are some resources for writing professional philosophical research articles?

I am a philosophy graduate student. I have written several papers, but I've never been able to publish them, and they all got rejected. Therefore, I started to think that my skills were not good ...
user466441's user avatar
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19 answers
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If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement? Is it due primarily to operating with different premises absent consensus on their truth, so that dissenters ...
Just Some Old Man's user avatar
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Are philosophical theories and "-isms" even testable?

I recently asked how we can even know which philosophical interpretation of probability is correct, here: How can we even know which philosophical interpretation of probability is correct?. However, ...
user107952's user avatar
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How can we even know which philosophical interpretation of probability is correct?

There are quite a few philosophical interpretations of probability. But how can we know which one, if any, is the correct interpretation? How do we decide that? What method would we use to even decide ...
user107952's user avatar
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Does 'cogito ergo sum' actually establish the existence of an objective truth/reality?

Before I start describing my questions, I would like to draw some background on my understanding and knowledge of Descartes' ontological(metaphysical) views regarding the cogito and philosophy in ...
How why e's user avatar
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Is there an objective in science that only has one method to accomplish it? [closed]

I sometimes look at various scientific processes and there always seems that most of the objectives we humans look for; have more than one means to achieve it. Heating something, cooling something off,...
Max's user avatar
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1 answer
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Learning metaphysical truths by introspection

There might be many psychological benefits of meditation and other introspective habits. I'm looking for something different. What metaphysical facts can we discover by this process? How many of these ...
Razor's user avatar
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4 answers
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What is reason, and where does it come from?

It seems odd to me, to reflect that things in the world are the way they are, but not some other way. Maybe ‘reason’ tells us why things are a certain way. By structuring thinking, ‘reason’ lets us ...
Lawrence Lee's user avatar
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1 answer
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How does the German concept of "Lebenswelt" (= life-world) solve philosophical problems?

Which problems from philosophy or from the external world can be attacked successfully and solved by using the German concept Lebenswelt (= life-world)? I do not ask for the information which can be ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
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2 answers
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Is Hegel's system really without presuppositions?

It is stated that Hegel was looking to start his system of logic and philosophy in general with what has absolutely no assumptions, frameworks, or presupposed things whatsoever. Is this really ...
Gerald Robertson's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
169 views

How should one answer the question ‘What is X?’?

This is sort of a thought experiment. I am not sure I expect it to mature into a canonical question, but I hope to have a little discussion through it. Imagine someone asks “What is/are X?”, where X ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
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1 answer
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Are debates in metaphysics usually substantive?

In the SEP article on truth, the author remarks The contrast [of the coherence theory of truth] with the correspondence theory of truth is clear. Far from being a matter of whether the world provides ...
Hal's user avatar
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What problems are there to a fictionalist response to determinism?

The general strategy of the fictionalist is to weaken what we mean by “responsibility” so that in some weakened sense, “responsibility” can exist even though determinism is both true and incompatible ...
user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
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What is metaphilosophy? Who is qualified to practice it?

As I understand it, this is the philosophical study of philosophy itself. Who is qualified to practice this? Philosophers? If not, who else?
Meanach's user avatar
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How to see a subject within an object?

One can explore a thing (and its sense) only forcing it to suffer (i.e. to interact with a human's consciousness) and bounding it in ideal and material worlds: its will, freedom, ability to gnosis and ...
Denis D. Bavrin's user avatar
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1 answer
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How is Hegel's dialectic a logic?

There are several features of this account that Hegel thinks raise his dialectical method above the arbitrariness of Plato’s dialectics to the level of a genuine science. First, because the ...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
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What does (the justification of) metaphilosophical pluralism consist in?

Logical pluralism means some sort of openness to, or even going between, multiple theories/systems of logic. Like a fluid logical eclecticism, perhaps (I am not tracking the inclusivism/pluralism ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
79 views

What terminology distinguishes questions that define goals from those that accomplish them?

I will soon give a technical talk in which I want to stress the importance of asking the right questions. I propose to use a philosophical analogy; comparing the questions "How do I live a good ...
Philip Roe's user avatar
3 votes
5 answers
150 views

Does philosophy involve long inferential chains?

An inferential chain is a series of inferences where each depends on the previous in sequence. "From A we conclude B, from B we conclude C, and from C we conclude D." That would be a chain ...
causative's user avatar
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Is the principle of charity just confirmation bias?

The principle of charity seems absolutely integral to studying philosophy in any way at all. How does an overlap of charity and confirmation bias work out, either in the class room or in philosophical ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
76 views

Philosophy presupposes that language is understood in the same way by everyone [closed]

Philosophy presupposes that language is understood in the same way by everyone. If it is true, there would be thus a problem with the very essence of philosophy. What do you think ? Is it logic ?
Esmond's user avatar
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Philosophy presupposes the individuality of the Whole?

I thought of a flaw in the very essence of philosophy Philosophy presuppose that the individualisation of the Whole, which is created by language, corresponds with the Whole as it is, and that it is ...
Esmond's user avatar
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4 answers
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Why is it so hard to give a good definition of philosophy?

I have never seen an adequate definition of philosophy. It seems like a "family-resemblance" concept to me, to borrow Wittgenstein's famous phrase. It is easy to give definitions of, say, ...
user107952's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
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Which philosophers have defended both the claim that any attitude can ground meaning and moral error theory?

Which philosophers have defended both the claim that any attitude (a pro attitude to anything) can ground meaning and moral error theory? It may even be the the received view among the population in ...
user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
461 views

Can we conclude from Wittgenstein that all philosophy shows just as well that all philosophy is nonsense?

There's been a lot of skeptical questions recently, about knowledge, god, probability, other minds, all sorts of crazy stuff (I'm still waiting for "nothing is true") Can we conclude from ...
user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
187 views

Is religious authority justified?

Is religious authority justified? I mean religious broadly thought, as something that may be a mystic non-inferential claim (and I'm especially interesting in these). An inference is the process of ...
user avatar
0 votes
6 answers
164 views

Where does philosophy fear to tread?

This question isn't well researched. It's difficult to investigate those realms which have been neglected, as opposed to those rigorously attended. One of philosophy's great attractions is arguably ...
Futilitarian's user avatar
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12 votes
11 answers
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Is philosophy bad for you (if taken too literally)?

Hume seemed to prove that we are not justified in believing our inductions. Popper, who is very popular among scientists, thought that statements are only ever falsified. Moral error theorists say ...
user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
185 views

The purpose of philosophers is to believe in the thing that seems most reasonable to them?

I have been wondering about the role and goal of philosophy as a discipline and as a practice. Some people might say that philosophy is about finding the truth, or at least getting closer to it. But ...
Olandelie's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
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Does philosophy consist in defining the being of each thing?

I have been pondering the question of what philosophy is and what it aims to achieve. One idea that came to mind is that philosophy might consist in defining the being of each thing. In other words, ...
Olandelie's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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About the world as representation

In "The World as Will and Representation", how can Schopenhauer say that the world is a representation if he himself EXISTS in his representation of the world? Isn't there a contradiction in ...
Olandelie's user avatar
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7 votes
3 answers
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Are arguments that Reason is circular themselves circular and/or self refuting?

Are arguments that Reason is circular themselves circular and/or self refuting?. I am basically open to the idea of using Reason to show Reason doesn't work, but really only for specific cases - case ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
259 views

Is "Why do we live?" a philosophical question?

After posting a question akin to "Why do we live?" in the r/AskPhilosophy subreddit its moderators got it removed, providing as motivation "All questions must be about philosophy". ...
Andrea Nerla's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
39 views

Do philosophers talk about "philosophical judgment"

Does 'philosophical judgment' exist? I studied philosophy at undergrad, and I think I learnt how to judge an argument, not simply as sound or cogent, but "interesting", which arguments are ...
user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
129 views

Where is the line between semantics and ontology?

To be more specific, for a long time, it's seemed to me that a lot of open questions in philosophy, such as "What is consciousness?" or "What is truth?" come down, in large part, ...
Mikayla Eckel Cifrese's user avatar
14 votes
9 answers
4k views

Should I trust my own thoughts when studying philosophy?

I sometimes find myself disagreeing with Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy or other seasoned philosophers. However, I am scared to trust my own thoughts lest my ideas are erroneous. I do not know ...
tryingtobeastoic's user avatar
2 votes
5 answers
630 views

Am I a materialist?

I believe that there is nothing even close to non-trivial certainty in philosophy, at least outside of ethics and psychology. For this reason, I believe in monism at about 60%. Furthermore, I believe ...
user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
74 views

Why can't we have a tighter definition of what makes something necessary?

Why can’t we define 'necessary' tighter, by making it include empirical evidence of such a statement? Everything that is agreed to be necessarily can be empirically verified. For example, if we put ...
sket's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
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Why are our emotions considered a huge part of psychology but not philosophy?

Often times when some people seem to reason things about the world that are true moreso than others, the faulty reasoning is rooted in psychology. To think of one example: emotional reasoning. ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
189 views

Information surplus as a limit upon knowledge: do we 'know' too much to know enough?

I'm not quite sure how to begin looking for information about this question, which may have something to say about the question itself, but it essentially comes down to: Has the availability of ...
Futilitarian's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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Is philosophy any different from emotional reasoning? [closed]

Emotional reasoning is considered a flawed form of reasoning because you essentially believe in something because you feel it to be true. But isn’t this the case for any question in philosophy? For ...
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