Questions tagged [metaphysics]

Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the essence of things, of the fundamental nature of being and the world and the principles that organize the universe. Metaphysics is supposed to answer the question "What is the nature of reality?"

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Is energy a physical property of material objects?

I found this assumption in a paper by Bunge (https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1023/A:1008784424048.pdf&casa_token=sYeyzIV21CUAAAAA:Abv1VchxkgucQiwhhSYUFF17TfVBZ4dumlSbrBc-...
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What is the name of the view that the world as presented to us by our senses is false and there is a true world behind it?

Some historical examples include the Gnostics, Advaita Vedanta, Kant, Schopenhauer, and countless mystics. I was just wondering if there is a common name for these sorts of worldviews. Thank you!
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How to catch a person claiming supernatural visions, in a lie? [closed]

I recently watched a video on YouTube where there is a discussion about whether or not we should listen to angels. A woman on the show wrote a book about her visions, and had claims of being able to ...
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How do we know that Infinity exists? Or is it just a people made concept which should be impossible to explain rationally? [closed]

Wikipedia Sokrates Also descartes evil demon concept. Different videos absolute songs and music like ‚how can you miss someone you've never met?
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Why would it be rational to believe in Nihilism?

I am personally quite sure that there is no thing that gives meaning to our lives, there is no physical law that decides whether an action is good or bad and there is no purpose. Believing this seems ...
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Is there a reason to believe that our universe obeys internally consistent rules?

I'm coming at this from the POV of a physicist. Physics demonstrates that the universe does not feel any obligation to follow a humans naive idea of what makes sense. This idea of what "makes ...
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Essays concerning Heidegger’s discussion of signs and references in the worldhood of the world?

Does anyone have any good essays concerning Heidegger’s discussion of signs and references in the worldhood of the world? That whole section has left me scratching my head. Or some good secondary ...
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Does Kant advocate Eternalism (or something similar)?

Kant described time as only an intuition that allows us to comprehend the world. That means things-in-themselves are timeless, and do not come into being unlike the appearances of them. When humans ...
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Do philosophers in twentieth century tend to ignore the history of philosophy?

as I read the history of western philosophy up to early nineteenth century, I have a feeling that the philosophy is somehow "making progress" over this long period. Not that philosophers ...
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What is the philosophical position that a metaphysical debate is caused by different mental models?

I'm looking for authors, papers, and hopefully, the name of the philosophical position that I describe here. I've seen a couple of papers so I know that they exist, but I can't recall the authors or ...
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On the quantum mechanical nature of time flow

I am going to write below some ideas that I have been playing with lately. I am writing this question to ask for (1) your opinions and insights, specially comments on where my logic/intuition may be ...
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Fundamental properties

Here is a train of thought I’ve put together inquiring into the nature of properties, with some questions at the end. Comments and recommendations for further reading are welcome. We usually only ...
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Knowing the laws of the universe but not its total state or ontology, what does philosophy have to say?

Since GR but also in special relativity and QM we can have laws, yet never access to the total physical state of the universe at any time. And that the ontology of science, the physical, is changing ...
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How does Yablo's paradox affect the theory of truth?

Question: What does Yablo's paradox tell us about what a theory of truth should look like? I have been reading Leitgeb's What Theories of Truth Should be Like, and he discusses what a 'good' theory of ...
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A question about Berkeley's attack on Locke's distinction of primary and secondary qualities

I'm reading W. T. Jones account of Berkeley's theory, and I find that in general Berkeley convincingly demonstrated some weak points that are fundamental to Locke's theory. But there is one of his ...
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Is the claim that Time doesn't exist defended among professionals today?

I think in philosophy of time Eternalism is the main option, Presentism the minority view, and there are some other theories I know almost nothing about like Growing block, or Moving spotlight. But in ...
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What makes philosophers statements different from anyone elses statements?

I answered a question recently. I had backed it up with logic and reasoning as well. But someone had told me that my answer was just a comment of opinion, and that I needed to add some insight from a ...
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Do the rules of basic logic have to presupposed to gain philosophical knowledge?

First, let me apologize if my question is nonsensical in any sense. I do not have any philosophical training whatsoever, but I am really interested in some philosophical questions. I was thinking ...
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Question about the difference between qualitative and quantitative reasoning

I've been reading what Wikipedia has to say about qualitative and quantitative reasoning and I had a question about the difference. Are qualitative properties always abstractions of quantitative ...
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Can our creativity create probability for reality? How legitimate is modal realism?

That title is so wild but if you create say a cartoon and that universe. Does that open up the possibility that it exists somewhere in reality? Like it is now a universe that exists because you ...
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5answers
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What does 'nature' mean in Darwin's Origin of Species?

Recently, I have been reading the Origin of Species and quite a few times Darwin says that nature selects. But it seems like he is personifying nature. Could we say that nature=reality for him? And ...
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What does sensible images being "not material but spatial" mean in Plato's theory?

I'm reading W. T. Jones' "A History of Western Philosophy Vol 1: The Classical Mind". In page 152 there is a passage that says (in explaining Plato's theory of Physics): It is also ...
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How does hylomorphism solve mind-body and form-matter problem? How do they interact?

So, I have been reading Aristotle and Aquinas for quite a while, but their nuanced terms make their philosophy hardly graspable. It is not clear to me how do they solve mind-body and form-matter ...
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What is the relationship between Anekantavada and Pyrrhonic skepticism?

Best skeptic arguments, five tropes of Agrippa are these: (wiki) Dissent – The uncertainty demonstrated by the differences of opinions among philosophers and people in general. Progress ad infinitum – ...
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What is the most unique type of philosophy someone can naturally develop?

A couple of days ago I read about metaphysics. Because I recognised this type of philosophical activity in someone and searched it up. This person has developed it's philosophy without studying ...
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How do some traditions defend realities outside of scientific space and time?

Some metaphysical systems assert that "the ultimate reality" is outside of space and time. For example Schopenhauer, many forms of theism, more recently Kastrup and his Analytical Idealism. ...
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How does hylomorphic dualism (Thomism) deal with free will?

As I understand, according to hylomorphism the soul and the body are one in the same. The soul "informs" the matter, but does not interact as it would in interactionism. But how does this ...
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Reference requested: follow-up to Kant's COPR

Still reading the First Critique, still confused about multiple facts, please be indulgent and helpful with the errors in my understanding... thanks. Perhaps the most important goal of Immanuel Kant, ...
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Which philosophical concept is parallel to Anekantavada ? Pluralism or perspectivalism? Is Anekantavada a metaphysical or an epistemological term?

Anekantavada in Jain philosophy means that each object or thing under scrutiny has infinitely many qualities associated with it, and language can only describe some of them. Plus, the perspective that ...
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Is there a name for the place in the human mind for *not* knowing - a place of curiosity, anger, insecurity, the void we grow in to as we develop?

Physicists debate about 'zero point' for laws pertaining to fields such as temperature. But in the process of knowledge acquisition and the ascent described by phrases like 'human development' and '...
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What are some arguments against Idealism as presented by Bernardo Kastrup and others?

I want to know arguments for Space realism (space is real, mind independent substance or system of relations), because Kastrup seems to claim space and time are modes of perception ala Kant and ...
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Is the synthetic/analytic distinction about metaphysics?

Is the distinction between synthetic/analytic a claim about epistemology, ontology or something else altogether? Where can one read more about the stakes of the relevant arguments? I did read the The ...
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Can truth exist even though nothing happens?

There’s magnet. If the magnet didn’t attract the other magnet and then disappeared, in this case can “the magnet attracts the other magnet” never be true?
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What are the "crimes of passion and crimes of logic"?

There are crimes of passion and crimes of logic. The boundary between them is not clearly defined. Albert Camus What does Albert Camus mean by "crimes of passion and crimes of logic" in his ...
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If Non-existence is nonexistent, then does that mean a Supernatural Exists?

Ok, what I am asking is bascially, if non-existence (which I use synonymously with the word 'nothing' - this is my defintion of 'nothing' in this piece - non-existence, so please no dcitionary ...
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I can't understand Schopenhauer on space

It seems to me Schopenhauer considered space as tool by which our mind comprehends the world. And he claims the Will is outside of space and time, my question is what does this mean? How can something ...
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Since natural units can be discarded, does that mean that natural units are not required?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_units says that in natural units, units can be discarded. This means that constants can be omitted. Does this imply that it is possible for quantities to still ...
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Why isn't the dictum "something can't come from nothing" a matter of consensus?

Isn't it obvious that from nothing (in the philosophical sense, i.e. absolute nonexistence) comes nothing? Isn't it also clear that physics has absolutely no saying on this dictum, as physics only ...
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What is mathematics? What are some of the most predominant philosophical definitions of mathematics?

Philosophers have given the nature of mathematics a lot of thought. As a beginner exploring philosophy, one of the questions which presents itself is 'what is X', and in this case, X is mathematics. ...
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History of The Intrinsic Nature Argument for panpsychism

Argument from Intrinsic nature basically says the intrinsic nature of matter is mental. It appears to be fairly new argument, being fully developed by Russell and Eddington. I want to know if before ...
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Most important modern/contemporary essays on free will

I enjoy philosophising about free will and formulating arguments as to why it cannot exist. I would like to write about my arguments so that they are relevant in today's literature, and so, I want to ...
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Is there any clue as to whether there are things that cannot be thought or expressed in thought?

Is there any clue as to whether there are things that cannot be thought or expressed in thought? Everything that can be thought may exist, but are there things that maybe we can't possibly express in ...
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How do finite processes and endless mathematical objects relate to reality?

There seem to be several philosophers who believe science (plus human norms for Sellars) can in principle leave no unanswered questions about reality. I would call this finite or exhaustible. Sellars: ...
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Please complete this expression

Longtime ago I heard someone say this, I need to know the correct wording and source of this expression. The basic idea is expression of how human society has changed over the last few hundred years. ...
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Introduction to Formal Metaphysics

As I am very interested in Edward Zalta's research in Axiomatic Metaphysics, I wanted to read up on Formal Metaphysics. Would there be some introductory material that would help? Thank you in advance ...
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How does geometry fit into Plato's ideas of forms? "Be specific"

I am really stuck trying to figure out exactly how geometry fits into Plato's idea of forms. The question directs that I "be specific" but I'm struggling even to be vague. Perhaps I am ...
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Is there an equivalent reading to Russel's 'The Problems of Philosophy' but for metaphysics?

I'm looking for an overview of the field of metaphysics accessible to laymen. If there is anything that leans in any way towards the social sciences, I would be particularly interested in it.
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Why do all equalities require two different things?

All equalities by definition require two different things. In 1+1=2, we presume that 1=1. However, although the two different 1's in 1=1 can either refer to a single object or two objects which we ...
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Is everything either alive or dead?

Can all things be classified as "alive" or "not alive?" For example, a cup is not alive, and a person can be alive, but a corpse is not alive. Is the status of life (or otherwise) ...
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Does the first Godel's incompleteness theorem forbids the existence of a Theory of Everything?

There is some position that the first Godel's incompleteness theorem does refute the possibility of finding a Theory of Everything. But the first Godel's incompleteness theorem stands: In every ...

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