Questions tagged [metaphysics]

Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the essence of things, of the fundamental nature of being and the world and the principles that organize the universe. Metaphysics is supposed to answer the question "What is the nature of reality?"

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Why real distinction in God gives act and potency composition

So Thomists believe that there are no real distinction between perfections in God as He is pure act and He isn't composed in any manner. But Im not getting how real distinctions between perfections ...
Vihan 's user avatar
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Is there an evil god?

Bertrand Russell writes in his Why I Am Not a Christian that one could easily "take up the line that some of the gnostics took up—a line which I often thought was a very plausible one—that as a ...
h_undatus's user avatar
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If X causes Y, where does Y gain its properties from? Are they transferred over from the cause X?

Suppose ball 1 collides with ball 2 which was at rest. Then, ball 2 starts to move too. It is as though the effects property of movement was already contained within the cause and got transferred. Is ...
Myers Hertz's user avatar
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6 answers
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Is it true that no philosopher disagrees that everything exists?

I am baffled by what Quine claims here: A curious thing about the ontological problem is its simplicity. It can be put in three Anglo-Saxon monosyllables: 'What is there?' It can be answered, ...
Speakpigeon's user avatar
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What is the nature of reality? Metaphysics: so the answer will "explain the essence of things and the principles that organize existence" [closed]

That's the whole question. Per the Stack Exchange -> Philosophy -> Metaphysics Tag Page Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the essence of things, of the fundamental ...
Alistair Riddoch's user avatar
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10 answers
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How to not fear the supernatural? [closed]

I have post-traumatic stress disorder. Like many so afflicted, I interpreted the trauma as a form of punishment. I’m not religious, but my mind spontaneously invented an idiosyncratic deity in the ...
h_undatus's user avatar
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Emanation by the One according to Plotinus

How is Mind (Nous) formed from "the One” according to Plotinus? What is the mechanism of this phenomenon? Why is it Nous, and not the Soul or something else, that is the first emanation?
ggk hj's user avatar
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How could we have defined time, had matter in our universe not been atomic?

A thought occurred reflecting upon SI and its system of units. The definition of the unit meter (the distance a light beam in a vacuum travels in 1/299,792,458 of a second) is a perfect definition of ...
Fomalhaut's user avatar
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Is there anything more fundamental than quantification?

In the prevailing view of the concept of "Existence," it is well-known that it isn't a property of individual objects, but rather a property of properties. As Frege would put it: It is a ...
Johnathan Green's user avatar
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Do descriptions of what exist map to causes recognized by Man? Can we describe coherent models for broad patterns of knowledge? [closed]

EDIT 0 - To clarify, in the table below, the term God would be missing from it's provisional box for humans who map ultimate causes exclusively to non-moral, aka natural, types of cause. Sigmund Freud,...
SystemTheory's user avatar
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Are there any conserved properties in causation?

Physical objects do seem to operate on other physical objects while all operating under physical properties, i.e. chemical bonds, momentum, mass, energy, etc. A chemical reacts with other chemicals to ...
Wowser's user avatar
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Under what conditions could all of reality be reduced to a formal system?

It would be very convenient if we had, at least non-constructively, a correspondent formal system that could reproduce any causal event within the universe. The strength would be that naturalism would ...
Wowser's user avatar
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Are we incapable of loving ourselves, does love only come from the outside?

Love only comes from the outside, it brings you back into attachment to what you cannot control and instigate. Love is an alienated area that advances from the unknown, from a place different from me. ...
Hadibinalshiab's user avatar
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Is there a philosophical or mathematical proof for "For any observation or claim, there's an infinite number of assumptions we presume to be true?"

Is there a philosophical or mathematical proof for "For any observation or claim, there's an infinite number of assumptions we presume to be true?" It doesn't seem to make any sense, but ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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How does the claim that existence is not a predicate of objects interact with abstract objects?

It's occured to me that Kant's famous argument that "existence" is not a predicate whatsoever, which eventually became the prevailing position on the subject due to Frege and Russell, seems ...
Johnathan Green's user avatar
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Is the act of discussing mental events itself a refutation of epiphenomenalism?

If I didn't experience consciousness mentally then I couldn't talk about consciousness with my physical mouth or write about consciousness with my physical hands. Is this an instance of mental events ...
Dimitris02's user avatar
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Can axiomatic (in-)dependence provide insights to the relation between natural and supernatural?

Suppose the natural world and supernatural world differ from each other by premises that both share, i.e. they are dependent on the same axioms. Then the supernatural should also be a subsection of ...
Myers Hertz's user avatar
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I wanted to ask about "EGO", how philosophers have defined ego? [duplicate]

Many philosophers have touched the topic of "Ego". For instance, Freud, Buddha, Iqbal and many others. We all have fragile ego. In simple terms, how ego can be defined? What is the most ...
Rabail Anjum's user avatar
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Did god create logic? [duplicate]

If God made logic, the process itself requires pre-existing logic. Since logic must be eternal, it's doubtful God created it. Did God create logic, or is it always there?
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Does introspection provide strong evidence for weak forms of solipsism and idealism? Are not all philosophical distinctions mind-dependent objects?

Philosophy in One Lecture Daniel Bonevac: https://youtu.be/AycTgPJtBP0 In this video lecture Daniel draws two stick figures on the blackboard, representing two human bodies, and attached to each ...
SystemTheory's user avatar
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Is causality perpetual? [closed]

Suppose causality were not perpetual, then at some point, it must have been created. Then there was a process that constructed it, i.e. a causal process. But we assumed absence of any causality. ...
Wowser's user avatar
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What's the least amount of things that can possibly exist?

Suppose there only ever existed one indecomposable, irreducible object. What could distinguish it from nothingness? From not existing, as there is nothing besides it that could deduce its information? ...
Wowser's user avatar
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Are Kant's arguments in the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science meant to be synthetic a prori arguments?

The work is entitled Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science, and elsewhere, as in the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant describe his metaphysics as the non-empirical element in the ...
Gerry's user avatar
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Why do realists insist that universals EXIST?

Consider a universe of size 10×10×10. Let there be 10 identical looking apples and 10 identical looking rods in it. Why do realists insist that not just 20 things exists but there also EXISTS ...
Razor's user avatar
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Can existence only be reasonably defined as a relation? [closed]

Here is an observation: Things that exist are verifiable, i.e., there is some external object, within its scope of accessibility, that can construct its information. By ‘construct its information’, I ...
Wowser's user avatar
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If existence is not a property, do contradictions exist?

If existence is not a property, it seems that "existence" doesn't mean existing in our reality. If it meant existing in our reality, then surely speaking of "existence" as a ...
th2o's user avatar
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How is it possible that state change exists? [closed]

We observe the passage of time, change in location of particles, reality is changing its state. Initially the thought arises that if state change ability were derived, created or began to exist, that ...
Wowser's user avatar
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Are causal anti-realism and metaphysical realism compatible?

Could the existence of a mind-independent reality be compatible with believing that causal relations aren't real? If so, how could the latter be justified? Could one make an instrumentalist case like ...
edelex's user avatar
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How strong is the argument for quantum mind theory?

I know little about philosophy and I've been reading into consciousness. From an uneducated view, David Pearce's argument seems strong. https://www.biointelligence-explosion.com/parable.html What ...
Terra's user avatar
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3 answers
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Is there an objective in science that only has one method to accomplish it? [closed]

I sometimes look at various scientific processes and there always seems that most of the objectives we humans look for; have more than one means to achieve it. Heating something, cooling something off,...
Max's user avatar
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Learning metaphysical truths by introspection

There might be many psychological benefits of meditation and other introspective habits. I'm looking for something different. What metaphysical facts can we discover by this process? How many of these ...
Razor's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Leibniz, beginning of Principles of Nature and Grace

What did Leibniz mean at the beginning of "Principles of Nature and Grace," when he said, "Substance is a being capable of action." Afterall, a rock is made of substances, but it ...
Gerry's user avatar
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What philosophy did Nietzsche base his idea of "amor fati" on?

I've heard alot of people say that Nietzsche made his idea on amor fati from stoicism or stoic principles, is that true?
Muhhamedbinghazi's user avatar
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Is there a way to prove we live in a universe of infinite or finite “things”?

Sometimes I wonder if science has limits. On one hand; logically no; there will always be something that we don’t understand and when we create new things it leads to other new things. On the other ...
Max's user avatar
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0 answers
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Do relational metaphysics and analytic philosophy conflict via relational vs external properties?

You might first think, relations do indeed involve external properties of the relata. But I want to be careful. Are relational properties, a la relational quantum mechanics say, and external ...
J Kusin's user avatar
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What is reason, and where does it come from?

It seems odd to me, to reflect that things in the world are the way they are, but not some other way. Maybe ‘reason’ tells us why things are a certain way. By structuring thinking, ‘reason’ lets us ...
Lawrence Lee's user avatar
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What are some examples of inmanent causes and effects in everyday nature?

Reading Spinoza's Ethics I find myself fascinated by the distinction bewteen inmanent cause and transitive cause. In the Ethics comes like so: E1 PROP. 18. God is the indwelling and not the transient ...
GONZALO ROCHA DE LA CRUZ's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
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What is this passage from Proposition 4 of Kant's Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science saying?

In the following passage, Kant discusses the infinite divisibility of matter: Matter is impenetrable, through its original expansive force…But this is only a consequence of the repulsive forces of ...
Gerry's user avatar
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2 answers
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Is Hegel's system really without presuppositions?

It is stated that Hegel was looking to start his system of logic and philosophy in general with what has absolutely no assumptions, frameworks, or presupposed things whatsoever. Is this really ...
Gerald Robertson's user avatar
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What are the arguments for innatism, essentialism, and rationalism?

How do people justify some existents being absolutely necessary. Why cant it just be against a backdrop of a relative nothingness? How can someone justify certain ideas being absolutely essential and ...
Gerald Robertson's user avatar
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0 answers
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Is Speculative Realism pluralist

While there are many speculative realists, the fundamental foundations of metaphysics related to anti-correlationist stance and post-continental philosophy remains pretty similar. While some might ...
Arbatus's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
81 views

In analytic philosophy, what's the difference between something existing and being real?

In analytic philosophy, the dominant view has it that things are real iff they exist mind independently (i.e. they exist apart from our beliefs, concepts, cultural practices etc.). So there are two ...
Hal's user avatar
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4 answers
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How void and time originates matter?

- I'm a layman so i may seem confused and not even know what I’m talking about, but that’s why I’m here asking. Please explain this to me, it captivates me so much. If something exists it's affected ...
LAPOdes's user avatar
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What kinds of physical things exist mind independently?

Generally, it's said that a thing exists mind independently if it exists apart from our beliefs, concepts, cultural practices, etc. Do door knobs exist mind independently? They're collections of ...
Hal's user avatar
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Are debates in metaphysics usually substantive?

In the SEP article on truth, the author remarks The contrast [of the coherence theory of truth] with the correspondence theory of truth is clear. Far from being a matter of whether the world provides ...
Hal's user avatar
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Can we define everything including even what I'm writing now or are some things undefined?

I noticed that every logical theory seems to have a meta logic or language. For instance, we say "x is so and so, it is different from so and so, therefore, x is y, etc." We have not defined ...
Gerald Robertson's user avatar
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5 answers
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What is language? Why can I “just understand” it?

my mental health is deteriorating a bit. I just want to know why I can understand language and use it so easily to communicate to other human creatures without even trying. Is it just an “instrument ...
Fraser Pye's user avatar
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Can several logic systems coexist physically in the same world?

In mathematics, each logic system is associated with an abstract model. In physics, similarly, each logic system is associated with a physical model that models a part of the universe, but I don't ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
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What can a person not categorize in the process of his knowledge acquisition?

When a subject learns about the world and gets experience as a result, he builds his own mental representations - thereby essentially differentiating the world (that is, dividing it into abstract ...
Asd Fgh's user avatar
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3 answers
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Metaphysical theories for why physics has the structure it has

The laws of physics have an extremely rich structure. The more fundamental you go, the more complex it becomes (e.g. Quantum Mechanics is more complex (no pun) than Newtonian mechanics). This ...
Ryder Rude's user avatar

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