Questions tagged [metaphysics]

Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the essence of things, of the fundamental nature of being and the world and the principles that organize the universe. Metaphysics is supposed to answer the question "What is the nature of reality?"

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Did anyone argue that mathematical concepts and principles are neither true or false?

Did anyone argue that mathematical concepts and principles are neither true or false? I am not sure if I am crazy, but I feel like they are neither true or false just like a word is not true or false. ...
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How do multiple time dimensions appear to allow the breaking or re-ordering of cause-and-efect in the flow of any one dimension of time?

Multiple time dimensions appear to allow the breaking or re-ordering of cause-and-effect in the flow of any one dimension of time. This and conceptual difficulties with multiple physical time ...
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Is there a philosophical word for any imaginable or conceivable world?

Is there a philosophical word for any imaginable or conceivable world? People use words like simulations to express ideas similar to this, but there doesn't seem to be a specific word for this. Do you ...
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What branch of philosophy studies possibilities in cosmology?

What branch of philosophy studies possibilities in cosmology? To be more precise, various possible worlds and universes and what they could look like? Is it an area of metaphysics, and also is there a ...
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What does Spinoza mean by Acquiescentia in se ipso?

In Part V of Spinoza’s Ethics the pinnacle of human freedom and understanding is discussed as the viewpoint from eternal blessedness. How are we to characterize or interpret this doctrine of ...
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132 views

Nature of mathematics within philosophy

Short version: Considering that science is inevitably dependent on mathematics and metaphysics (Kant tried to raise metaphysics to the status of a science, which I find mandatory to improve the ...
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63 views

Was the idea of different physical realms advanced by other philosophers?

Platonists think there's a realm where concept exist, but that realm isn't physical. I am wondering if the possibility of various other physical realms existing was ever proposed and if it was ...
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How does Whitehead explain repeated attempts of remembrance/recollection?

In Process and Reality one of the main concepts Whitehead talks about is the symbolic reference. A derivative element of the connection between symbolic type and meaning type of species (in Whitehead'...
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What are some strong arguments for logical holism?

What are some strong arguments for logical holism? The idea that the world operates in such a way that no part can be known without the whole being known first seems extremely foreign to me. This is ...
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What does the term “critical realism” mean in 2021

I cannot help but notice the increasing tendency of late to ambiguate the term “critical,” ostensibly in the service of rhetorical ends. My concern here is with the sense of that term in the concept ...
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In what realm do mathematics objects exist according to Platonists?

"Intuitionists" believe that mathematics is just a creation of the human mind. In that sense you can argue that mathematics is invented by humans. Any mathematical object exists only in our ...
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I read lots of introduction books about philosophy, now I want to learn more. Reccomend some books thar are not too basic or too advanced

What should I read? Should I read the books philosophers themselves wrote or the ones that is written by someone else??? I don't want books that only give introduction. I read lots of easy ...
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Will we ever be able to find the universal cause?

The universe can be thought of as a (curved) spacetime with matter and energy inside it and with an internal energy. The last is not matter based and represents dark energy which can be seen as a ...
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What are the potentiality and actuality in metaphysics?

From Wikipedia: Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy that examines the fundamental nature of reality, including the relationship between mind and matter, between substance and attribute, and ...
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Plato preempting Aristotle?

Did Plato ever anticipate and address the the Aristotelian position of identifying the existence of universals with their instantiations? If so, how have his arguments fared? Did Aristotle address ...
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How does panpsychism explain that the universe is conscious?

How does panpsychism explain that the universe is conscious? Some philosophers have started saying that the universe contains integrated information like our brain and therefore the universe is ...
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What is it called to consider the whole to be the fundamental block of reality rather than its parts?

What is it called to consider the whole to be the fundamental block of reality rather than its parts? Philosophers most often say that the building blocks of this world are small like atoms like ...
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Where do neutral monist believes that the innate nature of things lie?

Where do neutral monist believes that the innate nature of things lie? Neutral monists believes that things are expressed physically and inside of our consciousness, but the innate nature of things ...
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What do some philophers call the thing that breathes fire to the equation of Physics? [closed]

Stephen Hawking famously said that we don't know what breathes fire to the equations of Physics, have philosophers tried to identify what that might be and what are the things they found called? I am ...
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What are some strong arguments that argue that apriori knowledge doesn't exist?

It seems all or almost every philosopher who addressed the question seem to think that apriori knowledge exist, but I couldn't hear a single good argument that seeks to prove that apriori knowledge ...
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Metaphysics beyond quantum physics

Is there a metaphysics that seeks to explain what might exist beyond quantum physics? Beyond what we can know about quantum physics? What are the laws of reality beyond those we were able to find ...
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Can time be understood conceptually without experiencing it?

Can time be understood conceptually without experiencing it? I think Wittgenstein said that most concepts cannot be understood unless we have an image or an experience of it, but how true is this? ...
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165 views

Is truth singular or not?

Is truth singular or not? In physics, there's general relativity and quantum mechanics, and both are true, but these are theories. Within reality itself can two contradictory systems coexist, or is ...
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Where is it that I go when I dream?

This is a question that I had posed regarding the nature of mental images described by patients who suffer from Charles Bonnet Syndrome here: What is the nature of the mental images that are perceived ...
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Is it possible for an infinitely nested simulation to exist?

Is it possible for an infinitely nested simulation to exist? Such a scenario is impossible to imagine explicitly, and the scenario itself may seem like it is logically incoherent, but I am unable to ...
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Stances on possible worlds

Modal realism is the belief that all possible worlds actually exist. Actualism is the belief that possible worlds don’t exist at all. What are some examples of modal-metaphysical views which try to ...
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Is identity a construct or something real?

If race is a social construct, then is identity also a construct? Is identity the concept of something being itself something that exist in the world or something abstract that doesn't exist in our ...
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When we have no information on what is true between X number of choices, how do we determine the most justified guess/choice to be?

When we have no information on what is true between X number of choices, how do we determine the most justified guess/choice to be? Let's say we have no information on which is true, and then also ...
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What things can't logic know, see or predict?

I think among the fundamental things that logic cannot know are the POSSIBILITIES of 'SENSING' (and different sensations), 'INTELLIGENCE', 'ABILITY TO MOVE' (or mobility), and maybe 'FREE WILL' - the ...
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What is information?

I am fascinated with information theory, as put together by Claude Shannon in the 1940s. It is amazing to me that this concept arose from analysing letters in the alphabet and then was later ...
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Is there any counterexample to the law of identity from the real world or outside of the real world?

These are given not just as nice rules of thumb to follow or ways that one should think. Aristotle identified these as necessary conditions for thought. People sometimes try to produce counter ...
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Who can really work on interpreting quantum mechanics and the standard model of particle physics?

Starting from the answers to this question, even people not familiar with the interpretations of quantum mechanics can understand that physicists are not interested in substance metaphysics. This is ...
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Is there any exception or rebuttal to the law of noncontradiction?

Is there any exception or rebuttal to the law of noncontradiction? Do we know for certain that this law is universally true, or are there some situations where the law simply doesn't apply or is false?...
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Are there criteria that allows you determine if something is out of the scope of ethics?

Are there criteria that all you determine if something is out of the scope of ethics? Some people said that it is immoral to believe in God, but how can you argue against that if you cannot determine ...
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Bostrom's probabilistic argument for simulation

I am reading Bostrom's famous paper "Are you living in a computer simulation?", but I can't understand his probabilistic reasoning. Why does he define the fraction of observers that live in ...
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What are fundamental elements to existence aside time and space?

What are fundamental elements to existence aside time and space? Did philosopher identified elements that are necessary to existence or our existence like time and space? Is the third element matter? ...
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Is logic “universe-dependent”?

Is logic "universe-dependent"? Does logic changes depending in the world we exist, or is logic universal for all existing beings regardless of where they exist, and how can we prove or ...
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How is a mere substance different from an “individual substance”?

The Scholastic philosophers defined a person as "an individual substance of a rational nature" (e.g., Boethius, Aquinas). I understand how an individual could not be a substance (it would be ...
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Is there a better criteria for meaninglessness than what the positivists came up with?

I think the positivists came up with the idea that a statement is meaningless if it cannot be proven. But obviously this isn't true: there are a lot of scientific theories that cannot be proven yet, ...
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How can we formally define the laws of a physical universe?

Have any philosophers come up with a workable formal, mathematical definition for what the laws of an arbitrary physical universe might be? Such a definition would need to allow specification of ...
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Why isn't this an argument?

This argument was in Critical Thinking by Moore and Parker. I think God exists, because I was raised a Baptist. The book states that this wasn't an argument because it just stated a reason for why ...
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If something can’t come from nothing, then has an infinite period of time already passed?

Assuming that something really can’t come from nothing (I know it’s controversial but if it’s true)... Then at any given point in time (t), something exists and therefore something also existed at t-1....
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How do philosophers explain the change in one's ethical code when given a lot of power?

How do philosophers explain the change in one's ethical code when given a lot of power? Some people can be very ethical people and be completely consistent in terms of ethics like say Chomsky, but ...
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How does science treat supernatural claims?

The following claim X, Something had a round trip from the Earth to the Mars within 1 second might be treated by science as a supernatural claim because it violates the natural law (i.e. speed limit ...
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If something moves at an infinite speed how long does it take to traverse infinity?

If the answer is infinite time, then is there something greater than infinity such that something can traverse infinity in 0 seconds or less than 1 second?
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Why is harmonic strength and richness in math (ie 2:1, 3:2, 4:3) not emphasized in the nature of the worlds design and evolution

Based on my understanding of music, math, physics, and even philosophy, I do not understand why the beauty of harmonic simplicity and strength between whole numbers is not discussed much at all when ...
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Generating the simplest sort of Cosmological Argument

First, I am not a philosopher, but rather an applied mathematician. However, the Cosmological Argument has always intrigued me. At times I feel that all attempts are necessarily hopeless, at other ...
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Can a logical statement be meaningless?

Can a logical statement be meaningless? If a statement is logical, then it can be proven mathematically, but if logical statements can be meaningless still doesn't that prove that mathematical proofs ...
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288 views

What are the alleged reasons for emergence?

What are the alleged reasons for emergence? What explains emergence, what are the philosophical explanations for emergence? Does it indicate that there's gap in our knowledge, does it indicate that it'...
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How is the most mainstream metaphysical view different from Kantian metaphysics?

How is the most mainstream metaphysical view different from Kantian metaphysics? Kantian metaphysics used to be the dominant metaphysics during Kant's time, but a lot happened in metaphysics, science ...

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