Questions tagged [metaphysics]

Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the essence of things, of the fundamental nature of being and the world and the principles that organize the universe. Metaphysics is supposed to answer the question "What is the nature of reality?"

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369 views

If something moves at an infinite speed how long does it take to traverse infinity?

If the answer is infinite time, then is there something greater than infinity such that something can traverse infinity in 0 seconds or less than 1 second?
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Why is harmonic strength and richness in math (ie 2:1, 3:2, 4:3) not emphasized in the nature of the worlds design and evolution

Based on my understanding of music, math, physics, and even philosophy, I do not understand why the beauty of harmonic simplicity and strength between whole numbers is not discussed much at all when ...
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Eminent causes aren't intelligent - Principle of proportionate causality

In Edward Feser's "five proofs of the existence of God" book. He mentions the Principle of proportionate causality. whatever is in some effect must in some way or other be in the cause, ...
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Generating the simplest sort of Cosmological Argument

First, I am not a philosopher, but rather an applied mathematician. However, the Cosmological Argument has always intrigued me. At times I feel that all attempts are necessarily hopeless, at other ...
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Can a logical statement be meaningless?

Can a logical statement be meaningless? If a statement is logical, then it can be proven mathematically, but if logical statements can be meaningless still doesn't that prove that mathematical proofs ...
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262 views

What are the alleged reasons for emergence?

What are the alleged reasons for emergence? What explains emergence, what are the philosophical explanations for emergence? Does it indicate that there's gap in our knowledge, does it indicate that it'...
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How is the most mainstream metaphysical view different from Kantian metaphysics?

How is the most mainstream metaphysical view different from Kantian metaphysics? Kantian metaphysics used to be the dominant metaphysics during Kant's time, but a lot happened in metaphysics, science ...
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What's the “opposite” of emergence?

What do you call the phenomena that occurs when smaller entities are observed to have properties the wider whole do not have, properties or behaviors which emerge only when only the constituents are ...
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Defending the Unpopular: Aesthetic Realism

Aesthetic realism is the belief that there are things that are objectively more beautiful than other things. This implies beauty is not subjective, and if one believes an actually beautiful thing is ...
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Is the statement “no form of human knowledge can justify metaphysical absolutes” self defeating?

A common objection to the statement "no form of human knowledge can justify metaphysical absolutes" is that the statement itself is a metaphysical claim. One response is that the statement ...
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Putnam and Skolem Paradox

Why, according to Putnam in "Models and Reality", is moderate realism more affected by the so-called Löwenheim-Skolem Paradox than extreme realism? I understand the gist of Putnam's grip ...
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Is existence itself necessary?

I define ‘existence’ here as the totality of being, and I take it as obvious that existence is actual. In this context, ‘necessary’ will be defined as ‘must exist because it cannot fail to exist’. The ...
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Is there a view that only abstract objects exist, and being an abstract structure is enough for a world to be experienced by its observers?

I am looking for a view that would completely eliminate concrete objects by saying that being an abstract structure is enough for a world to be experienced by it's observers. If it is enough for a ...
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Can the Universe make sense at all?

Considering that nearly everything that exists cannot be even imagined by humans (or would it be reasonable to assume the contrary?), what is the chance of finding a scientifically coherent ...
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Can i take computer as example for mind and body problem? Also conscious?

Software being mind, Hardware being body Finally software provides the conscious to the machine Is there any better way to explain 12 years old kid?
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Can truths about the natural numbers vary across possible worlds?

The truths of logic are the same in all possible worlds. However, what about truths about natural numbers? Like, for instance, is there a world where there are only finitely many primes, or a world ...
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What is a quantum particle like before it is measured?

I have been trying to ask about this over on the Physics Stack Exchange, but they aren't really interested in questions that are this speculative. Does anyone here have any ideas about what quantum ...
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Can the Dirac belt trick (among others!) prove that mathematics is real?

First, I link the following video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vfh21o-JW9Q It demonstrates the 'Dirac belt trick', which was created by (I believe, Dirac) to demonstrate the calculus of spinors. ...
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According to Aquinas, what is the relationship between the substantial form of a bodily being and its act of existing, ie. its esse?

Consider, for example, an existing bodily being. Because it is bodily, we know that it is composed of prime matter and substantial form. Also, because the bodily being is existing (not just made up in ...
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Which specific branch of philosophy defines the 'realness' of something?

One or two years ago I read an article about what was termed a newer branch of philosophy that examined not only what was real, but what took precedence in importance in certain areas depending on ...
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240 views

Is it the case that negation has an ontological counterpart?

Facts refer to real objects. They are true because there are something of which such sentences are true of, following Aristotle. What would be the reference of a fact of the form "not P"? Or ...
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Why isn't Kant's critique of metaphysics directed to himself?

I really like Kant, but I'm having a hard time understanding his Critique of Metaphysics. Kant takes as illegitimate the transcendental use of the concepts of pure understanding. This seems to be the ...
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Where does Aquinas get his “logical-metaphysical presuppositions”?

In the Summa, Aquinas frequently invokes (for lack of a better term) certain "logical-metaphysical presuppositions." Here are two examples drawn from I-II, qq. 90-91: "that which is ...
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What is the nature of the mental images that are perceived by patients who suffer from Charles Bonnet Syndrome?

I am not sure if this question should be asked in the Philosophy or Neuroscience forum as both domains are relevant to this inquiry. Will have a go anyway. One of the defining characteristics of CBS ...
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Why would laws of nature not be reducible to physics alone?

Is there any reason why special sciences like chemistry , biology , neuroscience and psychology would need their own immutable laws that aren't reflective of physical laws ?
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Is it possible that the laws of nature don't exist?

Since scientific laws are approximations or observed regularities and generalisations(or an attempt at finding the actual laws of nature) rather than the actual laws of nature -- does such a ...
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Is it true that if you deconstruct Hegel's and Heidegger's metaphysical claims into atoms, you end up with absurd statements? [closed]

Is it true that if you deconstruct Hegel's and Heidegger's metaphysical claims into units, they end up becoming absurd statements that don't hold any semblance of truth? I never could finish any of ...
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What's the logical basis for Dunne suggesting that there need to be several dimensions of time in order to measure the speed of one's progress?

As a solution to the problem of the subjective passage of time, J. W. Dunne proposed an infinite hierarchy of time dimensions, inhabited by a similar hierarchy of levels of consciousness. Dunne ...
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What are other elements other than time and space that are said to have dimensions?

What are other elements other than time and space that are said to have dimensions? Most laypeople would say that only space can have dimensions since when we say 3d we immediately think of space, but ...
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What's the purpose of a second dimension when we say that time is two-dimensional? [closed]

What's the purpose of a second dimension when we say that time is two-dimensional? The first dimension refers to the passage of time along the x axis (past and future), but I am wondering what the y ...
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What do you call something that is not a substance in philosophy?

Is the mind a substance in dual aspect monism? In philosophy, "substance" is like "atom", which is the ultimate independent real existence not depending on other entities, is the ...
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Should the end goal be happiness? [closed]

Should the end goal/telos be happiness? If so, the why not just pump ourselves with dopamine, similar to Brave New World’s “soma”
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What's the relationship between physical and logical causation?

I have always presumed that logical causation - such as logical rules like the formation of a valid syllogism, or the law of the excluded middle - operate independently of physical causation. That is, ...
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Do any mainstream schools of thought espouse the idea that perfection/excellence is a dimension of aesthetics?

I was watching a compilation of great sportsmen today and seeing the aces of Roger Federer and goals by Messi, I definitely felt aesthetic pleasure. So I was wondering if any philosophers have put ...
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Does Plato hold that “the world experienced via the senses is what is real”?

According to the introduction of this article, Plato and Aristotle both held that "the world experienced via the senses is what is real." I do not doubt this point when it comes to Aristotle....
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Looking for a book which tries to speak about the ultimate foundation

I'm interested in philosophically digging as deep as possible. I'm looking for a book whose subject is to speak about the ultimate foundation. I apologise for this scarce description, the topic I'm ...
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If all we perceive is the present, what are the proofs to affirm that time exists?

I know this seems like a very trivial question and I don't know if there are methods to prove the existence of time. But even if there were, the fact that you can't perceive time as something ...
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From what did we instantiated the concept of “Nothingness”

So as i understand according to Aristotle's theory of abstraction every abstract concept (i.e universal) is instantiated (or abstracted) from it particulars in the outside world if that so how can we ...
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What was Leibnitz's reasoning when he tried to prove machines cannot have consciousness using his “expansion” thought experiment?

I remember Leibnitz once particularly talked about this in one of his philosophy books (forget the book name, maybe Monadology). He said something like if consciousness can be made up of mechanical ...
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Is the concept of sigma algebra necessary to understand the epistemic and inter-observer boundaries of 'facts'?

The idea of fact is complex in its epistemic, metaphysical and linguistic connotations, but in the end it has compelling force, and the power to shock when the predicted practical effects are not ...
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Do realists and nominalists actually disagree about what really is, or do they just disagree about words?

So I am reading Loux's contemporary introduction to metaphysics, and he starts by giving two broad ideas about universals. Do realists and nominalists actually disagree about what really is? For ...
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Notion of space and time

In Critique of pure reason, Kant mentions the theory of space and time, which is a priori. It will be used in Heidegger's Being and Time. However, In his second meditation, it seems that Descartes ...
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What does Chesterton mean by “four letters beginning with a 'R'” in “The Revival of Philosophy – Why”?

In Chesterton's essay "The Revival of Philosophy – Why?", he wrote: [...] not merely by the sound of a syllable or the look of four letters beginning with a “R”. I wonder what these four ...
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How are space and time related?

We know from Einstein's special theory of relativity that space and time together form a spacetime continuum and are interdependent. They share a mathematical structure and any fundamental theory of ...
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Would Nietzsche approve of the concept of dictatorship?

My understanding of Nietzsche is still quite rudimentary but something I keep thinking about while reading his texts, is whether he would approve of the concept of dictatorships. N is fine with ...
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Is there a word for deeper, more abstract, layer of truth?

https://qph.fs.quoracdn.net/main-qimg-bcc3f8c0684a7a470d2e69f89990b02a Is there a word for deeper, more abstract, layer of truth? In computer science, we have this term called abstraction layer that ...
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Why are substrates unable to have more than one dimension of character?

So I read through this section in Koon's Metaphysics Fundamentals and I didn't fully understand this section, in particular the bold parts of the text where I don't know why Koon's argues in the way ...
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What exactly is the problem of individuation and how does it apply to Classical Bundle Theory?

So I am reading this section on the problem of individuation from Koon's Metaphysics Fundamentals and I came across this text which confused me. Could someone help me understand this material? Here is ...
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Contributions of Descartes

What ideas did Descartes have about knowledge and reality that were so incongruent with the prevailing neo-Aristotelian paradigm of knowing the real essences of things through abstracting from sense ...
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Why is ancient Asian philosophy so implicit and allegorical compared to the ancient Greek philosophy which seems more explicit and abstract?

Why is ancient Asian philosophy so implicit and allegorical, compared to the ancient Greek philosophy, which seems more explicit and abstract? If I had to guess, I would say that it's due to language ...

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