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Questions tagged [mind-body]

The mind–body problem is the problem of explaining how our mental states, events and processes—like beliefs, actions and thinking—are related to the physical states,events and processes in our bodies, given that the human body is a physical entity and the mind is non-physical.

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What is the difference between functionalism and property dualism?

Functionalism and property dualism are both physicalist theories of the mind in that they don't admit any substances other than physical substance. Property dualism holds that mental states are non-...
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How does one bring mind and matter into a single ontology that accounts for subconscious mind?

How does one define mind and matter coherently... do these categories even make sense in a single framework? I can refer to my consciousness and the contents of my consciousness as "mind", this leaves ...
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About models of Human Cognition

Are there any models of Human Cognition that do not require some physicallist concepts? Maybe a model of the Mind-brain system as a self-sustaining self-controlling 'behavioural-algorithm' processing ...
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Is there a philosophical difference between consciousness and self-consciousness?

I was contemplating Heideggers idea of Being whose Being is a problem. Self-consciousness to me, whilst directly speaks of consciousness that is aware of its own self as a consciousness, also carries ...
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What speaks for — and against — elimiative physicalism?

In the body-mind-problem, I myself stand on the side of eliminative physicalism. I find this position to be the easiest to argue for: We saw persons changing their minds when their brains changed, ...
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How can one solve the problem of telekinesis in interactionist dualism?

Interactionist dualism states that the mental can effect the brain and vice versa. However, there is the problem of possible telekinesis. If the mind can effect the physical, shouldn't we be able to ...
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If a physical property is emergent, can it still be artificially recreated?

Let's assume that a physical property is emergent, in the sense that it cannot be reduced to a function of the properties of its components. Can such a property be artificially recreated, or is that a ...
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Is soul motion? [closed]

Has any philosopher shown that it is not? Aristotle holds - that the soul is the form, or essence of any living thing. René Descartes holds - that the mind is a nonphysical substance. If we assume ...
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Does neurorealism imply a fear of Cartesian dualism that philosophy should rightly address? [closed]

Recently Nature published a computer-generated image of the brain sprinkled with colorful words representing a semantic map, i.e., parts of the brain cortex that responded to various spoken words ...
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Am I not my body?

My intuitive reaction to thought experiments such as described in the following question leaves me thinking I am not my body. Almost Sure Mind Transfer via Parfit's Identity Theory (interesting ...
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Can Empiricism and Ethics be linked via Neuro-Science?

A common idea in Empiricist schools of thought is that ethical questions can never be based on factual data. Consider Hume's "is-ought" problem or the Logical Positivist notion that ethical statements ...
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Are there many minds or is there only one?

"If a lion could speak, we cannot understand it" - Ludwig Wittgenstein Machines vs Chaos of Human Language Mathematical Consensus Is a proof still valid if only the author understands it? ...
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Am I still the same person as I was yesterday?

Since every living being has a metabolism, we all live in non-equilibrium state. We keep on exchanging molecules and atoms with our environment. I assume that our brain is affected by this as well as ...
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Consciousness doesn't need your body - a thought experiment

1) During a deep sleep, your consciousness deactivates to reactivate upon awakening 2) During a deep sleep, you are narcotized and killed, to be replaced instantly by an identical copy, which wakes ...
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Regarding the Mind-brain conflict

Some philosopher or scientist made an analogy of Mind versus Brain is related to Software versus Hardware. What was that about? If an A.I. computing system called P.A.L. has a self-sustaining ...
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Article on Daniel Dennett's view of the mind-body problem?

I am taking my first philosophy class; is there a relatively short article (<30 pages preferably) on Dennett's view of the mind-body problem? I have read his "Where am I", but that just seems like ...
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Can emergent substance dualism account for why creatures have consciousness without invoking a divinity giving it to them?

Emergent dualism is a view where consciousness is a substance that arises due to a certain arrangement of matter. So, can this explain that consciousness as a fundamental substance, can be given to ...
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Isn't Mind–body dualism the result of a Complex Universe?

Mind–body dualism, or mind–body duality, is a view in the philosophy of mind that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical, or that the mind and body are distinct and separable. Isn't ...
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Could you explain what the dualist, the behaviorist and the identity theorist each would say about what is going on?

Suppose I run into the room screaming and yelling, "I have a horrible toothache!" Could you explain what the dualist, the behaviorist and the identity theorist each would say about what is going on? ...
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Am I not a material thing?

I can not doubt that I exist. I can doubt that any material thing exists. Therefore, I am not a material thing This is a redux of Descartes's modal argument for dualism (e.g. in second and sixth ...
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According to Cartesian substance dualism, would it be possible for an individual's mind to be replaced by another mind?

Say an individual's Cartesian mind has been removed from that person (somehow). Would it be possible (in principle) for another mind to take over the "mindless hulk" of an individual?
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What does it mean to say what happens in your experience is inside your mind in a way in which what happens in your brain is not?

"If what happens in your experience is inside your mind in a way in which what happens in your brain is not, it looks as though your experiences and other mental states can't just be physical ...
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Mind-body problem: supervenience vs dependence vs realisation

Could someone shed some light on the differences of these 3 hypotheses? For me, it seems all 3 relations mean the same. I can't seem to grasp the difference between supervenience physicalism and ...
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How is it difficult to 'fill out this thought without relying in other ways on other mental states of the subject'?

Source: pp 79-80, Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, 1999) by Simon Blackburn The most popular current approach to this is to concentrate upon the way in which we can attribute ...
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Is there an argument against physicalism on the grounds that the view would make what we call a subjective experience astronomically unlikely?

If we assume that physcialism is true and all that there is, then we can safely assume that what we think of as subjective experience and consciousness, is driven by the atoms in our brain and the ...
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Is God's disembodiment problematic?

I understand that most (though not all) Christians believe that God is disembodied. God cannot be corporeal because that would preclude his being eternal, immutable, and simple, for example. ...
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Why does Descartes think that we know our mind better than we know our body?

According to Descartes we know our own mind better than we know bodies. Why does he think so? How can this view be criticized?
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For substance dualism, what are some solutions regarding how the physical can affect the mental without invoking Divine intervention?

In epiphenomenalist substance dualism, what can be a mechanism for how the physical affects the mental without invoking divine intervention? Epiphenomenalist dualism is where the physical can affect ...
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Why does the dream argument posit that the senses are untrustworthy when it's the mind that is being tricked?

According to the wiki of the dream argument, "the act of dreaming provides preliminary evidence that the senses we trust to distinguish reality from illusion should not be fully trusted, and therefore,...
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When does a brain transplant make something human?

When does a brain transplant make something human? Is a human brain in a vat human? What about a human brain in a sheep? Or a sheep brain in a human? I assume that we couldnt transplant a human ...
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The concept of Objectiveness

Maybe, one of the most fundamental concepts in philosophy is "Objectiveness". Since any question will ultimately depends upon the answer of the question "Is there an objective thing?", and naturally ...
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What does 'hermeneutic analysis' mean for non-literary material?

I am reading Exploring Robotic Minds by Prof. Jun Tani in which he describes Heidegger as having performed a hermeneutic analysis of the problem of the subjective vs the objective. Heidegger just ...
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Does higher order conceptual processing present a challenge for Epiphenomenalism?

Epiphenomenalism is the view that physical neural processes have a causal effect on mental states, but that the reverse is not true: Mental states cannot effect neural states and only occur after the ...
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Are you familiar with a similar argument against the (nomological) supervenience of the mental on the physical?

The SEP article on supervenience claims "Just about everyone, even a Cartesian dualist, believes some version of this supervenience claim [that the mental nomologically supervenes on the physical]." ...
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in light of shaffers analysis, what do you think is the best position for and against dualism and materialism?

on shaffers arguments for and against dualism and materialism, what is the best position? and is there a solution to the mind body problem?
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Is it possible that I'm “God” or a special being/deity?

I know the first thing you may be thinking upon reading this, but there's more to this than you may have assumed. This is not one of those crazy questions where ego-driven maniacs simply call ...
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Has Descartes interpreted the rational mind as res cogitans?

I've read several description of the Descartes' dualism but I'm still not really sure: Does Descartes comprehend the human rational mind, human psychology - the part of thinking that is not ...
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Why would God need an independent variation of the world to allow for painless pinpricks?

Source: pp 61-62, Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, 1999) by Simon Blackburn   We can put the issue like this. Imagine God creating the universe. How much does he have to do? ...
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wouldn't Psychophysical Parallelism require an explanation as to why the mind and body correlate?

One thing I don't understand about Psychophysical Parallelism, is that it states that the mind and body are perfectly coordinated, yet there is no causal relationship between them. If this is true, ...
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Cloning: Will you be the same person? [closed]

Imagine, in the future, we have mastered the technology of cloning. The rich and powerful have got their own cloning devices. They clone their bodies and keep the clones in a cryogenic environment to ...
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If consciousness is an emergent property of brain state, does this mean that we can only truly exist for 1 Planck unit of time?

Suppose my self-awareness, consciousness, point of view (POV) or qualia is not a "thing in itself" but rather an intrinsic emergent property of my brain's current brain state. Then, as my brain ...
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Does dualism in conjunction with strong AI imply pan-psychism?

Let's assume that at some hypothetical point in the future, we arrive at two results: Based on results like DesCartes or Kripke's, philosophers and logicians arrive at a conclusive proof in favor of ...
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Does Cartesian Doubt Depend on Cartesian Dualism?

Even though this isn't exactly accurate, the way I like to think of Descartes' hyperbolic doubt as stating that there's no way to prove that information gained through sensory experience is accurate. ...
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Does Descartes explain or define how the sensation mechanism works?

Especially in Meditation 2, Descartes uses "sense", "sensation" many times when he argues for the mind-body distinction. But does he explain the sensation mechanism? I wonder this because it seems to ...
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Does it make sense to say that consciousness does not exist or there is no such thing?

Does it make sense to say that consciousness does not exist or there is no such thing? I've not taken any classes in reductionism, but it seems reductionst. How would philosophy of mind and ...
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Will forgiving make us weak over time? our loved ones get hurt mentally/physically? lose dignity and pride? [closed]

Everyone advise us to forgive and forget... And for those who experience it firsthand, it becomes a pain... those who make advice look like hypocrites... When we take revenge and get even, we get a ...
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Philosophy and Psychology of Emotion

" We are all comfortable using terms to refer to things that seem non-physical objects, such as "Tuesday," "justice," and "luck." These things seem to be able to affect physical things, e.g. "Tuesday" ...
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What is the term for this idea about thought relative to action?

An idea was described to me once, that went something like this: Thoughts give rise to actions. But, given that mental activity involves movement of neurotransmitters, etc. then thought itself is an ...
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Regarding freedom of choice

If all Human beings are 'super complicated' neuro-chemical biological machines (with all possible 'brain' activities governed by the laws of physics and chemistry) how can any 'brain' activities even ...
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What school of thought is used in Wolfenstein: The New Order Tekla Monologue?

What philosophical frame is used in this Wolfenstein: The New Order Tekla Monologue? -B Jesus Christ Tekla, aren't you asleep? -T I try not to sleep. No telling if I will ever wake up. -T Let me ask ...