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Have there been attempts at modeling 'essential reality'?

By "essential reality" I mean consistent aspects of human nature and those of our temporary and ever-changing physical environment(domain of science) as well as overlapping views on ...
Mark_NoBadCake's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer

Questions about mathematical models of the real world

I'm just starting to learn about mathematical modelling but i'm getting stuck understanding how real world processes and objects are modelled by maths. The way i'm thinking about at the moment it is ...
r0k1m's user avatar
  • 933
1 vote
1 answer

What is a "sphere model"?

I'm reading the SEP entry on multi-modal logic and there's this passage: Is this related to what the SEP entry on infinity says about probability, here?: Kolmogorov notes that if the original ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers

Model vs Theory: Meanings reversed in Alfred Tarski vs Julian Jaynes?

In my reading of Alfred Tarski's model theory, a theory is a formal system whose sentences are without inherent meaning, but which becomes meaningful (e.g. having truth values) only after a model ...
James Bowery's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers

Can physical universes nontrivially embed themselves into themselves?

Sometimes our world is said to be a "Big Conjunctive Contingent Fact" or that other possible worlds are "recombinations" of available propositions for some actual world. So model-...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
23 votes
11 answers

Isn't every theory or model wrong?

I'm currently in class 12 and I was about different models of atoms in my school chemistry book and there were like 3 or 4 atomic models Rutherford's model, Thompson's model , Bohr's model then ...
Shardul's user avatar
  • 387
2 votes
1 answer

Question regarding the stipulated 'domain of discourse' for models of first-order sentences

Assume 'S' is a first-order sentence about a subject 'Z'. When one stipulates a Model for 'S' with a domain 'D' does one always assume that the domain will contain all the objects within the subject '...
help-me's user avatar
  • 69
2 votes
1 answer

Multigraphs, hypergraphs, and the epistemic regress

Some definitions (from what I can tell): A multigraph is a graph where a node can connect via multiple edges. A hypergraph is a graph where a single edge can connect more than two nodes. ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers

How do we use topology to model knowledge?

The topology of knowledge: In this application, topological spaces are used to model the structure of knowledge, where the open sets correspond to coherent bodies of knowledge and the closure ...
Sayaman's user avatar
  • 4,187
0 votes
2 answers

Can we really measure something that's subjective?

Someone said we can't measure how creative something is, but isn't that completely wrong and dishonest? Isn't it the same as for intelligence? Isn't measuring intelligence based on a subjective model ...
Sayaman's user avatar
  • 4,187
6 votes
5 answers

On the connection between science and reality

My question is basically targetting various sciences that we use to understnad the real world and how we form laws in them. For example, in physics, we first see sometthing in the real world. Let it ...
Aveer Singh's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers

Is this metalogical diagram a reasonable presentation of untyped logics?

Diagram 1 represents my attempt to present the main components of classical predicate logic in a simple diagrammatic form. Diagram 1 is about logic, not in a particular logic, hence the term ...
Patrick Browne's user avatar
12 votes
5 answers

Is the notion of "Complex System" a philosophy of science? Is it the opposite of Reductionism? Is it related to Holism?

I have tried to come to terms with the notion of "complex systems" of which I heard in one of the lessons at school though without too much depth. I grasp that a complex system is such that ...
Luna's user avatar
  • 769
2 votes
1 answer

What is the difference between a model and algorithm?

I would say that an algorithm is a private case of model because it describes how something generally works --- just mathematically.
chichorozov's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers

Does Hume's Fork have a third prong?

If so, does it have a name? I'm especially interested in search terms that I can use for further reading. In physics, we're familiar with the distinction between "relations of ideas" and &...
Jim Pivarski's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers

How do the philosophical notions of schemas and paradigms differ?

In analytical philosophy, both schemas and paradigms are powerful conceptual structures for modeling phenomena, and I wonder which features define and differentiate them. Schemas (as explored in ...
iceburger's user avatar
  • 111
2 votes
3 answers

Philosophy of science: Determinism and indeterminism in statistical methods of science

A variable is modeled as a random variable in a statistical model, often without reference to the question of whether it is random in reality. For example, when the outcome of a coin flip is modeled ...
Sam's user avatar
  • 531
3 votes
1 answer

Is there a philosophical model of sensations-emotions-thoughts?

Ten years ago, I read Vankatesh Rao's blog post The Gervais Principle. It blew my mind, as it did the minds of many other people. It quickly became Rao's most popular blog post entry, prompting a ...
Ram Rachum's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer

What types of theories are there?

How do I describe the difference between a theory that is purely descriptive in nature, vs one that is predictive? I.e. the former gives a rigorous description of the physical state of a system, while ...
pretzlstyle's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer

Is a model of inference needed for reasoning?

In logic we can't make any deductions without rules of inference, predicates, and formulas. In probability/statistic we can't make any inferences without assuming some probabilistic model which might ...
Peter's user avatar
  • 113
5 votes
4 answers

What is the value of a formal model in science?

In science we often use formal models (by which I mean a mathematical structure composed of assumptions, variables, and equations, which might be solved/simulated to derive analytical insights and/or ...
luchonacho's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers

Bibliography about non-mathematical applications of logic:

I have been recently playing with modal and temporal modal logics in the context of "organisms" (mostly after some study of entelechy in Aristotle and relatedly, some ideas of current biology). I have ...
Vagoltof's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer

In logic, which came first: the semantic approach or the syntactic approach?

Logic is today developing in many, very different directions. But the basic distinction between the semantic approach (truth, "⊨") and the syntactic one (provability, "⊢") is still important and ...
pglpm's user avatar
  • 171
2 votes
0 answers

Has there been any positive influence in current philosophical thinking which comes from Hans Vaihinger's 'As If'' Philosophy?

Hans Vaihinger- Born: Sep 25, 1852 · Nehren, Germany Died: Dec 18, 1933 · Halle, Germany Written works: The Philosophy of 'As if' · Die Philosophie Des ALS OB: System Der Theoretischen, Praktischen ...
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