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Questions tagged [moral-agency]

A moral agent is something that is culpable for the outcome of actions taken. What this implies can be radically different depending upon the school of thought, metaphysical relationship held, as well as other factors.

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4k views

How can animals be objects of ethics without being subjects as well?

Most people seem to agree that animals cannot act immorally, even when they inflict suffering. They are thus completely excluded from being subjects of any kind of ethical framework. At the same time,...
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4answers
5k views

What is the difference between responsibility and commitment?

I was recently looking at philosophy of responsibility, and something interesting which I had not thought about before, was that the way we use "responsibility" includes things not necessarily caused ...
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3answers
787 views

Was there a philosophical underpinning that enabled the holocaust?

I curious as to know what sort of philosophy movement was used as an apologist to enable the Holocaust, the Holocaust did not happen in the third-world. It was not aimed or done by uneducated people. ...
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3answers
226 views

Metaphysically, what does it mean to “make a decision”?

In the freewill debate, a difference is made between metaphysical/libertarian free will, i.e. where an agent is free to choose among many possible outcomes, and the eventual outcome is caused by the ...
4
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2answers
344 views

Does Frankfurt dissociate free will and moral responsibility?

To the extent that I understand him, Frankfurt says that we choose "out of our free will" when that first-order desire becomes effective which corresponds to the second-order volition (when I wish X ...
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3answers
219 views

How is free-will formally defined as distinct from determinism, randomness and determinism-randomness hybrid to support moral responsibility?

Usually free-will is assumed by most faith traditions as a prerequisite for moral responsiblity in order to justify eternal punishment. The argument goes as "you are truly responsible for your immoral ...
3
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1answer
92 views

Which Philosopher said one was obligated to improve all that one could influence?

I recall reading about this in Highschool, but I can't figure out who it was. The premise was that every man has agency, and they are obligated to use that agency to change their environment for the ...
2
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3answers
100 views

Can my attitude kill you? Part 2

This question follows on (sort off): Can my attitude kill you? Taking attitude to mean: The unique medley of ideas that makes the person. Suppose I'm a doubly depressed neurotic pessimist. Who can ...
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3answers
420 views

Is it unfair to eternally punish people in hell if determinism is true?

If determinism happens to be true, then people just do what the laws of Physics governing the chemical interactions of neurons in their brains make them do. In such a scenario, wouldn't it be unfair ...
2
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0answers
143 views

How do compatibilists understand “responsible”?

In Scott Christensen's book "What about free will?" on page 119 is "Pharaoh is held responsible for his actions". The reason given for God attributing culpability is "You are exalting yourself...". ...
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2answers
261 views

Can supporting intrinsically bad actions be justified considering their consequences?

Suppose Bob has immaculate knowledge of the future... Bob knows if he graciously gives John $100, John will buy a gun and rob a bank so he can buy heroin. Bob also knows that after John robs the ...
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3answers
140 views

Faith in the attribution of agency

Reason is the capacity for consciously making sense of things, applying logic, for establishing and verifying facts, and changing or justifying practices, institutions, and beliefs based on new or ...
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2answers
177 views

How is agency involved in parliamentary democracy?

How is agency involved in parliamentary democracy? So it seems quite trivial that my vote won't, or never will, make a difference to the result. Does that mean that my agency has no role in the ...
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0answers
56 views

Intellectual History of Idea in A Geneaology of Morals Essay One

In Nietzsche's first essay in A Geneaology of Morals, he suggests that use of language in which subjects and verbs are distinguished may influence or at least correspond to conceptual distinctions in ...
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3answers
582 views

How can free will be reconciled with materialism? [closed]

I know that my mind is a network of neurons, where some personality resides, with emotional responses, and motivation. I know that love and friendship and fear and many other phenomena stem from ...
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2answers
56 views

Is it ethically wrong to refuse a suffering person the right to assisted suicide? [closed]

In South Africa, assisted suicide if illegal irrespective of circumstances. Let's say you are a judge of a high court and the following case comes before you: A terminally ill patient suffers from ...
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1answer
263 views

The moral Vs the ethical [duplicate]

Are there any circumstances in which the terms 'moral' and 'ethical' can be used interchangeably?
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5answers
511 views

How does atheism answer the problem of goodness? [closed]

If God does not exist how do we explain all the good in the world? All the charities that operate of the goodwill of the public? All the doctors working in Somalia for doctors without borders? If we ...