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Questions tagged [moral-realism]

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The Self-Undermining Arguments from Disagreement

I recently watched this video (this paper seems to argue the same thing), where, near the end of the video, a very interesting argument against the Argument from Disagreement (where, moral skeptics ...
Sam Cao's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
92 views

Why are most philosophers moral realists? [duplicate]

I’m having trouble understanding this. Moral realism is the position that morality is independent of subjective opinion. But how can this be if only we care about what’s moral? Lions are ripping other ...
Marriott's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
1k views

How can a moral antirealist make moral normative claims?

So as I understand it, normative ethics asked questions like, "what should I do?" whereas metaethics asks... "what makes something good or bad." What I'm confused about is... if ...
Ameet Sharma's user avatar
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0 votes
4 answers
244 views

Does any strand, school, or proponent of moral realism say anything about what happens to moral offenders?

Suppose that: (some form of) moral realism is true, that is, there exists at least some moral claims/assertions/principles that are themselves 'true', in some adequate sense a person knows/is aware ...
ac15's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
822 views

Moral Non-Realists Responses to Suffering

It seems to me that one possible grounding for objective morality is in the inherent badness of suffering. Suffering is inherently bad, I believe, by definition, and non-instrumental suffering could ...
Aph002's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
128 views

Can rocks suffer on panpsychism?

On panpsychism, everything has consciousness. If so, does it entail that all entities in the universe, such as rocks, bricks, plants, water, air, etc., can experience suffering? If this holds, what ...
Mark's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
120 views

Can moral realism, physicalism, and physical causal closure be all true at the same time?

For illustrative purposes, let X be the set of all instances where Bob has tortured and eaten babies alive for fun. (Also assume that X is non-empty, to avoid trivial responses.) Suppose that ...
Mark's user avatar
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5 votes
0 answers
42 views

Can erotetic logic be used to devise a noncognitivist moral realism?

The IEP article on moral realism says that noncognitivist realism is logically possible, but goes on to assess the one attempt at such a position (Bruce Waller's) thusly: Waller’s divide-and-conquer ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
53 views

Physicalist Critiques of Error Theory

Mackie’s Error Theory makes two parallel arguments that moral qualities have no place in a naturalistic understanding of our universe. That (1) such a bizarre epistemic power unlike any other we ...
Hokon's user avatar
  • 732
4 votes
2 answers
84 views

If moral statements aren't supposed to be reports of objective facts, does the practice of "fallacy checking" apply to moral arguments?

Maybe this is just a case of Jörgensen’s dilemma, but so I was reading the SEP article about feminist perspectives on argumentation, more specifically this passage: The difficulty some philosophers ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
61 views

Is imaginative resistance evidence against, or for, moral fictionalism?

There's an entry in the SEP called "Imaginative Resistance" which goes over an account of a problem with our ability to entertain moral counterfactuals: The phenomenon of “imaginative ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
35 views

Can morality based in pragmatism delay moral progress?

I read a recent paper about trophy hunting. In it, the authors have a footnote that argues against people who oppose trophy hunting on the basis that it is absolutely wrong. The authors write: "...
adkane's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
374 views

Moral Error Theory questions

The following is a quote taken from: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/moral-anti-realism/#Nonc The error theorist doesn’t think that torturing innocent people is morally wrong, but doesn’t think ...
Ameet Sharma's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
54 views

What should I read to deepen my understanding about 'relativism and anti-realism'?

After some discussion, I noticed the philosophical questions I want to explore are mainly ideas that take a relativist and anti-realist point of view. (whether when it comes to morals, or concepts ...
user65383's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
374 views

Are there any philosophers who argue for a non-utilitarian moral realism from phenomenology?

What I have in mind is a non-utilitarian alternative to Sharon Hewitt Rawlette (a summary from a podcast) which would propose something like: Morality is objective because moral facts are equally as ...
Probably's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
119 views

What is the moral justification for our own existence in the universe?

As sentient beings, we have the ability to reflect on our own existence and consider the moral implications of our actions. But what gives us the right to exist in the first place? Is it simply the ...
TN157's user avatar
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2 votes
6 answers
436 views

Veganism and Cognitive dissonance

I had a recent discussion with a friend about the ethics and morality of veganism. I defined veganism as the following Minimising harm to animals to the maximal extent Some background information, ...
R.Su's user avatar
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0 answers
70 views

Could ethics be grounded in a law of nature?

Assuming that morality is objective, is it possible that the reason there are moral truths (i.e it is wrong to harm children) is because of an undiscovered law of nature (like gravity)?
bob johnson's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
600 views

I know Survival of the fittest is realistic. But is it morally ethical?

Survival for the fittest and extinction for the weakest. I know that should be the way. But ethically if you think about it just because it happens in reality, does that statement make it morally ...
user avatar
8 votes
11 answers
849 views

What is one’s incentive to be moral?

Assuming there is no afterlife, or whatever afterlife there is does not depend on the morality of my actions in this life, what is one’s incentive to be moral given basic rational self-interest is ...
Just Some Old Man's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
2k views

What is the origin of the idea that moral realism requires a god?

This idea has always been very strange to me. The first time I encountered this idea was when I was required to read about the Euthyphro Dilemma in college. It felt like a whole dialogue about ...
Ameet Sharma's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
120 views

Moral issues in cyber technology [closed]

Is anyone of deontology or utilitarianism adequate to handle moral issues in cyber technology? Or do we need some other theory?
Kyzil Quentero's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
566 views

What is ethical subjectivism?

I'm having difficulty understanding ethical subjectivism. Taken from wikipedia here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethical_subjectivism Ethical sentences describe propositions. Some such propositions ...
Ameet Sharma's user avatar
  • 3,093
2 votes
2 answers
143 views

How does the "ideal observer theory" deduce that murder of innocents is wrong?

The ideal observer theory (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ideal_observer_theory) says "A is better than B if an impartial and fully informed observer would choose A over B... here, A and B are ...
user50301's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
101 views

Historically, were most philosophers moral realists before the rise of physicalism?

Moral facts seem weird because they don't seem to mesh too well with a purely physicalist ontology (although there is such a thing as ethical naturalism). It somehow seems odd that alongside the facts ...
Adam Sharpe's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
49 views

If Parfit's objectivism metaphysical?

In On What Matters, Derek Parfit argues that we sometimes have objective reasons to have certain desires or aims. I find this to be a metaphysical claim, and other philosophers (such as Michael Smith) ...
Ariel's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
114 views

Boundary case on the morality of torture [closed]

Most everyone would agree that "cold-blooded" torture is morally wrong. We agree so much so that many assume it's objectively wrong. That being said, imagine this thought experiment: A ...
Cam White's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
221 views

Is it moral get free benefits from a country and then leave it for a better life?

There is an article about movies. It mentions an actress from the former Soviet Union who was denounced by some communist for playing a role in the wrong western movie. He says: The Soviet Union gave ...
R S's user avatar
  • 149
2 votes
1 answer
340 views

Does Hume's Is-Ought Thesis imply moral nihilism?

Assuming you are an atheist, cognitivist, and a moral objectivist, does Hume's Is-Ought Thesis imply you must be a moral nihilist (or perhaps more weakly, at least a moral skepticist)? Put another ...
Some Guy's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
102 views

Is this conditional donation morally permissible?

About a week ago, at the onset of the COVID-19 epidemic in Bulgaria, a Bulgarian entrepreneur (Ivaylo Penchev, founder of Walltopia), offered a conditional donation of medical ventilators to a state-...
the.real.gruycho's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
431 views

What was Sartre's thought on good and evil?

If existentialism according to Sartre hold everyone responsible. Why Sartre said "men are condemned to be free"?
Pallab Behari Chaklanabis's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
49 views

Arguments for naturalistic moral realism

In current philosophy, what are the main strands of argumentation when it comes to substantiating naturlistic moral realism? My question may be rephrased into: How would you argue?
usario's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
62 views

This is a question of ethics

Few thousand years ago two Indian schools carvakas and Ajivikas challenged Karma doctrine , as there was no good or bad deeds and no reward or punishment , Is there any Western thought similar to this ...
Pallab Behari Chaklanabis's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
566 views

Why is moral cognitivism called 'cognitivism'

I don't get it? "Cognitive" usually refers to do with the mind, mental processes, thinking, or the brain. In ethics, it refers to whether or not something is a "statement" or can be "true or false". ...
Matthew's user avatar
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1 vote
4 answers
423 views

Completeness and Consistency of Moral Systems(Ethics)

Before I state my question: I have no formal education in philosophy but am exposed to the basics of most moral systems - (utilitarianism, altruism, etc.) Is it possible to show that it is possible ...
hashes's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
299 views

Can I define morality as "maximizing pleasure/happiness"? Why yes or why not?

I heard in this video https://youtu.be/ebuve4INdAU?list=WL&t=699 that it is difficult to define morality as maximizing happiness for the maximum number of people. I also read about the open-...
Mahshrp's user avatar
  • 23
3 votes
2 answers
142 views

Can there be objective moral facts that have no innate imperative bindingness – what everyone ought to do regardless of their needs and preferences?

My interest is in presenting results from the science of social morality in ways that will be culturally useful. (This science is the study of the origins and function of behaviors motivated by our ...
Mark Sloan's user avatar
6 votes
5 answers
3k views

Golden Rule - Conflict

"Do unto others as you would have them do unto you." Jesus, Plato... I don't care who said that, this is not a history question, I mean philosophy. So, my questions: Should one do good with someone ...
user36970's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
175 views

Do necessary ought nots follow from impossible oughts?

I'm reading about Hume's is-ought gap and how oughts can't follow from is's. My question is if there are impossible oughts and if these impossible oughts create necessary ought nots. Example: "you ...
AntiTruthist's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
199 views

Could Ethical subjectivism be classified as Moral realism if we include God?

For the sake of my question, God = "an omnipotent being". I am not referring to any specific gods that come from any past or present religions. Ethical subjectivism generally stands in opposition to ...
Tobias Ethercroft's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
201 views

What principle of morality can be applied in the case on Hiroshima and Nagasaki World War Bombing?

I am confused as to which principle of morality is applicable to World War II bombings. I am choosing between the lesser of two evils principles and the double effect. I think it can be justified ...
sammyyy's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
197 views

Are human moralities morally objective or subjective or morally skeptic (always ask critical questions)?

Moral objectivism means that something that is not moral ought to change to something morally absolute or constant. Moral subjectivism means that moral ideas are relative. They can change over time. ...
user avatar
2 votes
6 answers
29k views

Morality is subjective?

I tend to believe that morality isn't all subjective. Society objectifies morality and keep a distinction between good and bad. So even if a person felt (subjective) what he was doing was right, ...
Hittfler's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
936 views

Moral Objectivism or Moral Relativism: which is true? [closed]

I haven't read or heard a single convincing argument for Moral Objectivism. One is that of convenience (so that moral statements can be logically evaluated leading to conflict resolution), which I ...
useranonis's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
96 views

Can analogues of moral non-naturalism make some metaphysical hypotheses more defensible?

One common position in meta-ethics is that facts about morality exist, but are not natural properties of the universe but rather are something else. I can't measure the wrongness of slavery the same ...
J.G.'s user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
235 views

Can we characterize libertarianism without assuming moral realism?

In the discussion about free will, moral realism and libertarianism go hand in hand. It seems that libertarian free will is assumed to be what we need to “attach” moral responsibility to certain ...
viuser's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
311 views

Moral realism: Can the Bible be a reliable moral guide for an atheist?

Assume both atheism and moral realism are true. Can a religious text, such as the Bible, still be a reliable moral guide? Or do the religious aspects invalidate the entire text? To put this another ...
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