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In traditional philosophy, what is the opposite to "Intelligent Design theory"?

My concern is that almost no intelligent and logical person would argue for a pure naturalism of this world. At the same time, a large portion of these intelligent people would deny "Intelligent ...
TheMatrix Equation-balance's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
510 views

Is the concept of "supernatural laws" an oxymoron?

In the discussion on defining and distinguishing between naturalism and supernaturalism, is it coherent to entertain the notion of a supernatural realm governed by rules or laws, and if so, would it ...
Mark's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
268 views

What kind of evidence would make theism/supernaturalism more theoretically virtuous than naturalism?

Graham Oppy is well-known for arguing that naturalism strikes the best balance between minimizing all of one's theoretical commitments and maximizing the explanation that one's theoretical commitments ...
Mark's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
67 views

What is the definition of supernatural? [duplicate]

What is the definition of supernatural? If one defines "natural" as "everything that exists", then, simply by definition, nothing is supernatural, not even ghosts or gods or ...
user107952's user avatar
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7 answers
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What are theistic responses to Graham Oppy's argument for atheism from naturalism?

Short version I'm specifically referring to Graham Oppy's paper An Argument for Atheism from Naturalism: Abstract This paper outlines an argument for atheism from naturalism that I have developed in ...
Mark's user avatar
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2 votes
13 answers
4k views

Could Occam's Razor ever favor theism?

In principle, could Occam's Razor ever favor theism over rival hypotheses like naturalism? What conditions would have to be met for this to be the case? BONUS: for those interested in naturalism vs. ...
Mark's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
49 views

Can axiomatic (in-)dependence provide insights to the relation between natural and supernatural?

Suppose the natural world and supernatural world differ from each other by premises that both share, i.e. they are dependent on the same axioms. Then the supernatural should also be a subsection of ...
Myers Hertz's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
219 views

Can fate occur without god?

Suppose that X is fated to occur at a particular time in the universe’s history. Can this process occur naturalistically? Or can it only be done by God?
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1 vote
0 answers
23 views

Are quantum epistemology and intuitionistic constructivism compatible?

A somewhat recent article coming out of the University of Toronto and the Institute for Theoretical Physics in Zurich claims "no": Constructivist epistemology posits that all truths are ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
186 views

At what point should naturalism be doubted?

Suppose you believe in naturalism. Now, there are things that happen in the world explainable by natural laws. One can also conceive of events happening that are not explainable by current natural ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
74 views

How can one justify that wider explanatory power makes a certain explanation more likely?

Suppose I win the lottery today. I tell myself that this was because God helped me win. Suppose I play the lottery next year and lose. I tell myself that this was because God wanted me to lose. Either ...
user avatar
6 votes
5 answers
2k views

Is naturalism the null hypothesis?

If one is not able to come up with a reason to believe anything supernatural, should one “by default” assume naturalism to be true? Or should one remain completely agnostic? If I see a person hitting ...
user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
351 views

Under metaphysical naturalism, does everything boil down to Physics?

If metaphysical naturalism is true, would that mean that Physics is the ultimate discipline that can sufficiently explain everything, and that all other disciplines, including Chemistry, Biology, ...
Mark's user avatar
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2 votes
6 answers
240 views

Which kinds of philosophical arguments are more than subjective opinions? [closed]

"There is nothing so absurd but some philosopher has said it" - Cicero. Is it possible to express opinions about other opinions, without expressing oneself philosophically? For example, if I ...
Roger's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
402 views

Why does naturalistic dualism imply panpsychism?

From this article: First, [naturalistic dualism] seems to imply panpsychism, the view that everything in the universe has consciousness. Once you accept the existence of nonphysical features of the ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
749 views

Barring miracles, can anything in principle ever establish the existence of the supernatural?

Before moving on with my question, I want to note that by supernatural I mean anything that would be considered a cause not known to be operating under known natural laws. Sure, if pigs started flying ...
user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
2k views

Is my objection to naturalism popular or fringe in contemporary philosophy?

I have a line of thought that strict naturalism (in the most extreme case, the belief that only particle physics is an accurate description of reality) is self-defeating. I say this because notions ...
Noah Mancino's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
366 views

What is the relation between naturalism and the natural law theory?

What is the relation between naturalism and the natural law theory? Natural law (Britannica): natural law, in philosophy, system of right or justice held to be common to all humans and derived from ...
Starckman's user avatar
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13 votes
14 answers
6k views

Why is it an unpopular view, among philosophers and religious people, that a human being has a supernatural, spiritual soul?

I used to believe that a human being has a supernatural, spiritual soul and that it is obvious for the reasons stated below. I was very surprised to find out that not only secular philosophy, but even ...
gaazkam's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
81 views

Resources on the distinction between epistemology in pure and applied mathematics

I'm looking for recommendations for works that present roughly (or at least parts of) the following perspective on epistemology in mathematics. I hope having access to similar perspectives will allow ...
TomKern's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
44 views

Is analytic philsophy the most associated with "armchair" knowledge and is that subject to change?

*By armchair I mean knowledge one can gain by not going out into the world very far. And by my title I get the impression (perhaps mistakenly) that if armchair knowledge was lessened, so too would ...
J Kusin's user avatar
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Are constellations "artificial kinds"?

To say that a kind is natural, rather than artificial or arbitrary, means, minimally, that it reflects some relevant aspects of the world and not only the interests of, or facts about, the classifiers....
user avatar
15 votes
9 answers
5k views

Is naturalism falsifiable?

From Wikipedia: In philosophy, naturalism is the idea or belief that only natural laws and forces (as opposed to supernatural ones) operate in the universe.[1] Naturalism is not so much a special ...
user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
1k views

Naturalism and anti-realism in the philosophy of science

I was surprised by the lack of easily accessed discussion on overlap of these popular philosophical terms / ideas. Are they more or less orthogonal? As I understand it, ontological naturalism says we ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
67 views

Formal definition of "natural" and "naturalness" for the ethics and moral philosophy of "natural law"?

Every object is the combinatorial combination of atoms (or quarks/gluons/leptons if we dive deeper to the elements). Is there formal definition which combinations of atoms are "natural" and ...
TomR's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
275 views

What is the meaning of "natural"?

It's a term we all know, like "time". We all know what it means but when trying to explain it the difficulties start. For example, in trying to explain time circularity enters the ...
Pathfinder's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
684 views

Is G.E Moore's notion of goodness widely held and defended by contemporaneous philosophers?

I was wondering whether the idea that goodness cannot be defined and is just intuitively recognisable when observed, still holds significant weight? It seems somewhat similar to Plato's idea of ...
Jim stoke's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
74 views

Is there a naturalized intuitionist mathematics? Is it Kantian?

I have in mind an interpretation of mathematics as intuitionalism, where intuitions are subjective (built from personal experience), but subjective experience is ultimately explained “objectively” a ...
J Kusin's user avatar
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-3 votes
1 answer
93 views

Does a causal nexus imply the law of non contradiction or law of excluded middle?

Suggested to clarify: Do the major scientific, mathematical/analytic theories describing causal theories/"a causal nexus", physical theories, and some monist doctrines necessarily imply or ...
J Kusin's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
50 views

Wouldn’t analysis still be useful with a naturalized notion of contradiction?

I wonder why analysis receives so much attention when it’s very narrow with how we experience the world. That is its focus on logical and mathematical proofs. One reason for this focus must be its ...
J Kusin's user avatar
  • 2,786
2 votes
5 answers
265 views

What does 'nature' mean in Darwin's Origin of Species?

Recently, I have been reading the Origin of Species and quite a few times Darwin says that nature selects. But it seems like he is personifying nature. Could we say that nature=reality for him? And ...
Eauriel's user avatar
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0 answers
82 views

Philosophical/Natural Complementarianism

According to Wikipedia, 'Complementarianism' is a theological view that "men and women have different but complementary roles and responsibilities in marriage, family life, and religious ...
Rob's user avatar
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0 votes
3 answers
876 views

Can people who deny naturalism consistently believe in science? [closed]

Naturalism is connected very much to Inductive reasoning. In science, if we see something happening again and again we generalize it into a law and we believe it as true. It will be only considered as ...
Kasi Reddy Sreeman Reddy's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
378 views

Name for a form of naturalism that allows for abstract objects

Some of the more pressing arguments against materialism involve their inability to account for abstract objects such as meaning or reference. A few definitions before I continue: Abstract object: an ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
386 views

Is there a name for a philosophy that seeks to increase human suffering?

The vast, vast majority of ethic systems seek the minimization of human suffering as a good, considering it ethical or righteous in some way. Even anti-natalists believe this after a fashion, ...
user2352714's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
334 views

Is a supernatural entity or existence constricted by the necessity of evidence?

It's a fact that natural existences are constricted by the necessity of evidence. Meaning evidence is necessary to prove an natural existence or natural occurrence, and if there's is no evidence the ...
Khasim Amedu's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
221 views

how can one distinguish between disorder and the supernatural?

Many strange things happen to us when we are asleep. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sleep_paralysis https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Out-of-body_experience https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypnic_jerk ...
Achmed's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
100 views

Historically, were most philosophers moral realists before the rise of physicalism?

Moral facts seem weird because they don't seem to mesh too well with a purely physicalist ontology (although there is such a thing as ethical naturalism). It somehow seems odd that alongside the facts ...
Adam Sharpe's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
412 views

Quine and the Myth of the Given

To give you some background details about myself: I have a deep interest in Quine's work and Naturalism in Philosophy; I have been independently studying and reading Quine's work and his relation to ...
Leucippus's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
258 views

Does Bayes' Theorem justify rejecting an argument for the supernatural from a well-supported miracle?

Suppose you have really good evidence for a miracle. Let's say that given the evidence, the probability of the miracle having occurred is about 80%. Now, you also know that miracles can only occur if ...
natojato's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
95 views

Is Kant's Transcendent naturalistic?

Reading this article, I found the following: Kant is sympathetic to the dominant strain in modern philosophy that banishes final causes from nature and instead treats nature as nothing but matter ...
Gloserio's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
49 views

Arguments for naturalistic moral realism

In current philosophy, what are the main strands of argumentation when it comes to substantiating naturlistic moral realism? My question may be rephrased into: How would you argue?
usario's user avatar
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-2 votes
2 answers
180 views

A Statistical Argument Against Naturalism from Pro Golf [closed]

Imagine a golfer in a professional tournament. She is about to attempt a putt on the 18th hole. On naturalism, the golfer’s behavior is determined by neurophysiological events in the brain. Some of ...
Willie Betmore's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
124 views

David Lewis and naturalism

I am studying Lewis and I am wondering what are the cornerstones of his philosophical perspective. In particular, I am wondering if Lewis is a naturalist like his supervisor Quine.
CRL's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
154 views

Is there any correlation between Quine’s underdetermination and bayesian issues of old evidence and new theories?

Bayesianism has some faults some of which involve the problem of old evidence and the issue of new theories. Are these two problems linked to Quine’s underdetermination? Or are they contrasting it? ...
W.V.O.'s user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
399 views

Does natural science assume indirect realism?

The wiki on Direct and Indirect Realism seems to claim that indirect realism is part of natural science. The wiki defines indirect realism as follows: indirect or representative realism [is] the ...
user3776022's user avatar
5 votes
7 answers
475 views

A Ground or Foundation of Morality

I am currently reading the very fascinating paper Unspeakable Ethics, Unnatural Law by Arthur Allen Leff. It seems that the thrust of his paper is that there is no "naturalistic" way of grounding or ...
Eli Bashwinger's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
183 views

Is "class culture" an artificial construct or does it have "natural" motivation?

Is "class culture" an artificial construct or does it have "natural" motivation? A lof of things, at least judging by internet, are associated or measured relative to socio-economic class. However, ...
mavavilj's user avatar
  • 3,036
4 votes
1 answer
424 views

Is essentialism compatible with naturalism?

I am not an expert and I cannot understand why essentialism is incompatible with naturalism? Why scientific laws cannot describe essential properties of objects?
Mortimer's user avatar
  • 121
2 votes
3 answers
179 views

What role does "DESIRE" play in materialistic determinism?

Let us assume the worldview of extreme materialistic determinism. This is the belief that everything is the result of its material make up. This view goes so far as to eliminate free will. Our ...
user46322's user avatar
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