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Questions tagged [naturalism]

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11 votes
10 answers
2k views

Is it possible to define "the supernatural"?

From a naturalistic perspective, it is possible to argue that the supernatural not only doesn't exist, but cannot even be defined. The reasoning goes that anything which "appears" to be supernatural, ...
LightCC's user avatar
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15 votes
9 answers
5k views

Is naturalism falsifiable?

From Wikipedia: In philosophy, naturalism is the idea or belief that only natural laws and forces (as opposed to supernatural ones) operate in the universe.[1] Naturalism is not so much a special ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
474 views

How can one derive naturalistic moral principles without referencing utility?

When considering the derivation of moral principles from a naturalistic point of view, it would seem to me that moral statements can only be conceived of in one way. That is, if we are trying to make ...
syntonicC's user avatar
  • 574
28 votes
3 answers
25k views

What is the difference between naturalism and materialism?

What is the difference between naturalism and materialism, if any? I see definitions of naturalism that say, in effect, it is the belief that there is no supernatural. But what is the supernatural ...
David Lewis's user avatar
2 votes
13 answers
4k views

Could Occam's Razor ever favor theism?

In principle, could Occam's Razor ever favor theism over rival hypotheses like naturalism? What conditions would have to be met for this to be the case? BONUS: for those interested in naturalism vs. ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 5,351
9 votes
7 answers
3k views

Could there ever be evidence for an infinite being?

The God of Anselm is understood as "that than which nothing greater can be conceived." From this definition, God can be presumed to be omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent, perfectly free, uncaused, ...
Bryson S.'s user avatar
  • 201
6 votes
1 answer
232 views

Where can one find the most fully developed version of EAAN with the four-part defense of premise 1?

Having just completed Alvin Plantinga's book Where the Conflict Really Lies, I was a bit surprised to learn that he now takes a different approach to defending premise 1 of the Evolutionary Argument ...
DicePower's user avatar
5 votes
7 answers
475 views

A Ground or Foundation of Morality

I am currently reading the very fascinating paper Unspeakable Ethics, Unnatural Law by Arthur Allen Leff. It seems that the thrust of his paper is that there is no "naturalistic" way of grounding or ...
Eli Bashwinger's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
749 views

Barring miracles, can anything in principle ever establish the existence of the supernatural?

Before moving on with my question, I want to note that by supernatural I mean anything that would be considered a cause not known to be operating under known natural laws. Sure, if pigs started flying ...
user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
351 views

Under metaphysical naturalism, does everything boil down to Physics?

If metaphysical naturalism is true, would that mean that Physics is the ultimate discipline that can sufficiently explain everything, and that all other disciplines, including Chemistry, Biology, ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 5,351
3 votes
7 answers
2k views

What are theistic responses to Graham Oppy's argument for atheism from naturalism?

Short version I'm specifically referring to Graham Oppy's paper An Argument for Atheism from Naturalism: Abstract This paper outlines an argument for atheism from naturalism that I have developed in ...
Mark's user avatar
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3 votes
4 answers
297 views

How one should live a peaceful life knowing this fact that there is no meaning of life? [closed]

So I am going through the philosophical path and I think I am deep into it nowadays. That old question "What is the purpose of living when we are going to die one day" was eating my mind but ...
Monk Programmer's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
380 views

Name for a form of naturalism that allows for abstract objects

Some of the more pressing arguments against materialism involve their inability to account for abstract objects such as meaning or reference. A few definitions before I continue: Abstract object: an ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
181 views

Is there an innate drive to offer sacrifices for a higher being?

I have heard that philosophy recognizes or recognized a human inner drive to offer sacrifices to a higher being/authority and that this is the basis of early pagan practices and the foundation of ...
Reb Chaim HaQoton's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
277 views

What is the meaning of "natural"?

It's a term we all know, like "time". We all know what it means but when trying to explain it the difficulties start. For example, in trying to explain time circularity enters the ...
Pathfinder's user avatar
2 votes
6 answers
241 views

Which kinds of philosophical arguments are more than subjective opinions? [closed]

"There is nothing so absurd but some philosopher has said it" - Cicero. Is it possible to express opinions about other opinions, without expressing oneself philosophically? For example, if I ...
Roger's user avatar
  • 39
2 votes
3 answers
269 views

What kind of evidence would make theism/supernaturalism more theoretically virtuous than naturalism?

Graham Oppy is well-known for arguing that naturalism strikes the best balance between minimizing all of one's theoretical commitments and maximizing the explanation that one's theoretical commitments ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 5,351
2 votes
1 answer
366 views

What is the relation between naturalism and the natural law theory?

What is the relation between naturalism and the natural law theory? Natural law (Britannica): natural law, in philosophy, system of right or justice held to be common to all humans and derived from ...
Starckman's user avatar
  • 1,580
1 vote
3 answers
510 views

Is the concept of "supernatural laws" an oxymoron?

In the discussion on defining and distinguishing between naturalism and supernaturalism, is it coherent to entertain the notion of a supernatural realm governed by rules or laws, and if so, would it ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 5,351
0 votes
1 answer
109 views

Why does Naturalistic philosophy of science potentially encounter a circularity problem that foundationalist theories would not encounter? [closed]

Not exactly sure what the circularity problem is and how naturalism could encounter it?
Mark Cuthbert's user avatar