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Questions tagged [neurophilosophy]

Neurophilosophy is an approach to philosophy that uses the methodological techniques and empirically driven results of neuroscience to answer philosophical problems. Central to neurophilosophy are questions regarding the true nature of the brain and its relation to the mind.

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How can we know if the Apollonian and Dionysian really exist?

I'm currently in the summer between my freshman and sophomore years. During the fall, I had a class on Oedipus Tyrannus and we read it with Aristotle, Freud, and Nietzche. I found many of the ...
mj8930's user avatar
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3 votes
7 answers
692 views

Is quantum mechanics relevant/irrelevant to explain conscious processes?

According to the paper by Koch and Hepp The relation between quantum mechanics and higher brain functions: Lessons from quantum computation and neurobiology from 2007, quantum mechanics and its ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
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6 votes
10 answers
521 views

Is there any evidence to suggest that our conciousness regularly replaces itself?

I heard on some article that conciousness cannot persist through time and that every second ( or an even shorter duration ) it changes to a new one, is there any evidence to suggest this? Is our ...
Rayyan khan's user avatar
8 votes
6 answers
2k views

Can the Chinese room argument be used to make a case for dualism?

Suppose you have a conscious AI and you run its code by hand on a piece of paper. Would that AI still be conscious? If not, what is it about transistors that breathes life into an otherwise soulless ...
Dimitris02's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
240 views

Is AI capable of Hofstadter's anology?

In the book Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies: Computer Models of the Fundamental Mechanisms of Thought, Hofstadter argues that analogy is a fundamental mechanism of neurocognition. Now, I've been ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
3 votes
5 answers
1k views

From the "inverted spectrum" to the "music transposed by 12" problem?

So here's an argument for category theory in neuroscience. He presents the inverted spectrum problem and yoneda lemma as its solution. I am abridging it: We can order colours from long wavelength ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
272 views

If some people don't have an internal monologue, is that a problem for arguments for the existence of other minds?

https://www.verywellmind.com/does-everyone-have-an-inner-monologue-6831748 All arguments in favor of the existence of other minds claim that other people have minds similar to my mind. My mind is ...
Arti's user avatar
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7 answers
284 views

Is the pleasure of drugs better than long term achievements? [closed]

If there are currently drugs which release more dopamine and other chemicals in the brain on a level which cannot be replicated naturally, why aren't more people taking them, considering you cannot ...
dannyboy's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
200 views

Brain states, morality and free will: What can we discern from the case of the schoolteacher who became a pedophile post-brain tumor?

Roughly 20 years ago, a disturbing story hit the news media: Nightmare experience for man whose cancer turned him into a pedophile. The presence of an egg-sized brain tumour is claimed to have ...
Futilitarian's user avatar
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1 answer
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Could neurodiversity factors affect individuals' ability to understand various specific abstract concepts?

Wittgenstein was a philosopher who arrived at several insightful questions (e.g. the private-language problem) but seemed to range from clueless to superstitious about transfinite set theory. Non-...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
180 views

Experience as an initial value problem?

Question The argument seems to say just as I have a physical initial value problem and with the laws of physics tell the time evolution, similarly, I can have an initial value problem of experience ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
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Why do I doubt my instincts and instead take a wrong decision for that task or situation though the answer or solution or strategy is within my reach?

I choose my instincts when doing something, but I doubt it and then do something else or something opposite. When reflecting back on it, I realize that my instincts were true. In short, why do I doubt ...
iCantFindaGoodUsername's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
87 views

What can be the cause for this mess I'm or the road to insanity I am on? Or is it that I am insane or with an unsound mind? [closed]

Why do I keep questioning myself; my mind and brain keep unfolding questions regarding my behaviour, constantly questioning my behaviour and intentions. Indefinitely doubt every bit and the part about ...
iCantFindaGoodUsername's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
147 views

Is peripheral attention an example of the intentionality of consciousness?

Suppose I fix my gaze on an object, say a flower. Without moving my eyes, keeping them fixed on the flower, so with the same exact visual experience, I can "direct my attention" towards ...
Mark's user avatar
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4 votes
5 answers
801 views

According to Chalmers, can neuroscience resolve the "hard problem of consciousness"?

This is a question that aims to clarify Chalmers's "hard problem of consciousness". Suppose one day neuroscientists figured out how exactly to reproduce all (or virtually all) human ...
J Li's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
230 views

How do epiphenomenalists explain our knowledge of felt-states?

The traditional epiphenomenalist claim is that the mental properties are simply a by-product of neurophysiological events and so have no causal efficacy over the physical world. This obviously implies ...
natojato's user avatar
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-2 votes
1 answer
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What replaces folk psychology concepts when taking neurosciences serious?

When neuroscience and neuroscientists tell us1 that specific kinds of concepts (entities and processes) of good ol' folk psychology don't really exist (in a scientifically meaningful manner) ...
Hans-Peter Stricker's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
750 views

Thought experiment: The distorted brain in a vat

[This is the second version of another question: How does consciousness depend on spatiality?] I admit that the technical details of the following thought experiment sound completely weird but that's ...
Hans-Peter Stricker's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
108 views

Are neural correlates of consciousness and immortal souls compatible?

Can one be a hard-boiled believer in neural correlates of consciousness and at the same time believe in things like the immortal soul reincarnation telepathy and if so, which approaches have been ...
Hans-Peter Stricker's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
311 views

Physical correlates of consciousness

The term neural correlates of consciousness is well established (~ 277,000 Google results, one Wikipedia article), but I'd like to ask for more general physical correlates of consciousness (~ 6,000 ...
Hans-Peter Stricker's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
469 views

Philosophy of anti-thinking: What does it feel like to consciously not think about X?

Take apples as an example: When we think of apples, we think of e.g. a round shaped object that is red and is juicy. But when we are not thinking about apples, we are either not aware we are ...
Secret's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
431 views

Authors on consciousness and its relation with suffering

Let's say we take a group of volunteers willing to receive a 120V discharge under fMRI scanners. They all may receive the same intensity but how can we know that they all recieve the same amount of ...
user avatar
2 votes
7 answers
434 views

How can we be accountable if we are chemically programmed?

If we accept that neuro-chemistry largely explains cognitive function, deterministically, how can we be accountable? Not how or why can we be held accountable but how can we earnestly be in fact ...
George Ntoulos's user avatar
6 votes
7 answers
898 views

Can science prove or provide evidence that the brain is the source of the mind

I am seeking published discussions or arguments about this proposition, though some discussion here would be useful: Science can prove or provide significant evidence that the brain is the source ...
David Lewis's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
379 views

Can substance dualism (Cartesian) account for split consciousness?

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-superhuman-mind/201211/split-brains A long time ago neuroscientists discovered that when a persons brain is split their consciousness splits as well. Some ...
Noah's user avatar
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2 votes
5 answers
347 views

Can physical aspects of the brain reveal everything about what one's subjective experience is like?

In Colin McGinn's "The Mysterious Flame," McGinn argues against the materialistic response to the hard problem of consciousness with the following argument: Suppose I know everything about your ...
MacroGuy's user avatar
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4 votes
5 answers
484 views

Could we develop a notion of conceivability that would allow us to imagine impossible/inconsistent/illogical things?

There are things that we cannot imagine because they are impossible (like a solution to Russell's set theory, since it is impossible to reach that solution because it is illogical.) Some months ago, ...
Forsete's user avatar
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0 answers
49 views

What might be the daily experience of someone who does not have an orientation association area?

The orientation association area gives us a sense of our body in time and space. What would it be like without this part of the brain assuming everything else works normally? Can the brain ...
user34374's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
5k views

How might studying philosophy impact your mental health?

According to wikipedia on Pessimism and Pragmatic Criticism ...Al-Ghazali and William James rejected their pessimism after suffering psychological, or even psychosomatic illness... Other authors ...
user avatar
2 votes
5 answers
2k views

If consciousness is an emergent property of brain state, does this mean that we can only truly exist for 1 Planck unit of time?

Suppose my self-awareness, consciousness, point of view (POV) or qualia is not a "thing in itself" but rather an intrinsic emergent property of my brain's current brain state. Then, as my brain ...
xwb's user avatar
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3 votes
4 answers
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If two brains A and B were 100% identical, why would A's self-awareness emerge in A instead of emerging in B and viceversa?

What I'm asking is basically how is the "self-awareness allocation problem" solved. I know this problem can be confusing, so let me try to explain it by means of examples: Example 1: Let’s imagine ...
xwb's user avatar
  • 729
2 votes
1 answer
150 views

Authors on "the Trouble with the Revolutions of the Mind"

Accepting that planet Earth was not at the centre of the universe and the stars were like just like the Sun but only much further was a "revolution of the mind" that took centuries to accept....
user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
273 views

Would there be any point in mind-uploading?

If you cloned a human being, atom for atom, you would almost certainly find that you've created a new entity, with its own consciousness, and memory of having been previously conscious. Assuming the ...
M-R's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
173 views

Is the philosophy of neuroscience necessarily materialistic?

The field of neuroscience is quite popular today, as our technology developments allows us for much more depth of research of the brain every passing day. I understand neuroscience as the field that ...
Yechiam Weiss's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
814 views

What has modern Neuroscience contributed to philosophy of mind (as opposed to science in general)?

Most introductory philosophy of mind lectures include a statement along the following line: "Modern developments in Brain and Neuroscience have influenced the way philosophers talk about the mind", ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
269 views

Is the "speed of time" perception a quale we can share?

The perception of time seems to be a quale as every other else. Though, the unique thing about it could be that it's actually measurable. People regulate their drowsiness by objective factors like ...
Probably's user avatar
  • 721
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is the connection between color qualia and color frequencies? [closed]

I acknowledge that what we perceive electromagnetic waves of frequency 400 micro meters as green because that's what we decided to call green and not the other way around. But by our experience of ...
Probably's user avatar
  • 721
1 vote
1 answer
680 views

Is your memory what makes you yourself? [closed]

Pardon if this sounds like one of those "Jaden Smith tweets" Say when you go to sleep all your conscious activities cease. Many times you won't even know how much time has passed since you went to ...
Allahjane's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
1k views

What are the best arguments against substance dualism? [closed]

As I understand it, substance dualism is a position that holds that current physics and neuroscience cannot account for certain properties of qualia and the mind, implying the existence of some other ...
CorvusCornix's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
136 views

Does neurorealism imply a fear of Cartesian dualism that philosophy should rightly address? [closed]

Recently Nature published a computer-generated image of the brain sprinkled with colorful words representing a semantic map, i.e., parts of the brain cortex that responded to various spoken words ...
Dalton Bentley's user avatar
14 votes
1 answer
1k views

What counters are there to Spinoza's argument that acts of free will create infinite regress?

My 16-to-21-year-old self was very preoccupied with free will. When I was 21 years old I rejected the notion as ill-defined as both my reason and my inner experience told me that my will was caused ...
ymar's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
466 views

Are there any prominent modern philosophers with a background in neuroscience?

A lot of timeless questions in philosophy of mind seem relatively answerable by modern advancements in neuroscience and brain science. I was wondering if there are any well-known philosophers to date ...
Sydney Maples's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
230 views

Meaning is in the brain, where else?

Philosophy of languages discusses the two concepts of extension and intension. Since the 1960ies Putnam published a series of papers on topics like the meaning of meaning. He argues against the view ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
1k views

What determines individual experience?

I understand that evidence found in neuroscience points to the idea that consciousness, feelings, etc are all generated via biological processes within the brain. Now, Going off the fact that by ...
Xavier Long's user avatar
7 votes
7 answers
2k views

Shouldn't philosophy be replaced by neuroscience? [closed]

George Johnson (In the Palaces of Memory: How We Build the Worlds Inside Our Heads, 1991) expressed it best: "As neuroscience comes closer to explaining more about the brain and mind, some scientists, ...
Darcy Davis's user avatar
7 votes
9 answers
2k views

Is it impossible for a human brain completely to understand the human brain?

Are (or were) there any philosophers that argue (or argued) that the human brain cannot be understood using a human brain, i.e. that it's impossible for a human to understand the human brain ...
user132181's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
148 views

Philosophy of the lymphatic system

If neurophilosophy is a legitimate from of philosophy why don’t we have philosophies pertaining to various other sub-personal processes/systems: autonomic, vestibular, and proprioceptive? Why not ...
jimpliciter's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
2k views

Isn't Nietzsche's Übermensch idea self-contradictory?

Doesn't Nietzsche's Übermensch contradicts itself in that understanding everything would enable propagation of that understanding? Wouldn't Nietzsche's Übermensch eventually fully understand how the ...
Jim's user avatar
  • 59
2 votes
4 answers
4k views

Does veridical perception in Near death experiences prove the spiritual and supernatural to be true? [closed]

One of the greatest, if not the greatest piece of evidence that the mind can and does survive bodily death is veridical perception in near death experiences. Veridical perception in near death ...
LithiumPhilosophy's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
4k views

What is a 'Brain State?'

I was recently reading on this, but found that a complete definition was vague. What does a brain state mean? Thanks!
Ava's user avatar
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