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Questions tagged [nietzsche]

Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) was a German philosopher and poet. Nietzsche is consistently one of the most widely-read philosophers, even among laymen; yet his work is often elliptical, even cryptic, and demands an unusual discipline with respect to reading and thinking. This contradiction may give some sense of the complexity and profundity of Nietzsche's powerful writing and explosive style. Much of his work can be understood as critique of nihilism.

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What philosophers have been trashed by those that they influenced or followed them?

What philosophers have been trashed by those that they influenced or followed? By trashed I mean something like the relation between Marx and Hegel. Or Nietzsche and Schopenhauer or Kant ("that giant ...
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Why does Nietzsche think suffering is great?

"But not to perish from internal distress and doubt when one inflicts great suffering and hears the cry of suffering : that is great, that belongs to greatness." The Gay Science, Fourth Book, 325 How ...
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Is Nietzsche 'power' neither value neutral nor practical?

Main question Is Nietzsche 'power' neither value neutral nor practical? Subsidiaries that I considered in asking it If so, how can it be demarcated from the object of philosophy, generally enough ...
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Is Schopenhauerian pessimism truly passive nihilism?

Nietzsche referred to Schopenhauerian pessimism as passive nihilism. Does the categorization happen to be true or is Nietzsche's analysis somehow flawed?
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How does Nietzsche define suffering?

Obviously, Nietzche thinks that suffering is important, but what exactly does suffering entail? Is it both physical and emotional?
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Why did Nietzsche think that only the happiness of higher types mattered?

Why did Nietzsche think that only the happiness of higher types mattered? Was it due to some repulsion from normal people and their behaviours? Or was he just fascinated by greatness? I would assume ...
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When Russell refers to “the morality of slaves” in In Praise of Idleness is he referencing Nietzsche?

In Praise of Idleness features the line "The morality of work is the morality of slaves, and the modern world has no need of slavery." It also later references "the morality of the Slave State". Is ...
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Why Nietzsche believes that victims barter the damage they receive with a violent feast to see their tormentor suffer in a feast?

In the second essay of On the Genealogy of Morality: Guilt, bad conscience and the like, 6, Nietzsche seems to defend the thesis that victims barter the damage they received with a violent feast to ...
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Why is Nietzsche associated with postmodernism?

This is not the first commentary in which I have seen Nietzsche associated with postmodernism. I see daylight between him and the core ideas of postmodernism, as represented by the likes of Derrida, ...
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Is Nietzsche an anti-realist about moral disagreement?

This question got me thinking: What is the difference between the Superman and the Ultimateman? As I understand it, moral anti-realism is the thesis that there are no moral facts outside the ...
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What is the difference between the Superman and the Ultimateman?

In Nietzsche's words : Man is something that shall be overcome. Man is a rope tied between beast and superman - a rope over an abyss. Although the concept of the superman is well documented, ...
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Did Nietzsche violate Christian morality in his life? Was he urging anyone to do so? [closed]

Did Nietzsche violate Christian morality in his life, in his behaviour? Was he urging anyone to do so? He seems to have had a long standing grudge against it.
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What does this Zarathustra's sentence mean?

I started reading the most famous work of Nietzsche's, and then on the first chapter after the prologue, thus spoke Zarathustra: Or is it this: wading into dirty water when it is the water of truth,...
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Will to power: why doesn't it work sometimes?

I'm reading Nietzsche and he had this interesting idea that all lives tend to expand their influence on the world as much as possible. And for human beings, that means seeking to start a family, or to ...
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What does Beyond Good and Evil aphorism 4 mean?

It ends: recognise untruth as a condition of life: that, to be sure, means to resist customary value-sentiments in a dangerous fashion; and a philosophy which ventures to do so places itself, ...
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Nietzsche aphorism about happiness - interpretation

THE DANGER IN HAPPINESS.--"Everything now turns out best for me, I now love every fate:--who would like to be my fate?" From Beyond Good and Evil. I wondered if anyone could share some wisdom ...
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Did Nietzsche have anything to say about the trans-Atlantic slavery trade?

Given that there are over 300 references to slavery in Nietzsches work did he, in any of his works, address what was the most significant revival of slavery since Graeco-Roman times, that is the trans-...
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Is there any evidence that Nietzsche read anything by Zarathustra?

Here are two verses of Zarathustra from his Gathas published in the The Hymns of Zoroaster: A New Translation of the Most Ancient Sacred Texts of Iran by M. L. West: 40.10 And that reward, ...
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Did Nietzsche elaborate on his notion of a 'political caste to rule over Europe'

In Aphorism 251 in Beyond Good and Evil, Nietzche says: What is serious for me ... [is] the cultivation of a new caste to rule over Europe. And according to Nietzschean scholar Ronald Beiner, when ...
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What were the 'philosophical cover-up' practised by Heidegger in his Nietzschean lectures 1936-45

In Bambachs, Heidegger Roots, he offers an authoritative analysis of the manipulations practised by Heidegger in his Nietzsche lectures between 1936-45. He calls them a 'philosophical cover-up' ...
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Why is “re-evaluating all values” necessary to become an Übermensch?

From previous answers it became clear to me that Nietzsche did not think that there has been any Übermensch yet. He identified Goethe as a person that has overcome and disciplined himself to advance ...
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Nihilist paradox

As Nietzsche is an obvious example, I am focusing on him. I think that there are no nihilist philosophers, because if someone is a nihilist, why would the nihilist even bother telling us? As a ...
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Why did Nietzsche say he would not live his life again?

Why did Nietzsche say he would not live his life again? Kaufman Gay Science p. 19 introduction... “Nietzsche in ... one of his notes... “I do not want life again. How did I endure it? ...
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Isn't Nietzsche's overman a replacement for God?

Nietzsche claimed that "we killed God". Thus, as Nietzsche thought, it would result in nihilism. He also "introduced" an idea of the overman. This question is not about what the overman is. But I'm ...
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What did Nietzsche, in Thus Spake Zarathustra, mean by writing in blood and understanding unfamiliar blood?

In Thus Spake Zarathustra, Chapter VII says this: Of all that is written, I love only what a person hath written with his blood. Write with blood, and thou wilt find that blood is spirit. It is ...
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Do Kierkegaard and Nietzsche have similar ideas about being and becoming?

I have not read much of Kierkegaard's philosophy, but this quote comes in mind when comparing his philosophy to Nietzsche's in terms of being and becoming: “To be human, is not a fact, but a task.” ...
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What would Nietzsche think of Taoism?

I'm not too familiar with the works of Nietzche (The Gay Science, On the Genealogy of Morals, etc). However, I am familiar with the terms of overman or Ubermensch, a person who creates new morals/...
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What was the “almost new domain of dangerous knowledge” in Beyond Good & Evil?

In Beyond Good and Evil, near the end of Chapter 1, Nietzsche wrote: And yet this hypothesis is far from being the strangest and most painful in this immense and almost new domain of dangerous ...
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Nietzsche's departure from Schopenhauer

I'm attempting to understand the will to power by first presenting Nietzsche's first mentor, Schopenhauer, and his notion of the will to survival/life. In very simple terms, I believe S believed that ...
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'How to become what you are' supposing Foucault is right about the body?

The phrase is the subtitle of Ecce Homo. You can a short essay by Foucault, on Nietzsche, free of charge; it's also in his essential works: aesthetics, appearing originally in a book dedicated to ...
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Is globalization immoral? [closed]

My question pertains to when Morality becomes so defined and homogenous to the entire population if this isn’t immoral to the diversities that it umbrellas. In a world that now demands membership as ...
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Are there contemporary adherents to this view about systemised ethics?

In some parts of the field of truth, no doubt, men who work by these divergent ways are apt as men to represent antithetical types. But over the whole field this need not be ...
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Could Nietzsche read English and French?

Nietzsche often criticized English philosophers and praised French philosophers. Could he read English and French? Or did he read translations of English and French philosophical writings?
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What did Nietzsche mean when he said “There is an enormous strain and distance between envy and friendship, between self-contempt and pride”?

In the book The Dawn of Day, Aphorism 69, Nietzsche said Inimitable.—There is an enormous strain and distance between envy and friendship, between self-contempt and pride: the Greek lived in the ...
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Was Nietzsche's project a complete failure? [closed]

It seems that Nietzsche's project was an attempt to prepare the earth for some kind of higher being, the overman, whether or not that was himself. But a century later it seems we have no overman. Was ...
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The relation between God and Master and Slave morality in Nietzsche's work

My understanding is that master and slave morality arose out of an earlier distinction between Good and Bad, rooted in heroic, aristocratic values – the glorious, powerful and strong versus the ...
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Did Heidegger talk about malice at all?

Did Heidegger talk about malice at all? I agree and find interesting if not useful most of Nietzsche's aphorisms but felt that his analysis of malice was just weak, and obviously so. However, I liked ...
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Was Nietzsche against hedonism?

At first, I think there is a difference between utilitarianism and hedonism in that first assumes some kind of utility which can be calculated and last simply puts that it's natural (we are not here ...
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What did Nietzsche mean when he said “The charm of knowledge would be small …”?

What did Nietzsche mean in Beyond Good and Evil when he said "The charm of knowledge would be small if so much shame did not have to be overcome on the road to it."?
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What does Nietzsche mean by a philosopher betraying something of his own ideal when he asserts what the greatest person is like?

In Beyond Good and Evil aphorism/paragraph 212 says this: At present, on the contrary, when throughout Europe the herding-animal alone attains to honours, and dispenses honours, when "equality of ...
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Acute or chronic suffering and pain: does anyone talk about their difference?

Acute as opposed to chronic suffering and pain: does anyone talk about their difference? I mean, I think I'm more concerned with extreme pain, and I wondered whether that was a philosophical position, ...
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Trying to Understand Quote by Nietzsche

"He who fights with monsters might take care lest he thereby become a monster. And if you gaze for long into an abyss, the abyss gazes also into you." - Nietzsche (Beyond Good and Evil: Prelude to a ...
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Are there specifically Buddhist arguments against the eternal return of the same?

Are there specifically Buddhist arguments against the eternal return of the same? There seems like there should be. However, I'm highly confused by what a "final nirvana", complete extinction, could ...
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How does Thus Spoke Zarathustra conclude?

How does Thus Spoke Zarathustra conclude? "FELLOW-SUFFERING! FELLOW-SUFFERING WITH THE HIGHER MEN!" he cried out, and his countenance changed into brass. "Well! THAT—hath had its time! My ...
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Cosmology - What are the problems with the theory of Eternal Return?

I have been thinking of Niestzche's Eternal return theory and how it could be possible that everything we do and our entire history and the universe will be repeated exactly the same again, and again ...
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Interpretation of Nietzsche's “We have art in order not to die of the truth.”

Can someone please shed some light on the following quote given by German Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche:- We have art in order not to die of the truth. As far as I can comprehend, he wants to ...
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Do Nietzsche's values justify some actions?

Do Nietzsche's values justify some actions? I'm asking because if so then my entirely trivial, or at least unfocused, appropriation of his ideas can be easily made more elegant, or at least more ...
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What did Adorno think of Nietzsche's critique of morality?

What did Adorno think of Nietzsche's critique of morality? I've not read much of either. But seems a bit like Adorno's theory of modernist art, however influenced by Nietzsche, wants to be moral, is ...
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Did Nietzsche say that Dostoevsky “cried truth [from the blood]”?

Did Nietzsche say that Dostoevsky "cried truth [from the blood]"? He praised Dostoyevsky's Notes from the Underground (1864) for having “cried truth from the blood.” The Handy Philosophy Answer ...
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What is the relation between slave morality and free spirit in Nietzsche's Genealogy of Morality?

Considering the discussion on free-spirit by creating its own value system, how Nietzsche relate "free-spirit" and "slave morality"(its depth and its evilness)?