Questions tagged [nietzsche]

Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) was a German philosopher and poet. Nietzsche is consistently one of the most widely-read philosophers, even among laymen; yet his work is often elliptical, even cryptic, and demands an unusual discipline with respect to reading and thinking. This contradiction may give some sense of the complexity and profundity of Nietzsche's powerful writing and explosive style. Much of his work can be understood as critique of nihilism.

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In Thus Spake Zarathustra what does Nietzsche mean by saying “are thine own desires 'neath a thousand guises”?

In The Song of Melancholy, chapter LXXIV, in Thus Spake Zarathustra, there is a section that says: Are the poet’s desires, Are THINE OWN desires ‘neath a thousand guises, Is this a rhetorical ...
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In “Birth of Tragedy”, is the dionysian nature favored by Nietzsche over the Apollonian?

As I understand from the text, one of the reasons for the decline of greek tragedy (according to Nietzsche) is the influence of Socrates's dialectical work. Socratic maxim goes like - Virtue is ...
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What does Nietzsche’s “a monstrosity per defectum” mean?

I was reading through Nietzsche’s The Birth of Tragedy and I came across the phrase - In Socrates, instinct becomes the critic, consciousness the creator — a monstrosity per defectum! As far as I ...
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Question about Nietzsche's view of sympathy in aphorism 103 of “Human, all too Human”

In Nietzsche's "Human, all too human", does he talk in aphorism 103 about somebody who feels sympathy or someone who is trying to arouse it? Here is the Aphorism: The Inoffensive in Badness.—...
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Heaviness in eternal recurence

In The Unbearable Lightness of Being, it is said that: In the world of eternal return the weight of unbearable responsibility lies heavy on every move we make. That is why Nietzsche called the idea ...
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Popularity of Kierkegaard and Nietzsche

From my perspective Kierkegaard and Nietzsche both tried to answer the same question to found out what is morality and ethic. Why is Nietzsche so popular today, and Kierkegaard is almost forgotten? ...
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Was Nietzsche a non-cognitivist?

This 2012 article argues there is insufficient textual support for the claim that Nietzsche was a non-cognitivist -- that the role of the judgement in question is to express the relevant non-...
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Is Nietzsche's eternal return symbolized by the Vortex of early modernists?

The image of the Vortex was used a fair amount in Modernist literature, most importantly by Pound and Lewis, who numbered Joyce and Eliot in their circle. I was wondering if a "vortex" was -- ...
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Meaning of aphorism 133 from chapter 4 in beyond good and evil by Nietzsche

I have started reading Nietzsche's books and I come across a quote that resonates with me personally as probably with other people and I am curious if someone would like to attempt to further explain ...
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What prominent Nietzsche experts give 'empathy' a role to play in his transvaluation?

What prominent Nietzsche experts give 'empathy' a role to play in his trans-valuation? I found a paper that lists proponents of the opposite view, but it is not peer reviewed, and is just a Masters ...
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What is the link with nihilism and hypocrisy?

What is the link with nihilism and hypocrisy? I know that Nietzsche mentions hypocrisy. I think to the effect that the old values helped it flourish, that it is now debased, with at least the ...
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What does Nietzsche refer to with the “backworldsmen”?

I'm a rookie to philosophical thinking but trying my best to understand the concepts. I'd be appreciated if you could enlighten me about this: In Chapter 3 of Thus Spake Zarathustra, he is addressing ...
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What sort of values are Nietzsche's?

What sort of values are Nietzsche's? They are not, according to some, moral ones, or at least Christian ones. Do they all share in any (other) quality? To be more specific: how can we tell some ...
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What does Nietschze mean by this passage?

People still fall out, but are soon reconciled - otherwise it spoileth their stomachs. From Thus spake Zarathustra, Chapter 5, the part about the last men.
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What is the source of this Nietzsche quote?

I am looking for the original German translation of the following quote. To experience a thing as beautiful means: to experience it necessarily wrongly,” Friedrich Nietzsche wrote in The Will to ...
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What evidence is there that Nietzsche was anti-consumerist?

Wikipedia indicates that Nietzsche was anti-consumerist. What writings or evidence suggest that Nietzsche was anti-consumerist?
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What was Nietzsche saying in Chapter 2 of Thus Spake Zarathustra?

Chapter 2 of Thus Spake Zarathustra has this passage: "When Zarathustra heard the wise man thus speak, he laughed in his heart: for thereby had a light dawned upon him. And thus spake he to his ...
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Where did Nietzsche say he was not the overman?

Where did Nietzsche say he was not the overman? I know that Zarathustra does too, but seems to be. I'm interested because I can't easily conceive of a more thorough nihilist, at least without AI ...
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Who was profiting when Nietzsche said “if he is immodest enough to wish to profit those whose spirit and will are concealed…”?

Nietzsche said this (as found here): "It seems to me that a human being with the very best of intentions can do immeasurable harm, if he is immodest enough to wish to profit those whose spirit and ...
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Do Nietzscheans think not lying to yourself has intrinsic value?

Do Nietzscheans think not lying to yourself has intrinsic value? It's just a guess, that they might, even though Nitezsche claimed "everything is permitted". I don't think it works completely in the ...
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Did Nietzsche “believe” in causality?

In Human, all too human, part 1, par. 107 (“non-responsibility and non-guilt”) Nietzsche clearly brings forth the Spinozian theory of the “innocence of becoming”. I am a bit confused by this claim. ...
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What is value, for Nietzsche?

What is value, for Nietzsche? He's often claiming we should decide (make?) our own values, but it's not clear what that word means. Is it enough to have a genuine sense of preference for something? ...
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Where is one's “power”?

Where is one's "power", in the Nitezschean sense? Is it in the body? Is it a phenomena of conscious: does it depend upon consciousness? Is it a quale? It is essentially ones own?
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Was Nietzsche speaking of psychologists when he commented that even those with the best intentions can do immeasurable harm?

Nietzsche said this (as found here): "It seems to me that a human being with the very best of intentions can do immeasurable harm, if he is immodest enough to wish to profit those whose spirit and ...
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“We hear only the questions to which we are capable of finding an answer”(Friedrich Nietzsche, The Gay Science, aphorism 196) What's his proof?

I have a paper due and it is about critiquing one of Nietzsche's statements. I have to provide an example for my reason and defense for his.
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The source of a Nietzsche quote

I remember Nietzsche wrote "it is OK to philosophize by just touching on subjects" instead of developing a systematic way. In which book was it? Or do I misremember the quote? Thanks in advance, Best ...
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Intellectual History of Idea in A Geneaology of Morals Essay One

In Nietzsche's first essay in A Geneaology of Morals, he suggests that use of language in which subjects and verbs are distinguished may influence or at least correspond to conceptual distinctions in ...
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Nietzsche on Goethe: Not an ascetic priest, “He knows more.”

Nietzsche constantly praised Goethe as being a truly remarkable human. But one passage from Genealogy of Morals does raise a question for me, after he spends much time setting up and criticizing the ...
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Ontology in the Nietzschean framework

Would you say that Nietzsche held any regard to the ontological question in his work? I know more or less his account on metaphysics, he seem to push the question aside as he considers it does not fit ...
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Help with philosophical interpretation of the movie 'V for Vendetta' [closed]

I am having a hard time with my essay on the film, 'V for Vendetta'. I am required to analyze the film from the perspective of two masters of suspicion, Marx and Nietzsche, but I cannot reach a ...
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Does Nietzsche tell us anything about 'reciprocity'

Does Nietzsche tell us anything about 'reciprocity'? By 'reciprocity' I mean, to an extent, getting back what we put in, so that our more social acts are not treated as transgressions, whether or not ...
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In Nietzsche's eternal recurrence, does the overman live only once? [closed]

Boltzmann showed us that the entropy of an event is equivalent to the likelihood of said event. This seems to imply that the higher the entropy of your perception, the more occurring your perception ...
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What is the goal of the Übermensch?

I have been reading Thus spoke Zarathustra, and i understand that Man should attempt to act to be like an Overman, or a bridge to one. But i have a dilemma: Is the Übermensch the final goal of ...
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Why does Nietzsche think suffering is great?

"But not to perish from internal distress and doubt when one inflicts great suffering and hears the cry of suffering : that is great, that belongs to greatness." The Gay Science, Fourth Book, 325 How ...
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Is Nietzsche 'power' neither value neutral nor practical?

Main question Is Nietzsche 'power' neither value neutral nor practical? Subsidiaries that I considered in asking it If so, how can it be demarcated from the object of philosophy, generally enough ...
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Is Schopenhauerian pessimism truly passive nihilism?

Nietzsche referred to Schopenhauerian pessimism as passive nihilism. Does the categorization happen to be true or is Nietzsche's analysis somehow flawed?
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How does Nietzsche define suffering?

Obviously, Nietzche thinks that suffering is important, but what exactly does suffering entail? Is it both physical and emotional?
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Why did Nietzsche think that only the happiness of higher types mattered?

Why did Nietzsche think that only the happiness of higher types mattered? Was it due to some repulsion from normal people and their behaviours? Or was he just fascinated by greatness? I would assume ...
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When Russell refers to “the morality of slaves” in In Praise of Idleness is he referencing Nietzsche?

In Praise of Idleness features the line "The morality of work is the morality of slaves, and the modern world has no need of slavery." It also later references "the morality of the Slave State". Is ...
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Why Nietzsche believes that victims barter the damage they receive with a violent feast to see their tormentor suffer in a feast?

In the second essay of On the Genealogy of Morality: Guilt, bad conscience and the like, 6, Nietzsche seems to defend the thesis that victims barter the damage they received with a violent feast to ...
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Why is Nietzsche associated with postmodernism?

This is not the first commentary in which I have seen Nietzsche associated with postmodernism. I see daylight between him and the core ideas of postmodernism, as represented by the likes of Derrida, ...
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Is Nietzsche an anti-realist about moral disagreement?

This question got me thinking: What is the difference between the Superman and the Ultimateman? As I understand it, moral anti-realism is the thesis that there are no moral facts outside the ...
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What is the difference between the Superman and the Ultimateman?

In Nietzsche's words : Man is something that shall be overcome. Man is a rope tied between beast and superman - a rope over an abyss. Although the concept of the superman is well documented, ...
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Did Nietzsche violate Christian morality in his life? Was he urging anyone to do so? [closed]

Did Nietzsche violate Christian morality in his life, in his behaviour? Was he urging anyone to do so? He seems to have had a long standing grudge against it.
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What does this Zarathustra's sentence mean?

I started reading the most famous work of Nietzsche's, and then on the first chapter after the prologue, thus spoke Zarathustra: Or is it this: wading into dirty water when it is the water of truth,...
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Will to power: why doesn't it work sometimes?

I'm reading Nietzsche and he had this interesting idea that all lives tend to expand their influence on the world as much as possible. And for human beings, that means seeking to start a family, or to ...
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What does Beyond Good and Evil aphorism 4 mean?

It ends: recognise untruth as a condition of life: that, to be sure, means to resist customary value-sentiments in a dangerous fashion; and a philosophy which ventures to do so places itself, ...
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Nietzsche aphorism about happiness - interpretation

THE DANGER IN HAPPINESS.--"Everything now turns out best for me, I now love every fate:--who would like to be my fate?" From Beyond Good and Evil. I wondered if anyone could share some wisdom ...
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Did Nietzsche have anything to say about the trans-Atlantic slavery trade?

Given that there are over 300 references to slavery in Nietzsches work did he, in any of his works, address what was the most significant revival of slavery since Graeco-Roman times, that is the trans-...
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Is there any evidence that Nietzsche read anything by Zarathustra?

Here are two verses of Zarathustra from his Gathas published in the The Hymns of Zoroaster: A New Translation of the Most Ancient Sacred Texts of Iran by M. L. West: 40.10 And that reward, ...

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