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Questions tagged [nietzsche]

Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) was a German philosopher and poet. Nietzsche is consistently one of the most widely-read philosophers, even among laymen; yet his work is often elliptical, even cryptic, and demands an unusual discipline with respect to reading and thinking. This contradiction may give some sense of the complexity and profundity of Nietzsche's powerful writing and explosive style. Much of his work can be understood as critique of nihilism.

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Is Nietzsche an anti-realist about moral disagreement?

This question got me thinking: What is the difference between the Superman and the Ultimateman? As I understand it, moral anti-realism is the thesis that there are no moral facts outside the ...
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What is the difference between the Superman and the Ultimateman?

In Nietzsche's words : Man is something that shall be overcome. Man is a rope tied between beast and superman - a rope over an abyss. Although the concept of the superman is well documented, ...
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What did Nietzsche and Marx think of each other?

Nietzsche (1844-1900) and Marx (1818-1883) weren't quite contemporaries, but both were prominent and influential German thinkers, and one might expect that they have at least heard of each other. Marx ...
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Did Nietzsche violate Christian morality in his life? Was he urging anyone to do so? [closed]

Did Nietzsche violate Christian morality in his life, in his behaviour? Was he urging anyone to do so? He seems to have had a long standing grudge against it.
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What does this Zarathustra's sentence mean?

I started reading the most famous work of Nietzsche's, and then on the first chapter after the prologue, thus spoke Zarathustra: Or is it this: wading into dirty water when it is the water of truth,...
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Will to power: why doesn't it work sometimes?

I'm reading Nietzsche and he had this interesting idea that all lives tend to expand their influence on the world as much as possible. And for human beings, that means seeking to start a family, or to ...
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What does Beyond Good and Evil aphorism 4 mean?

It ends: recognise untruth as a condition of life: that, to be sure, means to resist customary value-sentiments in a dangerous fashion; and a philosophy which ventures to do so places itself, ...
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Why does Nietzsche blame all sufferers themselves for their suffering?

A novice, I do not feel prepared yet to read Nietzsche; but please tell me if his primary sources answer my question. Source: p 98, Philosophy ; A Very Short Introduction (2002) by Edward Craig. The ...
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Nietzsche aphorism about happiness - interpretation

THE DANGER IN HAPPINESS.--"Everything now turns out best for me, I now love every fate:--who would like to be my fate?" From Beyond Good and Evil. I wondered if anyone could share some wisdom ...
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What is the meaning of the sentence from Thus Spake Zarathustra?

Can anyone tell me the meaning of the sentence in the following passage? "And what doeth the saint in the forest?" asked Zarathustra. The saint answered: "I make hymns and sing them; and in ...
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Is there any evidence that Nietzsche read anything by Zarathustra?

Here are two verses of Zarathustra from his Gathas published in the The Hymns of Zoroaster: A New Translation of the Most Ancient Sacred Texts of Iran by M. L. West: 40.10 And that reward, ...
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Did Nietzsche have anything to say about the trans-Atlantic slavery trade?

Given that there are over 300 references to slavery in Nietzsches work did he, in any of his works, address what was the most significant revival of slavery since Graeco-Roman times, that is the trans-...
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Did Nietzsche elaborate on his notion of a 'political caste to rule over Europe'

In Aphorism 251 in Beyond Good and Evil, Nietzche says: What is serious for me ... [is] the cultivation of a new caste to rule over Europe. And according to Nietzschean scholar Ronald Beiner, when ...
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What were the 'philosophical cover-up' practised by Heidegger in his Nietzschean lectures 1936-45

In Bambachs, Heidegger Roots, he offers an authoritative analysis of the manipulations practised by Heidegger in his Nietzsche lectures between 1936-45. He calls them a 'philosophical cover-up' ...
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Why is “re-evaluating all values” necessary to become an Übermensch?

From previous answers it became clear to me that Nietzsche did not think that there has been any Übermensch yet. He identified Goethe as a person that has overcome and disciplined himself to advance ...
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Nihilist paradox

As Nietzsche is an obvious example, I am focusing on him. I think that there are no nihilist philosophers, because if someone is a nihilist, why would the nihilist even bother telling us? As a ...
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Are there specifically Buddhist arguments against the eternal return of the same?

Are there specifically Buddhist arguments against the eternal return of the same? There seems like there should be. However, I'm highly confused by what a "final nirvana", complete extinction, could ...
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In what way was Nietzsche anti-relativist and anti universalist?

Just trying to wrap my head round this very basic question. Relativism holds that moral claims contain an essential indexical element, such that the truth of any such claim requires ...
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Why did Nietzsche say he would not live his life again?

Why did Nietzsche say he would not live his life again? Kaufman Gay Science p. 19 introduction... “Nietzsche in ... one of his notes... “I do not want life again. How did I endure it? ...
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What was the “almost new domain of dangerous knowledge” in Beyond Good & Evil?

In Beyond Good and Evil, near the end of Chapter 1, Nietzsche wrote: And yet this hypothesis is far from being the strangest and most painful in this immense and almost new domain of dangerous ...
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Acute or chronic suffering and pain: does anyone talk about their difference?

Acute as opposed to chronic suffering and pain: does anyone talk about their difference? I mean, I think I'm more concerned with extreme pain, and I wondered whether that was a philosophical position, ...
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Could Nietzsche read English and French?

Nietzsche often criticized English philosophers and praised French philosophers. Could he read English and French? Or did he read translations of English and French philosophical writings?
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Why is Nietzsche so against Socrates?

Nietzsche recalls the story that Socrates says that 'he has been a long time sick', meaning that life itself is a sickness; Nietszche accuses him of being a sick man, a man against the instincts of ...
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Are there contemporary adherents to this view about systemised ethics?

In some parts of the field of truth, no doubt, men who work by these divergent ways are apt as men to represent antithetical types. But over the whole field this need not be ...
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Isn't Nietzsche's overman a replacement for God?

Nietzsche claimed that "we killed God". Thus, as Nietzsche thought, it would result in nihilism. He also "introduced" an idea of the overman. This question is not about what the overman is. But I'm ...
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What did Nietzsche, in Thus Spake Zarathustra, mean by writing in blood and understanding unfamiliar blood?

In Thus Spake Zarathustra, Chapter VII says this: Of all that is written, I love only what a person hath written with his blood. Write with blood, and thou wilt find that blood is spirit. It is ...
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Do Kierkegaard and Nietzsche have similar ideas about being and becoming?

I have not read much of Kierkegaard's philosophy, but this quote comes in mind when comparing his philosophy to Nietzsche's in terms of being and becoming: “To be human, is not a fact, but a task.” ...
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What would Nietzsche think of Taoism?

I'm not too familiar with the works of Nietzche (The Gay Science, On the Genealogy of Morals, etc). However, I am familiar with the terms of overman or Ubermensch, a person who creates new morals/...
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Why do some philosophers write in numbered paragraphs?

Hegel, Nietzsche, Wittgenstein, and Anscombe all write mostly in numbered paragraphs. (Of course Hegel and Nietzsche have chapters. And many of Hegel's lectures aren't written in this way, but both ...
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Nietzsche's departure from Schopenhauer

I'm attempting to understand the will to power by first presenting Nietzsche's first mentor, Schopenhauer, and his notion of the will to survival/life. In very simple terms, I believe S believed that ...
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'How to become what you are' supposing Foucault is right about the body?

The phrase is the subtitle of Ecce Homo. You can a short essay by Foucault, on Nietzsche, free of charge; it's also in his essential works: aesthetics, appearing originally in a book dedicated to ...
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What confirms the claim that Friedrich Nietzsche was an atheist from a christian perspective?

In reading some of Nietzsche's works, his disappointment with humanity and God is evident to me. But so far I haven't seen any text by him where he explicitly endorses atheism. At the same time, many ...
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Is globalization immoral? [closed]

My question pertains to when Morality becomes so defined and homogenous to the entire population if this isn’t immoral to the diversities that it umbrellas. In a world that now demands membership as ...
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What did Nietzsche mean when he said “There is an enormous strain and distance between envy and friendship, between self-contempt and pride”?

In the book The Dawn of Day, Aphorism 69, Nietzsche said Inimitable.—There is an enormous strain and distance between envy and friendship, between self-contempt and pride: the Greek lived in the ...
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Was Nietzsche's project a complete failure? [closed]

It seems that Nietzsche's project was an attempt to prepare the earth for some kind of higher being, the overman, whether or not that was himself. But a century later it seems we have no overman. Was ...
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Was Nietzsche the first philosopher to really lay claim to 'transvaluation'?

Was Nietzsche the first philosopher to really lay claim to the concept of "transvaluation", by which I mean the re-evaluation of all values? Who if anyone before him made that such a deliberate and ...
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How would Nietzsche argue against classical theism?

Completely out of curiosity, how would someone like Nietzsche, let's use him as an example, argue against Aquinas's metaphysical argument for classical theism. I can't seem to find any references in ...
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Does Nietzsche say, and mean, that all life is unavoidably tragic?

Does Nietzsche say, and mean, that all life is unavoidably tragic? All I know, right now, is that he had a book The Birth of Tragedy, about theater I think. And, I think, that all life is a struggle ...
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Nietzsche on European Buddhism

What does Nietzsche mean, in the Genealogy of Morals, when he refers to European Buddhism? Did he think Europeans misunderstood Buddhism?
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The relation between God and Master and Slave morality in Nietzsche's work

My understanding is that master and slave morality arose out of an earlier distinction between Good and Bad, rooted in heroic, aristocratic values – the glorious, powerful and strong versus the ...
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What did Nietzsche mean when he said “The charm of knowledge would be small …”?

What did Nietzsche mean in Beyond Good and Evil when he said "The charm of knowledge would be small if so much shame did not have to be overcome on the road to it."?
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Did Heidegger talk about malice at all?

Did Heidegger talk about malice at all? I agree and find interesting if not useful most of Nietzsche's aphorisms but felt that his analysis of malice was just weak, and obviously so. However, I liked ...
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Was Nietzsche against hedonism?

At first, I think there is a difference between utilitarianism and hedonism in that first assumes some kind of utility which can be calculated and last simply puts that it's natural (we are not here ...
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What did Nietzsche mean by accusing Christianity of slave-morality?

In a piece of journalism I read today But I've come to believe that there's also something deeper at work: that most of the world's people live with the legacy of slavery. Even in a nominal ...
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Did Nietzsche read Kierkegaard?

Kierkegaard and Nietzsche are often treated together as early existentialists. This is rather odd, as Kierkegaard was self-consciously seeking to be an orthodox Christian, and Nietzsche was self-...
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Did Nietzsche actually say or write, “Sometimes people don't want to hear the truth because they don't want their illusions destroyed.”

The quote, "Sometimes people don't want to hear the truth because they don't want their illusions destroyed" is, at least on the Internet, often attributed to Nietzsche, e.g., goodreads, Simple ...
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Was Nietzsche influenced by Machiavelli?

I've been reading Machiavelli and I've noticed that his is very critical of Christianity in a way that reminds me of Nietzsche's Master-Slave morality; he does so by comparing the focus on 'heroic ...
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How does one read Nietzsche “properly”?

This question stems from a much larger question that I have about reading philosophy but as I learned through a meta post, that question would be too broad for stackexchange. So, I have attempted it ...
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What does Nietzsche mean by a philosopher betraying something of his own ideal when he asserts what the greatest person is like?

In Beyond Good and Evil aphorism/paragraph 212 says this: At present, on the contrary, when throughout Europe the herding-animal alone attains to honours, and dispenses honours, when "equality of ...
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Cosmology - What are the problems with the theory of Eternal Return?

I have been thinking of Niestzche's Eternal return theory and how it could be possible that everything we do and our entire history and the universe will be repeated exactly the same again, and again ...