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Questions tagged [nietzsche]

Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) was a German philosopher and poet. Nietzsche is consistently one of the most widely-read philosophers, even among laymen; yet his work is often elliptical, even cryptic, and demands an unusual discipline with respect to reading and thinking. This contradiction may give some sense of the complexity and profundity of Nietzsche's powerful writing and explosive style. Much of his work can be understood as critique of nihilism.

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If mankind is a bridge then why would the anti-christ need to rewill history prior to themselves?

If mankind is a bridge then why would the anti-christ need to rewill history prior to themselves? Has anyone discussed that issue? What is great in man is that he is a bridge and not a goal: what ...
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Why is Nietzsche more frequently associated with Nazis than Hegel is?

Most introductory texts or lectures of Nietzsche mention the connection between his thought and Nazi ideology (supposedly due to his sister's promoting his thought as being pro-Nazi). But Nazis don't ...
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Why did Nietzsche like Julius Caesar so much?

Nietzsche seems to have a certain fascination with figures like Goethe and Julius Caesar. I was wondering why this is the case. Why, specifically, does Nietzsche look up to Caesar so much. Why does he ...
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Does Nietzsche say, and mean, that all life is unavoidably tragic?

Does Nietzsche say, and mean, that all life is unavoidably tragic? All I know, right now, is that he had a book The Birth of Tragedy, about theater I think. And, I think, that all life is a struggle ...
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Is Plato's Callicles an example of Nietzsche's Übermensch? Is the Epicurean hedonist?

Is the hard-headed Callicles from Plato's dialogue Gorgias the type of person who exemplifies Nietzsche's Übermensch (overman)? What about the hedonistic sage of Epicureans? Is he a Übermensch?
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What is the vocabular meaning of “Will to power”?

What exactly is the vocabular meaning of "Will to power", as Nietzsche meant it? I think it means: Will: Noun, meaning desire, drive, desire, wish, determination. To: infinitive marker, indicating ...
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Does Nietzsche's rejection of Socrates mean that he is a relativist about ethics?

In Twilight of Idols (passage 10 in Problem of Socrates section) Nietzsche asserts that Socrates's equating Reason, Virtue and Happiness is a sign of decadence. Does it follow from this that ...
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Why are joy and regret indistinguishable according to Nietzsche?

I'm trying to get a better grasp on what Nietzsche is really saying when it comes to describing joy and regret as indistinguishable. Is he saying that they are indistinguishable because they rely on ...
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Is Nietzsche's thought primarily a solution on how to classify people?

I was just now doing some super light reading on Nietzsche's aristocraticism. Seems to me that a lot of human history, both intellectual and social, is an attempt to create a stronger class system. ...
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How would Nietzsche argue against classical theism?

Completely out of curiosity, how would someone like Nietzsche, let's use him as an example, argue against Aquinas's metaphysical argument for classical theism. I can't seem to find any references in ...
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Why, according to Nietzsche, is becoming a monster by fighting to overthrow monsters a bad thing? [duplicate]

Nietzsche states: Whoever fights monsters should see to it that in the process he does not become a monster. And if you gaze long enough into an abyss, the abyss will gaze back into you. ...
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What does this quote of Nietzsche mean?

So I read this quote: "Does wisdom perhaps appear on the earth as a raven which is inspired by the smell of carrion?" of Nietzsche and I have no idea of what he is talking about here. Can anybody ...
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Could I please request an introduction to philosophy of pessimism?

Everything from essential texts, interpretations of the absurd, eternal return, interpretations of suicide and religion, and it's influence on the arts. And, I know I am asking a lot, but I'd like to ...
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Nietzsche and What he got wrong about evolution?

It is known that Nietzsche rejected the clause of the "natural selection" and "survival of the fittest" in the theory of evolution as not as much was confirmed about the theory during his time and it ...
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Please explain perspectivism to me

I was wondering if someone could please explain Nietzsche's perspectivism to me. I used to think that it was similar to Descartes' method of thinking. That everything was subjective because everything ...
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What does Nietzsche's “Around the hero everything becomes a tragedy…” quote mean?

Around the hero everything becomes a tragedy; around the demigod everything becomes a satyr-play; and around God everything becomes--what? perhaps a "world"? This may be a common question, but how ...
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Who are the new philosophers Nietzsche is referring to ?

From Beyond Good and Evil : "For that we have to await the advent of a new species of philosophers, ones whose taste and inclination are somehow different and the reverse of those hitherto—...
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Thus spoke Zarathustra, “Even the wisest among you is only a conflict and mix of plant and ghost”

My scope is mathematical philosophy and, generally, epistemology. Hence, Nietzsche's style is quite alien to me, and I started reading his book "Thus Spoke Zarathustra". I am trying to decipher this: ...
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Surely Nietzsche would say that history is the judge of greatness?

Would Nietzsche would say that history is the judge of greatness, in the sense that his "higher types" have power over its course, and narrative considered as a whole? That should be clear and ...
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Bad word choice in Nietzsche's “One thing is needful”?

The following aphorism from The Gay Science has long been one of my favorites: One thing is needful. – To 'give style' to one's character – a great and rare art! It is practiced by those who survey ...
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What made Nietzsche heroic?

Nietzsche ended Book 3 of The Gay Science with eight striking, and strikingly short, aphoristic questions (from Williams, Cambridge) : What makes one heroic? -- To approach at the same time one's ...
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Are there arguments against Nietzsche's master morality?

I was just reading the beginning of Nietzsche's "Beyond Good and Evil" and came upon his point about "master-morality" and "slave-morality". As this opens up the possibility to assume either the point ...
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The role of the fool in philosophy

The Shakespearean fool, though not necessarily well educated and by most appearances a simpleton, is nevertheless often wiser and cleverer than, and consequently outwits, his superiors of higher ...
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What is Nietzsche's madman to his Overman?

The parable of the madman, says: At last he threw his lantern on the ground, and it broke into pieces and went out. "I have come too early," he said then; "my time is not yet. This tremendous ...
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is the eternal return of material violence etc.?

Does anyone claim that what Nietzsche's heroes (and antiheroes?) will the return of isn't every violent human (or natural?) mistake, but some particular aspect of history?
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Why Freud and Nietzsche works are often compared?

I heard many times¹ Freud and Nietzsche named together, but I personally fail to understand a deep and detailed analogy between the two, beside the fact that both were revolutionary in their work, ...
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Nietzsche on the idea of Alienation

Nietzsche believes that modern human beings were alienated from themselves. what was the nature of this alienation? how did we come to be alienated? what exactly are we alienated from? (I believe ...
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Nietzsche a Reluctant or Triumphant Atheist?

I remember once reading some literature in which Nietzsche was classified as a reluctant atheist. The piece made the point that in Thus Spoke Zarathustra Nietzsche seems to be bemoaning the perceived ...
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What is the definition of love according to Nietzsche?

I just read Thus Spoke Zarathustra, and the word love is mentioned many times in the book. Nonetheless, I don't recall an exact definition of what love is, according to the author. Did I miss it, or ...
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How does master morality damage the herd?

Does Nietzsche ever suggest that "master morality" is irrevocably damaging to the herd, that it can seduce them? And in what sense would that matter, either for the herd, the individual beast, or ...
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Dasein is or isn't responsible, isn't accountable: so what?

I was looking at this The Origins of Responsibility By François Raffoul It's not immediately clear what it means to be responsible but not accountable. Is it just the very loud claim that Dasein'...
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How does Nietzsche's last man refuse life?

The way Nietzsche talks about the last man suggests that they are concerned with making life more bearable, and not much else. A little poison now and then: that makes for pleasant dreams. And much ...
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Difference between soul and spirit

Just started reading Nietzsche's "The Gay Science" the following made me wonder, what did he mean by "philosophers being less able to separate soul and spirit"? What is (for him?) the difference ...
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What sort of creativity do Nietzsche's higher men have?

The canonical example of a higher man is Goethe. How would his art have been better if he had appeared after Nietzsche? I assume it would entail something dionysian, perhaps a means of ...
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Does human progress ultimately reduce individuals to Nietzsche's last men?

Human progress – technological, scientific, social, etc. – seeks to reduce, and ultimately totally eliminate, the aspects of life we perceive as unpleasant – loss, tragedy, suffering ... However, an ...
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Has anyone made a good defence of Nietzsche's nihilism being available to Christians?

I've read, in the mainstream press, suggestions that Christians have a lot to learn from Nietzsche. Is there any reason to think that his corpus is dedicated to improving, rather than destroying, ...
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What is the root reason for Nietzsche calling Kant a “fatal spider”?

Antichrist p11. Why couldn't Nietzsche take the rough with the smooth, in Kant's moral philosophy? Does the categorical imperative have a perspective from which it's reasonable, ether for Nietzsche'...
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What did Nietzsche and Marx think of each other?

Nietzsche (1844-1900) and Marx (1818-1883) weren't quite contemporaries, but both were prominent and influential German thinkers, and one might expect that they have at least heard of each other. Marx ...
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Why does Nietzsche blame all sufferers themselves for their suffering?

A novice, I do not feel prepared yet to read Nietzsche; but please tell me if his primary sources answer my question. Source: p 98, Philosophy ; A Very Short Introduction (2002) by Edward Craig. The ...
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Does Art require an Audience?

Nietzsche consistently throughout his writings argues for a monological conception of art--art that does not seek "witnesses" or an audience. Not only did the episode with Wagner force Nietzsche to ...
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Nietzsche's Death of God: Why Zarathustra?

Has there been any literature dealing with the question why Nietsche chose to make Zarathustra the "prophet" of his "Death of God"? in the Gay Science the madman remains unnamed, even though the ...
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Why does Nietzsche call Plato a bore?

There is this quote attributed to Nietzsche saying 'Plato was a bore', though I do not seem to be able to find the source for this at this moment. Assuming he did say this, why was this? A few ...
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Which contemporary philosophers explicitly engage with Nietzsche's statement that “God is dead”?

Which contemporary theorists, especially of art or poetry, explicitly and deliberately engage with Nietzsche's statement that "God is dead"? Obviously Nietzsche has had a huge influence on post / ...
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What does Nietzsche mean by the intellectual costs that “For” and “Against” incur?

In the preface of Human, All Too Human Nietzsche talks about control over one's For and Against. He mentions this after stating that the free spirit is able to become a master over virtues and uses ...
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What separates the middle works of Nietzsche from his later works?

I was reading Ruth Abbey, who writes: “the commonplace view that Nietzsche holds drives like pity, empathy, and sympathy in contempt is thrown into question by a careful study of the middle period’...
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Is Nietzsche saying here that agnostics admire the unintelligible?

I need help understanding the last two paragraphs of the 25th section, third essay, which is provided below from the free link: http://home.sandiego.edu/~janderso/360/genealogy3.htm Similarly who ...
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Eternal Return as palliative care for the weak [closed]

Long ago in a forum I found an opinion that Nietzsche concocted the idea of Eternal Return as palliative care for the weak — that it is a soothing notion that there could be endless opportunities to ...
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Geneaology of Morals Essay 2 Section 21

I am having difficulty understanding this section. Does he mean that he doesn't bother moralizing the concepts of guilt and duty because he sees no point to moralize something that is disappearing(...
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How does Nietzsche reconcile his idea of eternal recurrence with the rest of his philosophy?

I'm having a hard time grasping Nietzsche's idea of eternal recurrence, as I do not understand the relationship between the idea of eternal recurrence and the rest of his philosophy. (e.g. the concept ...
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What are some good books about existential philosophy?

I recently have gained a lot of interest in philosophy and have especially taken to Nietzsche's work and ideas. I am reading philosophy to understand on a more personal level to lead a more fulfilled ...