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Questions tagged [nietzsche]

Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) was a German philosopher and poet. Nietzsche is consistently one of the most widely-read philosophers, even among laymen; yet his work is often elliptical, even cryptic, and demands an unusual discipline with respect to reading and thinking. This contradiction may give some sense of the complexity and profundity of Nietzsche's powerful writing and explosive style. Much of his work can be understood as critique of nihilism.

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Why does Nietzsche blame all sufferers themselves for their suffering?

A novice, I do not feel prepared yet to read Nietzsche; but please tell me if his primary sources answer my question. Source: p 98, Philosophy ; A Very Short Introduction (2002) by Edward Craig. The ...
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Are there contemporary adherents to this view about systemised ethics?

In some parts of the field of truth, no doubt, men who work by these divergent ways are apt as men to represent antithetical types. But over the whole field this need not be ...
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What was the “almost new domain of dangerous knowledge” in Beyond Good & Evil?

In Beyond Good and Evil, near the end of Chapter 1, Nietzsche wrote: And yet this hypothesis is far from being the strangest and most painful in this immense and almost new domain of dangerous ...
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Is there any evidence that Nietzsche read anything by Zarathustra?

Here are two verses of Zarathustra from his Gathas published in the The Hymns of Zoroaster: A New Translation of the Most Ancient Sacred Texts of Iran by M. L. West: 40.10 And that reward, ...
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What are some answers besides besides Mallarmé to Nietzsche's 'who is speaking?'

Nietzsche in what can be considered a critique of Cartesian reasoning at one point uses the identity of a flash with the lightning that 'produced it as a metaphor for famously saying that there's no ...
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Why did Nietzsche say he would not live his life again?

Why did Nietzsche say he would not live his life again? Kaufman Gay Science p. 19 introduction... “Nietzsche in ... one of his notes... “I do not want life again. How did I endure it? ...
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Do Kierkegaard and Nietzsche have similar ideas about being and becoming?

I have not read much of Kierkegaard's philosophy, but this quote comes in mind when comparing his philosophy to Nietzsche's in terms of being and becoming: “To be human, is not a fact, but a task.” ...
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Did Heidegger talk about malice at all?

Did Heidegger talk about malice at all? I agree and find interesting if not useful most of Nietzsche's aphorisms but felt that his analysis of malice was just weak, and obviously so. However, I liked ...
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How does Thus Spoke Zarathustra conclude?

How does Thus Spoke Zarathustra conclude? "FELLOW-SUFFERING! FELLOW-SUFFERING WITH THE HIGHER MEN!" he cried out, and his countenance changed into brass. "Well! THAT—hath had its time! My ...
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Do Nietzsche's values justify some actions?

Do Nietzsche's values justify some actions? I'm asking because if so then my entirely trivial, or at least unfocused, appropriation of his ideas can be easily made more elegant, or at least more ...
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What evidence is there for Nietzsche's division of people into higher and lower types?

What evidence is there that there are two types of people, specifically an elite higher type? Did Nietzsche have authentic reasons to suppose that?
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Does pain tend to be more differentiated than pleasure?

Does pain tend to be more differentiated than pleasure? Which is said to be open to more interpretations and variations, pleasure or pain? See what Sade had to say about this sort of question, quoted ...
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Can 'the they self' help us understand Nietzsche's response to nihilism?

Can 'das man' or 'the they self' help us understand Nietzsche's response to nihilism? I'm asking because these are concepts I think I can intuitively grasp from within my life, quite unlike Nietzsche'...
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Heidegger's origin of the work of art and Nietzsche's Dionysian vs. Apollonian forces in art

In "Origin of the Work of Art" ( der Ursprung des Kunstwerkes), Heidegger talks about a piece of art as something that is both world and earth. These two are in a constant battle, in which they drive ...
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How would Nietzsche argue against classical theism?

Completely out of curiosity, how would someone like Nietzsche, let's use him as an example, argue against Aquinas's metaphysical argument for classical theism. I can't seem to find any references in ...
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What is the difference between the Superman and the Ultimateman?

In Nietzsche's words : Man is something that shall be overcome. Man is a rope tied between beast and superman - a rope over an abyss. Although the concept of the superman is well documented, ...
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What does this Zarathustra's sentence mean?

I started reading the most famous work of Nietzsche's, and then on the first chapter after the prologue, thus spoke Zarathustra: Or is it this: wading into dirty water when it is the water of truth,...
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What were the 'philosophical cover-up' practised by Heidegger in his Nietzschean lectures 1936-45

In Bambachs, Heidegger Roots, he offers an authoritative analysis of the manipulations practised by Heidegger in his Nietzsche lectures between 1936-45. He calls them a 'philosophical cover-up' ...
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What would Nietzsche think of Taoism?

I'm not too familiar with the works of Nietzche (The Gay Science, On the Genealogy of Morals, etc). However, I am familiar with the terms of overman or Ubermensch, a person who creates new morals/...
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Nietzsche's departure from Schopenhauer

I'm attempting to understand the will to power by first presenting Nietzsche's first mentor, Schopenhauer, and his notion of the will to survival/life. In very simple terms, I believe S believed that ...
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'How to become what you are' supposing Foucault is right about the body?

The phrase is the subtitle of Ecce Homo. You can a short essay by Foucault, on Nietzsche, free of charge; it's also in his essential works: aesthetics, appearing originally in a book dedicated to ...
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The relation between God and Master and Slave morality in Nietzsche's work

My understanding is that master and slave morality arose out of an earlier distinction between Good and Bad, rooted in heroic, aristocratic values – the glorious, powerful and strong versus the ...
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What is the relation between slave morality and free spirit in Nietzsche's Genealogy of Morality?

Considering the discussion on free-spirit by creating its own value system, how Nietzsche relate "free-spirit" and "slave morality"(its depth and its evilness)?
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Nietzsche: Does visual art reaffirm life?

In the Birth of Tragedy, Nietzsche states that life is justified through artistic creativity. He analyses the ancient Greek tragedies to further elaborate on his point. My question is: would his ...
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If history repeats as farce, then how can Nietzsche's madman prove the truth?

I keep wondering what "farce" really amounts to, in class terms, for Marx, rather than individual. On this question, there was the following comment But, if we look at more class based movements, ...
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Is the antichrist neither “good” nor “evil”, or only from a perspective which rejects both terms?

Is the antichrist neither "good" nor "evil", or only from a perspective which rejects both terms? I haven't read much Nietzsche, but surely, I'm thinking, the former!
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Could I please request an introduction to philosophy of pessimism?

Everything from essential texts, interpretations of the absurd, eternal return, interpretations of suicide and religion, and it's influence on the arts. And, I know I am asking a lot, but I'd like to ...
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The role of the fool in philosophy

The Shakespearean fool, though not necessarily well educated and by most appearances a simpleton, is nevertheless often wiser and cleverer than, and consequently outwits, his superiors of higher ...
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What does Nietzsche mean in his metaphor about dreaming and its relationship to truth?

I am having trouble understanding the following passage completely: In accordance with the root meaning of his association with “brightness,” he is the god of light; he also rules over the beautiful ...
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Are there any websites that walkthrough Nietzsche's work?

I have often seen sites dedicated to famous literary works that break down a composition and help explain it to the beginner. I've only taken one class on philosophy so I'm not going to understand ...
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What, for Nietzsche, is a noble death?

This thread Why is Nietzsche so against Socrates? on Socrates and Jesus's death and the article that I linked to there, got me glibly wondering... In Human, All to Human, Nietzsche says that How ...
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How did Antiquity deal with the disappearance of the Transcendent?

In Western Philosophy, Existentialism heeding Nietzches call was the first philosophy that dealt with the loss of the transcendent in a formal way. Whereas prior to him, it anchored, or rather was ...
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Is Nietzsche an anti-realist about moral disagreement?

This question got me thinking: What is the difference between the Superman and the Ultimateman? As I understand it, moral anti-realism is the thesis that there are no moral facts outside the ...
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Will to power: why doesn't it work sometimes?

I'm reading Nietzsche and he had this interesting idea that all lives tend to expand their influence on the world as much as possible. And for human beings, that means seeking to start a family, or to ...
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Did Nietzsche have anything to say about the trans-Atlantic slavery trade?

Given that there are over 300 references to slavery in Nietzsches work did he, in any of his works, address what was the most significant revival of slavery since Graeco-Roman times, that is the trans-...
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Did Nietzsche elaborate on his notion of a 'political caste to rule over Europe'

In Aphorism 251 in Beyond Good and Evil, Nietzche says: What is serious for me ... [is] the cultivation of a new caste to rule over Europe. And according to Nietzschean scholar Ronald Beiner, when ...
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In what way was Nietzsche anti-relativist and anti universalist?

Just trying to wrap my head round this very basic question. Relativism holds that moral claims contain an essential indexical element, such that the truth of any such claim requires ...
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Arguments in favor of Eternal Return?

Are there any current modern mathematical or scientific arguments in favor of eternal return? I have read several against it here on this site. One which I could think of is that the Universe might ...
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Does holistic health have its roots in Nietzsche's philosophy?

Was the Nietzsche's work the main influential thing in how people thought about holistic health as both our mental and physical health? Could it be that it was the Nietzsche's Human all too human that ...
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What do Nietzsche's bogeymen say about the meaning of life?

What do Nietzsche's bogeymen say about the meaning of life? Specifically, is it characteristic of his "last men" to be unconcerned whether their happiness is meaningful, or even embrace the ...
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If mankind is a bridge then why would the anti-christ need to rewill history prior to themselves?

If mankind is a bridge then why would the anti-christ need to rewill history prior to themselves? Has anyone discussed that issue? What is great in man is that he is a bridge and not a goal: what ...
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How to qualify Nietzsche's influence on the 20th century?

Has anyone drawn the limit of Nietzsche's influence on the 20th century? Seems like his character created hell and heaven, for us to enjoy, or not. But there has to be something he missed, even if it'...