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Questions tagged [nozick]

Robert Nozick (1938 - 2002) was an American philosopher.

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Which distribution is allowed by Rawls's difference principle?

Let's say we have the following different distributions of monetary wealth possible for a society. Here, LAG := Least Advantaged Group, OG := Ordinary group, MAG := Most Advantaged Group. Type LAG OG ...
Abdul Muhaymin -Free Palestine's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
281 views

Why does Nozick rely on closest possible world in his tracking theory?

According to the truth-tracking theory of Nozick, S knows that P iff (1) P is True, (2) S believes that P, (3) If P were not True, S would not believe that P, and (4) If P were True, S would believe ...
Abdul Muhaymin -Free Palestine's user avatar
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Can someone explain to me Nozick's argument against epistemic closure?

On the other hand, some epistemologists, including Robert Nozick, have denied closure principles on the basis of reliabilist accounts of knowledge. Nozick, in Philosophical Explanations, advocated ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
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How does Nozick's analysis of knowledge evade brain in a vat counterexamples?

Note: I had posted this a day ago, but I hadn't formulated it very clearly. I still recognize that the counter-example is probably not very strong, but I'm wondering where it is wrong. Any help is ...
Jacob Sloat's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
254 views

Why did Nozick write both 'different' and 'differential' in the same paragraph?

Nozick obviously wasn't discussing, and I'm not asking about, the calculus or mechanical meanings of 'differential'. ODO doesn't distinguish them; 'different' is synonymized with 'differential', and ...
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3 votes
1 answer
162 views

Why does Hart find Nozick's refutation of utilitarianism paradoxical?

Justice: A Beginner's Guide (2017) by Raymond Wacks. p. 79.     Some find his refutation of utilitarianism unfounded. H.L.A. Hart describes it as paradoxical, because it yields an ...
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3 votes
2 answers
300 views

Understanding Rawls and Nozick

Am I correct in thinking that Rawls and Nozick both offer theories of justice and that both allow for differences in the distribution of wealth ? If they agree in this, what is the decisive divergence ...
Flow's user avatar
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Does Sosa's modal definition of knowledge beg the question?

In his 1999 paper "How to Defeat Opposition to Moore", Ernest Sosa argues that sceptical, Nozickian tracking, relevant-alternative, and contextualist accounts of the sceptical paradox rely on the ...
Psychology and Philosophy's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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DIFFERENCE PRINCIPLE DEFINED by Rawls vs Nozick

I currently started reading Rawls and Nozick. I have found out that Nozick's "Distributive Justice" is a libertarian analysis of John Rawls. I was wondering if anyone knows what Nozick's opinion is on ...
Flow's user avatar
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According to Nozick people should not view goods like property and wealth as a gift from heaven

Does Nozick not say that distributive justice is incompatible with the rights of individuals and he reduces the question of what justice is to an issue of violation of rights and things should be ...
Flow's user avatar
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Nozick's truth tracking theory?

I simply just do not understand this concept, everything from the idea of close possible worlds to the counterfactual conditions. So, 1. P is true. 2. You believe that P (following the famous "...
user3295255's user avatar
4 votes
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Mill's Proof and Nozick's Experience Machine

I'm trying to grasp how Mill's claim that the only good is happiness/pleasure is able to respond to Nozick's though experiment. Humans strive for virtue and other goods only if they are associated ...
Scb's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
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Do libertarians like Robert Nozick and Ayn Rand agree with the idea of enforcing intellectual property?

How do hardline libertarians like Nozick and Rand consider the question intellectual property and monopolies through patents? On one hand, it seem to me that they would support the concept, given ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
6 votes
4 answers
541 views

Libertarianism and scarcity

Can anyone share some source information about any notable libertarian positions involving those occasions where scarcity exists only due to a localized scenario; i.e. If Person A is dying of thirst, ...
Eliot G York's user avatar
13 votes
7 answers
937 views

How would Robert Nozick and Ayn Rand respond to the following moral dilemma?

Consider the following scenario: In a remote isolated village, there is a family with a sick infant, who desperately and urgently needs a specific type of medicine. They have no way of procuring it ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
2k views

What kind of conditional does Nozick use in his theory of knowledge?

Knowledge is traditionally defined as justified true belief: in order for S to know P, S must believe P, P must be true, and S must be justified in believing P. Now this definition has been ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
397 views

Does anyone have the missing page 57 of Nozick's dissertation?

I have painstakingly scanned (as in: put on a scanner to make a PDF) 352 pages of a hard copy version of Nozick's 1963 dissertation The Normative Theory of Individual Choice. I don't have page 57. I ...
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4 votes
2 answers
2k views

What does Nozick exactly say in his Demoktesis argument?

I know Wikipedia is not an excellent reference, but I quote from Wikipedia: Demoktesis is a thought-experiment designed to show the incompatibility of democracy with libertarianism in general and ...
nozick's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is Nozick's Criticism of Rawls correct?

When Nozick says distributive justice 'marks a shift from the classical liberal notion of self ownership to a notion of property rights in others', is this a fair criticism of Rawls and distributive ...
fuzz's user avatar
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How does Robert Nozick explain the Gettier problem?

Nozick agrees that the Gettier counterexamples to the JTB analysis of knowledge are cases where someone has a JTB but does not know. What is his explanation of what has gone wrong in those cases? ...
Kevin Davis's user avatar