Questions tagged [ontology]

Ontology is the study of the nature of being, existence or reality as such, as well as the basic categories of being and their relations.

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113 views

How to catch a person claiming supernatural visions, in a lie? [closed]

I recently watched a video on YouTube where there is a discussion about whether or not we should listen to angels. A woman on the show wrote a book about her visions, and had claims of being able to ...
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What is "matter"?

How do philosophers define matter? Maybe we could say that matter is that made out of fundamental particles, however that ignores dark matter and energy. But even if we ignore this, what are ...
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Essays concerning Heidegger’s discussion of signs and references in the worldhood of the world?

Does anyone have any good essays concerning Heidegger’s discussion of signs and references in the worldhood of the world? That whole section has left me scratching my head. Or some good secondary ...
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What is a "world" according to Sir. Roger Penrose?

In Symposium: the Road to Reality (22.01.2019), part II - Sir Roger Penrose a few diagrams are presented that include a "Physical World", a "Mental World", and a "Platonic/...
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Fundamental properties

Here is a train of thought I’ve put together inquiring into the nature of properties, with some questions at the end. Comments and recommendations for further reading are welcome. We usually only ...
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What is the difference between thing, entity, and object? [closed]

What exactly is the difference between the words "thing", "entity", and "object"? Do they all have the same meaning? I think they are the same, but I want to know what ...
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Is there a resource cataloguing unique and fundamental concepts cross-culturally?

I am working on a "conlang", which is basically a fantasy language. I have collected 4,000-ish words in their "base" form (some we still need to find the base for, but they can be ...
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Is there a logical reason to default to a certain type of first cause?

While there are some exceptions, physics generally holds that the universe has a beginning. Assuming that there is a first cause of the universe, what are the logical based reasons for preferring ...
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60 views

Correct wording for analysis? What is the nature of this relation?

I'm trying to analyse the statement "The computer has the capacity to perform long division", but I can't decide whether to use the connector because or therefore. Which one is more fitting ...
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Argument against unrestricted quantification

I have problems understanding the argument against unrestricted quantification based on Russell’s paradox, which does not work with sets, but instead with semantic interpretations (as objects). The ...
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Leibniz's theory of subtance and causal interaction - with God

It follows from Leibniz' complete concept theory of truth that substances have no causal interaction with another. But Leibniz also says that created substances depend on God and that God conserves ...
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56 views

A proposal for the meaning of life [closed]

I propose that the meaning of something is "all of the information related to it", and thus that the meaning of life is "all of the information related to life" - all of the causes ...
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The shape and extension of the fundamental particles

You could say that particles are just 0-dimensional points. But point particles are just an idealization. If particles are taken to exist physically, and anything which has physical existence has ...
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Can truth exist even though nothing happens?

There’s magnet. If the magnet didn’t attract the other magnet and then disappeared, in this case can “the magnet attracts the other magnet” never be true?
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Is there a philosophical framework within which the question of existence does not arise?

Is there a philosophical framework within which the question of existence in general, and of matter in particular, does not arise? Being aware of the seemingly hopeless nature of the subject, I'm ...
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If Non-existence is nonexistent, then does that mean a Supernatural Exists?

Ok, what I am asking is bascially, if non-existence (which I use synonymously with the word 'nothing' - this is my defintion of 'nothing' in this piece - non-existence, so please no dcitionary ...
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Formal Ontological Reasoning As A Philosophical Method

Lots of philosophy, particularly, but not exclusively, continental philosophy, seems to establish categories of things or concepts and the relationships between those categories, in order to explain ...
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What is philosophical position is it for only the things that are in your immediate vicinity to exist at any given time?

You can only know so much about what is going on around you. For example, it is impossible for me to know what is going on in China right now if I am in South America. I might try to look at the news, ...
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116 views

How do finite processes and endless mathematical objects relate to reality?

There seem to be several philosophers who believe science (plus human norms for Sellars) can in principle leave no unanswered questions about reality. I would call this finite or exhaustible. Sellars: ...
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What is the philosophy of engineering about?

Wikipedia has an article about the philosophy of engineering. There are also papers related to this indexed by PhilPapers. I wonder what philosophical questions can be asked about engineering other ...
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Is there an equivalent reading to Russel's 'The Problems of Philosophy' but for metaphysics?

I'm looking for an overview of the field of metaphysics accessible to laymen. If there is anything that leans in any way towards the social sciences, I would be particularly interested in it.
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What is Plotinus' theory (of graduationism) that inspired Augustine about?

I want to know what Plotinus' gradualism is exactly about. I've heard in a lecture about Augustine being inspired by that theory, but can't seem to find anything about this. Is this gradualism just ...
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Ontic/Ontological as parallel to a posteriori/a priori?

Heidegger makes the distinction between the ontic (concerning beings themselves) and the ontological (the being of beings, being as such). Would it be wise to say that the ontic covers the contingent ...
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Is there any philosophical difference between "I have no horns" and "I have horns, but they have zero volume"?

The common idea is that, on one hand we have "I don't have X", on the other hand we have "I have X, but X has some its quality equal to zero, making it to behave the same way as if it ...
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Parmenides to Hegel - The death of the ontological craft?

Good evening All, I have been studying the great ontological authors of the western canon and have found an abrupt pause in literature after Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit. Parmenides seems to be the ...
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Does panpsychism state that the mind exists in a different dimension?

Does panpsychism state that the mind exists in a different dimension? They seem to allude to the existence of a soul, and that the mind is a part of the fabric of reality, but are they saying that the ...
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Particle ontology and quantum fluctuations

I have been reading about ontologies in quantum physics recently and I came across Bohmian mechanics. If I understood it correctly BM endorses Particle ontology. Particle ontology claims that point-...
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Why is 'god' a concept in Frege's objection on the ontological argument?

As Frege states on "Function and Concept", a concept is a function which value is always a truth value, while an object is all that is not a function and therefore has no empty place (...
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If love could be measured as a physical energy, would it be philosophically / scientifically important? [closed]

Surely, philosophically, this scientific breakthrough is important: Whilst watching one of world-renowned polymath Gregg Braden's many presentations online, he introduced the principle that the 'love ...
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Do phrases like “a bunch of simples arranged chair-wise” advance our understanding of ontology?

In the popular YouTube video “Do Chairs Exist?”, the presenter eventually advances the idea that chairs do not exist, but that what we think as a chair is “a bunch of simples arranged chair-wise.” My ...
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The difference between universals, abstract objects and Platonic forms?

What is the difference between universals, abstract objects and Platonic forms? I have the impression that the three mean more or less the same thing: forms being subsistent universals, and any ...
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Is imagination a sufficient condition for something to exist?

We can imagine a chair and build it, We can imagine the Starship Enterprise And given the neccessary technological knowledge build it. We can imagine a living flying elephant and it seems given the ...
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Motivations for ontological pluralism – suggested reading?

I’m looking for suggested reading on ontological pluralism. There are so many contested entities (?) like numbers, holes, the poems of Lord Byron, universals, various types of non-existent objects (...
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118 views

What is the difference between the “thing in itself” and noumena?

“Things in themselves” and noumena are similar in Kantian metaphysics (Critique of Pure Reason, mostly) and interchangeable much of the time. The phenomena/noumena divide is integral to Kantian ...
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Questions on Precise Meaning of Quine's Ontological Commitment Criterion

In a recent paper Ontological Commitment, Augustin Rayo tries to make the notion of ontological commitment more precise. He specifies: "Quine’s Criterion (Logical Version) A first-order ...
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Are we still in God's mind?

I would like to share a reasoning. We consider that an Engineer, before starting to build his project, draws up a construction plan. In the case of a Deity that promises eternal life in paradise, we ...
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Alternativeness... or not?

We recognize as an axiom that events in our reality can occur in different ways. It is about facts, models that combine facts and our reactions. I call it alternativeness. Here I will not ask: whether ...
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What are the philosophic positions regarding the ontology of mathematical facts?

1+1=2 and, discarding any mildly clever counter-examples that don't really matter (eg 1.4 + 1.4 = 2.8, which rounds to 3), I have a hard time imagining how the discrete quantity 1 could ever be added ...
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How can materialists make claims?

I dont have all the modern philosophical terms down, but I cannot see how materialists/physicalists can make any claims. If there is nothing but physical universe, then there is no “truth”. Actually ...
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What are some strong arguments for logical holism?

What are some strong arguments for logical holism? The idea that the world operates in such a way that no part can be known without the whole being known first seems extremely foreign to me. This is ...
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Can we know the Nature of matter because we are "made" of it?

When we consider the world to be curved spacetime sparkled and specked with tiny elementary particles (which ultimately may turn out to be ultra tiny compactifications os space) then logically we are ...
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Can an object exist both physically and mentally?

I notice that people say each object exists physically or mentally, but not both physically and mentally. Can an object exist both physically and mentally? “he suggests that if the greatest possible ...
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What is it called to consider the whole to be the fundamental block of reality rather than its parts?

What is it called to consider the whole to be the fundamental block of reality rather than its parts? Philosophers most often say that the building blocks of this world are small like atoms like ...
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Where is it that I go when I dream?

This is a question that I had posed regarding the nature of mental images described by patients who suffer from Charles Bonnet Syndrome here: What is the nature of the mental images that are perceived ...
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Is there a hierarchy to image schemas?

Image schemas are primitive concepts that are studied in diverse fields such as linguistics, psychology, cognitive linguistics, neuroscience. The influences of image schemas is not only seen in ...
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What are possible naturalistic explanations to the question of existence?

Non-philosopher here, though I enjoy reading about it. Without getting into complex deductive arguments, suppose I say the following: Define the entities of the material world however one likes (maybe ...
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Is there a reason that utilitarianism is the "default" moral system of thinking for many humans, and if so, why?

Over the past few centuries a shift has been seen, from the likes of strict adherence to Christianity (at least, in Europe) to greater reliance on science, etc. as observed by Friedrich Nietzsche. ...
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What are the prerequisites for knowing something?

I want to get some references, expand and check mi intuitions. I think the epistemological prerequisites to know something are by order: an external reality, which is stable to a minimum degree so ...
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Does Quine's Predicate Functorese maintain the existence of relations?

Quine's predicate functorese has been proposed as a "feature-placing" language for ontological nihilism (Strawson, Azzouni, Dasgupta, Diehl). This is often used to eliminate objects and ...
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Ontology - How do we describe actions/scenarios in relation to objects?

Does anyone know how actions to do with objects are represented in ontology or first order logic? Example: the cat sits on the mat. I think the cat and mat have properties that relate them to each ...

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