Questions tagged [ontology]

Ontology is the study of the nature of being, existence or reality as such, as well as the basic categories of being and their relations.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
1answer
119 views

What is the difference between an object and its singleton set?

I have read in books on Mathematical Logic that we have things called "Sets" and Set Theory that correspond to classes of objects in Ontology. for example { Barack Obama, Donald Trump } is a ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Is Thales's claim that everything starts with water/wetness, in ontological meaning, in agreement with his claim that: “Everything is full of gods”?

Thales claimed water as his arche, but Aristotle says that he also said that "Everything is full of gods". Are those two claims in agreement?
0
votes
3answers
191 views

Is it possible for there to exist a geometrically perfect square?

The corners of a geometrically perfect square should have no width. But if they have no width they don't exist. Therefore the corners must have a width. If they have a width they can be looked at as ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Metaphysical vs ontological necessity

There are many forms of consequence. It seems that there should be some method of distinguishing between them. Of primary concern to philosophers are two types of consequence: physical causality and ...
3
votes
2answers
135 views

Nothing vs something

Could it be that the famous question "why is there something instead of nothing" is misplaced? This question presupposes that nothingness is the opposite of something but, metaphysically ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

Do light particles exist [closed]

This question is kind of a mash between physics and philosophy. If I should delete this post and put it on the physics stackexchange, let me know. If light travels at 299,792,458 m/s, then does it ...
-4
votes
3answers
155 views

Can our world be inside PI data?

PI number contains an infinite number of 123 digit sequence, also it contains an infinite number of 12345678 digit sequence ans so on. One can take such sequence of 10^10000000 digits and the PI will ...
0
votes
0answers
136 views

Has there been an attempt to create a classification system or taxonomy of “everything”

I have only begun digging into the philosophical definitions and study of taxonomy/classification, however I am just wondering if thus far the idea of trying to categorize and classify all objects, ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

What precedents are there for the triple-ism of Roger Penrose?

In his The Road to Reality, Roger Penrose espouses three distinct realities - the physical, mental and mathematical. The physical and mental are basically good old dualism, although he is an atheist ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Is there a difference between 'exists' and 'theoretically possible'?

For the purpose of this questions let's assume that the physics of our universe can be fully described by a complete non-contradictory theory (i.e. that theory of everything exists). Then our universe ...
1
vote
2answers
164 views

Consciousness and Ontology

If consciousness is a fundamental property of reality, as David Chalmers and other philosophers/physicists speculate, does this mean that many of the ontological problems in philosophy would be solved?...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Bewitched by sortal v natural kind [anti] Essentialism

In Essential vs. Accidental Properties (SEP) https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/essential-accidental/index.html, in the context of natural kinds essentialism, one finds: Notice that one may hold ...
0
votes
1answer
150 views

The Philosophy of Mutual Dreaming in the New SpongeBob Movie: Ontological as well as Metaphysical?

So, in the movie SpongeBob: Sponge on the Run, Patrick states that: "Two people cannot have the same dream, let alone be in that same dream at the same time. This is philosophically untenable.&...
2
votes
3answers
133 views

Does sensory information exist, and do philosophers have a name for it?

Are there really sensory sensations such as sight, hearing, tactile sensations, smell, taste, and umami? In other words, are those sensations or sense-data real, and if they are not real physically, ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Is the Problem of Universals still a prominent topic of debate?

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy includes an entry for the Medieval version of the debate of universals, but not for anything contemporary. There's an entry on universals in the Internet ...
3
votes
0answers
36 views

To what extent is the notion of “common” of philosophical interest?

The 2021 theme for a french competitive philosophical exam is: "the common". I'm not sure the expression really makes sense in English. In French, it is the adjective "commun" ( ...
-1
votes
1answer
111 views

How do philosophers answer a question like 'How do you know something exists?'

I recently watched a video from Rationality Rules titled "The Argument from Personal Experience - Debunked (Why Personal Experiences are NOT Proof)". As the title reveals, the video's goal ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Does Gödel believe in the existence of his rotating universe?

I am wondering whether Gödel believe ain the existence of his rotating universe since he is a mathematical Platonist. I am also wondering in what entities believe mathematical platonists. For example: ...
0
votes
2answers
91 views

Which discipline of philosophy is most interested and relevant to studying the nature of change?

Often as a beginner, I wonder: who studies this idea? Is there a body of literature on 'change', and if so, which discipline of philosophy is most interested in the nature of 'change' and truths ...
4
votes
2answers
135 views

What is a second-order disposition?

I am reading this paper that makes references to "first-order dispositions" and "second-order dispositions" constantly, and I do not know what they really mean: Joachim Horvath, ...
0
votes
3answers
106 views

According to the major theories of concepts, where do meanings come from?

In all our intellectual pursuits, we use concepts like "atoms" for a structure or "ingredients" for a recipe. We all have to use them. For example, consider the concepts 'existence'...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

On the Difference between Non-Difference and Dialetheism

Regarding insightful feedback to my answer to Can a category of non-difference exist in Western logic? and in conjunction with alternative responses, I am asking if the following formulation is a ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Philosophy of information question on the nature of computation

What is the most general definition of computation, and how does it differ from the more common definitions of it? What is the most general definition of computation and how does it differ from the ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Does the following argument about the ontological nature of math exhibit poor reasoning?

Argument P1: Mathematics is the substrate upon which all natural phenomena occur and necessarily governs phenomena in the physical world. P2: One can experience something that is not mathematically ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Is there a term for this strong form of actualism?

Actualism is the view that the actual world is the only possible world. But I was told that even most actualists believe in true counterfactuals, like, "It might have been the case that Adolf ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

A clarification of nonexistence

This is similar to a question I asked long ago, but there was a misinterpretation. People often say that, for instance, unicorns don't exist, but isn't it more correct to say that there are no ...
1
vote
2answers
108 views

Is it necessary for something to be observed for it to exist?

Say something was to happen in the universe, so minuscule that no one notices it, and it has no effect on history whatsoever. Is it correct to say that it never happened, because when we say something ...
2
votes
3answers
374 views

Do multiverse theories undermine intelligent design arguments mathematically?

It is well known that the probability of life arising in a universe of our sort is vanishingly small. Theists have used this fact to argue that life is designed by God. However, if there are an ...
2
votes
2answers
151 views

Why does a hypothesis not self-defeat under fallacy of the gaps?

I was listening to an atheism-vs-theism debate on YouTube, and the two debaters came to a disagreement when talking about God of the Gaps. Person A: "If we look at all the evidence, we can see ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

For Whitehead, is an event theoretical or ontological?

I'm getting to Whitehead in my reading list, and have started with "Concept of Nature". Have not finished it yet, but something disturbs me throughout the book (aside from his god-awful ...
0
votes
2answers
115 views

What is a universe? (taboo the word “exist”)

It seems to me that "universe" and "exist" are defined cyclically. When not talking about many worlds or parallel universes, it's clear what it means to say whether or not a thing ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

How does Epictetus define personhood?

In the Enchiridion, Epictetus says: “Our master is anyone who has the power to implement or prevent the things that we want or don’t want. Whoever wants to be free, therefore, should wish for nothing ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Does Marx make a metaphysical/ontological argument for Materialism anywhere?

As I understand it currently, I read Marx as more of a historian, economist and sociologist and I am finding it hard to locate any metaphysical argument against Hegel's 'idealism'. All I know is this ...
1
vote
5answers
137 views

Can the concept of the Trinity be logically supported as the belief in one God rather than three Gods?

Christianity has its roots in Judaism, as such some of the teachings in the Old Testament have carried into and are reaffirmed in the New Testament, one such being is the monotheistic belief in one ...
0
votes
5answers
234 views

What have philosophers had to say about something being ‘real’ vs ‘imaginary’?

How do philosophers approach this difference? Is the question the same as asking 'what is the difference between real and imaginary'? What makes something real vs imitation? And, why it is so ...
1
vote
2answers
129 views

Mathematical universe hypothesis: Why shouldn't all imaginable universes exist?

In his paper on mathematical universe hypothesis, Max Tegmark only responses with a single paragraph to this assumption: The MUH and the Level IV multiverse idea does certainly not imply that all ...
3
votes
4answers
626 views

Which aspects of consciousness are most often addressed by philosophers of mind?

What are the most discussed parts of consciousness according to philosophers? Epistemologists cite perception, memory, reason, and testimony as frequent objects of philosophical discourse in respect ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Justification for the phenominal/ noumenal distinction?

Cartesian dualism has purportedly been debunked. How does the phenomenal/ noumenal distinction avoid being characterized as the same mistake? Is it really impossible to visualize a symbiosis-in-agency ...
1
vote
0answers
222 views

Does This Answer The Two Hard Problems – Why Is There Anything? and How Do We Know It?

Question I imagine that most philosophers, professional or amateur, must have some kind of personal philosophical view of their preferred ontology/metaphysic, even if it is incomplete. This is mine as ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Mario Bunge's ontology

In his Ontology book, Mario Bunge defines a 'bare individual' as a real thing stripped of all its properties but endowed with the capacity of associating. Then he interprets the totality of bare ...
1
vote
3answers
123 views

If I delete and replace a character in a computer document, to what extent is it the same character?

This is a question partly about philosophical terminology and categorisation as well as existence. Suppose I type the random string "janwekxq" into a Word document. I then accidentally ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Philosophy and Mental Health [closed]

I have heard a story of a Peace Pilgrim, an American pilgrim and ascetic, who managed to heal one sick man through conversation. The man was suffering from general degeneration of health and doctors ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Does the present only exist to the extent that it leaves traces in the future?

Under what conditions can we conclude from the position that the past only exists to the extent it leaves traces in the present to the position that the present only exists to the extent it leaves ...
0
votes
3answers
159 views

What is the meaning of “epistemic”, “epistemological” and “ontological” in this context?

I was reading The Outer Limits of Reason: What Science, Mathematics, and Logic Cannot Tell Us by Noson S. Yanofsky and in some paragraphs of this books, The writer uses the words "epistemic",...
4
votes
1answer
248 views

Why did Nietzsche call Spinoza his 'precursor'?

In a letter Nietzsche made the following comment about Spinoza; "I am utterly amazed, utterly enchanted! I have a precursor, and what a precursor! I hardly knew Spinoza: that I should have turned ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Explanation of a quote from Spinoza

Notandum, dari necessario unius cujusque rei existentis certam aliquam CAUSAM, propter quam existit. Et notandum, hanc causam, propter quart aliqua res existit, vel debere contineri in ipsa natura et ...
-1
votes
3answers
76 views

A test for objectivity?

One could define the objective world that we believe to exist independent of us, as that part of our experience that is simultaneously experienced by other observers as well(And this common ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

Why are concepts without intuitions blind?

I think at this point I understand all the transcendental arguments of CPR except this one - and probably this could considerably change my understanding of Kant as a whole. Here is my confusion. ...
1
vote
0answers
420 views

Are mental objects timeless?

Let's suspend for a moment the How? of the body mind problem and suppose an ontological paradigm where there are two classes of objects: mental and physical. Also that physical objects are spatially ...
4
votes
4answers
565 views

What is the difference between the spiritual and the metaphysical

According to this (old) page, metaphysics is the study of things beyond anything humans can perceive. Because of this fact, metaphysics is relatively faith-based discipline and, compared to science, ...

1
2 3 4 5
12