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Questions tagged [ontology]

Ontology is the study of the nature of being, existence or reality as such, as well as the basic categories of being and their relations.

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Enlightenment and Creation. Your analysis? [closed]

For all the eastern philosophies and many other religions, the goal of life is enlightenment, which means insight or awakening to the true nature of reality. Would it not have been easier to not ...
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851 views

What are the connections between philosophy and semantic web?

I worked with semantic web technology, and got interested in philosophy out of it. In semantic web, concepts such as semantics, ontologies, and logical inferences are fundamental to understand the ...
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3answers
372 views

Does physicalism *prove* that the universe is self-subsistent?

I've often heard/read people (Hawking, Dawkins etc) making out that Physics or Physicalism proves that there is no God, or no need for one. Yet it seems to me that it's an assumption that is ...
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2answers
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What would Kant say, if I asked him about the ontological status of the integers?

I understand that Kant remarked that Space & Time are forms that the intuition take. Would he also say that of the integers? Are they judgements? That is they lie within his Category of Quantity.
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1answer
161 views

What does it mean for a naturalist to claim that forces/actions “exist”?

tl;dr: How can forces (e.g. gravity) be said to "exist" or be true ? I've had this question for so long, I assume it stems from a basic misunderstanding about naturalism or metaphysics, so please set ...
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160 views

How can categories be derived deductively?

In a book on Aristotle's metaphysics I read a passage on the differences between his and Kant's categories. It says that the concept of categories, in both Aristotle's and Kant's case, wasn't ...
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1answer
123 views

Cause , Interaction and Effect

Let there be two hypothetical, irreducible objects A and B, both possess a changeable property P. If A and B interact, their property P is effected. How do I distinguish between entities and ...
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6answers
541 views

What does it mean that a claim is a claim of nonexistence?

This question has devolved into a discussion. As I understand the discussion, everything is revolving around the veracity of statement Nonexistence can never be proven. and on what exactly ...
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2answers
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What is Causality? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What does “to cause” mean? Take an example, It is reported that short-circuit caused fire in city bakery. In this case short-circuit and fire was in a causality, short-circuit ...
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1answer
135 views

Is this an Immanuel Kant quote? [closed]

You can imagine the perfect chair in your mind but you cannot build the perfect chair. Or something very similar. I believe that is Kant but I cannot find any reference to the quote anywhere. Any ...
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1answer
223 views

Are numbers noumena?

According to OED, noumenon is An object knowable only by the mind or intellect, not by the senses But I'm a little confused at considering about numbers, they seem to be objects knowable only by ...
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0answers
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Is Deleuze's characterization of Sartre (that his central obsession was “lakes of non-being and the viscosity of matter”) fair?

In his essay entitled My teacher Gilles Deleuze characterises the "central obsession" of Sartre as being "lakes of non-being and the viscosity of matter". Is this a fair characterisation of Sartre's ...
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What is the ontological stance of formalists on mathematical objects?

Are modern proponents of formalism associated with an ontoglogical opinion regarding numbers? If they view mathematics as the process of manipulating string according to agreed upon rules, there is ...
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4answers
885 views

If ontology is the study of being, is there a name for the study of change?

I could be wrong, but it sounds like ontology is the study of what things exist. But I wonder what is the name for the study of what changes happen? The study of action, change, motion, etc.
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The Ontological Status of Chance [closed]

An occurrence such as bumping into a friend at a bus terminal bring to fore the role of Chance in the happenings of events. In this example, would Chance be exhaustively identified as the cause of the ...
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1answer
264 views

The extended mind and the ontological status of visual hallucinations

Visual hallucinations present a unique problem for ontology. On the one hand they are clearly not sense data, meaning they are not the phenomenal product of a transduced pattern of photons. On the ...
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What makes a good question?

Most philosophy begins with a question. I'm wondering why certain questions provoke more profound thoughts than others. What characteristics do good questions share with each other? How can we go ...
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What is Philosophy? [closed]

What is a comprehensive definition of Philosophy? Alternatively, is it impossible to define Philosophy? This is a pseudo-meta question, but it seems like it belongs here.
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Why is infinite regress a problem for ontological explanations?

Suppose some ontological theory creates an infinite regress. Take, for example, Platon's concept of ideas, and then there must be some connection between idea and its actualisation, and then this ...
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1answer
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What caused the turns from monism to dualism in Russell and Chalmers?

Why did Chalmers shift from idealism to dualism? And Russell from materialism to neutral monism? Edit: The particulars of Russell is recounted in A.C. Grayling's 'Russell: A Very Short Introduction' (...
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Is Descarte putting the cart before the horse when he says 'cogito ergo sum'?

Famously Descartes said 'Cogito ergo sum'. I'm a bit puzzled by this. I do not need to think in order to assert/understand/intuit that I exist: when I wake up in the morning I immediately intuit that ...
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3answers
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Are there token events?

The type/token distinction appears to be generally explained in terms of objects. A given Honda Accord is, e.g., a token of of the type "Honda Accord". However, the literature I have read seems to do ...
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How to account for the identity of books or theories? Inquiries into qualitative identity

I'm looking for articles or books that discuss how we account for qualitative identity. The distinction between qualitative and numerical identity is often drawn, but then the discussion tends to veer ...
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Where is the weakness in the ontological proof for God's existence?

I read the ontological proof for God's existence. As much as I understood, it says that if you consider that existence is part of essence, then the most complete essence should also exist. Now, I see ...
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Is the conservation of matter/energy principle and 'quanta' of Physics implicit in Lucretius ontology?

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophys entry on Lucretius has: "First comes, in effect, Lucretius' ontology. Nothing comes into being out of nothing or perishes into nothing. The only two per se ...
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Are there borderline cases of existence?

Metaphysical/ontological vagueness, classically understood, can be summed up as the problem of borderline cases of some thing x. Clouds are the standard examples of vague objects. If posit that our ...
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What philosophers and schools have considered 'transcendental' economic values?

Background Settle a bet- more likely; enrich a debate. A friend of mine (a philosophy PhD with a penchant for economics) and I have been arguing for some time on the same topic. He is a libertarian ...
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Philosophy of Philosophy and Experience [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the practical use of philosophy? Does philosophy move us toward a deeper understanding of the human condition, or does philosophy push us away from understanding the ...