Questions tagged [ontology]

Ontology is the study of the nature of being, existence or reality as such, as well as the basic categories of being and their relations.

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The existence of unknown propositions? [closed]

My question may seem strange and nonsensical for some, therefore I will try to explain myself to the best of my ability. So to make it clearer what I mean with my question. I will start by quoting ...
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Is this an Immanuel Kant quote? [closed]

You can imagine the perfect chair in your mind but you cannot build the perfect chair. Or something very similar. I believe that is Kant but I cannot find any reference to the quote anywhere. Any ...
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Are facts objects of some kind?

What is a fact, exactly? A table, for instance, is an object located within a particular region of space. But what about facts? Are they one kind of object, and if so, what kind of objects are they?
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What is the ontological status of the laws of logic? [duplicate]

Are the laws of logic abstract objects that exist independently of physical things? Are they the same in all possible worlds? Are they man-made constructs, nothing more than ideas in our minds? Or ...
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What types of theories are there?

How do I describe the difference between a theory that is purely descriptive in nature, vs one that is predictive? I.e. the former gives a rigorous description of the physical state of a system, while ...
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Is it reasonable to conflate being and truth?

Let x be something that exists unequivocally. Then "x exists" is true, but does it make sense to say x itself is true? And vice versa - the proposition "x exists" is true, but is there a sense in ...
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The notion of a point vs space as the most primitive notion?

I hear the notion of a point being the most primitive notion in geometry. But to talk about a point, one needs to think of a space of some sort. Only then, the point can be understood as a position ...
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Jarrett’s Argument against an intuitive interpretation of P4, Part I of Spinoza’s Ethics

On first sight, an intuitive way of understanding proposition 4, part I, of Spinoza’s Ethics, is the following: For all x and for all y, if not x=y, then either (there is a z and a z' such that z ...
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Assigning “self-awareness” to qualia as a necessary attribute [duplicate]

The teleportation question which I'm sure most of you have researched, If I replicate you atom for atom, which one of them will be you? The issue of materialistic basis for consciousness posits a ...
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On Universals and Particulars

I was thinking about the ontological problem of Universals versus Particulars and there is one thing that I can't understand well about the concept of Universal. If I have a cat (let's call it Steve) ...
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In what way does the following solve the Substance/finite modes problem in Spinoza?

Critics of Spinoza's concept of the 'immanence' of substance maintain that if everything in the universe is a manifestation of 'deus/sive natura/ sive substantia' then Spinoza cannot account for the ...
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To exist vs. to be [duplicate]

All languages I know of have a word for "to be". Of course, this conjugates in english: How does being compare to existence, as far as philosophy is concerned? Is there no difference at all?
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The nature of truth and logical connectives

I think most would agree that: P or !P !(P and !P) are always true. This allows us to have certainty no matter what we're talking about. Does that make the logical connectives the most fundamental ...
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Help Understanding an Argument For Temporal Parts

The following argument is presented from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy regarding the existence of perdurantism (temporal parts): A third argument from STR to perdurantism does not rely on ...
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260 views

Did Robert Nozick's “Principle of Plenitude” propose the existence of universes based on different fundamental logics?

Philosopher Robert Nozick proposed the "Principle of Plenitude" (or of Fecundity), which proposes the existence of all possible worlds. I have a feeling that it is different from David Lewis' Modal ...
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What does “Something” mean ontologically?

Many refer to the question of there is something rather than nothing by assuming that something refers to the universe. Is the word “something” an existential quantification in this context? Is ...
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Real impossible worlds

What is the name of a/the metaphysic that affirms the reality of all worlds including impossible worlds? Actualism denies the reality of all non-actual worlds, possibilism affirms the reality of all ...
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Can there be momentum in an atomic moment of time?

Nagarjuna, a buddhist philsopher around 200 AD, in India, wrote on the impossibility of motion in the context of justifying Buddhist ontology (lack of svabhava); this is the content of the second ...
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Post-Existential State

It can be said that there is a pre-existential state, defined as life prior to understanding that death is inevitable, as in young children. Query 1: can it be said that a post-existential state ...
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Is the inconsistent (or paraconsistent) line a possibility?

According to the SEP: Another place to find applications of inconsistency in analysis is topology, where one readily observes the practice of cutting and pasting spaces being described as “...
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Truth in Aquinas metaphysics

From what I'm reading, Aquinas distinguished truth in two senses: Ontological truth: It's the adaptation(adequation ?) of the 'created being' to God's understanding, whereby it fulfils that for ...
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76 views

What does «the fieri of the effect» mean?

What does «the fieri of the effect» mean, in the context of metaphysics/ontology? I've tried using several dictionaries, but the either got strange meanings, or no results at all... any help would ...
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Concerning the meaning of “ontological category”

There are nominalists concerning abstract objects, i. e. they think that only concrete things exist. (Assuming the abstract/concrete distinction is exhaustive) Is it inconsistent with such a ...
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A test for objectivity?

One could define the objective world that we believe to exist independent of us, as that part of our experience that is simultaneously experienced by other observers as well(And this common ...
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Can every thought in the mind called a thing

This is a metaphysical (ontology) question. I'm looking for the appropriate ontological terminology, as 'thing' seems like it is ordinary language. I know that every entity in the physical world can ...
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Who knows more about the true nature of reality: an expert scientist or an expert meditator? [closed]

This is probably a stupid question, but please try to answer. Both have an IQ around 190 The expert scientist is a practicing physicist and a biologist who has been in the field for more than 40 ...
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Could Cultural/Epistemologial Biases Have Influenced the Evolutionary Concept of Behavioral Modernism? [closed]

Could orthodox conceptions of Human evolution--which rest upon the theory of Behavioral Modernism--be marred by cultural and epistemological biases. For example, are industrialized human populations ...
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Is our existence perfect?

The definition of "Perfect" is having all of the required or desirable elements, qualities, or characteristics. Simply put, when something is perfect, it is as good as it can possibly be. ...
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what is an electron (classically)? [closed]

According to the SEP: Wigners pioneering identification of the types of particles with irreducible unitary representations of the Poincare group has been exemplary until the present. Regarding the ...
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328 views

Contradiction, and the Being and Becoming of Mathematics [closed]

Mathematics is rife with contradictions, is shot through with them: the fault-lines lie where theories collide, fade or open up. Does this disturb the incarnation of mathematics - the Ideal ...
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Does Wittgenstein's “The limits of my language mean the limits of my world” relate ontology with language?

Since Badiou equates ontology with Mathematics, if both philosophers are to be taken verbatim, there's a triple equivalence to consider: ontology = Mathematics = language.
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What is Romanticism? Does one still believe in such a conception? Seemingly opposed to rational Truth!

This is a dramatically-inflected, or modulated, if you like, word about the context of the inquiry: The peevishness of the higher-caliber professors, in the elite American universities, when ...
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What is a both sufficient and necessary condition for not treating people merely as a means? [closed]

What is a both sufficient and necessary condition for not treating people merely as a means? To me the meaning of a concept is equivalent to a sufficient and necessary condition with which to ...
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How/when can categorization of things be correct?

How/when can categorization of things be correct? Meaning just "categorization" in general. It's intuitive that categorization is a "primitive" cognitive and linguistic phenomenon. Without ...
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Are we just a simulation [duplicate]

Do we live in a simulation? Is the world just a hologram? I assume that this is the same question, but see no references to holograms. Am I correct that this is the same question?
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how a definition for an object is arrived

is our definitions of words based in properties ? for example we have a banana.We define banana from its image? but if this true if we find something that looks like banana but smells like hot dog ...
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536 views

are fundamental questions like “cogito ergo sum” even provable? [closed]

The rationalist descartian position states that everything can be doubted except doubt itself. With the phrase "cogito ergo sum" it claims to establish the existence of one ones existence, if i did ...
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Does the fact that economists cannot fully explain where money for macroeconomic profits and interest comes from support a belief in anti-realism? [closed]

Given that a basic question about money flow in such an important science as economics is unsettled to this day, can basic questions about objective reality be resolved in economics (or any subject)? ...
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Is a set that contains itself always logically incoherent? [closed]

This is an ontological engineering question, please treat it that way. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ontology_engineering I am examining this question from the point of view of ontological ...
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existence of objects under the microscope [closed]

Can there be any difference between the existence of things we sense directly and things we sense using instruments like microscope? Along the same lines , is it possible that some objects around ...
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Relationship between epistemology and ontology [closed]

In what domain do questions about the nature of knowledge fall epistemology or ontology? How do you distinguish the two fields?
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Enlightenment and Creation. Your analysis? [closed]

For all the eastern philosophies and many other religions, the goal of life is enlightenment, which means insight or awakening to the true nature of reality. Would it not have been easier to not ...

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