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Questions tagged [paradox]

This tag is for arguments that produce an inconsistency with common sense.

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Is this a way to solve to Russell's/"liar paradox"? [closed]

So only liar paradox Liar said: Im liar or little easy lie is existing ... as Gödel sad you can't fix paradox in it's own space, so you need a protospace.obviously. Okey, lets talk about what is a lie....
άνθρωπος's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
27 views

Is there a difference between "is an intensional element of" and "is an extensional element of"?

There is a version of set theory according to which there are two flavors (types? categories?) of elementhood relation, and if it's ultimately coherent, it does offer a solution to Russell's paradox (...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
50 views

Do the derivation of the liar paradox, and the ontological argument, involve the same mistake?

Suppose you introduced the sentence, "This sentence implies a contradiction." Now, on its face, that sentence doesn't seem to imply anything (maybe not even itself) as such. Reworked: "...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
216 views

How would I translate the following statement into higher order logic? Or what book would you recommend to teach myself higher order logic?

"For every liar Sentence, there exists some person for whom the sentence is either self-referential or (purely) negative." I am a behavior analyst with an undergraduate degree in philosophy ...
Preston Campbell's user avatar
4 votes
7 answers
5k views

What is the meat paradox?

On the psychology of eating meat and the meat paradox: One question examined in the psychology of eating meat has been termed the meat paradox: how can individuals care about animals, but also eat ...
Hudjefa's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
643 views

Why is Diogenes the Cynic's solution to Zeno's Dichotomy Paradox insufficient?

According to Wikipedia's discussion of Zeno's Dichotomy paradox (emphasis mine), According to Simplicius, Diogenes the Cynic said nothing upon hearing Zeno's arguments, but stood up and walked, in ...
Robert Columbia's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
110 views

How is this an example of a catch-22? [closed]

This was given as an example of a catch-22: How is the graphic on the right an example of a catch-22? “If you don’t love yourself, how can you love anyone else?” “If no one loves you, how can you ...
Anthony Fallone's user avatar
8 votes
4 answers
3k views

What is the meaning of “to fight a Catch-22 is to accept it”?

From Wikipedia, it says “Catch-22s often result from rules, regulations, or procedures that an individual is subject to, but has no control over, because to fight the rule is to accept it.” What ...
Anthony Fallone's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
132 views

Can realism exist? Could somebody make “real-” into an ideology?

[Please bear in mind that I may use different definitions of terms here, than you might know, since I’m a layman/hobbyist. Suggesting other terms for those definitions, that are established in the ...
user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
161 views

If all things come to an end, then wouldn't all things coming to an end itself end?

I saw this question here https://latin.stackexchange.com/questions/18991/translating-all-things-come-to-an-end-to-latin and immediately I thought "if all things come to an end, then the action of ...
askquestions4's user avatar
1 vote
5 answers
198 views

Can you lose something that you don't care about?

I'm new to philosophy and as of now, I don't have any knowledge related to what he said in order to properly redirect him to a source that mentions something similar. His philosophy goes like this: If ...
Fodorina's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
40 views

What is this category of paradox called

In March 2020 the manager of the group scheduled a daily 15 minute meeting that was supposed to repeat until "things are back to normal." By October 2022, the new state of things is normal, ...
IKnowNothing's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
208 views

Has anyone ever really constructed a countable model of set theory that falls in the trap of the Skolem's Paradox? [closed]

In an article named 'Skolem’s Paradox' on SEP, there is a description of the Paradox I'm asking about here: Skolem's Paradox arises when we notice that the standard axioms of set theory can ...
Michael's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
246 views

Are there any other "omni-" paradoxes known similar to omnipotence?

The paradox related to omnipotence is well known - in one of the many possible forms it asks whether an omnipotent being can create a stone that it cannot lift. While there are many similar paradoxes ...
მამუკა ჯიბლაძე's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
70 views

Does the cardinal Yablo problem have the same solution as the ordinal one?

To quote Kant (as usual!): A quantity is infinite, if a greater than itself cannot possibly exist. The quantity is measured by the number of given units- which are taken as a standard—contained in it....
Kristian Berry's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
185 views

Paradox involving the principle of indifference

The principle of indifference states that: "in the absence of any relevant evidence, agents should distribute their credence (or 'degrees of belief') equally among all the possible outcomes ...
1986's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
225 views

Solution for the "What the Tortoise Said to Achilles" paradox

Disclaimer: I have absolutely no background in philosophy or logic. I've just randomly read the short story "What the Tortoise said to Achilles" by Lewis Carrol. As far as I have understood ...
Kippi's user avatar
  • 23
6 votes
7 answers
2k views

Irresistible force paradox as an inconsistent formal theory

The irresistible force paradox asks the following question: "What happens when an unstoppable force meets an immovable object?" I ask myself the following question: we could construct a ...
Davius's user avatar
  • 680
4 votes
2 answers
622 views

Where Can I Find Discussion on Paradoxes Within Philosophical Positions?

I have become interested in the idea of paradox recently. Not logical paradoxes though, but when philosophical ideas are pursued consistently, and end up arguing against that position. The most basic ...
Rageforthemachine 's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
124 views

Paradox of Plurality as a better idea

If X is in a zone where there is a rule that while a person has right to have/follow any opinion/view point but is REQUIRED (MANDATORY) to respect (and accept) plurality of opinions as a condition to ...
bazooka720's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
224 views

Graham Priest's "escape from Hell" puzzle

The gist of the puzzle is that every day, the Devil offers to flip a coin to see if you escape; one loss and you're guaranteed to be stuck forever, but each day the probability of a winning toss ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
1 vote
7 answers
155 views

How it's possible to describe something if description itself is action that changes universe?

This is some sort of paradox or a fallacy and I want to make sense of it. This is how I would formulate the problem. To describe Universe we need to take an action - to say the description, write it ...
Gill Bates's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
191 views

A new challenge to physical reality

So recently I was thinking about Zeno's paradox (of infinite sum of 1/2^n in motion). Although I love calculus, I still don't get how it could possibly solve the paradox in Physical world, because ...
Aveer Singh's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
163 views

How can an omnipotent god ever find out that he is omnipotent? Isn't it logically impossible for him to understand?

Let us assume that an omnipotent god exists. He by definition can do anything that is logically possible. So if it is logically possible to prove that a being is omnipotent then an omnipotent god can ...
K. Sreeman Reddy's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
129 views

Does the confirmation bias really exist? [closed]

The confirmation bias is said to be the tendency to exclude information that contradicts our belief. But does this bias really exist ? What if the researcher who discovered this bias only gathered ...
WaterBearer's user avatar
1 vote
9 answers
2k views

Could everything exist? What would this even mean?

I saw something that said the reason the universe exists is that everything exists, in an infinite multiverse. This then answers why the laws of physics of our universe are the way they are, which is ...
user289980's user avatar
-4 votes
1 answer
246 views

Problem with infinity? [closed]

Note: See PART 2 for a better question. 1 kg of matter has infinite number of parts. Infinite number of things together can make an infinite amount of matter. 1 kg is not equal to infinite amount. We ...
Koorosh's user avatar
  • 77
2 votes
2 answers
235 views

How would Nietzsche metaphorically apply the concept of a 'mind control parasite' to human philosophy, in relation to the will to power?

In Frederich Nietzsche's works, when he discusses a 'parasite,' he is indicating the following: a complete lack of nobility of disposition when someone prefers to live in dependency, at the expense ...
James Hill's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
191 views

Can you explain the following quote: "All evil is good become cancerous"

I am unable to find illustrative examples to satisfy the above-mentioned quote by Isaac Asimov.
Kannu India's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
65 views

Levels of truth (is the liar paradox generated by equivocation?)

Strictly, Tarski's notion of truth levels, which is based on truth as a predicate (property), has it so that the liar sentence, "This sentence is false," by trying to attach a truth ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
125 views

How does Yablo's paradox affect the theory of truth?

Question: What does Yablo's paradox tell us about what a theory of truth should look like? I have been reading Leitgeb's What Theories of Truth Should be Like, and he discusses what a 'good' theory of ...
Constantly confused's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
205 views

A "paradox" of coherentism?

This is a follow-up to a question I had about foundationalism, which seems paradoxical inasmuch as it is a thesis that has been argued for (perhaps it is just the historical argumentation that is ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
251 views

A possible solution to Hempel's raven paradox

Has any philosopher proposed the following solution to Hempel's raven paradox? The solution is that even if two statements are logically equivalent, an observation may provide evidence for one but not ...
user107952's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
111 views

Is this why infinite different worlds cannot exist?

I think that there can never be infinite different worlds because they would blow each other up. The logic chain goes something like this: There are infinite different worlds Each world is different ...
A Humble Learner's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
225 views

Having finite knowledge, could we prove that God doesn't exist?

It seems to me that in order to prove that God does not exist, we need to be like the God himself: the supreme being, infinite in the knowledge of the universe. If my logic is correct, that sounds ...
Ivan Vnucec's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
263 views

Paradox relating to the act of resolving systematic discrimination

I live in India, here at birth we are assigned something called 'caste' based on our genealogy. For a long time in India, it was often that certain castes had access to much more resources than other ...
Babu's user avatar
  • 2,188
0 votes
0 answers
53 views

Review articles on the rule-following paradox

Except for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP) article on private language, I am having a hard time finding review articles (or book chapters) on the rule-following paradox. What review ...
Gandam's user avatar
  • 9
-1 votes
2 answers
208 views

Does this explain the Omnipotence paradox?

About the omnipotence paradox, the 'ability or inability to do something' has a factor of time associated with it. So if i ask an omnipotent being to make a rock it can't lift, "Here. A rock I ...
Reet Jaiswal's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
49 views

Alternativeness... or not?

We recognize as an axiom that events in our reality can occur in different ways. It is about facts, models that combine facts and our reactions. I call it alternativeness. Here I will not ask: whether ...
Ivanov Denis's user avatar
6 votes
8 answers
1k views

What the Preface paradox tells us about the principle of explosion

The Preface paradox (adopted on a classical logician): Imagine that a classical logician has just written a textbook (on classical logic). He has included many assertions in it and has thoroughly ...
Constantly confused's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
60 views

Problems with truth value gap theory against Strengthened Liar

I have been reading Burge's Semantical Paradox, Burge explains how gap theorists have trouble handling the Strengthened Liar, i.e. β: β is not true and there are two things I do not understand: ...
Constantly confused's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
54 views

"This sentence doesn't cohere with an ideal set of propositions."

It seems that we can reflect on various theories of truth by using their definitions of truth predicates in the formulation of liar and honest sentences. For example, imagine, "This sentence ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
703 views

Is "the only rule is there are no rules" a paradox?

There is a popular phrase called "the only rule is there are no rules." But if there are no rules, then how could this even be a rule?
MeDave's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
259 views

Reference needed: why is the Liar Paradox regarded as not important/fringe by some?

Most people, when first encountering the Liar Paradox, react in one of two ways. One reaction is not to take the Paradox seriously and say they will not reason any more about it. - Dowden, IEP article ...
Constantly confused's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
89 views

Combining the knower with other paradoxes

The knower paradox concerns a sentence such as, "This sentence is unknown." Now liar sentences can be paired with honest sentences, e.g. "This sentence is true." So suppose there ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
48 views

Analysis of Liar-like sentences in fuzzy logic

Let t0 = FALSE and t1 = TRUE. In fuzzy logic, 0 or 1 can be switched out for any real number in the interval [0,1]. This lets us construct all manner of liar/honest-like sentences, ranging from, "...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
106 views

"Let this sentence be false."

Oftentimes in arguments, we introduce sentences (or propositions?) via prescriptions like, "Let it be that..." or, "Assume that..." or so on. How would we introduce the liar ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
222 views

how can one distinguish between disorder and the supernatural?

Many strange things happen to us when we are asleep. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sleep_paralysis https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Out-of-body_experience https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypnic_jerk ...
Achmed's user avatar
  • 441
1 vote
0 answers
78 views

Do not understand Truth value gap theorists' response to the Strengthened Liar

Truth value gap theorists assert that the Liar sentence is neither true nor false - it has no truth value. But here comes my first question: If we take a sentence's meaning to be its truth condition, ...
Constantly confused's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
3k views

Has there ever been a successful, philosophically defensible refutation of the Epicurean Paradox?

"God said it, I believe it, and that settles it", is the final refuge of faith-based rhetoric, not a viable philosophical position. Has any significant religious thinker of any stripe ...
Uncle Kurt's user avatar

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