Questions tagged [perception]

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Is Searle mislabeling his position on perception as “direct realism” when it's really intentionalism? Or are there non-realist intentionalists?

Having given Searle's 2015 book (Seeing things as the are) a quick read, to me he seems like he's really (mostly) espousing intentionalism but he calls his position "direct realism". He ...
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Did David Hume ever express the concept of “compresence” personally?

In David Hume's "A Treatise of Human Nature", Hume introduces the concept of "bundle theory". Bundle theory is the idea that the identity of objects (or selves) is defined by ...
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Is perspective a human limitation or a property of reality? [closed]

This might be an unremarkable observation but the further away someone is to an object the smaller it becomes and vice-versa. From an evolutionary standpoint it doesn't seem to be any type of benefit ...
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What's the closest predecessor to this statement by C.S Peirce?

Peirce wrote the following: if one exerts certain kinds of volition, one will undergo inreturn certain compulsory perceptions (CP 5.9) I suppose it resembles Compte's "theory guides what ...
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Is this a metaphysical belief, and if so what's it called?

Perceptual objects have no particular essence, except for having an indeterminate essence, so that some and only some properties can fulfil that role, and those properties are always general, ...
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Is there some philosophy that says we should see the world as a bad place first?

I found this to be somewhat true: think of the world as a bad place, or dystopia, and then you will see good things and good things, as they are unexpected. See the world in which people are decent, ...
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1answer
100 views

Why do people not perceive, when lying, that people may use it against them? [closed]

I watched Secret Devs and in there was an issue about faking insanity to find out, whether the suicide of her boyfriend was faked or real. It made me come to the conclusion, that people are unable to ...
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139 views

Is color gradience continuous?

Growing up, I used a lot of image editors or clipart game producers that gave you the option to vary a color over its gradient. Now computers process things discretely enough, so the gradient would be ...
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How does Kant substantiate the noumenal world? [duplicate]

This is a new idea for me and I have struggled understanding Kant. How does Kant substantiate the noumenal world? ..Also, is their an online text or online video someone can reference me to that ...
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188 views

Could space be just our perceived reality instead of the true nature of the universe? [duplicate]

We've proven that color is a subjective experience. So we know that the outside world does not look like anything at all. All the events happening in the outside world do not look like anything. But ...
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220 views

Could color be a fundamental thing about the universe?

I'm talking about the color that is inside our heads. I'm not talking about wavelengths. It seems like any attempt to answer the question 'What is color?' or 'How does brain create color?' must ...
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Sense-datum theory appears to be the assumption of science, but philosophers now mostly reject — why?

The SEP discussion on the Problem of Perception notes that Sense-Datum Theory is criticized, and apparently rejected by most philosophers. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/perception-problem/ The ...
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How does sensation contribute to empirical intuition and empirical concept?

I have been reading about Kant's theory of cognition in this article https://www.iep.utm.edu/kantmind/#SH2d. This is an extract that I have been trying to understand : "The genus is representation ...
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80 views

Is the existence of time independent of perception?

Many known physical phenomena are dependent on time, and are in fact a function of time. However if I think of reality as something that exists independently of perception by an observer, then it ...
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Are there any good arguments against Berkeley's immaterialism?

Basically, Berkeley writes that the only things that are real or existing are either (1) the active, perceiving mind or soul, or (2) the passive perceived things. He argues that we can only have ...
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1answer
92 views

Why does Kant think we cannot perceive reality?

Direct realism says that we perceive worldly objects. Kant's view seems to say we do not perceive worldly objects. What we perceive are appearances, not the things themselves. What are his reasons for ...
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Non-demarcation between internalist and externalist accounts?

Question Are the internalist and externalist accounts of perception such as vision possible? Background Philosophers distinguish internalist accounts, which assume that perceptions of objects, ...
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107 views

How does mediation inherent in the senses not refute Searle's “direct realism”?

In an answer to this question How to start Philosophy and find the branches that are related to my questions?, an article by Searle came up http://www.klemens.sav.sk/fiusav/doc/organon/prilohy/2012/2/...
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1answer
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Mechanics of Perception

How is perception formed? By perception I mean 'thought' or 'idea' of the World. What I see by itself does not contribute anything to thought. Only an acknowledgement can contribute to structuring of ...
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Does Brassier say that perceptual objects are not paradigmatic objects?

Does Brassier say that perceptual objects are not paradigmatic objects? I think I stumbled on the claim he did, but didn't read, and have since given up on finding the phrase. It would seem to make ...
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265 views

Are the Argument From Perspectival Variation and the Argument From Perceptual Relativity one and the same?

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy explains Perspectival Variation as follows: Perspectival variation is the kind of variation in one's sensory experiences that normally attends changes in ...
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Is reality really “nothing but a hallucination”?

I asked this a few minutes ago on physics.stackexchange and they redirected me here This question relates to the premise put forth in this TED talk, that reality is nothing but a shared hallucination:...
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Schopenauer's critique of Kant: the distinction between knowledge of perception from abstract knowledge

I am reading "The World as Will and Representation" by Arthur Schopenhauer (Norman, J., Welchman, A., & Janaway, C. (Eds.). (2010). Schopenhauer: 'The World as Will and Representation'). In the ...
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8answers
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Can we ask an infinite amount of questions or is there a limit to how many questions we can ask? [closed]

I've been thinking about the nature of questions and answers to questions. Can I ask people opinions on whether they think it is possible to ask an infinite amount of questions or do we as human ...
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1answer
766 views

Is it impossible for two people to experience the same event?

Statement No two people can experience the same event. Proof for statement If two people interact ("share an event") then really, there were two interactions: Person A -----------> Perceived ...
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Does Descartes identify stimulus, perception and interpretation?

Thomas Kuhn, in The Structure of Scientific Revolution, refuses the cartesian philosophical paradigm because he separates observational stiumulus from interpretation and from sensation/interpretation ...
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720 views

If nothing happens, does time still pass?

This question may have been asked before; actually, it's definitely been asked before, since it's on the topic of whether time is real or a man-made construct, but I don't believe it has yet been ...
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1answer
150 views

Proof that red and blue are different

How do you prove that two colors like red and blue are different? I'm not talking about their difference in frequency, I'm talking about its perception. It seems to me that the only possible argument ...
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Does one's perception of reality affect reality?

When taking in a situation, how much does the perception and predisposition to certain feelings (anger, anxeity, etc) as well as all the various enviroment inputs, like how one was raised, the things ...
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1answer
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Was active ignorance the genesis of self awareness?

In other words, is an organism's ability to ignore some of the sensory input it receives from the outside world the first requirement in defining self from other?
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Aristotle's epistemology: the proper objects of perception?

I think we can safely say that for Aristotle the proper objects of perception are sensible forms. The proper objects of reason are intelligible forms. It is often said that in seeing, sense and its ...
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157 views

Assuming perceptual realism, if there exists a red apple, and I am thinking of it, is the thing in my mind red?

Is there a thing in my mind? Is that how it's phrased? I understand there is the definition of apple as a concept...is this what is in my mind? The definition doesn't include red though...Honestly I ...
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1answer
538 views

Difference between Locke's Primary and Secondary Qualities

I understand Locke's definitions of Primary Qualities as being mind-independent and residing in the world, and Secondary Qualities as being mind-dependent and reliant on us. But did he provide a ...
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Perception and Time

How is the subject of 'Time' portrayed? Is the record of human awareness and understanding of 'Time' better articulated by the history of Philosophy or better expressed by the history of Art? In ...
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79 views

Material Perception and Quantity

It appears to me all our senses that allow us a perception of the world give us only a relative measure of quantity from the world‘s projection or reflection. The world returns relative measure from ...
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Schrödinger: order and perception

In a book called What is life? the Austrian physicist Erwin Schrödinger ask himself why we don't perceive atoms, and says: The reason for this is, that what we call thought is itself an orderly ...
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The possibility of linking two perceptual modalities in a coherent way

I am reading the book of Roy Harris "Rethinking writing" and see his arguments in favor of autonomity of writing from speech. There could be no complete isomorphism between any system of ...
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Digital Minds and their perception

My question is, “Would a digital mind, subject to a digital universe, perceptually be any different in its experience than an analogue mind to an analogue world in its experience?” I guess what I ...
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1answer
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Russell and Meinong on Presentations and Representaitons

I am reading Russell's second installment in the series On Meinong's Theory of Complexes and Assumption. Among many things, presentations are discussed a lot in these articles. What exactly do Russell ...
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Starting on Husserl and Merleau-Ponty

I'm taking undergraduate studies in Social Sciencies and because of a research I'm working on I started to read Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception and realized that this book requires a ...
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why is it impossible to predict or foresee the future but if can what is the closest method to do so

I threw a question wondered in my head for sometimes which I cannot prove specifically. The titled question I guess is every where every time and even across the culture. to be detailed, In some ...
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1answer
102 views

Is there a unison in the interpretation of primary emotions?

Is there a unison in the interpretation of primary emotions? Is the expression of primary emotions like happiness, sadness, shock, excitement, culturally uniform? The body language and facial ...
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480 views

Delayed perception

We're aware of a delay in perceptions due the the brains processing speed, but if thoughts and actions are a subconscious process and our conscious mind only becomes aware of the thoughts, the same ...
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Can we see actual light (electromagnetic radiation)?

To see, means to consciously perceive, unlike detect, which is a mechanical process, which requires no consciousness. A infrared camera can detect light, but it sees nothing. We, humans, see a ...
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Why that cave dweller is called a misogynist? [closed]

I was reading this article on coindesk.com. The first line of this article says "For all we know, the first cave-dweller to rub two sticks together was a misogynist. Or maybe just a mean person.&...
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236 views

Can we see an actual object?

Kants take on reality is that we perceive indirect reality. This is the belief that we perceive the representation of the world (our brains interpretation of reality) and not the real world (The world ...
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175 views

What is the nature of our reality? [closed]

Is our reality nouminal or phenomenal? Do we perceive actual reality or a simulation of reality of which our brain is the simulator. This is not to be confused with the simulation hypothesis (which ...
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487 views

What perceptual error is this?

Consider this scenario: Andy believes all gay people are "flamboyant", because all gay people he has encountered in the past have met that perception. In reality, Andy has met many gay ...
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Is there a difference between the properties that a concept has and the properties a real object has?

If I am thinking of an apple, and I think of it as red, is that a different kind of red to the property of red a real object has? I would think that the property of red a real apple has is a real red,...
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What are the correct terms for a concept and the real thing it represents?

Realism about an object is the view that this object exists in reality independently of our conceptual scheme. Does that mean that if I am thinking about an apple, the concept of the apple is in my ...