Questions tagged [perception]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
13 votes
5 answers
32k views

Is it possible to imagine a color one has never seen before?

We can easily imagine any color we have seen at some point in life (e.g., white, black, rainbow colors). But what would it take one to understand and "see" a new color? P.S.: There are more colors ...
user avatar
  • 187
9 votes
8 answers
902 views

Why do people perceive the randomness of events so poorly?

People who are not trained in statistics and randomness (and even sometimes those who are) tend to draw horrible conclusions about whether an event is random or caused. Fundamentally my question is - ...
user avatar
  • 956
8 votes
1 answer
506 views

How did George Berkeley justify his disbelief in matter?

I recently read Berkeley's work entitled "Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous" in which he gives an account very similar to that of Kant. "Appearances, so far as they are thought as objects ...
user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
580 views

What is the role of sensations in Wittgenstein's private language argument?

In Philosophical Investigations 244-254, before talking about private signs, Wittgenstein is talking about sensations. He seems to divide this section into addressing in what way words refer to ...
user avatar
  • 715
6 votes
1 answer
162 views

How can we understand the "intentional fallacy" mentioned by Pylyshyn?

In his book, Things and Places, Zenon W. Pylyshyn says the following: What has gone wrong is that we are using the content of phenomenological experience as the explanandum: we are trying to ...
user avatar
5 votes
7 answers
1k views

If nothing happens, does time still pass?

This question may have been asked before; actually, it's definitely been asked before, since it's on the topic of whether time is real or a man-made construct, but I don't believe it has yet been ...
user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
493 views

What perceptual error is this?

Consider this scenario: Andy believes all gay people are "flamboyant", because all gay people he has encountered in the past have met that perception. In reality, Andy has met many gay ...
user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
252 views

Starting on Husserl and Merleau-Ponty

I'm taking undergraduate studies in Social Sciencies and because of a research I'm working on I started to read Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception and realized that this book requires a ...
user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
214 views

In what ways is Merleau-Ponty following (late/unpublished) Husserl?

... or, to put it differently: to what extent has Husserl already ancitipated in his unpublished writings what Merleau-Ponty has been developing later? The standard narrative goes that Husserl ...
user avatar
  • 151
4 votes
3 answers
215 views

Proof that red and blue are different

How do you prove that two colors like red and blue are different? I'm not talking about their difference in frequency, I'm talking about its perception. It seems to me that the only possible argument ...
user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
469 views

What are convincing examples of "mistaken" qualia?

What is the strongest example that we can be mistaken about the experience of our qualia? The reasoning for the infallibility of the experience of qualia is based on the immediateness of qualia. ...
user avatar
  • 3,911
4 votes
1 answer
108 views

Is there a unison in the interpretation of primary emotions?

Is there a unison in the interpretation of primary emotions? Is the expression of primary emotions like happiness, sadness, shock, excitement, culturally uniform? The body language and facial ...
user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
346 views

What are the correct terms for a concept and the real thing it represents?

Realism about an object is the view that this object exists in reality independently of our conceptual scheme. Does that mean that if I am thinking about an apple, the concept of the apple is in my ...
user avatar
  • 157
4 votes
2 answers
357 views

Does one's perception of reality affect reality?

When taking in a situation, how much does the perception and predisposition to certain feelings (anger, anxeity, etc) as well as all the various enviroment inputs, like how one was raised, the things ...
user avatar
  • 161
4 votes
1 answer
120 views

Was active ignorance the genesis of self awareness?

In other words, is an organism's ability to ignore some of the sensory input it receives from the outside world the first requirement in defining self from other?
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
210 views

Schrödinger: order and perception

In a book called What is life? the Austrian physicist Erwin Schrödinger ask himself why we don't perceive atoms, and says: The reason for this is, that what we call thought is itself an orderly ...
user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Clear and distinct

Descartes talks about clear and distinct perceptions, in which clear means 'what is present and accessible to the attentive mind' and distinct means 'being clear and sharply seperated from all other ...
user avatar
  • 355
3 votes
5 answers
6k views

Perception vs Fact

When people say "there are no facts, its our perception", isn't this a logical fallacy in itself? Isn't this the indirect denial of fact due to one's own beliefs? For example: My skin color is a ...
user avatar
  • 231
3 votes
4 answers
415 views

Dreams inside dreams

When I was a little med student we had a philosophy lecturer in to talk about ethics and she mentioned the Chinese proverb about the man who dreamt he was a butterfly and now wasn't sure he wasn't the ...
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
683 views

Difference between Locke's Primary and Secondary Qualities

I understand Locke's definitions of Primary Qualities as being mind-independent and residing in the world, and Secondary Qualities as being mind-dependent and reliant on us. But did he provide a ...
user avatar
  • 160
3 votes
4 answers
205 views

Is art the object I'm consuming or what is happening within my own mind as I consume it?

Whether the object be a painting, sculpture, or a recordings piece of music: is that the art or what's happening within my own mind when I consume it (look, listen, and so on)?
user avatar
  • 159
3 votes
4 answers
1k views

What is the physical world if everything is perception?

This is ultimately the question that raises for me when I think about the 'nature of consciousness' and neurosciences. I don't think there's a point in denying science. Perception comes from the ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
125 views

How does mediation inherent in the senses not refute Searle's "direct realism"?

In an answer to this question How to start Philosophy and find the branches that are related to my questions?, an article by Searle came up http://www.klemens.sav.sk/fiusav/doc/organon/prilohy/2012/2/...
user avatar
  • 388
3 votes
4 answers
584 views

Delayed perception

We're aware of a delay in perceptions due the the brains processing speed, but if thoughts and actions are a subconscious process and our conscious mind only becomes aware of the thoughts, the same ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
908 views

What is the connection between color qualia and color frequencies? [closed]

I acknowledge that what we perceive electromagnetic waves of frequency 400 micro meters as green because that's what we decided to call green and not the other way around. But by our experience of ...
user avatar
  • 661
3 votes
1 answer
302 views

Why is Sartre averse to "images" in consciousness?

Jean-Paul Sartre, in his book The Imaginary, describes a mental image of a chair as follows: "My perception is, in accordance with the terminology that we have adopted, a certain consciousness ...
user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
241 views

What can be said about characteristics of physical objects and relations among them without using space?

If we start from the premise that all our acquired knowledge of objects comes to us from having seen them in certain relations to other objects in space, how would we be able to describe an object if ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

Kant's theory of perception

On Laplace's (the mathematician) wiki-entry http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre-Simon_Laplace the following is stated: "The concept of a potential occurs in fluid dynamics, electromagnetism and other ...
user avatar
  • 309
3 votes
5 answers
560 views

Is it necessary/possible to prove that facts exist?

I am having a debate with someone on the internets. He claims that there are no such things as facts absent interpretation. For example, if I see a ball dropping, it's not a fact that a ball is ...
user avatar
  • 173
3 votes
2 answers
149 views

Is art just abstract or is concrete and I simply perceive different parts of it every time?

When I enjoy any piece of art (painting, song, and so on), I've the impression of getting different perception due to the environment where I'm "consuming" it. It seems that lights, rooms, and many ...
user avatar
  • 159
3 votes
0 answers
239 views

Aristotle's epistemology: the proper objects of perception?

I think we can safely say that for Aristotle the proper objects of perception are sensible forms. The proper objects of reason are intelligible forms. It is often said that in seeing, sense and its ...
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
157 views

How does sensation contribute to empirical intuition and empirical concept?

I have been reading about Kant's theory of cognition in this article https://www.iep.utm.edu/kantmind/#SH2d. This is an extract that I have been trying to understand : "The genus is representation ...
user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
249 views

Is there any good argument that time moves?

We all experience that time moves, and most people just assume that it is the truth. However, I see no solid ground behind it, since our perception would not change if it does. Our perception of ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
522 views

How does Putnam's internal realism differ from indirect realism?

From my understanding they both argue that there is a world independent of our beliefs and perceptions and that this world is causally responsible for what we see but that the features of our ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
214 views

Is Searle mislabeling his position on perception as "direct realism" when it's really intentionalism? Or are there non-realist intentionalists?

Having given Searle's 2015 book (Seeing things as the are) a quick read, to me he seems like he's really (mostly) espousing intentionalism but he calls his position "direct realism". He ...
user avatar
  • 1,646
2 votes
1 answer
86 views

Russell and Meinong on Presentations and Representaitons

I am reading Russell's second installment in the series On Meinong's Theory of Complexes and Assumption. Among many things, presentations are discussed a lot in these articles. What exactly do Russell ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
362 views

What are the main theories about divided consciousness?

I've found several different articles which compile interpretations of an actual possibility of brain dissection where both hemispheres continue working, and, where both still closely relate, but I'm ...
user avatar
  • 661
2 votes
2 answers
86 views

Direct Access to the Non-Existent

In Michael Tye's book, Consciousness, Color and Content, he illustrates his theory of perception with an example of a tomato: "Consider, for example, the facing surface of a ripe tomato in a bowl ...
user avatar
2 votes
5 answers
490 views

Is Cleverness a part of Wisdom? [closed]

Well, i mean to ask, that is a clever person....a wise one naturally or not? Is it necessary for a very wise person to be very clever also?
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
57 views

What is the difference between Qualia theory, Sense-datum theory and Representationalism?

According to survey from 2020 Representationalism has the most supporters, Qualia theory not so much and Sense-datum has only 5%. All of these theories can be classified as Indirect realism as far as ...
user avatar
  • 609
2 votes
1 answer
203 views

Is reality really “nothing but a hallucination”?

I asked this a few minutes ago on physics.stackexchange and they redirected me here This question relates to the premise put forth in this TED talk, that reality is nothing but a shared hallucination:...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
384 views

Are there any good arguments against Berkeley's immaterialism?

Basically, Berkeley writes that the only things that are real or existing are either (1) the active, perceiving mind or soul, or (2) the passive perceived things. He argues that we can only have ...
user avatar
  • 31
2 votes
0 answers
119 views

Schopenauer's critique of Kant: the distinction between knowledge of perception from abstract knowledge

I am reading "The World as Will and Representation" by Arthur Schopenhauer (Norman, J., Welchman, A., & Janaway, C. (Eds.). (2010). Schopenhauer: 'The World as Will and Representation'). In the ...
user avatar
  • 143
2 votes
0 answers
69 views

The possibility of linking two perceptual modalities in a coherent way

I am reading the book of Roy Harris "Rethinking writing" and see his arguments in favor of autonomity of writing from speech. There could be no complete isomorphism between any system of ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
82 views

Stance of Bhagwad Gita regarding permanence of life [closed]

I am reading God Talks With Arjuna by Sri Sri Paramahansa Yogananda. In chapter 2 verse 20, I came across the following line in the interpretation: This stanza expresses the profound truth of the ...
user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
3k views

What do optical illusions, or other illusions, say about our perceptions or senses in general?

I guess I'm more looking for clarity here than anything else. I've been reading about the illusions that stage magicians perform, and also found web sites containing optical illusions, but I haven't ...
user avatar
  • 1,239
1 vote
2 answers
226 views

If it can't be measured, how can we know it's not a delusion?

I'm not talking about solipsism, or the evil demon/genius of Descartes. I'm talking about the McNamara fallacy, which is obviously a fallacy. Can we say that everything that exists is measurable, ...
user avatar
  • 654
1 vote
1 answer
101 views

Why does Kant think we cannot perceive reality?

Direct realism says that we perceive worldly objects. Kant's view seems to say we do not perceive worldly objects. What we perceive are appearances, not the things themselves. What are his reasons for ...
user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
138 views

Is this a metaphysical belief, and if so what's it called?

Perceptual objects have no particular essence, except for having an indeterminate essence, so that some and only some properties can fulfil that role, and those properties are always general, ...
user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
191 views

Can we see actual light (electromagnetic radiation)?

To see, means to consciously perceive, unlike detect, which is a mechanical process, which requires no consciousness. A infrared camera can detect light, but it sees nothing. We, humans, see a ...
user avatar