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Questions tagged [phenomenology]

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Are phenomenological essences experiences that occur in every possible world?

Are phenomenological essences the case in every world? I believe they are a priori, but are they necessary and immutable? A stock example of an essence is the extension of white. We seem to ...
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98 views

What properties do “intuition” need in order to be counted as philosophical evidence?

Timothy Williamson (2008) has argued that we should not construe philosophical evidence as consisting of intuitions. Do intuitions generate philosophical evidence? And, if so, what sort of evidence ...
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Is it possible to dissolve the hard problem of consciousness?

In the positivist tradition, it is common to dissolve certain ideas as being meaningless and not worth further consideration. Roughly, the statements corresponding to those elements of our mental ...
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20 views

Is there a phenomenological real time, for Husserl?

Is there a phenomenological real time, for Husserl? I've read some relevant sections, I think in the Crisis of the European Sciences, but could not determine an answer from them. If it isn't, must we ...
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13 views

In Being and Time, was Heidegger doing phenomenology, using the phenomenological reduction?

In Being and Time, was Heidegger doing phenomenology, using the phenomenological reduction? If so, how routinely, or even when?
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24 views

What's the difference between ontical and ontological?

I looked it up on Wikipedia and got this: Ontical refers to a particular area of Being, whereas ontological ought to refer to Being as such. Ontic vs. Ontological I also read the above, but I ...
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3answers
362 views

Who or what is the being for whom Being is a question for Heidegger?

Did a quick search of Dasein on Google and found this: In Being and Time, Heidegger investigates the question of Being by asking about the being for whom Being is a question. Heidegger names ...
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What does Levinas mean by “the Same” in contrast to the Other?

Emmanuel Levinas frequenty uses the terminology of "the Same" and "the Other". What is the meaning of "the Same" in his philosophy?
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71 views

Was there any valid criticism of Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit?

I only saw criticisms levied against him from people who have never read the book, so I was wondering if there was any valid criticism levied against the ideas from the book. Arthur Schopenhauer ...
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81 views

What were some of the criticisms levied against Hegel's phenomenology?

I am not talking about the criticisms from positivists who were generally against metaphysics and non-empirical claims, but criticisms from other metaphysicists and philosophers. I heard Hegel's ...
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0answers
51 views

I've heard that Hegel's view on how to attain absolute truth differed from Kant's. In what ways?

I think, from memory, Hegel said that the absolute truth can be known through a dialectical process between the object and the thing-in-itself. But, how does that differ from Kant's opinion on the ...
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96 views

How to fully understand the first three chapters of Phenomenology of Spirit?

I read The Phenomenology of Spirit like 10 years ago, but I felt like it was very vague and abstract. Hegel seemed to have been describing the development of human thought with respect to the absolute ...
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258 views

Can an animal have qualia without self awareness?

Can an animal have qualia without self awareness? I understand that many animals are said to have qualia but not self awareness (perhaps not the great apes). In particular, I'm having a hard time ...
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0answers
60 views

Is this short summary of phenomenology accurate?

"Classical, pure phenomenology aims to comprehend “those structures of experience and understanding that permit different types of beings to show themselves as what they are.” It does this by ...
3
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1answer
106 views

Making It with Death: The complicity of Phenomenology with Effort

In his essay, Making it with Death, Nick Land makes some assertions about Phenomenology: Work is also complicit with phenomenology, which grounds the experience of effort, rather than treating this ...
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0answers
53 views

Why Dasein has only a pre-ontological Being rather than an ontological Being?

In the book Being and Time, Heidegger wrote that: We have already intimated that Dasein has a pre-ontological Being as its ontically constitutive state. It's intuitive to me only when I thought ...
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68 views

Have any modern philosophers redone Descartes' Meditations?

With insights we get from the cognitive sciences, and advancement in philosophy in general (such as the coherentist theory of Truth) we would definitely do the Meditations differently.
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1answer
119 views

How do epiphenomenalists make sense of discussions about qualia?

Epiphenomenalists believe that mental events have no causal effect on the physical. They may differ in what they consider "mental events" but it seems all of them would consider qualia / phenomenal ...
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39 views

Is there a theory that trying to solve intuition and fear at the same time?

I'm looking for a school of thought or theory that solves these problems, preferably at once: The way to make a profound, advanced knowledge more straightforward and imaginative, without having to ...
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4answers
1k views

Does consciousness exist?

I am not the first to ask that question. There is at least the article written by William James with that very same title in: The Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods, Vol. 1, ...
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2answers
156 views

What if Brentano was wrong?

Brentano held that every mental phenomenon has content, has a mental object, is about a mental object, or words to that effect. However, skillful Buddhist phenomenologists, over millenia, have found ...
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2answers
99 views

Is “the self” a relativistic referential abstraction? What current philosophy form does this fit into?

I wrote this about 8 years ago. Consider the following ideas as though I, me, my and mine were substituted for the word self. · Self-awareness ·Self-concept · Self-consciousness · Self-identity ...
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4answers
165 views

how do we stop caring about what others think of us?

I realized it's a universal problem (after reading an explanation for Sartre's "hell is other people"), that nobody is free from (except obsessed people), but all i'm left with is myself. I know it's ...
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1answer
100 views

Have any philosophers put forth phenomenological arguments for immortality besides Husserl?

For reference, here's a link to Paul MacDonald's 2007 paper on Husserl and immortality: http://www.ipjp.org/online-issues/send/30-edition-2-september-2007/119-paulmacdonald7e2 (Note: The IPJP site ...
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1answer
52 views

Is there any use for non-predictive method?

"Scientific method", as controversial as this phrase is, almost always contains the need for predictions - a theory will be scientific if it's (among other things, but at the very least) able to ...
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0answers
57 views

Have phenomenology influenced much of our contemporary science?

I'm reading the phenomenology page on IEP, which talks about the relation between phenomenology and science, and I must say, not that I haven't met with phenomenology before, but as it's presented on ...
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95 views

Starting on Husserl and Merleau-Ponty

I'm taking undergraduate studies in Social Sciencies and because of a research I'm working on I started to read Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception and realized that this book requires a ...
3
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1answer
171 views

What importance, if any, do infinitesimals still have for philosophers?

What importance, if any, do infinitesimals still have to philosophers? It seems like many people are baffled by them. E.g., there's a slew of questions relating to Zeno on this site (not least by ...
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121 views

Difference between Husserl and Sartre on ego?

Have seen some sites like IEP. But still not clear about the difference.
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0answers
51 views

Any chapter length study on the phenomenology of my reflection in a mirror?

Is there any chapter length study on the phenomenology of my reflection in a mirror? I'm just looking for a philosophical description of what's happening there, it has nothing to do with my (highly ...
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0answers
39 views

Textbook(s) on epistemology

I was following a course on Merleau-Ponty​ and realised from the first few readings that I knew too little about theories of truth to truly appreciate what I was reading. Are there any books I could ...
4
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1answer
114 views

Eastern European Philosophy

According to this (at least when it comes to citations and ratings), the most influential philosophers are continental/analytical and are active in either US or Britain. Are there any important ...
3
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2answers
525 views

The phenomenon of Négatité

I am a novice to JP Sartre's philosophy of existentialism and I came across the notion that in Being and Nothingness,The Origin of Negation where he claims that "nothingness is at the origin of ...
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0answers
81 views

How does Berkeley's idealism differ from others that might be called idealist

Having read Berkeley's work, I am aware of his theory, and definitely disagree with large parts of it - I would like to know how his idealism compares with that of other philosophers, particularly ...
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125 views

Can we fit the worldhood of the world in the world we have in common?

Is 'world' perhaps a charac­teristic of Dasein's Being ? And in that case, does every Dasein 'proximally' have its world ? Does not 'world' thus become something 'subjective' ? How, then, can ...
7
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1answer
548 views

What does the “essence of time” mean for Merleau-Ponty?

“it is of the essence of time to be not only actual time, or time which flows, but also time which is aware of itself … the archetype of the relationship of self to self” What does he mean by '...
3
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1answer
184 views

What phenomenological research methods exist?

I am trying to understand the methods that have been used to develop theory in phenomenology. As far as I can make out these boil down to:- Introspection and intuition (and ? mindfullness) ...
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2answers
205 views

How many different usages of being is there in this short paragraph of Heidegger?

Quite close to the beginning of Being and Time, [SuZ p. 7] in what might be taken as the preamble and introduction; Heidegger writes the following: Regarding, understanding, grasping, choosing and ...
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1answer
156 views

In what ways is Merleau-Ponty following (late/unpublished) Husserl?

... or, to put it differently: to what extent has Husserl already ancitipated in his unpublished writings what Merleau-Ponty has been developing later? The standard narrative goes that Husserl ...
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5answers
106 views

Is there a name for this type of situation in the most abstract sense?

This is hard to describe so please bear with me. Is there a name for the condition of a 'meta property' that arises from some sorts of artifacts, becoming a governing, self-sustaining situation, but ...
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1answer
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Criticisms on Absurdism

Camus' idea to keep the absurd alive by accepting our innate desire for meaning and even pursuing and yet not giving into hope of ever reaching a meaning to life, what he calls the revolt against the ...
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51 views

What is the connection between Hegel's “world of senses” “1st supersensible world” & “2nd supersensible world”?

Question In the Phenomenology of Spirit, in the chapter "Force and Understanding" Hegel claims that the understanding (Verstand) encounters the 2nd law, which in turn creates the 2nd supersensible ...
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1answer
3k views

Sartre's use of the word “Transcendence” and its meaning

I have been looking into some resources explaining Husserl's idea of transcendence and they point out that Sartre's idea of transcendence is based on Husserl's. Here are the different aspects/ideas of ...
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1answer
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What does Husserl mean by essences?

Husserl insists on two "reductions" in his pure phenomenology. The second reduction is a separation of the existence of ourselves and our attitudes and "their observable essences (Taylor Carman , ...
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3answers
166 views

Phenomenology of abstraction

I'm looking for philosophical articles / books that try to describe the process of human abstraction, and what it actually consists of, from a first person perspective. Examples of the type of ...
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1answer
95 views

Are Lockean Ideas phenomenological?

When Locke describes gold, a favourite example of his, he writes: the greatest part of the Ideas, that make up our complex Idea of Gold, are Yellowness, Great Weight, Ductility, Fusibility, and ...
3
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1answer
192 views

Why is Sartre averse to “images” in consciousness?

Jean-Paul Sartre, in his book The Imaginary, describes a mental image of a chair as follows: "My perception is, in accordance with the terminology that we have adopted, a certain consciousness ...
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1answer
378 views

Books to begin Husserl's Phenomenology

I wanted to learn about Husserl's Phenomenology and was wondering on what a good place to start would be? I have in front of me The Essential Husserl, Basic Writings in Transcendental Phenomenology ...
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Question about Sartre's The Imaginary

I have been doing a course on edx.org entitled The Conscious Mind - A Philosophical Road Trip. It's a gentle beginner's guide to phenomenology, and I am a gentle beginner to philosophy in general (and ...