Questions tagged [phenomenology]

Phenomenology is a philosophical movement associated with Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Jean-Paul Sartre. It is also a philosophical study of the structures of experience and consciousness.

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Does Phenomenology Reject The Existence of Mediating Concepts?

I am reading Robert Sokolowski's Introduction to Phenomenology. He makes phenomenology out to be inherently realist: when we intend something, we intend the thing itself (not the "idea" or &...
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Has phenomenology ever produced a useful philosophical insight?

Analytic philosophy, although not without its faults, has made some real progress in moving us beyond traditional metaphysics. Nobody really believes, for example, in Platonic forms any more. On the ...
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Does phenomenology reject causality, in that there are natural laws to be understood and utilised? What is the stance on technological progress/devel?

I have been diving into phenomenology for my research and it seems very interesting. But coming back to the "practical" world I still don't can't really describe its stance on various ...
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Is there a word or term for the inability to separate what is phenomenal from noumenal?

Phenomenal includes everything originating from personal experience, while Noumenal includes everything except personal experience; something is Ontological when it includes both. The ability to ...
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What philosophical works explore the concept of solitude?

I am currently working on the solitude of old people during the pandemic time. I wonder if there is any philosophical work that explores what solitude is and how it emerges from different perspectives....
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Are there any philosophers associated with phenomenology and existentialism that argue that death should not matter to an individual?

I have mainly been focussing upon Heidegger in relation to death and the way in which he believes it is of great importance because in order to live authentically one must 'be-towards-death'. surley ...
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How do we think about absences?

The notion of intentional content as distinct from intentional object is also important in relation to the issue of thought about and reference to non-existent objects. Examples of this include ...
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What philosopher regarded the end and purpose of human life to be in relationships with other individuals?

I remember in my undergrad being taught about some philosopher who regarded the whole end and purpose of human existence to be primarily that of relationship with other people. I dont remember if he ...
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The Philosophy of Mutual Dreaming in the New SpongeBob Movie: Ontological as well as Metaphysical?

So, in the movie SpongeBob: Sponge on the Run, Patrick states that: "Two people cannot have the same dream, let alone be in that same dream at the same time. This is philosophically untenable.&...
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Trying to reconstruct the reasoning leading to the intentionality of consciousness ( Husserl's phenomenology)

I would like to have feedbacks on the following way to reconstruct Husserl's reasong in Cartesian Meditations as to the relationship of consciousness to its objects, and more generally to the world. (...
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Does the following argument about the ontological nature of math exhibit poor reasoning?

Argument P1: Mathematics is the substrate upon which all natural phenomena occur and necessarily governs phenomena in the physical world. P2: One can experience something that is not mathematically ...
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What is the difference between world and universe?

I encounter the terms "world" and "universe" in various types of philosophy. I haven't paid close attention, but it seems "world" is used more phenomenologically and ...
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Has anyone found logical error or inconsistencies in the writings of Hegel in the book Phenomenology of the Spirit?

Has anyone found logical error or inconsistencies in the writings of Hegel in the book Phenomenology of the Spirit? Since so few people understand it perfectly, you would assume even the writer ...
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If there are no abstract entities, then what are they phenomenologically?

If there are no abstract entities, then what are they phenomenologically? it is universally acknowledged that numbers and the other objects of pure mathematics are abstract (if they exist), whereas ...
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Phenomenology wiihout phenomena

I googled the phrase, and only got an essay on Stumpf, one I cannot read and which does not include the phrase in the freely available content. I then looked at the SEP article for Stumpf, whom I had ...
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Why didn't Heidegger take other kinds emotion as the deepest and original feeling of Dasein?

As the author of The phenomenological movement, Spiegelberg. H., put it, why should Heidegger take "angst" or "Sorge" as the deepest and original feeling of Dasein (although I myself support it and ...
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Sartre's “The transcendence of the ego”

In this text there are parts of Kant that Sartre refers to that I don't think I fully understand. What parts of Kant would I have to refer to to understand where Sartre is coming from? He refers to ...
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Can we imagine a perfect circle?

Applied mathematicians often work with circles, but I'm guessing it's an abstraction that cannot save all the empirical data. Can we conceive of a perfect circle in our visual field -- as apparently ...
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If the passage of time is an illusion, does that mean I also experience time not passing?

There are a few questions on this site about time passing and illusion. And it seems that our psychological experience of the flow of time might be best accounted for as illusions are https://www....
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242 views

Did Sellars's argument against the Myth of the Given defeat Husserl's phenomenology?

Sellars's argument against "the myth of the given" is a powerful argument defeating fundamentalism in epistemology. Edmund Husserl considered "the given" to be "unconditionally/absolutely(?) given", ...
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How does one perform phenomenological reduction?

I have done some preliminary reading on phenomenology and Husserl via basic sources. How is phenomenological reduction performed? I understand the steps involved but I don't understand how to ...
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How does phenomenology deal with time-consciousness?

How does the strict phenomenologist deal with atypical forms of consciousness that an analytical philosopher need only point to brain function to explain? For instance, how does phenomenology deal ...
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Is there truly an objective difference between what is and what could be?

"What is" versus "What could be". What role does language as a way of knowing play in determining “what” something is? Is the desire to change the way we view the world in Art connected to or ...
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Which philosophers have argued well that existence is illusory?

After many years of contemplation I have a simple, logical proof that all physical phenomena are illusions. Assuming we can agree that things in the past no longer exhibit the properties associated ...
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Ontological Foundations of Epistemology: Perspectives on Entities Regarding Knowledge

A review of the SEP article of epistemology indicates that there are 5 sources of knowledge: perception, memory, introspection, reason, and testimony. Robert Audi in his Epistemology: A Contemporary ...
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Is phenomenology a science?

Is phenomenology a science? I know Husserl was fond of saying it is. Specifically, is any of it scientific? By "phenomenology" I mean the study of structures of consciousness as experienced from ...
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What tools exist to provide constitutive phenomenological analysis of religious experiences?

Considering descriptions of religious experiences, there is a call for abstracts for discussion in October 2019 and I’m looking for what tools may exist to analyze these experiences in a logical and ...
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Does Brassier say that perceptual objects are not paradigmatic objects?

Does Brassier say that perceptual objects are not paradigmatic objects? I think I stumbled on the claim he did, but didn't read, and have since given up on finding the phrase. It would seem to make ...
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Can someone help with these passages Sartre's BeIng and Nothingness on Knowledge?

P295 ‘The for itself does not exist subsequently to know; neither can we say that it exists only in so far it knows or is known…regulated by particular bits of Knowledge.’ P296 ‘to say that there is ...
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Can someone help me with the meaning of these passages in Sartre's Being and Nothingness on motion?

What do these passages mean, could someone please kindly clarify them. ‘Motion is the pure change of place affecting a this which remains otherwise unaltered as is shown clearly enough by our ...
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Husserl's Logical Investigations volume II as entry point for Phenomenology

I have read that Edith Stein (in one of her biographies), got introduced to Phenomenology by being told to read Husserl's Logical Investigations volume II, and she had a background in Psychology (she ...
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Purpose and examples of Phenomenological analysis (transcendental reduction)

I would like to ask whether there are any concrete end-to-end examples that you are aware of, and ones that I can go through that are considered correct transcripts of the transcendental reduction ...
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Maurice Blanchot's view on death?

Can someone please explain in simple terms what are the two types of death that Maurice Blanchot talked about? I came across an article about it on the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy but I don't ...
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What does it truly mean to have a will? Is it the same as being conscious?

Like if we talk about making choices, how can we know if it's made out of a habitual or automatic thought process or is independent and conscious? To most degree, the succession of thoughts in a ...
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Are phenomenological essences experiences that occur in every possible world?

Are phenomenological essences the case in every world? I believe they are a priori, but are they necessary and immutable? A stock example of an essence is the extension of white. We seem to ...
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What properties does “intuition” need in order to be counted as philosophical evidence?

Timothy Williamson (2008) has argued that we should not construe philosophical evidence as consisting of intuitions. Do intuitions generate philosophical evidence? And, if so, what sort of evidence ...
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Is it possible to dissolve the hard problem of consciousness?

In the positivist tradition, it is common to dissolve certain ideas as being meaningless and not worth further consideration. Roughly, the statements corresponding to those elements of our mental ...
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Is there a phenomenological real time, for Husserl?

Is there a phenomenological real time, for Husserl? I've read some relevant sections, I think in the Crisis of the European Sciences, but could not determine an answer from them. If it isn't, must we ...
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In Being and Time, was Heidegger doing phenomenology, using the phenomenological reduction?

In Being and Time, was Heidegger doing phenomenology, using the phenomenological reduction? If so, how routinely, or even when?
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What's the difference between ontical and ontological?

I looked it up on Wikipedia and got this: Ontical refers to a particular area of Being, whereas ontological ought to refer to Being as such. Ontic vs. Ontological I also read the above, but I ...
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Who or what is the being for whom Being is a question for Heidegger?

Did a quick search of Dasein on Google and found this: In Being and Time, Heidegger investigates the question of Being by asking about the being for whom Being is a question. Heidegger names ...
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Was there any valid criticism of Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit?

I only saw criticisms levied against him from people who have never read the book, so I was wondering if there was any valid criticism levied against the ideas from the book. Arthur Schopenhauer ...
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What were some of the criticisms levied against Hegel's phenomenology?

I am not talking about the criticisms from positivists who were generally against metaphysics and non-empirical claims, but criticisms from other metaphysicists and philosophers. I heard Hegel's ...
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I've heard that Hegel's view on how to attain absolute truth differed from Kant's. In what ways?

I think, from memory, Hegel said that the absolute truth can be known through a dialectical process between the object and the thing-in-itself. But, how does that differ from Kant's opinion on the ...
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How to fully understand the first three chapters of Phenomenology of Spirit?

I read The Phenomenology of Spirit like 10 years ago, but I felt like it was very vague and abstract. Hegel seemed to have been describing the development of human thought with respect to the absolute ...
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To what extent is phenomenology capable of advancing empirically testable (i.e. falsifiable) hypotheses?

Otherwise, to the extent it cannot, what is its utility?
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Can an animal have qualia without self awareness?

Can an animal have qualia without self awareness? I understand that many animals are said to have qualia but not self awareness (perhaps not the great apes). In particular, I'm having a hard time ...
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Is this short summary of phenomenology accurate?

"Classical, pure phenomenology aims to comprehend “those structures of experience and understanding that permit different types of beings to show themselves as what they are.” It does this by ...
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Making It with Death: The complicity of Phenomenology with Effort

In his essay, Making it with Death, Nick Land makes some assertions about Phenomenology: Work is also complicit with phenomenology, which grounds the experience of effort, rather than treating this ...
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Why Dasein has only a pre-ontological Being rather than an ontological Being?

In the book Being and Time, Heidegger wrote that: We have already intimated that Dasein has a pre-ontological Being as its ontically constitutive state. It's intuitive to me only when I thought ...