Questions tagged [phenomenology]

Phenomenology is a philosophical movement associated with Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Jean-Paul Sartre. It is also a philosophical study of the structures of experience and consciousness.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
3 votes
0 answers
1k views

What's the difference between ontical and ontological?

I looked it up on Wikipedia and got this: Ontical refers to a particular area of Being, whereas ontological ought to refer to Being as such. Ontic vs. Ontological I also read the above, but I ...
3 votes
1 answer
94 views

What did Haugeland mean when he said that the grounding of ontical truth can be transcendental only as existential?

This is probably a narrow question, and so it's my job to motivate it. Due to the fact it would be inappropriate to expect many people to have read what I'm referencing, I'll try my best to explain my ...
2 votes
0 answers
53 views
+50

Are the noumena and phenomena worlds or perspectives? (According to Kant)

Among the peculiarities of phenomena, Kant’s premise is that he is unable to comprehend any meaning that describes what is beyond sense. Even sensible things will be invisible to the mind, and ...
3 votes
1 answer
164 views

Ontic/Ontological as parallel to a posteriori/a priori?

Heidegger makes the distinction between the ontic (concerning beings themselves) and the ontological (the being of beings, being as such). Would it be wise to say that the ontic covers the contingent ...
0 votes
2 answers
43 views

Private language argument as an argument against the self and so egosim

“The words of this language are to refer to what only the speaker can know — to his immediate private sensations. So another person cannot understand the language.”... Immediately after introducing ...
3 votes
1 answer
56 views

René Descartes' and Wittgenstein Doubt: Self and the Existence of Others?

Can one doubt their own existence in the world while simultaneously doubting the existence of others? If one's being isn't present because they aren't present themselves, wouldn't that make it ...
5 votes
2 answers
307 views

Is Psychoanalysis a Type of Phenomenology?

Psychoanalysis—be it Freudian, Jungian or Lacanian—is concerned with how reality is experienced by the subject as affected by his/her unconscious wishes, desires, sometimes even by archetypal myths, ...
2 votes
2 answers
337 views

Does phenomenology reject causality, in that there are natural laws to be understood and utilised? What is the stance on technological progress/devel?

I have been diving into phenomenology for my research and it seems very interesting. But coming back to the "practical" world I still don't can't really describe its stance on various ...
2 votes
1 answer
88 views

Is Hume talking about noumena in section 12 of the Enquiry?

So I'm almost done with the Enquiry and came across something in this section that reminded me of Kant's phenomena and noumena. If this is the case, I'm just curious, why hadn't anyone made this ...
1 vote
1 answer
110 views

I've heard that Hegel's view on how to attain absolute truth differed from Kant's. In what ways?

I think, from memory, Hegel said that the absolute truth can be known through a dialectical process between the object and the thing-in-itself. But, how does that differ from Kant's opinion on the ...
5 votes
3 answers
95 views

Exploring Methods for Articulating the Ineffable Nature of Emotions: Philosophical Insights Needed

In the realm of human experience, both emotions and colors possess an ineffable quality, challenging our ability to fully articulate them through language. This resemblance highlights a fundamental ...
6 votes
0 answers
33 views

The different Egos in Husserl's Cartesian Meditations

So I thought I had understood the different 'Egos', mainly the distinction between the psychological and transcendental Ego, in the text. But throughout meditation 2 it becomes a bit confusing to me, ...
1 vote
1 answer
76 views

Can we create our own essence/values like what Nietzsche proposed as a solution to nihilism - ubermensch?

I watched Jordan Peterson's lecture on Existentialism https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SsoVhKo4UvQ&ab_channel=JordanBPeterson and he said that Nietzsche's idea of ubermensch - a new human species ...
8 votes
3 answers
686 views

Purpose and examples of Phenomenological analysis (transcendental reduction)

I would like to ask whether there are any concrete end-to-end examples that you are aware of, and ones that I can go through that are considered correct transcripts of the transcendental reduction ...
5 votes
8 answers
2k views

Can art be rated objectively?

I know this question possibly have been asked multiple times am really sorry, but this maybe is a little different. Art as we know is a simple one way humans express themselves. Using imagination and ...
1 vote
1 answer
39 views

The "object" notion of consciousness

Consider the following perspective: Consciousness is associated with (but not identified with) mental events describing its contents. For example, the thought, "I see a dog" can be ...
3 votes
5 answers
355 views

Does all art have a sentiment?

It occurred to me that when e.g. reading poetry, I attach a lot of significance to a kind of sentiment. It seems independent of how genteel the work is. I am interested in finding a way of thinking ...
4 votes
1 answer
110 views

Is Conscious Awareness of Phenomenal Experience a Correlate of the Constitutive Activity of Kant's Reason?

In the introduction to Kant's Critique of Pure Reason by Marcus Weigelt, Weigelt writes, "Reason, although sometimes understood as the faculty that encompasses all thought (for instance when we ...
2 votes
3 answers
174 views

Naturalism that is self-refuting in Husserl

I'm reading the book D. O. Dhalstrom. Heidegger's concept of truth. Digitally printed version 2009, Cambridge University Press (2009), and on page 124 the author states: There is, for example, a ...
1 vote
1 answer
60 views

What is Husserl's "reductionist method"?

In Ideas, Husserl seems pretty convinced that phenomenology is a new science. He says that phenomenology is a descriptive science, and having read through Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception, ...
0 votes
1 answer
127 views

Is the evaluation of art's subjectivity wrong? and what is the goal behind our interpretations of art?

if art is subjective wouldn't that will make it a tatuology? Can The statemente"I like X more than Y, therefore X is better than Y be considered a tautological argument? because it equates repeat ...
4 votes
2 answers
188 views

What is meditation?

As philosophers, can we provide a compelling definition of “meditation” (as in, the mental practice, originating from certain Asian cultures and traditions). I have personally begun to speculate about ...
0 votes
1 answer
45 views

Are noumena and phenomena relativistic concepts?

God , soul can be considered noumena , existing as thing in itself ,and while what we perceive through six senses can be called phenomena. However I can say that what we perceive through six senses is ...
2 votes
1 answer
60 views

What is the idea of flux?

Merleau-Ponty suggests that something in a state of motion takes on a different structure to something at rest. Heraclitus says you cannot step into the same river twice. Physics today suggests that ...
0 votes
4 answers
451 views

Viciously circular arguments against philosophy

Science seeks to explain natural events with natural causes. The Turing hypothesis does this. Beyond the bounds of science, there is no objective argument for anything really, just philosophical ...
2 votes
1 answer
66 views

According to theories of embodiment, am I in all my body?

According to theories of embodiment, am I in all my body? Am I in my fingernails and teeth, even when I do not feel them? If I pick up a large stick, then am I in the stick, when I poke things with it?...
0 votes
3 answers
230 views

If we did have a proven 'Theory of Everything' from physics, would it help to know why there is a universe?

From a 2022 review by a philosopher, of a 2021 book I haven't read by a physicist, quoting from a 1998 book I haven't read by a physicist: What’s Eating the Universe is undoubtedly a very interesting ...
4 votes
2 answers
413 views

Are numbers noumena?

According to OED, noumenon is An object knowable only by the mind or intellect, not by the senses But I'm a little confused at considering about numbers, they seem to be objects knowable only by ...
2 votes
1 answer
54 views

Source of "Vision is to touch with the gaze"

I have been going back through every note and flagged book I have and trying every search term combination to try to find the source of a quote or passage that noted the concept that 'vision is to ...
2 votes
1 answer
76 views

Hermeneutic Stance of Classic Phenomenology

Paul Ricoeur stated that Marx, Freud, and Nietzsche were exemplars of the “hermeneutics of suspicion.” Given classic phenomenology’s attempt to faithfully describe the matters or things themselves (...
1 vote
2 answers
142 views

A Case of Scheler vs. Skepticism: Religious Experience

This concerns a problem I myself have with Scheler, and am not sure where to go with it. Scheler argues in On the Eternal in Man that one cannot dismiss religious experience (or as he calls it, "...
3 votes
3 answers
2k views

Has brain-to-brain communication been addressed in the literature, and if so, is there a fundamental reorganization of philosophy required?

Answering Is this a good argument against mental causation? led me to a simple metaphysical question, and I wonder if anyone in the Western Canon addressed it, particularly someone in the last century....
5 votes
3 answers
389 views

Is this a good argument against mental causation?

If mental causation exists, then mental phenomena would affect the bodies of sentient beings. Then the bodies of sentient beings (and only they) would be affected by an additional set of causal ...
3 votes
0 answers
120 views

Husserlian Critiques of Scheler

It’s known that although Max Scheler’s phenomenology was heavily inspired by Husserl, he was no student of Husserl. So, the two had disagreements on how to do phenomenology. While I’m acutely aware of ...
7 votes
3 answers
878 views

How does Husserl's "bracketing" secure a truly presuppositionless study?

I'm reading from an anthology of essays by and about Husserl (collected by Joseph Kockelmans): More specifically, Husserl makes a strong argument against some of the internal problems of various ...
1 vote
2 answers
197 views

Are there contemporary analytic defenders of the view that pattern/meaning is metaphysically fundamental and directly knowable?

Background: Much of philosophy since Kant has taken for granted that our basic experience of reality is structured by our cognitive apparatus, including notably our background conceptual frameworks. ...
1 vote
0 answers
54 views

What does Husserl mean by 'purity'?

I'm reading "Ideas" by Husserl, and there are several notions I'd like to crystallise or 'locate' within my own experience. Kant also spoke of purity, and with him it was in terms of ...
-1 votes
2 answers
543 views

Can we imagine a perfect circle?

Applied mathematicians often work with circles, but I'm guessing it's an abstraction that cannot save all the empirical data. Can we conceive of a perfect circle in our visual field -- as apparently ...
1 vote
1 answer
84 views

Phenomenal Conservatism vs common sense epistemology

Phenomenal Conservatism said: "If it seems to S that P, then, in the absence of defeaters, S thereby has at least some justification for believing that P." The phrase: "at least some ...
0 votes
0 answers
20 views

Thoughts on "Existential Flourishing: A Phenomenology of the Virtues" by Irene McMullin?

I recently came across a book titled "Existential Flourishing: A Phenomenology of the Virtues" by Irene McMullin and I'm considering purchasing it. Before I do, I wanted to reach out to the ...
3 votes
2 answers
754 views

Explanation of Dasein and Da-sein in Heidegger

I am using the translation by Joan Stambaugh. Can someone explain what is meant by "Da-sein", and how does this compares to the more used "Dasein"?
3 votes
3 answers
326 views

A few questions on Phenomenology

Can someone briefly explain: What is the difference between Phenomenological, Transcendental and Eidetic reduction? What the 'natural attitude means? What it means to bracket the natural attitude? Why ...
3 votes
2 answers
127 views

Meanings of multiple and variable

This is from Ñanavira's Notes on Dhamma - Phassa footnote C: If experience were confined to the use of a single eye, the eye and forms would not be distinguishable, they would not appear as separate ...
3 votes
4 answers
269 views

To what extent can one admit that language is an adequate outlet for explicit feelings and experiencings?

If I am sharing my thoughts and another person goes “oh, that’s relatable,” or “yeah, I totally get it,” and other variations like “I feel you on that one!” Do they, really? Is language ever enough, ...
4 votes
1 answer
257 views

Who are some philosophers who explore the possibility/impossibility of the intimacy of understanding others?

Can one ever be understood? When people say “yeah, I feel you” do they really? Is language enough of an outlet to transmit feelings with enough exactitude?
3 votes
1 answer
241 views

Meaning of these words in Heidegger's "Being and Time"?

What is the meaning of obstinacy and un-ready-to-hand in this passage from "Being and Time"? I have a general knowledge of Heidegger’s philosophy, but I have problem understanding the ...
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why are Dan Dennett and his heterophenomenonology largely ignored by the Wikipedia and Stanford articles on phenomenology?

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/phenomenology/ says: "According to classical Husserlian phenomenology, our experience is directed toward—represents or “intends”—things only through particular ...
5 votes
1 answer
259 views

Are there secular philosophers who argue for predetermined and given meaning/value in life and essentialism?

In continental philosophy particularly existentialism, thinkers reject the idea that there are any predetermined or given meanings/values in life, and stresses that we must take up our freedom and ...
2 votes
2 answers
99 views

About the absolute nature of the Answer to a particular question

Can every question regardless of the subject be answered? ( answer based on reality and not on "Phaneron" ) How is the reality taken to be true? ( Everything that is proven may not be true ...
2 votes
2 answers
127 views

Questions on Phenomenology

This is from https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/phenomenology/#DiscPhen Section 4 paragraph 9 One of Heidegger’s most innovative ideas was his conception of the “ground” of being, looking to modes of ...