Questions tagged [phenomenology]

Phenomenology is a philosophical movement associated with Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Jean-Paul Sartre. It is also a philosophical study of the structures of experience and consciousness.

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Sartre's “The transcendence of the ego”

In this text there are parts of Kant that Sartre refers to that I don't think I fully understand. What parts of Kant would I have to refer to to understand where Sartre is coming from? He refers to ...
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Can we imagine a perfect circle?

Applied mathematicians often work with circles, but I'm guessing it's an abstraction that cannot save all the empirical data. Can we conceive of a perfect circle in our visual field -- as apparently ...
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What if Brentano was wrong?

Brentano held that every mental phenomenon has content, has a mental object, is about a mental object, or words to that effect. However, skillful Buddhist phenomenologists, over millenia, have found ...
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If the passage of time is an illusion, does that mean I also experience time not passing?

There are a few questions on this site about time passing and illusion. And it seems that our psychological experience of the flow of time might be best accounted for as illusions are https://www....
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Does all art have a sentiment?

It occurred to me that when e.g. reading poetry, I attach a lot of significance to a kind of sentiment. It seems independent of how genteel the work is. I am interested in finding a way of thinking ...
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Did Sellars's argument against the Myth of the Given defeat Husserl's phenomenology?

Sellars's argument against "the myth of the given" is a powerful argument defeating fundamentalism in epistemology. Edmund Husserl considered "the given" to be "unconditionally/absolutely(?) given", ...
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How does one perform phenomenological reduction?

I have done some preliminary reading on phenomenology and Husserl via basic sources. How is phenomenological reduction performed? I understand the steps involved but I don't understand how to ...
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What properties does “intuition” need in order to be counted as philosophical evidence?

Timothy Williamson (2008) has argued that we should not construe philosophical evidence as consisting of intuitions. Do intuitions generate philosophical evidence? And, if so, what sort of evidence ...
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How does phenomenology deal with time-consciousness?

How does the strict phenomenologist deal with atypical forms of consciousness that an analytical philosopher need only point to brain function to explain? For instance, how does phenomenology deal ...
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Ontological Foundations of Epistemology

A review of the SEP article of epistemology indicates that there are 5 sources of knowledge: perception, memory, introspection, reason, and testimony. Robert Audi in his Epistemology: A Contemporary ...
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What does it truly mean to have a will? Is it the same as being conscious?

Like if we talk about making choices, how can we know if it's made out of a habitual or automatic thought process or is independent and conscious? To most degree, the succession of thoughts in a ...
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Is there truly an objective difference between what is and what could be?

"What is" versus "What could be". What role does language as a way of knowing play in determining “what” something is? Is the desire to change the way we view the world in Art connected to or ...
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Which philosophers have argued well that existence is illusory?

After many years of contemplation I have a simple, logical proof that all physical phenomena are illusions. Assuming we can agree that things in the past no longer exhibit the properties associated ...
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Is phenomenology a science?

Is phenomenology a science? I know Husserl was fond of saying it is. Specifically, is any of it scientific? By "phenomenology" I mean the study of structures of consciousness as experienced from ...
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What tools exist to provide constitutive phenomenological analysis of religious experiences?

Considering descriptions of religious experiences, there is a call for abstracts for discussion in October 2019 and I’m looking for what tools may exist to analyze these experiences in a logical and ...
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Does Brassier say that perceptual objects are not paradigmatic objects?

Does Brassier say that perceptual objects are not paradigmatic objects? I think I stumbled on the claim he did, but didn't read, and have since given up on finding the phrase. It would seem to make ...
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Can someone help me with the meaning of these passages in Sartre's Being and Nothingness on motion?

What do these passages mean, could someone please kindly clarify them. ‘Motion is the pure change of place affecting a this which remains otherwise unaltered as is shown clearly enough by our ...
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Can someone help with these passages Sartre's BeIng and Nothingness on Knowledge?

P295 ‘The for itself does not exist subsequently to know; neither can we say that it exists only in so far it knows or is known…regulated by particular bits of Knowledge.’ P296 ‘to say that there is ...
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Husserl's Logical Investigations volume II as entry point for Phenomenology

I have read that Edith Stein (in one of her biographies), got introduced to Phenomenology by being told to read Husserl's Logical Investigations volume II, and she had a background in Psychology (she ...
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Starting on Husserl and Merleau-Ponty

I'm taking undergraduate studies in Social Sciencies and because of a research I'm working on I started to read Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception and realized that this book requires a ...
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Is there a phenomenological real time, for Husserl?

Is there a phenomenological real time, for Husserl? I've read some relevant sections, I think in the Crisis of the European Sciences, but could not determine an answer from them. If it isn't, must we ...
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Purpose and examples of Phenomenological analysis (transcendental reduction)

I would like to ask whether there are any concrete end-to-end examples that you are aware of, and ones that I can go through that are considered correct transcripts of the transcendental reduction ...
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Maurice Blanchot's view on death?

Can someone please explain in simple terms what are the two types of death that Maurice Blanchot talked about? I came across an article about it on the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy but I don't ...
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Are phenomenological essences experiences that occur in every possible world?

Are phenomenological essences the case in every world? I believe they are a priori, but are they necessary and immutable? A stock example of an essence is the extension of white. We seem to ...
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Is it possible to dissolve the hard problem of consciousness?

In the positivist tradition, it is common to dissolve certain ideas as being meaningless and not worth further consideration. Roughly, the statements corresponding to those elements of our mental ...
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In Being and Time, was Heidegger doing phenomenology, using the phenomenological reduction?

In Being and Time, was Heidegger doing phenomenology, using the phenomenological reduction? If so, how routinely, or even when?
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Who or what is the being for whom Being is a question for Heidegger?

Did a quick search of Dasein on Google and found this: In Being and Time, Heidegger investigates the question of Being by asking about the being for whom Being is a question. Heidegger names ...
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What's the difference between ontical and ontological?

I looked it up on Wikipedia and got this: Ontical refers to a particular area of Being, whereas ontological ought to refer to Being as such. Ontic vs. Ontological I also read the above, but I ...
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What does Levinas mean by “the Same” in contrast to the Other?

Emmanuel Levinas frequenty uses the terminology of "the Same" and "the Other". What is the meaning of "the Same" in his philosophy?
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Was there any valid criticism of Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit?

I only saw criticisms levied against him from people who have never read the book, so I was wondering if there was any valid criticism levied against the ideas from the book. Arthur Schopenhauer ...
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What were some of the criticisms levied against Hegel's phenomenology?

I am not talking about the criticisms from positivists who were generally against metaphysics and non-empirical claims, but criticisms from other metaphysicists and philosophers. I heard Hegel's ...
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I've heard that Hegel's view on how to attain absolute truth differed from Kant's. In what ways?

I think, from memory, Hegel said that the absolute truth can be known through a dialectical process between the object and the thing-in-itself. But, how does that differ from Kant's opinion on the ...
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How to fully understand the first three chapters of Phenomenology of Spirit?

I read The Phenomenology of Spirit like 10 years ago, but I felt like it was very vague and abstract. Hegel seemed to have been describing the development of human thought with respect to the absolute ...
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How have philosophers tried to argue for qualia?

What is the difference between the intuition that there is something it is like, qualitative experience, and faith in it? Is it possible to convince someone who doesn't believe there is something it ...
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Can an animal have qualia without self awareness?

Can an animal have qualia without self awareness? I understand that many animals are said to have qualia but not self awareness (perhaps not the great apes). In particular, I'm having a hard time ...
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Is this short summary of phenomenology accurate?

"Classical, pure phenomenology aims to comprehend “those structures of experience and understanding that permit different types of beings to show themselves as what they are.” It does this by ...
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What optical features do we use to distinguish “life” from “non-life”? [closed]

Let's first define "living". A living thing is an object that shares some traits with other living things, e.g. it has a metabolism, it has been "born" (in the broadest sense, including cell division ...
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Making It with Death: The complicity of Phenomenology with Effort

In his essay, Making it with Death, Nick Land makes some assertions about Phenomenology: Work is also complicit with phenomenology, which grounds the experience of effort, rather than treating this ...
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Why Dasein has only a pre-ontological Being rather than an ontological Being?

In the book Being and Time, Heidegger wrote that: We have already intimated that Dasein has a pre-ontological Being as its ontically constitutive state. It's intuitive to me only when I thought ...
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How does one know one is not dreaming?

How does one know one is not dreaming? How could one logically demonstrate to a skeptic that one is "really" there, awake and not just dreaming the entire situation/world around him? Specifically ...
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Have any modern philosophers redone Descartes' Meditations?

With insights we get from the cognitive sciences, and advancement in philosophy in general (such as the coherentist theory of Truth) we would definitely do the Meditations differently.
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How do epiphenomenalists make sense of discussions about qualia?

Epiphenomenalists believe that mental events have no causal effect on the physical. They may differ in what they consider "mental events" but it seems all of them would consider qualia / phenomenal ...
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Why is Sartre averse to “images” in consciousness?

Jean-Paul Sartre, in his book The Imaginary, describes a mental image of a chair as follows: "My perception is, in accordance with the terminology that we have adopted, a certain consciousness ...
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Is there a theory that trying to solve intuition and fear at the same time?

I'm looking for a school of thought or theory that solves these problems, preferably at once: The way to make a profound, advanced knowledge more straightforward and imaginative, without having to ...
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What is a Horizon?

What do phenomenologists mean by "Horizon". I thought I understood it from the context when I first saw it, but every time I see it I get more confused. Now I have no idea. Can someone explain what ...
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Does consciousness exist?

I am not the first to ask that question. There is at least the article written by William James with that very same title in: The Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods, Vol. 1, ...
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Is “the self” a relativistic referential abstraction? What current philosophy form does this fit into?

I wrote this about 8 years ago. Consider the following ideas as though I, me, my and mine were substituted for the word self. · Self-awareness ·Self-concept · Self-consciousness · Self-identity ...
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how do we stop caring about what others think of us?

I realized it's a universal problem (after reading an explanation for Sartre's "hell is other people"), that nobody is free from (except obsessed people), but all i'm left with is myself. I know it's ...
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Have any philosophers put forth phenomenological arguments for immortality besides Husserl?

For reference, here's a link to Paul MacDonald's 2007 paper on Husserl and immortality: http://www.ipjp.org/online-issues/send/30-edition-2-september-2007/119-paulmacdonald7e2 (Note: The IPJP site ...