Questions tagged [phenomenology]

Phenomenology is a philosophical movement associated with Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Jean-Paul Sartre. It is also a philosophical study of the structures of experience and consciousness.

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Purpose and examples of Phenomenological analysis (transcendental reduction)

I would like to ask whether there are any concrete end-to-end examples that you are aware of, and ones that I can go through that are considered correct transcripts of the transcendental reduction ...
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How to fully understand the first three chapters of Phenomenology of Spirit?

I read The Phenomenology of Spirit like 10 years ago, but I felt like it was very vague and abstract. Hegel seemed to have been describing the development of human thought with respect to the absolute ...
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What is the connection between Hegel's “world of senses” “1st supersensible world” & “2nd supersensible world”?

Question In the Phenomenology of Spirit, in the chapter "Force and Understanding" Hegel claims that the understanding (Verstand) encounters the 2nd law, which in turn creates the 2nd ...
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Does all art have a sentiment?

It occurred to me that when e.g. reading poetry, I attach a lot of significance to a kind of sentiment. It seems independent of how genteel the work is. I am interested in finding a way of thinking ...
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What is the difference between world and universe?

I encounter the terms "world" and "universe" in various types of philosophy. I haven't paid close attention, but it seems "world" is used more phenomenologically and ...
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Can someone help with these passages Sartre's BeIng and Nothingness on Knowledge?

P295 ‘The for itself does not exist subsequently to know; neither can we say that it exists only in so far it knows or is known…regulated by particular bits of Knowledge.’ P296 ‘to say that there is ...
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Husserl's Logical Investigations volume II as entry point for Phenomenology

I have read that Edith Stein (in one of her biographies), got introduced to Phenomenology by being told to read Husserl's Logical Investigations volume II, and she had a background in Psychology (she ...
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Maurice Blanchot's view on death?

Can someone please explain in simple terms what are the two types of death that Maurice Blanchot talked about? I came across an article about it on the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy but I don't ...
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Is it possible to dissolve the hard problem of consciousness?

In the positivist tradition, it is common to dissolve certain ideas as being meaningless and not worth further consideration. Roughly, the statements corresponding to those elements of our mental ...
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Why Dasein has only a pre-ontological Being rather than an ontological Being?

In the book Being and Time, Heidegger wrote that: We have already intimated that Dasein has a pre-ontological Being as its ontically constitutive state. It's intuitive to me only when I thought ...
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How does Berkeley's idealism differ from others that might be called idealist

Having read Berkeley's work, I am aware of his theory, and definitely disagree with large parts of it - I would like to know how his idealism compares with that of other philosophers, particularly ...
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Reference suggestions - Contemporary Western Philosophy

I want to read following topics Moore, Russell and Early Wittgenstein: Defence of Commonsense; Refutation of Idealism; Logical Atomism; Logical Constructions; Incomplete Symbols; ...
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Trying to reconstruct the reasoning leading to the intentionality of consciousness ( Husserl's phenomenology)

I would like to have feedbacks on the following way to reconstruct Husserl's reasong in Cartesian Meditations as to the relationship of consciousness to its objects, and more generally to the world. (...
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68 views

Are there any Things for which Hegel's approach to consciousness' apprehension of reality fails?

In the Consciousness chapter, Hegel presents two naive approaches to the picture of how consciousness interfaces reality. Hegel shows these approaches are inadequate in the endeavor of consciousness ...
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405 views

What's the difference between ontical and ontological?

I looked it up on Wikipedia and got this: Ontical refers to a particular area of Being, whereas ontological ought to refer to Being as such. Ontic vs. Ontological I also read the above, but I ...
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Was there any valid criticism of Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit?

I only saw criticisms levied against him from people who have never read the book, so I was wondering if there was any valid criticism levied against the ideas from the book. Arthur Schopenhauer ...
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What were some of the criticisms levied against Hegel's phenomenology?

I am not talking about the criticisms from positivists who were generally against metaphysics and non-empirical claims, but criticisms from other metaphysicists and philosophers. I heard Hegel's ...
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I've heard that Hegel's view on how to attain absolute truth differed from Kant's. In what ways?

I think, from memory, Hegel said that the absolute truth can be known through a dialectical process between the object and the thing-in-itself. But, how does that differ from Kant's opinion on the ...
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48 views

To what extent is phenomenology capable of advancing empirically testable (i.e. falsifiable) hypotheses?

Otherwise, to the extent it cannot, what is its utility?
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Is this short summary of phenomenology accurate?

"Classical, pure phenomenology aims to comprehend “those structures of experience and understanding that permit different types of beings to show themselves as what they are.” It does this by ...
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Have any modern philosophers redone Descartes' Meditations?

With insights we get from the cognitive sciences, and advancement in philosophy in general (such as the coherentist theory of Truth) we would definitely do the Meditations differently.
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Have phenomenology influenced much of our contemporary science?

I'm reading the phenomenology page on IEP, which talks about the relation between phenomenology and science, and I must say, not that I haven't met with phenomenology before, but as it's presented on ...
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Difference between Husserl and Sartre on ego?

Have seen some sites like IEP. But still not clear about the difference.
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Textbook(s) on epistemology

I was following a course on Merleau-Ponty​ and realised from the first few readings that I knew too little about theories of truth to truly appreciate what I was reading. Are there any books I could ...
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157 views

Can we fit the worldhood of the world in the world we have in common?

Is 'world' perhaps a charac­teristic of Dasein's Being ? And in that case, does every Dasein 'proximally' have its world ? Does not 'world' thus become something 'subjective' ? How, then, can ...
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Question about Sartre's The Imaginary

I have been doing a course on edx.org entitled The Conscious Mind - A Philosophical Road Trip. It's a gentle beginner's guide to phenomenology, and I am a gentle beginner to philosophy in general (and ...
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Is there a phenomenology of two-dimensional linear perspective?

The advent of Brunelleschi's linear perspective, with a vanishing point at infinity, is said to place the observer at a "natural" position, as if looking through a window. And indeed we interpret the ...
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Is Phenomenology against the mathematization of the social sciences?

As I understand it, (correct me if I'm wrong) Husserl believed that the distinction between the mind and brain is violated when we consider the possibility of measuring the qualities of the former ...
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366 views

What is the enigma of art?

I've always been fascinated by the following constellated section of Adorno's Aesthetic Theory, probably because phenomenology is intuitively easier to get to grips with than a drawn out critical ...
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If there are no abstract entities, then what are they phenomenologically?

If there are no abstract entities, then what are they phenomenologically? it is universally acknowledged that numbers and the other objects of pure mathematics are abstract (if they exist), whereas ...
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Phenomenology wiihout phenomena

I googled the phrase, and only got an essay on Stumpf, one I cannot read and which does not include the phrase in the freely available content. I then looked at the SEP article for Stumpf, whom I had ...
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66 views

Is there truly an objective difference between what is and what could be?

"What is" versus "What could be". What role does language as a way of knowing play in determining “what” something is? Is the desire to change the way we view the world in Art connected to or ...
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Does Brassier say that perceptual objects are not paradigmatic objects?

Does Brassier say that perceptual objects are not paradigmatic objects? I think I stumbled on the claim he did, but didn't read, and have since given up on finding the phrase. It would seem to make ...
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Can someone help me with the meaning of these passages in Sartre's Being and Nothingness on motion?

What do these passages mean, could someone please kindly clarify them. ‘Motion is the pure change of place affecting a this which remains otherwise unaltered as is shown clearly enough by our ...
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In Being and Time, was Heidegger doing phenomenology, using the phenomenological reduction?

In Being and Time, was Heidegger doing phenomenology, using the phenomenological reduction? If so, how routinely, or even when?
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Is there a theory that trying to solve intuition and fear at the same time?

I'm looking for a school of thought or theory that solves these problems, preferably at once: The way to make a profound, advanced knowledge more straightforward and imaginative, without having to ...
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Any chapter length study on the phenomenology of my reflection in a mirror?

Is there any chapter length study on the phenomenology of my reflection in a mirror? I'm just looking for a philosophical description of what's happening there, it has nothing to do with my (highly ...
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Senses without phenomenology: are they quales?

Can there be sense experience without phenomenological existence, in the Husserlian sense of the things themselves being given to consciousness? Are they like something? Just as the smell of mint has ...