Questions tagged [phenomenology]

Phenomenology is a philosophical movement associated with Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Jean-Paul Sartre. It is also a philosophical study of the structures of experience and consciousness.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
98
votes
24answers
34k views

How does one know one is not dreaming?

How does one know one is not dreaming? How could one logically demonstrate to a skeptic that one is "really" there, awake and not just dreaming the entire situation/world around him? Specifically ...
10
votes
6answers
1k views

What are some good books on phenomenology for a mathematician?

I have a background in Mathematics, and am starting to wander into the complex realm of Philosophy. I'm interested in trying to understand what is the meaning of the scientific investigation in ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

What does the “meaning of Being” mean in Being and Time?

I read Being and Time a few years ago, but it seems to me the question is only partially answered there. He deals with the question of whether Being is "indefinable" very early on [p 4]. He claims ...
9
votes
5answers
747 views

How can you support the idea of qualia as distinct from neuronal firing when you only experience one thing?

Physicalists are people who equate brain states with mental states. There are people in this category; and yet there are many people who do not hold this view. Such people hold that there is an ...
8
votes
1answer
163 views

How do epiphenomenalists make sense of discussions about qualia?

Epiphenomenalists believe that mental events have no causal effect on the physical. They may differ in what they consider "mental events" but it seems all of them would consider qualia / phenomenal ...
7
votes
10answers
26k views

Why distrust our senses?

It seems self-evident that the phenomena we sense are accurate and correlate to the real world. What sorts of philosophical arguments might cast doubt on this conviction in the veridicality of ...
7
votes
3answers
432 views

Is meditation valid to study consciousness scientifically?

In the study of consciousness, neuroscience observes mental phenomena through physical correlations, using techniques such as fMRI, PET and EEG. These are considered valid and reproductible, and can ...
7
votes
3answers
657 views

How does Husserl's “bracketing” secure a truly presuppositionless study?

I'm reading from an anthology of essays by and about Husserl (collected by Joseph Kockelmans): More specifically, Husserl makes a strong argument against some of the internal problems of various ...
7
votes
3answers
6k views

What is meant by transcendental phenomenology?

... as opposed to "phenomenology." I suspect transcendental phenomenology refers specifically to some of Edmund Husserl's studies. But I would like to understand what was meant by them. I am finding ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

What does Husserl mean by essences?

Husserl insists on two "reductions" in his pure phenomenology. The second reduction is a separation of the existence of ourselves and our attitudes and "their observable essences (Taylor Carman , ...
7
votes
1answer
599 views

What does the “essence of time” mean for Merleau-Ponty?

“it is of the essence of time to be not only actual time, or time which flows, but also time which is aware of itself … the archetype of the relationship of self to self” What does he mean by '...
7
votes
2answers
449 views

What is the difference between formal and “realised” belief?

A distinction I have come across in some of Zizek's informal lectures, as well as in my own ponderings, is that which describes those beliefs which, although we know formally to be true, we do not ...
6
votes
6answers
8k views

Can our sense of touch deceive us?

Descartes says that the senses deceive us. I agree for all senses, except for the tactile sense (i.e., when you touch something). It's clear there are optical illusions, but there appear to be no ...
6
votes
2answers
235 views

Philosophy of Philosophy and Experience [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the practical use of philosophy? Does philosophy move us toward a deeper understanding of the human condition, or does philosophy push us away from understanding the ...
6
votes
1answer
369 views

Are there some facets of perceptual experience which cannot be characterized as conceptual?

Some philosophers (e.g John McDowell) argue that the content of perceptual experience is necessarily characterized by conceptual terms; namely - the content of the experience is entirely built of ...
6
votes
3answers
242 views

How have philosophers tried to argue for qualia?

What is the difference between the intuition that there is something it is like, qualitative experience, and faith in it? Is it possible to convince someone who doesn't believe there is something it ...
6
votes
1answer
196 views

Does Husserl distinguish `sensuous contents' from 'sensuous mental processes' in §85 of Ideas I?

In §85 of Ideas I, Husserl classifies all mental processes into intentional and non-intentional mental processes. The class of non-intentional mental processes contains all sensuous mental processes. ...
5
votes
2answers
151 views

Starting on Husserl and Merleau-Ponty

I'm taking undergraduate studies in Social Sciencies and because of a research I'm working on I started to read Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception and realized that this book requires a ...
5
votes
1answer
176 views

In what ways is Merleau-Ponty following (late/unpublished) Husserl?

... or, to put it differently: to what extent has Husserl already ancitipated in his unpublished writings what Merleau-Ponty has been developing later? The standard narrative goes that Husserl ...
5
votes
1answer
157 views

Are simple physical laws actually simple?

This is a question about the philosophy of physics. If one takes a glance at the philosophy of mathematics its easy to see that the idea of number is filled with philosophical niceties and is a much ...
5
votes
3answers
196 views

What properties does “intuition” need in order to be counted as philosophical evidence?

Timothy Williamson (2008) has argued that we should not construe philosophical evidence as consisting of intuitions. Do intuitions generate philosophical evidence? And, if so, what sort of evidence ...
5
votes
1answer
195 views

Should turbulence be thought of as a saturated phenomenon?

Turbulence appears in many ways, independently of the system that supports its manifestations. In all cases, it can be seen that: a) Its manifestations are irreversible, in the sense that one cannot ...
5
votes
2answers
219 views

Ontological Foundations of Epistemology

A review of the SEP article of epistemology indicates that there are 5 sources of knowledge: perception, memory, introspection, reason, and testimony. Robert Audi in his Epistemology: A Contemporary ...
4
votes
3answers
512 views

Who or what is the being for whom Being is a question for Heidegger?

Did a quick search of Dasein on Google and found this: In Being and Time, Heidegger investigates the question of Being by asking about the being for whom Being is a question. Heidegger names ...
4
votes
4answers
5k views

What is a Horizon?

What do phenomenologists mean by "Horizon". I thought I understood it from the context when I first saw it, but every time I see it I get more confused. Now I have no idea. Can someone explain what ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Does consciousness exist?

I am not the first to ask that question. There is at least the article written by William James with that very same title in: The Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods, Vol. 1, ...
4
votes
1answer
168 views

What would constitute a reasonable expectation of privacy?

To some degree this is presumably a legal question, but my question is really trying to ask about the principle here. I guess the core question is about what expectations a "reasonable" agent might ...
4
votes
1answer
115 views

Are Lockean Ideas phenomenological?

When Locke describes gold, a favourite example of his, he writes: the greatest part of the Ideas, that make up our complex Idea of Gold, are Yellowness, Great Weight, Ductility, Fusibility, and ...
4
votes
2answers
433 views

Can an animal have qualia without self awareness?

Can an animal have qualia without self awareness? I understand that many animals are said to have qualia but not self awareness (perhaps not the great apes). In particular, I'm having a hard time ...
4
votes
1answer
218 views

What phenomenological research methods exist?

I am trying to understand the methods that have been used to develop theory in phenomenology. As far as I can make out these boil down to:- Introspection and intuition (and ? mindfullness) ...
4
votes
1answer
978 views

Transcendental ego

I am reading Sartre's Transcendence of the ego and was wondering if someone could explain to me what is concretely different between Husserl's Transcendent ego and Sartre's. When I raised this ...
3
votes
2answers
207 views

How many different usages of being is there in this short paragraph of Heidegger?

Quite close to the beginning of Being and Time, [SuZ p. 7] in what might be taken as the preamble and introduction; Heidegger writes the following: Regarding, understanding, grasping, choosing and ...
3
votes
2answers
141 views

What's an axial rotation?

In the Phenomenology of Spirit (section 169 in my edition), Hegel asserts the following: The determination of life as it has arisen from the concept, or from the general results with which we ...
3
votes
3answers
235 views

Wittgenstein and Husserl

If Wittgenstein's Tractatus is right that: He must surmount these propositions; then he sees the world rightly. (TLP 6.54). and Whereof one cannot speak, thereof one must be silent. (TLP 7). ...
3
votes
2answers
146 views

Which philosophers have argued well that existence is illusory?

After many years of contemplation I have a simple, logical proof that all physical phenomena are illusions. Assuming we can agree that things in the past no longer exhibit the properties associated ...
3
votes
1answer
140 views

Eastern European Philosophy

According to this (at least when it comes to citations and ratings), the most influential philosophers are continental/analytical and are active in either US or Britain. Are there any important ...
3
votes
1answer
220 views

Why is Sartre averse to “images” in consciousness?

Jean-Paul Sartre, in his book The Imaginary, describes a mental image of a chair as follows: "My perception is, in accordance with the terminology that we have adopted, a certain consciousness ...
3
votes
1answer
452 views

Books to begin Husserl's Phenomenology

I wanted to learn about Husserl's Phenomenology and was wondering on what a good place to start would be? I have in front of me The Essential Husserl, Basic Writings in Transcendental Phenomenology ...
3
votes
2answers
104 views

Is phenomenology a science?

Is phenomenology a science? I know Husserl was fond of saying it is. Specifically, is any of it scientific? By "phenomenology" I mean the study of structures of consciousness as experienced from ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

Are phenomenological essences experiences that occur in every possible world?

Are phenomenological essences the case in every world? I believe they are a priori, but are they necessary and immutable? A stock example of an essence is the extension of white. We seem to ...
3
votes
2answers
899 views

The phenomenon of Négatité

I am a novice to JP Sartre's philosophy of existentialism and I came across the notion that in Being and Nothingness,The Origin of Negation where he claims that "nothingness is at the origin of ...
3
votes
3answers
182 views

Phenomenology of abstraction

I'm looking for philosophical articles / books that try to describe the process of human abstraction, and what it actually consists of, from a first person perspective. Examples of the type of ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Is there parallelism between mental acts and development of science?

In Kuhn's description of scientific history observations are interpreted through a prism of a priori presuppositions collected into "paradigms". Once discrepancies with expectations ("anomalies") ...
3
votes
2answers
102 views

What tools exist to provide constitutive phenomenological analysis of religious experiences?

Considering descriptions of religious experiences, there is a call for abstracts for discussion in October 2019 and I’m looking for what tools may exist to analyze these experiences in a logical and ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

Making It with Death: The complicity of Phenomenology with Effort

In his essay, Making it with Death, Nick Land makes some assertions about Phenomenology: Work is also complicit with phenomenology, which grounds the experience of effort, rather than treating this ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

What importance, if any, do infinitesimals still have for philosophers?

What importance, if any, do infinitesimals still have to philosophers? It seems like many people are baffled by them. E.g., there's a slew of questions relating to Zeno on this site (not least by ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Criticisms on Absurdism

Camus' idea to keep the absurd alive by accepting our innate desire for meaning and even pursuing and yet not giving into hope of ever reaching a meaning to life, what he calls the revolt against the ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Sartre's use of the word “Transcendence” and its meaning

I have been looking into some resources explaining Husserl's idea of transcendence and they point out that Sartre's idea of transcendence is based on Husserl's. Here are the different aspects/ideas of ...
3
votes
2answers
156 views

Concepts as Mental Representations

The SEP entry on concepts is heavily committed to an RTM functionalism characterization of concepts as mental representations. But, it makes no real mention of alternatives to this position. Are there ...
3
votes
1answer
229 views

Are numbers noumena?

According to OED, noumenon is An object knowable only by the mind or intellect, not by the senses But I'm a little confused at considering about numbers, they seem to be objects knowable only by ...